Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jessi: Where is Your Japanese Taking You and How Will You Get there?
Naomi: ナオミです。(Naomi desu.)
Peter: Peter here. Naomi-sensei, what are we talking about today?
Naomi: We are working on verbs and particles again.
Peter: Now, today we are going to introduce you to a new particle and we are going to review an old particle, one that appeared in the last lesson but we are going to use it in a different way. You will find out that some particles can be used in more than one context. Last lesson, Fuyuka told Shu that she was going salsa dancing with Fabrizio.
Naomi: Oh! ファブリツィオとサルサをします。(Faburitsio to sarusa o shimasu.)
Peter: Today’s story is about that night. So let’s find out whether they had fun or not. Fabrizio and Fuyuka are talking, which means
Naomi: Polite Japanese is used.
Peter: As they are colleagues and they are talking at
Naomi: Salsa bar probably in Roppongi.
Peter: All right. So let’s find out what’s going on here. Here we go.
DIALOGUE
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : サルサは とても 楽しいですね。あ、もう十二時ですね。冬果さんは、電車で 帰りますか。(Sarusa wa totemo tanoshii desu ne. A, mō jū ni-ji desu ne. Fuyuka-san wa, densha de kaerimasu ka.)
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : うーん。タクシーで 帰ります。ファブリツィオは?(Ūn. Takushī de kaerimasu. Faburitsio wa?)
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : 私は 友達の バーへ 行きます。(Watashi wa tomodachi no bā e ikimasu.)
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : 今から?電車で 行きますか。(Ima kara? Densha de ikimasu ka.)
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : はい。今から。地下鉄で 行きます。冬果さんも、来ますか。(Hai. Ima kara. Chikatetsu de ikimasu. Fuyuka-san mo, kimasu ka.)
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : いえいえいえいえ。私は うちへ 帰ります。(Ie ie ie ie. Watashi wa uchi e kaerimasu.)
もう一度お願いします。今度はゆっくりお願いします。(Mō ichi-do onegai shimasu. Kondo wa yukkuri onegai shimasu.)
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : サルサは とても 楽しいですね。あ、もう十二時ですね。冬果さんは、電車で 帰りますか。(Sarusa wa totemo tanoshii desu ne. A, mō jū ni-ji desu ne. Fuyuka-san wa, densha de kaerimasu ka.)
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : うーん。タクシーで 帰ります。ファブリツィオは?(Ūn. Takushī de kaerimasu. Faburitsio wa?)
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : 私は 友達の バーへ 行きます。(Watashi wa tomodachi no bā e ikimasu.)
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : 今から?電車で 行きますか。(Ima kara? Densha de ikimasu ka.)
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : はい。今から。地下鉄で 行きます。冬果さんも、来ますか。(Hai. Ima kara. Chikatetsu de ikimasu. Fuyuka-san mo, kimasu ka.)
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : いえいえいえいえ。私は うちへ 帰ります。(Ie ie ie ie. Watashi wa uchi e kaerimasu.)
次は、英語が入ります。(Tsugi wa, Eigo ga hairimasu.)
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : サルサは とても 楽しいですね。あ、もう十二時ですね。冬果さんは、電車で 帰りますか。(Sarusa wa totemo tanoshii desu ne. A, mō jū ni-ji desu ne. Fuyuka-san wa, densha de kaerimasu ka.)
FABRIZIO: Salsa is fun, isn't it? Oh, it's already 12 o'clock. Are you taking a train back home, Fuyuka?
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : うーん。タクシーで 帰ります。ファブリツィオは?(Ūn. Takushī de kaerimasu. Faburitsio wa?)
FUYUKA KITAGAWA: Well. I'm taking a taxi. How about you, Fabrizio?
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : 私は 友達の バーへ 行きます。(Watashi wa tomodachi no bā e ikimasu.)
FABRIZIO: I'm going to my friend's bar.
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : 今から?電車で 行きますか。(Ima kara? Densha de ikimasu ka.)
FUYUKA KITAGAWA: Now? Are you going there by train?
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : はい。今から。地下鉄で 行きます。冬果さんも、来ますか。(Hai. Ima kara. Chikatetsu de ikimasu. Fuyuka-san mo, kimasu ka.)
FABRIZIO: Yes. Now. I'm going there by subway. Do you want to come, Fuyuka?
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : いえいえいえいえ。私は うちへ 帰ります。(Ie ie ie ie. Watashi wa uchi e kaerimasu.)
FUYUJKA KITAGAWA:No, no. I'm going home.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Naomi-sensei, what do you think about today’s conversation?
Naomi: ファブリツィオさん、元気ですね。(Faburitsio-san, genki desu ne.)
Peter: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.) He is really energetic.
Naomi: What time is it now?
Peter: It’s already 12.
Naomi: 12時?もう12時?(Jū ni-ji? Mō jū ni-ji?)
Peter: もう12時。(Mō jū ni-ji.) And yeah, we want to take a look at that already is in Japanese?
Naomi: もう (mō)
Peter: もう (mō) and then we have the time, もう12時 (mō jū ni-ji).
Naomi: He said 今から友達のバーに行きます。(Ima kara tomodachi no bā ni ikimasu.)
Peter: So I am going to a Friend’s bar now. Yeah, what day is it? 今日は何曜日ですか。(Kyō wa nan-yōbi desu ka.)
Naomi: I don’t know. Maybe 金曜日 (kin-yōbi)? I hope it’s not 月曜日 (getsu-yōbi).
Peter: どうでしょう。ファブリツィオさんやりますね。(Dō deshō. Faburitsio-san yarimasu ne.) He…
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.)
Peter: Umm Okay, let’s take a look at today’s vocab.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: First we have
Naomi: 楽しい (tanoshii)
Peter: Enjoyable.
Naomi: (slow) たのしい (tanoshii) (natural speed) 楽しい (tanoshii)
Peter: Rising on the second syllable の (no) and falling on the last syllable い (i).
Naomi: 楽しい (tanoshii)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 電車 (densha)
Peter: Train.
Naomi: (slow) でんしゃ (densha) (natural speed) 電車 (densha)
Peter: Rising on the second syllable and staying high or falling on the second syllable and staying low.
Naomi: 電車 (densha) or 電車 (densha)
Peter: Next we have
Naomi: 帰ります (kaerimasu)
Peter: To go back home, to return.
Naomi: (slow) かえります (kaerimasu) (natural speed) 帰ります (kaerimasu)
Peter: Rising on the second syllable and falling on the last syllable. Next.
Naomi: バー (bā)
Peter: Bar.
Naomi: (slow) ばー (bā) (natural speed) バー (bā)
Peter: Falling on the second syllable.
Naomi: バー (bā)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 行きます (ikimasu)
Peter: To go.
Naomi: (slow) いきます (ikimasu) (natural speed) 行きます (ikimasu)
Peter: Rising on the second syllable き (ki) and falling on the last syllable す (su).
Naomi: 行きます (ikimasu)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 地下鉄 (chikatetsu)
Peter: Subway.
Naomi: (slow) ちかてつ (chikatetsu) (natural speed) 地下鉄 (chikatetsu)
Peter: Rising on the second syllable か (ka) and staying high.
Naomi: 地下鉄 (chikatetsu)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 来ます (kimasu)
Peter: To come in the non-past polite.
Naomi: (slow) きます (kimasu) (natural speed) 来ます (kimasu)
Peter: Rising on the middle syllable and falling on the last.
Naomi: 来ます (kimasu)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: うち (uchi)
Peter: Home, house.
Naomi: (slow) うち (uchi) (natural speed) うち (uchi)
Peter: Rising.
Naomi: うち (uchi)
Peter: Okay Naomi-sensei, let’s take a look at some of the words that appeared in today’s dialogue. First we have
Naomi: 電車 (densha)
Peter: Train. Now here the first kanji means
Naomi: Electric.
Peter: And the second means
Naomi: Car.
Peter: So electric car.
Naomi: Do you remember? Electric talk is 電話 (denwa).
Peter: That’s right.
Naomi: Telephone.
Peter: Let’s also take a look at another word that has to do with trains. How about the word for subway? This is made up of three kanji characters. What do we have?
Naomi: 地下鉄 (chikatetsu)
Peter: The first character means?
Naomi: Earth.
Peter: Second character means?
Naomi: Under.
Peter: And the third character means?
Naomi: Steel.
Peter: So steel under earth. Steel under the ground, the subway. So quite logical. Can we use one of these words in an example sentence?
Naomi: 地下鉄は便利です。(Chikatetsu wa benri desu.)
Peter: The subway is convenient especially in Tokyo.
Naomi: 東京の地下鉄は便利です。(Tōkyō no chikatetsu wa benri desu.)
Peter: That’s right.
Naomi: Yeah, since you are from New York, how about ニューヨークの地下鉄は便利ですか。(Nyū Yōku no chikatetsu wa benri desu ka.)
Peter: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.)
Naomi: なんですか、それは?(Nan desu ka, sore wa?)
Peter: Because I am from New York, I have to say yes.
Naomi: What is that? Haha…
Peter: But I must submit, the Tokyo subway is very convenient, very easy to navigate although there are many different companies. So just a little tricky there but very easy to ride and very, very foreigner friendly.
Naomi: ああ、そうですか。地下鉄は簡単です。(Ā, sō desu ka. Chikatetsu wa kantan desu.)
Peter: Subway is quite easy, easy to navigate that is.

Lesson focus

Peter: So okay, let’s take a look at today’s grammar point. So today we are going to have a closer look at the direction particle へ (e), which is used with
Naomi: 行きます (ikimasu), 来ます (kimasu) and 帰ります (kaerimasu)
Peter: So verbs where you are going somewhere. Now へ (e) marks the place or goal towards which the action moves. When へ (e) is used as the particle, it’s pronounced へ (e) although it’s written へ (he) the hiragana syllable へ (he) and it’s placed before the verbs. Now this particle precedes the verbs to go, to come and to return. Let’s go back to where this appeared in the conversation. Naomi-sensei, can you repeat that sentence?
Naomi: 私はうちへ帰ります。(Watashi wa uchi e kaerimasu.)
Peter: I am going home. What do we have first?
Naomi: 私 (watashi)
Peter: I, followed by
Naomi: は (wa)
Peter: Topic marking particle, followed by
Naomi: うち (uchi)
Peter: Home.
Naomi: へ (e)
Peter: To.
Naomi: 帰ります (kaerimasu)
Peter: Return. So I home to return. I will return home and of course this sentence is in the non-past polite. 帰ります (kaerimasu) is the non-past polite version of 帰る (kaeru) to return. So Naomi-sensei, how do we say to home?
Naomi: うちへ (uchi e)
Peter: How about to the station?
Naomi: 駅へ (eki e)
Peter: How about to the bar?
Naomi: バーへ (bā e)
Peter: So topic followed by
Naomi: は (wa)
Peter: Topic marking particle followed by
Naomi: Place
Peter: Followed by
Naomi: へ (e)
Peter: Direction marking particle and then
Naomi: 行きます (ikimasu)
Peter: Or
Naomi: 帰ります (kaerimasu)
Peter: Or
Naomi: 来ます (kimasu)
Peter: And this is the basic pattern. Next we have. Let’s take a look at the particle で (de). In the last lesson, we learned that this can be used to mark the location where an action takes place. Now today in this lesson, we are going to introduce another usage. Here the particle で (de) is used to mark a tool used to accomplish something and in this conversation, the two speakers are asking each other, by what tool, by what means they will return home and the means or the tools in the sentence are marked with で (de). Okay, let’s take a look at what we had in the conversation.
Naomi: タクシーで行きます。(Takushī de ikimasu.)
Peter: By taxi I will go. I will go by taxi.
Naomi: 電車で行きます。(Densha de ikimasu.)
Peter: I will go by train.
Naomi: 地下鉄で行きます。(Chikatetsu de ikimasu.)
Peter: I will go by subway. Let’s go back to where this appeared in the conversation and just repeat it one more time. We had
Naomi: タクシーで帰ります。(Takushī de kaerimasu.)
Peter: I will return by taxi. So here the speaker is speaking, so the subject is actually inferred. So we just leave out that part 私は (watashi wa). Then we have
Naomi: タクシー (takushī)
Peter: Taxi.
Naomi: で (de)
Peter: Here the means, the taxi is used to accomplish something. So taxi is a means, so we mark it with で (de), followed by
Naomi: 帰ります (kaerimasu)

Outro

Peter: I’ll return by taxi. Okay, That’s going to do for today.
Naomi: じゃ、また。(Ja, mata.)
DIALOGUE
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : サルサは とても 楽しいですね。あ、もう十二時ですね。冬果さんは、電車で 帰りますか。(Sarusa wa totemo tanoshii desu ne. A, mō jū ni-ji desu ne. Fuyuka-san wa, densha de kaerimasu ka.)
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : うーん。タクシーで 帰ります。ファブリツィオは?(Ūn. Takushī de kaerimasu. Faburitsio wa?)
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : 私は 友達の バーへ 行きます。(Watashi wa tomodachi no bā e ikimasu.)
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : 今から?電車で 行きますか。(Ima kara? Densha de ikimasu ka.)
ファブリツィオ (Faburitsio) : はい。今から。地下鉄で 行きます。冬果さんも、来ますか。(Hai. Ima kara. Chikatetsu de ikimasu. Fuyuka-san mo, kimasu ka.)
北川 冬果 (Kitagawa Fuyuka) : いえいえいえいえ。私は うちへ 帰ります。(Ie ie ie ie. Watashi wa uchi e kaerimasu.)

Kanji

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108 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 3rd, 2007 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, Fabrizio is quite the party animal, huh? I can't wait until next week to hear all about his crazy party! Woo-hoo!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 17th, 2021 at 04:18 PM
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Najiさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Made is more like "until." You can study more about them here😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/particles-5-need-directions-japanese-particles-e-ni-kara-and-made-will-show-you-the-way/?lp=128


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 10th, 2021 at 03:23 PM
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Muntazirさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

When both に and で mean "in / on / at," you use に for existence and で for actions, so when you talk about where you live, where you are and where you are staying, the particle is に: for example, にほん に すんでいます (I live in Japan) or いま、しごと に います (I'm at work now).

And で goes with any other actions: eat, sleep, work, etc.: for example, とうきょう で はたらいています (I work in Tokyo) or レストランで すし を たべました (I ate sushi at a restaurant).


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Naji
August 5th, 2021 at 02:16 AM
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What's the difference between へ and まで? They both mean (to).

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 22nd, 2021 at 08:00 PM
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Maikeruさん

コメントありがとうございます😄

*日本にいきます


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Muntazir
July 19th, 2021 at 11:49 PM
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I always get confused about when I should use で(de) or に(ni) in a sentence. This is because they can both mean in or at. Is there a specific place in general conversations where you should place で(de) instead of に(ni) and where you should place に(ni) instead of で(de)?

Maikeru
July 7th, 2021 at 04:07 AM
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来年 , わたし は ひこうき で 日本 いきます

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 30th, 2021 at 01:45 PM
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希望 楚イさん

コメントありがとうございます😄


Otisさん

Thank you so much for your comment😄

They're totally interchangeable, so you can use either one😇


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 30th, 2021 at 06:55 AM
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こんにちは Otis,


Thank you for your comment. 😇

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Otis
April 29th, 2021 at 08:59 PM
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What's the difference between: uchi and ie ?

Otis
April 29th, 2021 at 08:37 PM
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Omg, still this Fabrizio' cliché-voice-acting is Goooold! 👌🏼😂💯