Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jessi: Casually speaking Have some fun with Japanese particles の (no), な (na), かな (ka na) and じゃん (jan).
Naomi: ナオミです。(Naomi desu.)
Jessi: Jessi here. So, in the previous lesson, we covered 5 sentence ending particles, right, Naomi-sensei? 
Naomi: そうですよ。(Sō desu yo.) We covered ね (ne), よ (yo), わ (wa), ぜ (ze) and ぞ (zo).
Jessi: And which of those particles are the ones used by men?
Naomi: ぜ (ze) and ぞ (zo).じゃ、はじめるぞ。(Ja, hajimeru zo.)
Jessi: Let’s get started.Can you tell us what particles we’ll be covering in this lesson?
Naomi: In this lesson, you'll learn more sentence ending particles.
Jessi: This conversation is between a husband and a wife.
Naomi: そうです。田中さんと田中さんの奥さんの会話です。(Sō desu. Tanaka-san to Tanaka-san no okusan no kaiwa desu.)
Jessi: The conversation is between Mr. Tanaka and his wife. Where does this conversation take place?
Naomi: うち、ですね。(Uchi, desu ne.) At home.
Jessi: It looks like they’re talking about the boy from the previous lesson. So let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
田中(妻):無事だったの?よかったじゃん。(Buji datta no? Yokatta jan.)
田中明:そうだなぁ。(Sō da nā.)
田中(妻):勉強のストレス かな。(Benkyō no sutoresu ka na.)
田中明:そうだろうなぁ。(Sō darō nā.)
: 「勉強しろ」「テレビみるな」「マンガ読むな」「友だちと遊ぶな」。。。(“Benkyō shiro” “Terebi miru na” “Manga yomu na” “Tomodachi to asobu na”...)
: 毎日 毎日 勉強だけ。。。ま、かわいそうだよな。(Mainichi mainichi benkyō dake… Ma, kawaisō da yo na.)
田中(妻):お母さんも 反省したかな?(O-kā-san mo hansei shita ka na?)
田中明:どうだろうね。(Dō darō ne.)
もう一度お願いします。今度はゆっくりお願いします。(Mō ichi-do onegai shimasu. Kondo wa yukkuri onegai shimasu.)
田中(妻):無事だったの?よかったじゃん。(Buji datta no? Yokatta jan.)
田中明:そうだなぁ。(Sō da nā.)
田中(妻):勉強のストレス かな。(Benkyō no sutoresu ka na.)
田中明:そうだろうなぁ。(Sō darō nā.)
: 「勉強しろ」「テレビみるな」「マンガ読むな」「友だちと遊ぶな」。。。(“Benkyō shiro” “Terebi miru na” “Manga yomu na” “Tomodachi to asobu na”...)
: 毎日 毎日 勉強だけ。。。ま、かわいそうだよな。(Mainichi mainichi benkyō dake… Ma, kawaisō da yo na.)
田中(妻):お母さんも 反省したかな?(O-kā-san mo hansei shita ka na?)
田中明:どうだろうね。(Dō darō ne.)
今度は英語が入ります。(Kondo wa Eigo ga hairimasu.)
田中(妻):無事だったの?よかったじゃん。(Buji datta no? Yokatta jan.)
Jessi: He was found safe? That's great.
田中明:そうだなぁ。(Sō da nā.)
Jessi: Yeah.
田中(妻):勉強のストレス かな。(Benkyō no sutoresu ka na.)
Jessi: I wonder if it was stress from studying?
田中明:そうだろうなぁ。(Sō darō nā.)
Jessi: Probably.
: 「勉強しろ」「テレビみるな」「マンガ読むな」「友だちと遊ぶな」。。。(“Benkyō shiro” “Terebi miru na” “Manga yomu na” “Tomodachi to asobu na”...)
Jessi: "Study more!" "Don't watch TV!" "Don't read manga!" "Don't play with your friends!"
: 毎日 毎日 勉強だけ。。。ま、かわいそうだよな。(Mainichi mainichi benkyō dake… Ma, kawaisō da yo na.)
Jessi: It was just study, study every day. Well, I feel sorry for him.
田中(妻):お母さんも 反省したかな?(O-kā-san mo hansei shita ka na?)
Jessi: I wonder if the mother is regretting it.
田中明:どうだろうね。(Dō darō ne.)
Jessi: It's hard to say.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Naomi: ジェシーさん、家出って英語でなんていうの? (Jeshī-san, iede tte Eigo de nan te iu no?) How do you say 家出 (iede) in English?
Jessi: To run away from home. What is it in Japanese again?
Naomi: 家出。「家を出る」ですね。(Iede. “Ie o deru” desu ne.) 家 (ie) “house”, 出る (deru) “to leave”, so…家出 (iede) is “running away from home.” 家出したことありますか。(Iede shita koto arimasu ka.) Have you ever done 家出 (iede)?
Jessi: No, never! I’ve never run away from home, actually.
Naomi: Me,neither. (笑)

Lesson focus

Naomi: The focus of this lesson is the usage of sentence ending particles
Jessi: In the previous lesson, we learned about some particles that attach to the end of a sentence to indicate the speaker's feelings and tone. In this lesson, you'll learn more of these sentence ending particles.
Naomi: We’ll cover の (no), な (na), かな (ka na) and じゃん (jan).
Jessi: Let’s start with の (no).
Jessi: As you learned in Lesson 4, when の (no) is used at the end of a sentence, it indicates a colloquial question. This の (no) is said with rising intonation. When の (no) is said with falling intonation, it serves to soften the statement. This second usage is usually used by women or children. The best way to illustrate this is with an example. Can we hear a sentence that uses の (no) with rising intonation?
Naomi: Sure. 今日、何するの。(Kyō, nani suru no.) (↑)
Jessi: “What are you going to do today?” Did you notice that the intonation of the の (no) went up? So that indicates a question.
今日何するの?(Kyō nani suru no?)
OK. So how about the example of の (no) with falling intonation?
Naomi: 学校に行くの。(Gakkō ni iku no.) (↓)
Jessi: “I'm going to go to school.” Did you see that? This time の (no) has falling intonation. So it’s just a statement.
学校に行くの。(Gakkō ni iku no.)
Naomi: And this usage is slightly feminine.
It’s OK for both genders to ask a question using rising の (no). But if you add の (no) to soften a statement, it sounds feminine.
Jessi: Right, so male speakers out there, please be careful.
Naomi: はい。気をつけてください。(Hai. Ki o tsukete kudasai.)
Jessi: Let’s go on to the next particle な (na).
The particle な (na) softens the speaker's assertion or agreement in informal speech. It also attaches to the dictionary form of a verb and means “don’t”, as in “don’t do that”.
So allow us to start with the な (na) that it used to soften the speaker’s statement. This な (na) is often used by male speakers. The final vowel [a] is often prolonged as in [nā]
Can we have a sample sentence?
Naomi: Sure. この車は高いなぁ。(Kono kuruma wa takai nā.) ”This car is expensive~.”
All you have to do is to attach な (na) to the informal form. この車は高い (kono kuruma wa takai) “this car is expensive” plus なー (nā).
Jessi: But the な (na) is not always prolonged right? 
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.)
Jessi: When you’re using な (na) to mean “don’t!”, you don’t prolong it. It’s really short.
Naomi: そうです。(Sō desu.) Exactly. な (na) expresses negative command.
Jessi: "[The dictionary form of a verb] + na" is really strong command saying not do to something. It's equivalent to "Don't!" in English. So for example, How would you say, “don’t go”
Naomi: “To go” is 行く (iku). So…行くな (iku na) “don’t go.”
Jessi: How about “don’t come”?
Naomi: “To come” is 来る (kuru), so 来るな (kuru na)!”don’t come!”
Jessi: And this is quite a strong expression, isn’t it?
Naomi: うん、強いですね。(Un, tsuyoi desu ne.) It’s quite strong. I don’t think we use it very often. But you might see those kinds of phrases written on a sign. Like「さわるな!危険」(“Sawaru na! Kiken”) near high-voltage electrical power lines.
Jessi: Mmm, I’ve seen those kinds of signs before. さわるな (Sawaru na), “Don’t touch.” 危険 (kiken), “Danger.” That makes a lot of sense.
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.)
Naomi: I have to admit that the next particle we’re going to introduce is one I use all the time.
Jessi: Which one is that?
Naomi: かな (ka na)
Jessi: Oh, that’s right, you do actually use this one a lot! (笑) The particle kana expresses the speaker's uncertainty about something. The English equivalent would be “I wonder”.
Naomi: Right. Like 会議は3時からかな。(Kaigi wa san-ji kara ka na.) “I wonder if the meeting is at three.”
If you say 会議は三時から。(Kaigi wa san-ji kara.) It’s a statement. But making a bold statement like this can be risky if you’re wrong.
Jessi: Ohh, right. I can see that.
Naomi: So what I always do is when I’m not sure, I put かな(ka na) at the end of the sentence to avoid being held responsible.(笑)
Jessi: I see. So if you’re not sure about something, it might not be a bad idea to use かな (ka na) to show that you aren’t 100% sure. かな (ka na) is also used as a question to oneself or a request to the listener. The last vowel [a] is sometimes prolonged, as in [kanā].
Naomi: Right. どうしてかな。(Dōshite ka na.) “I wonder why.”
And here’s an example of how it can be used in a request. 明日会社に来られるかな。(Ashita kaisha ni korareru ka na.) “I'm wondering if you can come to work tomorrow.”
Jessi: The last particle we’re covering is
Naomi: じゃん (jan)
Jessi: じゃん (jan) is the contracted form of じゃない (ja nai), meaning "isn't it". It's often used by younger people to confirm or criticize something in an informal way. Do you use this a lot, Naomi-sensei?
Naomi: I’m not that young (笑) but I use it a lot.
For example, when I compliment my friend, I say…
いいじゃん。(Ii jan.) “That’s nice, isn't it.”
And if I were upset that someone forgot what I told them the day before…I would say…
昨日、言ったじゃん。(Kinō itta jan.) “I told you yesterday, didn’t I?!”
Jessi: Oh, and one more note about this じゃん (jan). I’ve heard that it’s actually used a lot in the Kanto area, but not so much in other areas, like Kansai.
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.) The people who live near Tokyo use じゃん (jan) a lot.
Jessi: Oh, OK, so that’s something else to keep in mind. All right, in this lesson you learned the sentence ending particles, の (no), な (na), かな (ka na) and じゃん (jan).
It’s time for us to recap this lesson with a quiz.
Which of the following particles expresses the speaker’s uncertainty? Here are the choices.
Naomi: 1. の (no) 2. な (na) 3. かな (ka na) 4. じゃん (jan)
Jessi: And the answer is?
Naomi: 3. かな (ka na)
Jessi: かな (ka na) is equivalent to "I wonder..." in English. All right, on to the next question. How do you say “Don’t go!” The choices are...
Naomi: 1. 行くの (iku no)  2. 行くな (iku na) 3. 行くかな (iku ka na) 4. 行くじゃん (iku jan)
Jessi: And the answer is?
Naomi: 2. 行くな (iku na) ”Don’t go!”
Jessi: So the dictionary form of a verb plus な (na) expresses a really strong command saying not to do something.
Naomi: OK, that’s all for this lesson. それじゃあまたね。(Sorejā, mata ne.)
Jessi: See you next time.
DIALOGUE
田中(妻):無事だったの?よかったじゃん。(Buji datta no? Yokatta jan.)
田中明:そうだなぁ。(Sō da nā.)
田中(妻):勉強のストレス かな。(Benkyō no sutoresu ka na.)
田中明:そうだろうなぁ。(Sō darō nā.)
: 「勉強しろ」「テレビみるな」「マンガ読むな」「友だちと遊ぶな」。。。(“Benkyō shiro” “Terebi miru na” “Manga yomu na” “Tomodachi to asobu na”...)
: 毎日 毎日 勉強だけ。。。ま、かわいそうだよな。(Mainichi mainichi benkyō dake… Ma, kawaisō da yo na.)
田中(妻):お母さんも 反省したかな?(O-kā-san mo hansei shita ka na?)
田中明:どうだろうね。(Dō darō ne.)

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18 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 14th, 2010 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san,

One of the things that makes Japanese unique is its use of various sentence ending particles, all of which add a different nuance to a sentence. You'll learn 4 of them in this lesson!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 9th, 2020 at 07:42 PM
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こんにちは Lawrence,


コメントありがとうございます。Thank you for your comment. 😇 I forwarded it to our team and we will have the transcript updated asap! Let us know if you have any questions or further feedback!


Wishing you good luck with your Japanese,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Lawrence
April 6th, 2020 at 10:04 PM
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I often read the transcript along with the lesson.i noticed that the dialogue portion has duplicated sentences.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 5th, 2019 at 07:02 AM
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Hi Daryl,


Thanks for the question. "kara" could be either 'from' or 'so.' It all depends on the context.

'from' meaning usage:

会議は3時からかな。

Kaigi wa san-ji kara kana.

I wonder whether the meeting is starting from three.

'so' meaning usage:

宿題があるから、家に帰る。

Shukudai ga aru kara, ie ni kaeru.

I have homework, so I have to go home.


I hope this helps.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Daryl
September 19th, 2019 at 01:55 AM
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Kara is like meaning 'from' or 'so'?

Nathan
June 6th, 2018 at 11:26 PM
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Can I say the male voice talent for the audio dialogue is 最高です!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 2nd, 2016 at 06:45 PM
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> Daria さん、

こんにちは!

もちろん、JapanesePod101.com で勉強すれば、日本語が上手になりますよ。

(Of course, you'll be good at Japanese if you study on JapanesePod101.com.)

And thank you very much for a kind comment! :wink:


> Seth-san,

konnichiwa! :smile:

Thank you for the suggestion! Actually, we do have forums and many listeners are exchanging

opinions and making friends there. You might want to check those forums too! :wink:

As to your question, I'm sorry, I didn't quite understand.

Even if you don't understand fully how Japanese sentence works or you can't tell which word is which,

I'm sure you'll be able to understand over the time, as you learn.

Japanese language is rather flexible when it comes to the order of words (in a sentence),

so sometimes there are more than one possible place you can put.


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

Seth
October 2nd, 2016 at 03:44 AM
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Hello teacher, I am asking that how do I know witch words are witch or how I know words in the right place in the sample sentences? Do I have to know 2,000 word list, Will that be easier? Well, it is hard for me to remember the sample sentences in the PDF's and line by line dialog.

And I have a sussgestion, I'm thinking if we add one thing or 2 into this site. If people can chat here,make friends, and then talk to them in Japanese. That is a very good idea. Therefore, you'll not forget Japanese:smile:

Is that a good idea? Its a good way to practice with someone by chat here.

Daria
September 20th, 2016 at 01:31 AM
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こんにちは!

私は日本語で上手になるかな...

Just joking! I know that if I stay motivated I will improve :smile:

Of course, Japanesepod101.com のおかげです。

ありがとうございます!

亀井
April 26th, 2012 at 11:00 AM
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田中さんは「お母さんも 反省したかな?」って言いました。


Tanaka-san asked "Did the mother reflect on her actions?"

Motoko
July 20th, 2011 at 02:55 PM
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Chris san,

That is "英語でなんて言うの" (えいごでなんていうの/なんてゆうの)

The meaning is "What do you call it in English?"

In casual Japanese, 言う(いう), to say, call, is often pronounced as ゆう, yuu.