Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Janet: In each lesson of this 25 part series, you'll master a common question for Japanese learners, and then learn how to answer it like a native speaker. You'll learn how these key phrases work by breaking them down into each component. Then through repetition and new vocabulary, you'll expand your understanding of the question, its answers, and any variations.

Lesson focus

Janet: In this lesson, you'll learn how to respond to the common question “When is your birthday?” In Japanese this is
Kaori: 誕生日は、いつですか。
(たんじょうびは、いつですか。 Tanjoubi wa itsu desu ka.)
Janet: The first word in the question is
Kaori: 誕生日 (たんじょうび tanjoubi)
Janet: meaning “birthday” in English.
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) 誕生日 (たんじょうび tanjoubi)
Janet: Listen again and repeat.
Kaori: 誕生日 (たんじょうび tanjoubi)
{Pause}
Janet: This pattern of first introducing a word at natural speed, providing the translation, breaking it down, and then giving it again at natural speed will be repeated throughout the series. Try to speak aloud as often as possible. The next word in the question is
Kaori: は (wa)
Janet: topic marking particle
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) は (wa)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: は (wa)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the the first 2 words of the question and repeat.
Kaori: 誕生日 は
(たんじょうび は tanjoubi wa)
{pause}
Janet: And next
Kaori: いつ
(itsu)
Janet: meaning “when”.
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) いつ (itsu)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: いつ (itsu)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the the first 3 words of the question and repeat.
Kaori: 誕生日 は いつ (たんじょうび は いつ tanjoubi wa itsu)
{pause}
Janet: And next
Kaori: です
(desu)
Janet: sentence ending particle meaning something like “is.”
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) です (desu)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: です (desu)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the the first 4 words of the question and repeat.
Kaori: 誕生日 は いつ です
(たんじょうび は いつ です tanjoubi wa itsu desu)
{pause}
Janet: And next
Kaori: か (ka)
Janet: question marking particle.
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) か (ka)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: か (ka)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the entire question and repeat.
Kaori: 誕生日 は いつ です か。
(たんじょうび は いつ です か。 Tanjoubi wa itsu desu ka.)
{pause}
Janet: You will hear this common question again and again throughout your studies. Master the following pattern and responses to the question “When is your birthday?”
Kaori: 8月22日です。
(8がつ22にちです。 Hachigatsu nijuuninichi desu.)
Janet: "It's August 22nd.” Again, slowly. Repeat the phrase.
Kaori: (Slow) 8月22日です。
(8がつ22にちです。 Hachigatsu nijuuninichi desu.)
{pause}
Janet: Let's break it down from the beginning. The first word:
Kaori: 8月 (8がつ hachigatsu)
Janet: means “August.”
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) 8月 (8がつ hachigatsu)
Janet: Now repeat
Kaori: 8月 (8がつ hachigatsu)
{Pause}
Janet: And next
Kaori: 22日 (22にち nijuuninichi)
Janet: meaning “22nd”.
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) 22日 (22にち nijuuninichi)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: 22日 (22にち nijuuninichi)
{Pause}
Janet: And after that
Kaori: です (desu)
Janet: sentence ending particle meaning something like “is.”
Kaori: (Slow, by syllable) です (desu)
Janet: Now repeat.
Kaori: です (desu)
{Pause}
Janet: Listen to the speaker say, ‘It's August 22nd.’, and then repeat.
Kaori: 8月22日です。
(8がつ22にちです。 Hachigatsu nijuuninichi desu.)
{pause}
Janet: To expand on the pattern, replace ‘August 22nd’ with ‘May 30th.’
Kaori: 5月30日 (5がつ30にち gogatsu sanjuunichi)
Janet: May 30th
Kaori: (slow) 5月30日(5がつ30にち gogatsu sanjuunichi) Kaori: (regular) 5月30日(5がつ30にち gogatsu sanjuunichi)
Janet: Listen to the phrase again, this time with ‘May 30th’
Kaori: 5月30日です。
(5がつ30にちです。 Gogatsu sanjuunichi desu.)
Janet: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace ‘August 22nd’ with ‘May 30th’. Say ‘It's May 30th.’
{pause}
Kaori: 5月30日です。
(5がつ30にちです。 Gogatsu sanjuunichi desu.)
Janet: To use a different phrase, replace ‘May 30th’ with ‘September 3rd’.
Kaori: 9月3日
(9がつ3か kugatsu mikka)
Janet: September 3rd
Kaori: (slow) 9月3日(9がつ3か kugatsu mikka)
Kaori: (regular) 9月3日(9がつ3か kugatsu mikka)
Janet: Listen to the phrase again, this time with ‘September 3rd’
Kaori: 9月3日です。 (9がつ3かです。 Kugatsu mikka desu.)
Janet: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace ‘May 30th’ with ‘September 3rd’. Say ‘It's September 3rd.’
{pause}
Kaori: 9月3日です。 (9がつ3かです。 Kugatsu mikka desu.)
Janet: To use a different phrase, replace ‘September 3rd’ with ‘November 24th.’
Kaori: 11月24日 (11がつ24か juuichigatsu nijuuyokka)
Janet: November 24th
Kaori: (slow) 11月24日(11がつ24か juuichigatsu nijuuyokka) Kaori: (regular) 11月24日(11がつ24か juuichigatsu nijuuyokka)
Janet: Listen to the phrase again, this time with ‘November 24th’
Kaori: 11月24日です。
(11がつ24かです。 Juuichigatsu nijuuyokka desu.)
Janet: It mostly stays the same. Simply replace ‘September 3rd’ with ‘November 24th’. Say ‘It's November 24th.’
{pause}
Kaori: 11月24日です。
(11がつ24かです。 Juuichigatsu nijuuyokka desu.)
QUIZ
Janet: Now it's time for a quiz. Imagine you are visiting Japan and someone asks you when your birthday is. Your birthday is August 22nd. Respond to the question.
Kaori: 誕生日は、いつですか。
(たんじょうびは、いつですか。 Tanjoubi wa itsu desu ka.)
(five seconds)
Kaori: 8月22日です。
(8がつ22にちです。 Hachigatsu nijuuninichi desu.)
Janet: Imagine your birthday is May 30th Respond to the question.
Kaori: 誕生日は、いつですか。
(たんじょうびは、いつですか。 Tanjoubi wa itsu desu ka.)
(five seconds)
Kaori: 5月30日です。
(5がつ30にちです。 Gogatsu sanjuunichi desu.)
Janet: Now, imagine your birthday is September 3rd. Answer the speaker's question.
Kaori: 誕生日は、いつですか。
(たんじょうびは、いつですか。 Tanjoubi wa itsu desu ka.)
(five seconds)
Kaori: 9月3日です。
(9がつ3かです。 Kugatsu mikka desu.)
Janet: Imagine your birthday is November 24th. Respond to the question.
Kaori: 誕生日は、いつですか。
(たんじょうびは、いつですか。 Tanjoubi wa itsu desu ka.)
(five seconds)
Kaori: 11月24日です。
(11がつ24かです。 Juuichigatsu nijuuyokka desu.)
Janet: You want to ask someone when their birthday is. Ask the question
(5 seconds)
Kaori: 誕生日は、いつですか。
(たんじょうびは、いつですか。 Tanjoubi wa itsu desu ka.)
{pause}

Outro

Janet: This is the end of Lesson 12

28 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 16th, 2014 at 06:30 PM
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When is your Birthday? Try answering in Japanese!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 29th, 2021 at 03:08 PM
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Gaynorさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

良いですね👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

りょうま(Ryoma)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Gaynor
September 26th, 2021 at 09:17 PM
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私の誕生日はしがつにじゅうくにちです

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 7th, 2019 at 10:47 AM
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Hi Rapid,


Thank you for the question!

Yes, ni-jyu yokka and ni-jyu yon-nichi can be used interchangeably.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rapid
October 4th, 2019 at 06:43 AM
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こんにちは! 私の誕生日はろくがつじゅうしちにちです。Is that right? Hahaha.


I'm a bit confused by how the day counter works. Sometimes you just say the number (like twenty three is nijyuusan) but then other times you say a day counter (like twenty four is nijyuuyokka). Are they interchangeable, or would you always say nijyuuyokka instead of nijyuuyonnichi? ありがとうございます!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 18th, 2018 at 04:53 PM
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こんにちは、アニさん

コメントありがとうございます!


そうですか😄


Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

アニ
August 13th, 2018 at 08:50 PM
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こんにちは!、わたしのたんじょうびはにがつのようかです!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 8th, 2016 at 04:57 PM
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marsha san,

Konnichiwa.:smile:

Thank you for your comment.

I hope you could go to Japan and have a good experience.

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

marsha
March 2nd, 2016 at 10:44 AM
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Konnichi WA, I hope to learn Japanese fluently I would really love to visit Japan one day such a beautiful country with great food an wonderful people, keep up the good work, doomo arigatoo gozaimasu?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 28th, 2015 at 07:33 PM
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カトリーナさん、

こんにちは。:smile:

そうですか。わかりました。I see.

よくできました。Well done!

Yuki由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

カトリーナ
October 28th, 2015 at 09:02 AM
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私の誕生日は五月三十一日です!