Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Kat: Hi everyone, Kat here!
Naomi: こんにちは、なおみです!(Kon’nichiwa, Naomi desu!)
Kat: Are you cross-examining me in Japanese?
Naomi: Thanks for joining us!! じゃあ、キャットさん。(Jā, Kyatto-san.)
Kat: はい。(Hai.)
Naomi: Please tell us what we're going to learn in this lesson.
Kat: In this lesson you will learn how to say the months and dates, and also how to ask questions in informal Japanese.
Naomi: Where does this conversation take place and who is it between?
Kat: This conversation takes place at school, and it’s between Kent and Madoka.
Naomi: What level of Japanese will they be speaking?
Kat: As usual, they'll be speaking informal Japanese. OK, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
まどか (Madoka):ケント、明日の夜、ひま?(Kento, ashita no yoru, hima?)
ケント (Kento):うん。でも、なんで。(Un. Demo, nande.)
まどか (Madoka):明日、ママの誕生日。(Ashita, mama no tanjōbi.)
ケント (Kento):何日?(Nan-nichi?)
まどか (Madoka):3月20日。(San-gatsu hatsuka.)
ケント (Kento):はつか?(Hatsuka?)
まどか (Madoka):うん。にじゅうにち。(Un. Ni-jū-nichi.)
まどか (Madoka):ケントのたんじょうびはいつ?(Kento no tanjōbi wa itsu?)
ケント (Kento):7月1日。(Shichi-gatsu ichi-nichi.)
まどか (Madoka):ああ、ついたちね。(Ā, tsuitachi ne.)
もう一度、お願いします。今度はゆっくりお願いします。(Mō ichi-do, onegai shimasu. Kondo wa yukkuri onegai shimasu.)
まどか (Madoka):ケント、明日の夜、ひま?(Kento, ashita no yoru, hima?)
ケント (Kento):うん。でも、なんで。(Un. Demo, nande.)
まどか (Madoka):明日、ママの誕生日。(Ashita, mama no tanjōbi.)
ケント (Kento):何日?(Nan-nichi?)
まどか (Madoka):3月20日。(San-gatsu hatsuka.)
ケント (Kento):はつか?(Hatsuka?)
まどか (Madoka):うん。にじゅうにち。(Un. Ni-jū-nichi.)
まどか (Madoka):ケントのたんじょうびはいつ?(Kento no tanjōbi wa itsu?)
ケント (Kento):7月1日。(Shichi-gatsu ichi-nichi.)
まどか (Madoka):ああ、ついたちね。(Ā, tsuitachi ne.)
今度は英語が入ります。(Kondo wa Eigo ga hairimasu.)
まどか (Madoka):ケント、明日の夜、ひま?(Kento, ashita no yoru, hima?)
Kat: Kent, are you free tomorrow night?
ケント (Kento):うん。でも、なんで。(Un. Demo, nande.)
Kat: Yeah, but why?
まどか (Madoka):明日、ママの誕生日。(Ashita, mama no tanjōbi.)
Kat: Tomorrow's my mom's birthday.
ケント (Kento):何日?(Nan-nichi?)
Kat: What day is it?
まどか (Madoka):3月20日。(San-gatsu hatsuka.)
Kat: The twentieth of March.
ケント (Kento):はつか?(Hatsuka?)
Kat: The twentieth?
まどか (Madoka):うん。にじゅうにち。(Un. Ni-jū-nichi.)
Kat: Yeah. The twentieth.
まどか (Madoka):ケントのたんじょうびはいつ?(Kento no tanjōbi wa itsu?)
Kat: When's your birthday, Kent?
ケント (Kento):7月1日。(Shichi-gatsu ichi-nichi.)
Kat: The first of July.
まどか (Madoka):ああ、ついたちね。(Ā, tsuitachi ne.)
Kat: Ah, the first, right.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Kat: Ah, so, tomorrow is Madoka's mother's birthday!
Naomi: そうです!まどかさんのお母さんの誕生日。(Sō desu! Madoka-san no o-kā-san no tanjōbi.)
Kat: We'll go over the word for birthday more in the vocab section.
Naomi: In this lesson we'll be going over how to say the months and the dates, right?
Kat: Right! The months are not that bad, but the dates can be confusing.
Naomi: うーん、そうですね。(Ūn, sō desu ne.) Yes, actually, Kent mixed up how to say the date in the dialogue.
Kat: To say the date in Japanese, there's a special rule where you add にち (nichi) to the number.... but actually, the word for the 1st in an exception to that rule!
Naomi: That's right. The first has a special name, ついたち (tsuitachi). So Madoka had to correct him.
Kat: He also got confused when Madoka used the word for the 20th, which also has a special name.
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.) Right - It's not にじゅうにち (ni-jū-nichi), but はつか (hatsuka). This sound totally different, don't they?
Kat: They do! But, I would like to say that even if you make a mistake and say にじゅうにち (ni-jū-nichi), instead of はつか (hatsu), Japanese people will completely understand what you’re saying. I, myself, made this mistake for by… I think about half of my time on study abroad. So, please don’t worry. But, try to remember that 20th, is はつか (hatsuka), not にじゅうにち (ni-jū-nichi). OK, so now, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
Naomi: 明日 (ashita) [natural native speed]
Kat: tomorrow
Naomi: 明日 (ashita) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 明日 (ashita) [natural native speed]
Kat: OK, next.
Naomi: 夜 (yoru) [natural native speed]
Kat: evening, night
Naomi: 夜 (yoru) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 夜 (yoru) [natural native speed]
Kat: OK, and next.
Naomi: 暇 (hima) [natural native speed]
Kat: free, not busy, free time
Naomi: 暇 (hima) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 暇 (hima) [natural native speed]
Kat: OK, next.
Naomi: ママ (mama) [natural native speed]
Kat: mama, mum, mom, mummy, mommy
Naomi: ママ (mama) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: ママ (mama) [natural native speed]
Kat: OK, and next.
Naomi: 誕生日 (tanjōbi) [natural native speed]
Kat: birthday
Naomi: 誕生日 (tanjōbi) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Naomi: 誕生日 (tanjōbi) [natural native speed]
Kat: OK, so now let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Naomi: The first word is 誕生日 (tanjōbi).
Kat: “Birthday.”
Naomi: The kanji for this word are pretty difficult, but the last one is very important! It means day.
Kat: Yes, this word is made up of two parts exactly like in English.
Naomi: 誕生 (tanjō) means
Kat: birth.
Naomi: And 日 (bi) or 日 (hi) means
Kat: day.
Naomi: Here we pronounce it び (bi).
Kat: Remember when we learned how to use の (no) to talk about possession? You can use it here to specify whose birthday you're talking about.
Naomi: Right, for example... 私の誕生日 (watashi no tanjōbi)
Kat: My birthday.
Naomi: 友達の誕生日 (tomodachi no tanjōbi)
Kat: A friend's birthday.
Naomi: … and so on.
Kat: What's the next word we'll look at?
Naomi: 明日 (ashita)
Kat: “Tomorrow.” Can we hear how it was used in the dialogue?
Naomi: Sure! Madoka said... 明日、ママの誕生日。(Ashita, mama no tanjōbi.)
Kat: "Tomorrow's my mum's birthday."
Naomi: Let's quickly go over some other words to talk about the days.
Kat: Sounds good!
Naomi: 今日 (kyō)
Kat: Today.
Naomi: 昨日 (kinō)
Kat: Yesterday. Okay, and the last word we'll be looking at is...
Naomi: 暇 (hima)
Kat: “Free”, as in not busy, or “free time.” This word is both an na-adjective and a noun.
Naomi: That's right. If we say someone is 暇 (hima), that means they are free. When used as a noun, 暇 (hima) means "free time".
Kat: So if someone asks you 暇ですか (hima desu ka) or just 暇?(hima?), it means they're asking if you are free or have any free time to go into something.
Naomi: This is used a lot when inviting someone, or asking someone to do something.
Kat: That’s right, since you want to make sure the person isn't already busy with something else, which happens a lot in Japan.
Naomi: Yes. So in the dialogue, Madoka asked Kent... 明日の夜、暇?(Ashita no yoru, hima?)
Kat: "Are you free tomorrow night?"
Naomi: So remember this word for when you want to invite someone to do something!

Lesson focus

Kat: In this lesson, you'll learn two things - how to say the months and dates in Japanese, and also how to ask questions in informal Japanese. First, let's take a look at the months and dates.
Naomi: Personally, I think the months in Japanese are much easier than in English!
Kat: Well, yeah objectively speaking, yeah, I know what you mean! In English, we have sadly difficult names for the months, but in Japanese, the names are based on the number of the month, so they're really easy to learn and remember, actually!
Naomi: Yes. If you know the numbers, it's really easy. To say the name of a month, say the number of the month, and add 月 (gatsu).
Kat: For example, January is the first month. One is 一 (ichi), then add 月 (gatsu).
Naomi: 一月 (ichi-gatsu)
Kat: May is the fifth month. Five is 五 (go), then add 月 (gatsu).
Naomi: 五月 (go-gatsu)
Kat: Very straightforward, right?!
Naomi: Right! But, there are two months that you have to be careful with. The first one is April.
Kat: For April, you don't say よん (yon) for "four", but し (shi) instead.
Naomi: Yes, so April is not よんがつ (yon-gatsu), but always しがつ (shi-gatsu). The other one is September. For September, you don't say きゅう (kyū) for "nine", but く (ku) instead.
Kat: So September is not きゅうがつ (kyū-gatsu), but always くがつ (ku-gatsu).
Naomi: Exactly, くがつ (ku-gatsu). Those are the only two you have to watch out, though.
Kat: Great! Now that we have that down, let's move on to the days! If you have the Lesson Notes, now might be a good time to have them in front of you.
Naomi: Basically, to say the date in Japanese, you add にち (nichi) to the number of the day.
Kat: However, the numbers for the first 10 days of the month don't follow this rule and need to be memorized individually.
Naomi: Let's go through the first three.
Kat: The first of the month is
Naomi: ついたち (tsuitachi)
Kat: ついたち。(Tsuitachi.) The second of the month is
Naomi: ふつか (futsuka)
Kat: ふつか。(Futsuka.) The third of the month is
Naomi: みっか (mikka)
Kat: みっか。(Mikka.)
Naomi: And so on.
Kat: I see, yeah, they don't seem to follow any patterns at all, do they?
Naomi: But, after 10, you can add にち (nichi) to the number to get the date.
Kat: There are some exceptions to this too though, so please check the Lesson Notes to find out what those are.
Naomi: Let's practice a few!
Kat: Okay... how would we say the 12th?
Naomi: Well, 12 is 十二 (jū ni), and then we add にち (nichi). So that would be, 十二日 (jū ni-nichi).
Kat: How about... 21st?
Naomi: 21 is 二十一 (ni-jū ichi), and then we add にち (nichi). So that would be 二十一日 (ni-jū ichi-nichi).
Kat: The 21st. Let's do one more... How about the 30th?
Naomi: 30 is 三十 (san-jū), then add にち (nichi). So that would be 三十日 (san-jū-nichi).
Kat: The 30th. Hopefully you can now say your own birthday. Naomi-sensei, now that we've gone over the months and dates, let's say our own birthdays.
Naomi: Good idea! 私の誕生日は10月8日です。(Watashi no tanjōbi wa jū-gatsu yōka desu.)
Kat: So, your birthday is 8th of October. OK. 私の誕生日は8月9日です。(Watashi no tanjōbi wa hachi-gatsu kokonoka desu.)
Naomi: So, your birthday is August 9th.
Kat: That’s right.
Naomi: 8、9。(Hachi, kyū.)
Kat: 8、9です。(Hachi, kyū desu.) Okay, now let's move onto asking questions in informal Japanese. What were the question words we saw in the dialogue?
Naomi: いつ (itsu), this means "when". And 何で (nande), this means "why".
Kat: When asking a question in informal Japanese, all you need to do is use a rising intonation on those words. That's all!
Naomi: Right. Let's look at the word for "when", いつ (itsu). If I say it like this - いつ?(itsu?) That means "when?"
Kat: So if you were to ask me what my birthday was in informal Japanese, what would that be?
Naomi: キャットさんの誕生日、いつ?(Kyatto-san no tanjōbi, itsu?)
Kat: That's basically the same question Madoka used, isn't it?
Naomi: Right. ケントの誕生日は、いつ?(Kento no tanjōbi wa, itsu?)
Kat: "When's your birthday, Kent?" Okay, and the other question word we had was....
Naomi: 何で (nande)
Kat: "Why?" or "how come?” Again, all you need is that rising intonation. 何で?(Nande?) What are some other question words we should know?
Naomi: In Lesson 5, we went over 何 (nani), "what", as in それは何?(sore wa nani?)
Kat: What's that?
Naomi: Another important one we should know is どこ (doko)?
Kat: Where? Of course, this is a really crucial question word to know!
Naomi: I agree!

Outro

Kat: Okay, well, I think that's all the time we have for this lesson!
Naomi: Thanks for listening, everyone.
Kat: See you in the next lesson!!
Naomi: じゃあ、また!(Jā, mata!)
まどか:ケント、明日の夜、ひま?
ケント:うん。でも、なんで。
まどか:明日、ママの誕生日。
ケント:何日?
まどか:3月20日。
ケント:はつか?
まどか:うん。にじゅうにち。
: ケントのたんじょうびはいつ?
ケント:7月1日。
まどか:ああ、ついたちね。

Kanji

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25 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 7th, 2010 at 06:30 PM
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みなさん,

きょうは 6月(rokugatsu) 7日 (nanoka) です :) :)

Try writing out some dates here! They can be today's date, your birthday, anything!

Max
October 18th, 2017 at 09:00 AM
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今日は10月十七日てす。


月曜日は九月十六日てす。


僕の誕生日は11月4日てす。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 3rd, 2017 at 09:30 AM
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Ed Kittikoさん、

Konnichiwa.

こんにちは。

Thank you for your positive feedback.

However, あなた often is not used in Japan when you know the other’s name.

So please use ‘Japanesepod101の新しい….’

?

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Ed Kittiko
June 15th, 2017 at 07:42 AM
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あなたの新しいレッスンフォーマットは素晴らしいです!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 5th, 2014 at 04:37 PM
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エリックさん、

そうですか。わかりました。

よくできました。:smile:

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

エリック
December 1st, 2014 at 12:01 PM
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僕の誕生日は3月6日です。

ぼくのたんじょうびはさんがつむいかです。

My birthday is March the sixth.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 27th, 2014 at 04:42 PM
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アシュリーさん、

11月がたのしみですね:smile::heart:

You must be looking forward to November.


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

アシュリー
June 23rd, 2014 at 08:14 AM
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由紀せんしえ、



11月7日に日本に行きます。 わかりました。


ありがとう。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 6th, 2014 at 08:39 AM
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アシュリーさん、

11月7日に日本にいきますね。

You should putにafter the date.

I hope you could enjoy staying in Japan.

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

アシュリー
June 2nd, 2014 at 11:15 AM
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きょうは 6月2日。


11月7日、私は日本にいきます。


じゃまた

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 12th, 2014 at 01:29 AM
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Funkybaby-san,

:laughing: I understand what you mean.

It's difficult to read 一日 as ついたち, so, yes, it'd be the best if you learn the word ついたち

with meanings. Then you'll just find kanji version "interesting" as it's very logical.:laughing:


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com