|Hello, and welcome back to JapanesePod101.com.
|In this lesson we will talk about the "Top 5 tourist spots in Japan".
|The first topic on the list is the (J: Fushimi Inari) shrine in Kyoto, which is often ranked within Japan’s top attraction for foreign tourists.
|This shrine was built some 1,300 years ago, and it
|is famous for its thousands of vermilion (J: torii) or gates that arch over a narrow and twisting path
|up the hill to the main shrine complex.
|After a few hours of walking along the whole (j: torii) or gate trail, you can enjoy wonderful views of Kyoto city from the top of the mountain.
|The next topic is the Hiroshima
|Peace Memorial Museum, known as
|(J: Hiroshima Heiwa Kinen Shiryokan).
|This museum was built to show how Hiroshima was
|devastated after the atomic bomb attack in
|1945, and as a symbol to wish for a peaceful
|The museum’s displays includes photos and
|belongings left by the victims, as well as a
|life-sized diorama of the bomb victims to show the tragedy of the event.
|The museum is known to be very balanced in its
|presentation of the controversial event, and
|well worth a visit regardless of your nationality.
|The next topic is about a magnificent
|floating shrine, called (J: Itsukushima Jinjya)
|shrine in Hiroshima.
|This shrine, built about 900 years ago, is
|well-known for its architectural beauty and its
|structure of being built in the sea.
|During high tide, the shrine and its 16-meter-high
|“great gate” appear to be floating on the water.
|When the tide is low, you can walk closer to the
|gate to experience its magnificence.
|The next topic is the gold-plated
|temple, known as (J: Kinkakuji) in Kyoto.
|Formally known as (J: Rokuonji), the temple was
|originally built in the 14th century as a
|retirement villa for (J: Shogun Ashikaga Yoshimitsu).
|The villa is said to be designed to realize Buddhist
|paradise on earth, and each gold leaf has
|been hand-crafted and applied by specialists.
|On a clear day, you can enjoy the striking beauty of
|the reflection of the golden pavilion on the calm
|pond. The temple also looks elegant when it is
|covered in a blanket of snow.
|Last but not least is the (J:
|Todai-ji) temple in Nara Prefecture.
|Registered as a UNESCO World Heritage
|Site, this temple was built in the 8th century by
|the Emperor (J: Shomu tenno) to protect the country against
|horrible epidemics and disasters.
|(J: Todaiji) is famous for its Great statue of Buddha
|which is known as (J: Nara no Daibutsu). It is
|18 meters high, and is the tallest bronze statue
|of Buddha in Japan.
|Another popular attraction is a rear pillar of the
|temple that has a small hole in its base.
|Legend says that the size of the hole is the same as
|the Great Buddha’s nostrils, and if you could
|squeeze through this hole, you could attain
|enlightenment in your next life.
|That’s all we have for this lesson.
|Japan has a lot to do and see, but where would you like to go the most?
|Leave us a comment and let us know!
|Thank you for listening and we’ll see you next time. Until then, bye!