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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, I'm John.
Risa: And I'm Risa.
John: And welcome to Must-Know Japanese Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 44. Saying Something Depends on Something.
John: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for saying that something depends on something else.
PATTERN
John: For example,
John: "The price depends on the weight."
Risa: 値段は重さによります。 (Nedan wa omosa ni yorimasu.)
Risa: [slow] 値段は重さによります。 (Nedan wa omosa ni yorimasu.)
John: The pattern for saying that something depends on something else has four elements. First, the subject, in this case "the price," followed by the topic-marking particle.
Risa: 値段は (Nedan wa )
John: Second, a noun indicating the element which the first element depends on, in this case "weight."
Risa: 重さ (omosa)
John: Third, a particle indicating cause.
Risa: に (ni)
John: And last, masu-form of the verb meaning "to depend on."
Risa: よります (yorimasu).
John: Altogether, we have... "The price depends on the weight."
Risa: 値段は重さによります。 (Nedan wa omosa ni yorimasu.) [slow] 値段は重さによります。 (Nedan wa omosa ni yorimasu.) [normal] 値段は重さによります。 (Nedan wa omosa ni yorimasu.)
John: The sentence pattern to say that "something depends on something" in Japanese, is the [subject] plus the topic-marking particle, next is the noun that has an influence over or a relation to the subject, plus the particle indicating cause, followed by the verb meaning "depends on."
Again, "The price depends on the weight," is...
Risa: 値段は重さによります。 (Nedan wa omosa ni yorimasu.)
John: So remember, to say that something depends on something else, first say the [subject] plus the topic-marking particle, then state the thing that has an influence over or a relation to the subject, and finally add...
Risa: によります (ni yorimasu).
John: which means "depends on."
John: Here is another example meaning, "The way of thinking depends on the person." First is the subject, "the way of thinking" plus the topic-marking particle.
Risa: 考え方は (Kangae-kata wa )
John: Second, a noun meaning "person."
Risa: 人 (hito )
John: Third, the particle indicating cause.
Risa: に (ni)
John: And last, masu-form of the verb meaning "to depend on."
Risa: よります (yorimasu).
John: Altogether we have...
Risa: 考え方は人によります。 (Kangae-kata wa hito ni yorimasu.) [slow] 考え方は人によります。 (Kangae-kata wa hito ni yorimasu.) [normal] 考え方は人によります。 (Kangae-kata wa hito ni yorimasu.)
John: "The way of thinking depends on the person."
[pause]
Risa: 考え方は人によります。 (Kangae-kata wa hito ni yorimasu.)
John: How do you say, "Tomorrow's game depends on the weather." To give you a hint, "weather" is...
Risa: 天気 (tenki). [slow] 天気 (tenki). [normal] 天気 (tenki).
John: "Tomorrow's game depends on the weather."
[pause]
Risa: 明日の試合は、天気によります。 (Ashita no shiai wa, tenki ni yorimasu.) [slow] 明日の試合は、天気によります。 (Ashita no shiai wa, tenki ni yorimasu.) [normal] 明日の試合は、天気によります。 (Ashita no shiai wa, tenki ni yorimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: 明日の試合は、天気によります。 (Ashita no shiai wa, tenki ni yorimasu.)
REVIEW
John: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Japanese. Here we go.
John: "The price depends on the weight."
[pause]
Risa: 値段は重さによります。 (Nedan wa omosa ni yorimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: 値段は重さによります。 (Nedan wa omosa ni yorimasu.)
John: "The way of thinking depends on the person."
[pause]
Risa: 考え方は人によります。 (Kangae-kata wa hito ni yorimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: 考え方は人によります。 (Kangae-kata wa hito ni yorimasu.)
John: "Tomorrow's game depends on the weather."
[pause]
Risa: 明日の試合は、天気によります。 (Ashita no shiai wa, tenki ni yorimasu.)
[pause]
Risa: 明日の試合は、天気によります。 (Ashita no shiai wa, tenki ni yorimasu.)

Outro

John: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for saying that something depends on something, as in...
Risa: 値段は重さによります。 (Nedan wa omosa ni yorimasu.)
John: meaning "The price depends on the weight."
John: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on JapanesePod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Risa: またね!(Mata ne!).

3 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 24th, 2018 at 06:30 PM
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Try using this pattern in the comments!

JapanesePod101.com
July 7th, 2019 at 03:45 AM
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Hi Tina,


Thank you very much for the comment.

Very nice Japanese sentences!

Great job! 👍


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Tina
June 22nd, 2019 at 07:21 AM
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旅行の行き先はその人の好みによります。

結婚式はいろいろな国の文化によります。