Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Janet: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Japanese learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Janet: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “What time is it?” In Japanese this is
Kaori: 何時ですか。
(なんじですか。 Nanji desu ka.)
Janet: The first word in the question is
Kaori: 何
(なん nan)
Janet: meaning “what” in English.
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) 何
Janet: Listen again and repeat.
Kaori: 何
{Pause}
Janet: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kaori: 時
(ji)
Janet: meaning “hour”
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) 時
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: 時
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kaori: 何時
{Pause}
Janet: And next
Kaori: です
(desu)
Janet: This is a sentence ending particle meaning something like “is.”
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) です
(desu)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: です
(desu)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Kaori: 何時 です
(なんじ です nanji desu)
Janet: And next
Kaori: か
(ka)
Janet: the question marker
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) か
(ka)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: か
(ka)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kaori: 何時ですか。
(なんじですか。 Nanji desu ka.)
{pause}
Janet: (You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies.) Master the following pattern and responses to the question What time is it??
Kaori: 12時です。
(12じです。 Juuniji desu.)
Janet: "It's 12 o'clock”. Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Kaori: (Slow) 12時です。
(12じです。 Juuniji desu.)
{pause}
In Japan, the concept of "a.m." and "p.m." is slightly different and when Japanese people say "12 p.m.", it's midnight. In the Japanese time concept, "0 a.m" is same as "12 p.m." And "12 a.m." is equal to "0 p.m."
Janet: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Kaori: 12時
(12じ juuniji)
Janet: meaning 12 o'clock.
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) 12時
(12じ juuniji)
Janet: Now repeat
Kaori: 12時
(12じ juuniji)
{Pause}
Janet: And after that
Kaori: です
(desu)
Janet: sentence ending particle
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) です
(desu)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: です
(desu)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the speaker say, “It's 12 o'clock”, and then repeat.
Kaori: 12時です。
(12じです。 Juuniji desu.)
{pause}
Janet: To use a different phrase, replace “12 o'clock” with “10 o'clock.”
Kaori: 10時
(10じ juuji)
Janet: 10 o'clock
Kaori: (slow) 10時
(10じ juuji) (regular) 10時
(10じ juuji)
Janet: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “10 o'clock”
Kaori: 10時です。
(10じです。 Juuji desu.)
Janet: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “12 o'clock” with “10 o’clock.” Say It's “10 o'clock”.
{pause}
Kaori: 10時です。
(10じです。 Juuji desu.)
Janet: To make another phrase, replace “10 o'clock” with “3 o'clock.”
Kaori: 3時
(3じ sanji)
Janet: 3 o'clock
Kaori: (slow) 3時
(3じ sanji) (regular) 3時
(3じ sanji)
Janet: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “3 o'clock”
Kaori: 3時です。
(3じです。)
Janet: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace “10 o'clock” with “3 o’clock.” Say “It's 3 o'clock.”
{pause}
Kaori: 3時です。
(3じです。 Sanji desu.)
Janet: To expand on the pattern, replace “3 o'clock” with “9 o'clock.”
Kaori: 9時
(9じ kuji)
Janet: 9 o'clock
Kaori: (slow) 9時
(9じ kuji) (regular) 9時
(9じ kuji)
Janet: Listen to the phrase again, this time with “9 o'clock”
Kaori: 9時です。
(9じです。 Kuji desu.)
Janet: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace 3 o'clock with 9 o’clock. Say It's 9 o'clock.
{pause}
Kaori: 9時です。
(9じです。 Kuji desu.)
QUIZ
Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting Japan and someone asks you what time it is. It's 12 o'clock. Respond to the question.
Kaori: 何時ですか。
(なんじですか。 Nanji desu ka.)
(five seconds) 12時です。
(12じです。 Juuniji desu.)
Janet: Now imagine it's 10 o'clock Respond to the question.
Kaori: 何時ですか。
(なんじですか。 Nanji desu ka.)
(five seconds) 10時です。
(10じです。 Juuji desu.)
Janet: Imagine it's 3 o'clock. . Answer the speaker's question.
Kaori: 何時ですか。
(なんじですか。 Nanji desu ka.)
(five seconds) 3時です。
(3じです。 Sanji desu.)
Janet: Imagine it's 9 o'clock. Respond to the question.
Kaori: 何時ですか。
(なんじですか。 Nanji desu ka.)
(five seconds) 9時です。
(9じです。 Kuji desu.)
Janet: You want to ask someone what time it is. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Kaori: 何時ですか。
(なんじですか。 Nanji desu ka.)
{pause}

Outro

Janet: This is the end of Lesson 17

9 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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What time is it? in Japanese!

JapanesePod101.com
January 1st, 2019 at 6:18 am
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ストランダさん、


Thank you for leaving a comment!

You wrote the time correctly in Japanese!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

ストランダ
December 9th, 2018 at 12:43 pm
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今, 十一時四十ニ分です

JapanesePod101.com
January 19th, 2017 at 12:58 pm
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Savannahさん、

こんにちは。

わかりました。よくできました。Well done.


あきこさん、

こんにちは。

日本ではごご1時ぐらいです。

The ‘wa’ after 日本で must beは because it is a particle.


Daniel 幸雄くんさん、

こんにちは。

わかりました。

Is it AM or PM?

:smile:

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Daniel 幸雄くん
December 17th, 2016 at 7:06 am
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五時です

あきこ
December 11th, 2016 at 10:02 pm
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朝の八時です。

今日本でわ何時です?

Savannah
December 10th, 2016 at 2:24 am
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十二時二十五分ぐらいです!


(Juuni-ji nijuugo-fun gurai desu!)


("It's about 12:25!")

JapanesePod101.com
August 4th, 2016 at 7:44 am
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Jeremieさん、

こんにちは。:smile:

わかりました。I see.

よくできました。Well done.

Yuki 由紀

JapanesePod101.com

Jeremie
July 28th, 2016 at 10:44 am
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Yeah first comment.

今、八時四分です