Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

「元日」とは年の初めを祝う日です。カレンダーでは1月1日のみが祝日ですが、実際には1日から3日までを「三が日」と呼び、会社や店によっては休業するところもあります。毎年この時期独特の行事や慣習があります。新たな年になって最初に会ったときには、「明けましておめでとうございます」と挨拶します。
元日の朝のことを特別に何と呼ぶでしょうか。
正解はこのビデオの最後に紹介します。
自宅や海辺、山頂などで初日の出を拝みます。元日の朝食には、雑煮やお節料理を食べます。雑煮は、餅が入った汁物で、地方や家庭によって味付けが違います。「伸びる餅のように、命が延びますように」と、長寿を願って食べるのです。お節料理も、健康で無事に一年が過ごせるように、という願いが込められた食べ物です。そして、神様から一年の加護をいただくため、晴れ着を着て、家族や友人と一緒に初詣に行きます。
日本では、正月になると前の年にお世話になった人や友人・知人などに年賀状を送る習慣があります。年賀状には新年の挨拶や抱負を書いたり、その年の干支の絵や近況が伝わる写真などを印刷したりします。昔は、年の初めに「お年始」といって、知人宅に挨拶に行ったり、反対に知人が訪ねて来たりする習わしがありました。次第に簡素化され、現在の年賀状になったといわれています。
子どもたちは両親や祖父母、親戚や両親の知人などからお年玉をもらいます。これは、正月だけの特別なおこずかいで、子どもたちはとても楽しみにしています。お年玉は紙製の「お年玉袋」に入れて渡されます。金額の相場は、小学生では3000円から5000円くらい。中学生では5000円程度、高校生や大学生になると10000円前後です。
一般的に、初詣は正月の日中にお参りをしますが、大晦日の深夜0時、前の年から新しい年に切り替わる時間帯に神社をお参りする人もいます。これを「二年参り」と呼びます。
さて、ここでクイズの答えです。
正解は「元旦」です。「旦」の字は太陽を表す「日」という漢字の下に、左から右に向かって横棒を一本、書きますね。これは、「地平線から昇りつつある太陽」を表しているのです。だから、「元旦」ということばは1/1の朝を意味していることになります。

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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In your country, how do you celebrate a New Year?

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JapanesePod101.com
December 12th, 2017 at 2:18 pm
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Hi Anthony,

Thank you for your comment!


It is interesting that you exchange gifts at the New Year's day.


As for "shūkan" and "kanshū", both are very similar. To be exact, 習慣(shūkan) usually means "(private) custome", "(private) habit" or something private, while 慣習(kanshū) means "(group/area/nation's) custome" "social manner" "common practice". In the dialogue, I think 慣習(kanshū) would be suitable rather than 習慣(shūkan).


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Anthony
December 11th, 2017 at 12:06 pm
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I would be grateful if you could tell me in which context these words are used.

Shukan and Kanshuu

Ganjitsu and Gantan

Thank you for your cooperation.

Best Wishes,

Anthony.

In my country, the New Year is celebrated on a grand scale. We start the New Year with a family breakfast, where all family members get together, greet each other and exchange gifts.

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JapanesePod101.com
October 28th, 2014 at 3:11 pm
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Hi Hidechi!


Thank you for posting!

Oh I see! And do you mean that the language is confusing? Or the New year traditions? Or our lessons? Haha :innocent:


I hope you find our lessons helpful so you can get your language back! :smile:

Ganbatte kudasai ne!

Engla

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Hidechi
October 26th, 2014 at 2:27 pm
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I'm from Japan but moved to America and forgot the entire language, and this stuff is confusing.

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JapanesePod101.com
July 22nd, 2014 at 4:35 pm
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Martin san,


I see.

The kanji is 東. :smile:


Yuki  由紀

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Martin
July 21st, 2014 at 4:41 am
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The meaning of the kanji is east ;)

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JapanesePod101.com
July 20th, 2014 at 4:22 pm
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Martin-san,

glad you liked our lessons! :smile::thumbsup:

I'm not too sure which kanji you mean...tree and the sun....

Do you remember the reading of that kanji? Or maybe the meaning?


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Martin
July 18th, 2014 at 7:22 pm
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It is a funny language! And im just feeling it inside! Im just falling in love with japan more and more when im on this site! I've seen documentary about japan and tokyo and about the culture. It's just amazing!:smile: im so thankful for you guys teaching me all this stuff! The absolute favourite kanji for me is the tree with the sun ( couldn't write it) because at first they're just signs but when i learned them i could just imagine the sun behind the trees!! I'm waiting for that wonderful day when i can see it with my own eyes!! :smile::heart:

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JapanesePod101.com
July 18th, 2014 at 5:16 pm
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Martin-san,

konnichiwa! :smile:

Until you get used to Japanese language (writing in full kanji and kana),

it's completely normal we just put imaginary space between words!:innocent::thumbsup:


Actually, if we don't write it correctly, or the way readers find it easy to read, we could actually

read it wrong and understand "where" one word ends. This happens even for us Japanese natives:sweat_smile:

Funny language, huh? :grin:


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Martin
July 16th, 2014 at 8:27 pm
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You know what yuki? I'm still a new beginner in japanese. Im learning to both write and talk. And when i had a little think, i can see now how you just get the conections right when you read it. In order to get all the words correct you kind of have to space it right in your head. It's almost like reading english without any spaces between the letters, and it's not that hard to do once you know the language well. :smile: i'm not shure if you understood all that, but you'll probably figure it out ;) thank you so mutch!! Konnichiwa!! :wink: