Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jessii: The Hardest Way to Break the Ice in Japan.
Naomi: ナオミです。
Peter: Peter here.
Peter: Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: 今日は、元気ですか?
Naomi: 元気です。ピーターさんは、元気ですか?
Peter: 風邪です。
Naomi: Ah..
Peter: I have a cold, still.
Naomi: That’s too bad.
Peter: You don’t seem too overly concerned. 夏風邪 Summer cold and in Japan, it’s said that summer colds are…
Naomi: Only for ばか
Peter: Ah..what.
Naomi: Sorry for the bad language but we say 夏風邪をひくのはばか
Peter: I thought it was said that it takes a while to get over them.
Naomi: Ah…
Peter: Yeah.
Naomi: Yeah, yeah, yeah, yeah. They also said that that umm…we also say 夏風邪をひくのはばか which means only the stupid catch cold in summer.
Peter: Didn’t you just get over cold?
Naomi: I don’t know what you are talking about.
Peter: Oh Naomi Sensei.
Naomi: わかりません。
Peter: 教えてあげましょうか? Shall I teach you.
Naomi: Any way. レッスンをしましょう。
Peter: Anyway yes. Umm well now that you introduced such a high class word, maybe we should explain it to everybody what does ばか mean?
Naomi: Ah 馬鹿 the kanji of 馬 means horse. The kanji of 鹿 means deer. Can you guess the meaning?
Peter: Well it’s not fair because I have been studying for a while and I think I have a theory. So I think only a fool can’t tell the difference between a horse and a deer.
Naomi: ああ、すごい。さすが。
Peter: ありがとうございます。 So that’s where some people believe this word comes from. You have the kanji for the horse and the deer and only the fools can’t tell the difference but it is quite a strong word.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: Depending on the context of course.
Naomi: Peter and I are good friends I guess. So I think it’s – I thought it’s okay to use the word ばか but I didn’t really mean to, you know.
Peter: It is okay Naomi Sensei but we want to warn you don’t use this in the classroom.
Naomi: No.
Peter: Don’t use this with people, who you are not very familiar with, don’t use this in business situations or any other. It’s kind of only with like really good friends and make sure you really understand the situation but at the same time, you shouldn’t even be using it. You should just understand it so you can passively absorb it and not miss out on what’s being said. Ah so that’s why you taught it Naomi Sensei 素晴らしい which means excellent, amazing, great teacher. 素晴らしい先生ですね and not because you wanted to personally insult me.
Naomi: I didn’t insult you.
Peter: Ah who has the cold?
Naomi: Nobody.
Peter: Okay little carried away with the opening but too much fun.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: So Naomi Sensei, what are we talking about today?
Naomi: 今日は Temperature 暑い and 寒い、涼しい、暖かい。
Peter: So talking about the temperature.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: And talking about the temperature with adjectives.
Naomi: Yes. い ending adjectives.
Peter: Now in Japanese, adjectives are usually broken into two categories. い adjectives, adjectives that end in い and な adjectives, adjectives which when they are placed in front of a noun need a な which require a な to be placed in between the adjective and the noun. So we will get into more discussion about this later but for now, we are going to look at い adjectives. With that said, let’s take a look at today’s conversation. Here we go.
DIALOGUE
北川 冬果: おはようございます。
西本 秋: おはようございます。冬果さん。今日は暑いですね。
北川 冬果: そうですね。でも、ここはとても涼しいですね。(ハクション!)
西本 秋: 寒いですか。
北川 冬果: 寒くないです。ちょうどいいです。(ハクション!ハクション!)
もう一度お願いします。今度はゆっくりお願いします。
北川 冬果: おはようございます。
西本 秋: おはようございます。冬果さん。今日は暑いですね。
北川 冬果: そうですね。でも、ここはとても涼しいですね。(ハクション!)
西本 秋: 寒いですか。
北川 冬果: 寒くないです。ちょうどいいです。(ハクション!ハクション!)
次は、英語が入ります。
北川 冬果: おはようございます。
FUYUKA KITAGAWA: Good morning.
西本 秋: おはようございます。冬果さん。今日は暑いですね。
SHŪ NISHIMOTO: Good morning, Fuyuka. It's hot today, isn't it?
北川 冬果: そうですね。でも、ここはとても涼しいですね。(ハクション!)
FUYUKA KITAGAWA: Yes, it is. But it's very cool in here, isn't it? (Achoo!-sneezing sound)
西本 秋: 寒いですか。
SHŪ NISHIMOTO: Is it cold?
北川 冬果: 寒くないです。ちょうどいいです。(ハクション!ハクション!)
FUYUKA KITAGAWA: It's not cold. It's just right.(Achoo! Achoo! -sneezing sound)
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Naomi Sensei, what did you think of today’s conversation?
Naomi: I think the adjectives that we introduced in the dialogues are so useful.
Peter: My first Japanese teacher told me, the Japanese are always talking about the weather.
Naomi: Because it’s the safest topic.
Peter: Yes. I find like this is the most common topic in elevators.
Naomi: Oh yeah そうですね。
Peter: Because it’s the elevator talk. You only have 30 seconds or so to talk about nothing and it’s kind of better than silence. So now that it’s summer here, if I am in an elevator and a Japanese person comes in or if I am coming in and the person coming in is usually the one required to speak and 暑いですね。
Naomi: Kind of like how are you in English. We can say 元気ですか?
Peter: How are you.
Naomi: But we tend to talk about the weather a lot.
Peter: Yeah so today’s topics will help you out. So next time, you are on the elevator with a Japanese person, this should come in handy. Okay so let’s first take a look at the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Peter: Naomi Sensei, what do we have first?
Naomi: 今日
Peter: Today.
Naomi: (slow)きょう (natural speed)今日
Peter: Now we will stress this over and over. Now is the perfect time to get into kanji. Kanji is so fascinating and there is so much logic behind it. Now let’s take the word for today which is one more time.
Naomi: 今日
Peter: Long vowel 今日. You want to hold it. Now this is made up of two characters. The first character is
Naomi: Now.
Peter: The second character is
Naomi: Day.
Peter: Now day, today.
Naomi: はい。 And I think that it has the irregular reading.
Peter: Correct. So while the meaning is logical sometimes it’s the reading that will throw you off but that’s what we are here for to get you through this but so logical.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: Next we have
Naomi: 暑い
Peter: Hot.
Naomi: (slow)あつい (natural speed)暑い
Peter: Next
Naomi: でも
Peter: But, however
Naomi: (slow)でも (natural speed)でも
Peter: This is but and however but this is primarily used at the beginning of sentences. Now the particle が can also be used as but and that’s a conjunctive particle. So here we have でも but this comes at the beginning of a sentence. Next we have
Naomi: とても
Peter: Very, extremely.
Naomi: (slow)とても (natural speed)とても
Peter: Followed by
Naomi: 涼しい
Peter: Cool.
Naomi: (slow)すずしい (natural speed)すずしい
Peter: And this is cool not in the English sense that it’s cool but in the weather sense…
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: That it’s…
Naomi: Only the temperature.
Peter: Yes. How could we say cool?
Naomi: It depends on who you are talking to but かっこいい.
Peter: There is the word we are looking for.
Naomi: はい Or just いい。
Peter: Give us かっこいい one more time.
Naomi: かっこいい
Peter: And just break it down.
Naomi: (slow)かっこいい (natural speed)かっこいい
Peter: And pitch accent here, we are going
Naomi: かっこいい
Peter: So low
Naomi: High
Peter: High.
Naomi: And low at the いい.
Peter: So one more time.
Naomi: かっこいい
Peter: かっこいい
Naomi: Perfect.
Peter: And let’s just go with the pitch accent of the words we didn’t cover up to this point. What do we have? We will start out with today.
Naomi: (slow)きょう (natural speed)今日
Peter: Going down.
Naomi: はい、そうです。
Peter: 今日
Naomi: はい。
Peter: Followed by
Naomi: 暑い
Peter: Going up.
Naomi: And down.
Peter: 暑い
Naomi: そうです。 Low at い.
Peter: Followed by
Naomi: でも
Peter: Going down.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: でも followed by
Naomi: とても
Peter: Going up.
Naomi: And stays
Peter: とても
Naomi: そうです。
Peter: Followed by
Naomi: 涼しい
Peter: Going up and coming down.
Naomi: はい。 at い.
Peter: So すずしい
Naomi: はい、そうです。
Peter: Back down.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: Uhh this is getting to be really fun. Next we have.
Naomi: 寒い
Peter: Cold.
Naomi: (slow)さむい (natural speed)寒い
Peter: And this one again is going up and coming back down. Most of the い adjectives come back down. Don’t they?
Naomi: Uhoo right.
Peter: So 寒い
Naomi: そうです。
Peter: Now again I said this in a previous one but in case you are joining us now and you didn’t get the old lessons, this can also be used. Well actually a derivative of this can also be used to mean not funny.
Naomi: Hah!
Peter: Naomi Sensei, as you are in such a generous mood to teach people slang today, why don’t you take this away?
Naomi: 例えば、 Peter your joke is so 寒い
Peter: Not funny.
Naomi: えっと多分ピーターのジョークは寒いです。
Peter: Peter’s jokes are not funny.
Naomi: It’s just a sample sentence. Don’t take it personal.
Peter: Oh Naomi Sensei. It is so much fun to work with you. So if someone says a joke and it’s not funny, you can say to them,
Naomi: 寒い
Peter: And I think they will be a little shocked.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: I was back in New York and I had been in Japan for a few years and we met these Japanese people on train and we started talking and somebody said something that wasn’t funny and I said, 寒い and they are like ん?今日は寒いですよ like today is hot. Like didn’t understand that I was trying to make a joke. They didn’t think that I had that much knowledge and he is like wow! But actually maybe to be more understood, you should probably just say さむっ
Naomi: そうですね。さむっ
Peter: And because of the way I said it, it kind of seemed like I was talking about the temperature and not you know making a joke. So maybe さむっ is what you want to do and what’s that pitch accent there?
Naomi: さむ、上がりますね。
Peter: さむっ。
Naomi: そうです。でも、 Please be careful.
Peter: But yeah. Notice how Naomi Sensei used but here.
Naomi: 何?
Peter: でも、 You said it without even noticing it which she wanted to change and give you a little piece of warning or advice.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: She started with but. One more time.
Naomi: でも、でも、寒い is slang. So be careful.
Peter: Yeah. You don’t want to tell your boss unless you are out drinking.
Naomi: Or if you already gave up your career, go ahead and use it.
Peter: If it’s your last day.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: Much like you are doing today.
Naomi: そうそう、そんなことないです。
Peter: Okay. Next we have.
Naomi: ちょうど
Peter: Just right.
Naomi: (slow)ちょうど (natural speed)ちょうど
Peter: Going up.
Naomi: そうです。
Peter: ちょうど
Naomi: ううん。(slow)ちょうど (natural speed)ちょうど
Peter: ちょうど
Naomi: Very good.
Peter: Ah you go up on the う in there.
Naomi: そうです。
Peter: ちょうど Next we have
Naomi: いい
Peter: Good, nice, pleasant.
Naomi: (slow)いい (natural speed)いい
Peter: Going down.
Naomi: そうですね。また、
Peter: いい
Naomi: Low at い part.
Peter: Now Naomi Sensei, I always get confused with this – this いいです. It can be used to accept something and also turn something down. Is it the pitch accent that is the difference or is it the context?
Naomi: Context.
Peter: So the pitch accent stays the same. It’s the same いいです。
Naomi: いいです。
Peter: Going down いいです。
Naomi: はい。 No thank you. いいです。
Peter: Yeah いいです。
Naomi: You can say that いいです Yeah そうですね、 same intonation.
Peter: Same intonation.
Naomi: はい。暖かい
Peter: Warm.
Naomi: (slow)あたたかい (natural speed)暖かい
Peter: And it starts out low, goes high and comes back down.
Naomi: Again い is low.
Peter: Yeah. あたたかい Ah this is – it’s really, really fascinating pitch accent. All right, now again for everyone who wants to practice this, pick up the bonus track. That’s where you can actually practice this and practice that pitch accent.

Lesson focus

Peter: Let’s take a look at the conversation.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: We start off with
Naomi: おはようございます。
Peter: Good morning. Next line.
Naomi: おはようございます、冬果さん。
Peter: Good morning Fuyuka.
Naomi: 今日は暑いですね。
Peter: It’s hot today. Isn’t it? Let’s take a look at the components in this sentence. Previously we just had set phrase for good morning. Now we are going to take a look at the sentence structure and the sentence ending particle because this is a particle you are going to hear a lot and we want to get you very familiar with. So this sentence starts out with
Naomi: 今日
Peter: Today.
Naomi: は
Peter: Marked by the topic marking particle. This is what we are talking about. As the two people came in and the conversation could go any which way, we are going to introduce the topic. So recently I have been telling some people to kind of think of the topic marking particle as a pause. So in English, you walk into the hair salon, morning, morning. So now we are talking about today. Okay what’s going to happen today? That’s what this does. It establishes what’s going to be talked about. This is followed by
Naomi: 暑い
Peter: Hot.
Naomi: です
Peter: Is
Naomi: ね
Peter: Right. So literally today hot is, right. Okay let’s leave the ね out for now. We are going to take a look at that sentence ending particle in a minute. Let’s just take a look at the structure. We have a noun followed by we have today 今日 followed by
Naomi: は
Peter: Topic marking particle followed by an adjective. Then followed by
Naomi: です
Peter: です
Naomi: Noun は adjective です.
Peter: And this pattern carries across. This is going to be a basic tool in your Japanese toolbox.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: This something は adjective です. Okay now let’s go through some examples here. We went over cool. So if it’s fall and it’s a cool day, we would say
Naomi: 今日は涼しいです。
Peter: Today it’s cool as in the weather. Today it’s cool. How about in the winter time when it’s really cold.
Naomi: 今日は寒いです。
Peter: Today it’s cold. Now the best thing about this is we said noun. So Peter is a noun and what was that word for cool かっこいい
Naomi: はい、かっこいい. So ピーターさんはかっこいいです。
Peter: Peter is cool. Now I noticed you had a lot of trouble saying that.
Naomi: popularizing じゃないですよ。
Peter: I actually want to say ナオミ先生はかっこいいです。
Naomi: ああ、ありがとうございます。
Peter: So again we have the same pattern here noun followed by は adjective です.
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: So now that you have this は、です。 you can take nouns and adjectives and make lots of different sentences. Okay we are going to look at a few more in a bit. Now on to this sentence ending particle ね.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: There are a few ways to use this ne. Rather than giving them all to you now, we are just going to go over how it’s used today and what ね essentially does is add emphasis. It’s an emphasizer. So it’s adding emphasis to the statement and the fact that you are adding emphasis to this statement means that you would like a reaction or response out of the listener. So in that sense, it almost acts like an English て question. Now the best part about Japanese is this ね doesn’t change. It’s always ね but in English the て question changes depending on the verb. It’s hot, isn’t it? You like pizza, don’t you? So it changes like that. ね doesn’t change here and that’s one of the great things about Japanese. You get these て questions that can be formed just by using ね.
Naomi: ね
Peter: So here it’s hot. Isn’t it? Warranting that response from the listener and the listener responds?
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: Yes that’s right followed by
Naomi: でも
Peter: But. That’s what we went over today and Naomi Sensei used it multiple times and she uses it over and over in her explanations when she starts out in Japanese and switches to English. So pay attention to that.
Naomi: ここはとても涼しいですね。
Peter: But here it’s very cold. Isn’t it right? First we have
Naomi: ここ
Peter: Here followed by
Naomi: は
Peter: Topic marking particle. Now the topics which they were talking about today and when the person responded, now the current speaker yeah it’s hot. Today is hot but. Here now the topic is here. Here
Naomi: ここは
Peter: Very.
Naomi: 涼しい
Peter: Cool
Naomi: です
Peter: Is
Naomi: ね
Peter: Right. Now we have an adverb and that adverb is とても
Naomi: はい。
Peter: So this is modifying adjectives.
Naomi: そうです。とても暑い
Peter: Very hot.
Naomi: とても暖かい
Peter: Very warm.
Naomi: とても寒い
Peter: Very cold
Naomi: とても涼しい
Peter: Very cool. とてもかっこいいです。
Naomi: そうですね。
Peter: Very cool.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: So this can be used with any adjective and it just gives you another tool to make your Japanese that much more complex. So we can go from just hot to very hot. Gives you a way to modify the adjectives.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: And again we have here ね but again warranting that response from the listener. So the listener responds with
Naomi: 寒いですか?
Peter: Is it cold? So literally cold is question cold is. Again the it is inferred.
Naomi: そうですね。 or ここは寒いですか?
Peter: Is it cold here?
Naomi: はい。
Peter: Is what is really being conveyed between the speakers but what’s being expressed with words is just this small part because the rest can be inferred that we are still in the same topic. Now is it cold here and this is followed by
Naomi: 寒くないです。
Peter: It’s not cold. Your first true test as a newbie. Now in Japanese, adjectives are conjugated.
Naomi: そうです。
Peter: And it seems intimidating but it’s really not and we are going to get you through this step by step. Again stop by and check out the PDF. Inside the PDF, there is a nice detailed write up but the simplest way to remember this is for い adjectives, the way to get the negative. Now in English, adjectives aren’t conjugated. It’s the verb that is conjugated. It’s hot or it’s not hot. In Japanese, the adjective is actually conjugated. So let’s take this word. In the previous sentence, we had the adjective cold which is
Naomi: 寒い
Peter: Now a little disclaimer here. There are a few exceptions to this rule but most adjectives that end in い are い adjectives. Now the way we conjugate E adjectives into the negative is we drop the final い and we replace it with
Naomi: くない
Peter: It’s that easy. So let’s try it with cold. Cold is
Naomi: 寒い
Peter: Not cold is
Naomi: 寒くない
Peter: That い becomes
Naomi: くない
Peter: That’s it. It’s cold. So let’s try, today it is cold.
Naomi: 今日は寒いです。
Peter: Today it’s not cold.
Naomi: 今日は寒くないです。
Peter: The sentence is the same except the い becomes くない and that’s how we form the negative. That simple.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: Okay this is followed by
Naomi: ちょうどいいです。

Outro

Peter: Just right. Okay so we covered a lot in there today and I think today’s lesson and the PDF is kind of indispensable. So stop by japanesepod101.com and pick up the PDF because you don’t want to – you really want to focus and really want to master the conjugation of adjectives because with these adjectives, you could really do so much. Every adjective you learn, now you could do the negative. So it’s almost like doing the opposite. So stop by, get that PDF. Also in the learning center so much to bring it altogether and finally the bonus. Practice what you heard today, speak it out loud and really help reinforce it. All right, I think that is going to do it for today.
Naomi: さよなら。
DIALOGUE
北川 冬果: おはようございます。
西本 秋: おはようございます。冬果さん。今日は暑いですね。
北川 冬果: そうですね。でも、ここはとても涼しいですね。(ハクション!)
西本 秋: 寒いですか。
北川 冬果: 寒くないです。ちょうどいいです。(ハクション!ハクション!)

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161 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 10th, 2007 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, Now you've got some powerful stuff in your Japanese arsenal. You can make positive and negative -i adjectives, establish topics, ask questions, and respond to questions. And now we've interested so weather words. If you check out the audio and PDF in Weather Watch (Lower Intermediate 26), we wrote out a massive list of weather words! https://www.japanesepod101.com/2007/05/31/lower-intermediate-26-weather-watch/ Anyone care to talk about the weather in their hometown? 今日、東京は暑くないです。でも、涼しくないです。雨ではないです。皆さんの町では、どうですか? きょう、とうきょうは あつくないです。 でも、すずしくないです。 あめではないです。みなさんの まちは、どうですか? Kyō, Tōkyō wa atsukunai desu. Demo, suzukunai desu. Ame de wa nai desu.  Mina-san no machi wa, do desu ka?

Andy
September 13th, 2020 at 01:10 AM
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この れソン は とても 楽しい「たのしい」 です! ピターさん と なおみさん は 格好いい「かっこいい」 です よ!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 8th, 2020 at 10:25 PM
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nikhitha.gさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Samurai is cold and suzushii is cool👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

nikhitha.g
September 4th, 2020 at 10:35 PM
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konnichiwa

what is the difference between samui and suzushi??

Arigatou gozaimasu

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 16th, 2020 at 05:43 PM
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こんにちは Charles Trotter,


Thank you so much for your kind message! 😇❤️️

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

Good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Charles Trotter
August 15th, 2020 at 10:57 AM
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I have been living in Okinawa Japan going on six-years and have learned 98% of the Japanese I know in that last few months since finding Japanese Pod 101. Just felt the need to say thanks. I am really enjoying the interactions between Naomi and Peter it is nice to be entertained as well and even laugh. I especially like the "lost and found" conversation. Anyway, thanks so much I just wish I would have found this a few years ago. Incidentally, at first, I did not have a strong desire to learn in htat it was a bit intimidating but after watching a few Netflix series (Ainori, Terrace House (Opening Doors and Tokyo) and Good Morning Call I had a desire.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 11th, 2020 at 02:47 PM
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Javierさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

We're so happy to hear that you liked our lesson👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Javier
August 11th, 2020 at 04:39 AM
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😅 Really funny lesson, i really liked it.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 24th, 2020 at 09:39 PM
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Cael Lynchさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

We're glad to hear you liked her true personality👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Cael Lynch
July 23rd, 2020 at 01:45 PM
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I take back everything I said, Naomi seems so much more relaxed, comfortable, and more like herself when she is with Peter. You can really see her true personality.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 25th, 2020 at 01:52 PM
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Hi Marcel,


Thank you for your comment!

We are so sorry for this late reply.


You can say both

今日はさむくないです。

今日はさむくありません。

as negative version of the sentence 今日はさむいです。

They are both equal in the meaning.


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us!


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com