Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, I'm John.
Risa: And I'm Risa.
John: And welcome to Must-Know Japanese Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 30 - Expressing Uncertainty.
John: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for expressing possibility.
PATTERN
John: For example,
John: "It may snow."
Risa: 雪が降るかもしれません。 (Yuki ga furu kamo shiremasen.)
Risa: [slow] 雪が降るかもしれません。 (Yuki ga furu kamo shiremasen.)
John: The pattern for expressing possibility has two elements. First, an informal sentence, meaning "It snows." .
Risa: 雪が降る (Yuki ga furu).
John: Second, a phrase indicating that there's a possibility of something.
Risa: かもしれません (kamo shiremasen).
John: Altogether, we have... "It may snow."
Risa: 雪が降るかもしれません。 (Yuki ga furu kamo shiremasen.) [slow] 雪が降るかもしれません。 (Yuki ga furu kamo shiremasen.) [normal] 雪が降るかもしれません。 (Yuki ga furu kamo shiremasen.)
John: The sentence pattern for expressing possibility in Japanese is an informal sentence that shows the possibility of something being or happening, followed by
Risa: かもしれません (kamo shiremasen).
John: which indicates that there's the possibility of something.
John: So, "It may snow." would be
Risa: 雪が降るかもしれません。 (Yuki ga furu kamo shiremasen.)
John: So remember to express possibility, first say the thing that may be or happen in the informal form, and then, at the end, add
Risa: かもしれません (kamo shiremasen).
John: Here is another example, meaning "I may take tomorrow off." First, an informal sentence meaning "I'll take tomorrow off."
Risa: 私は明日休む (Watashi wa ashita yasumu).
John: Second, a phrase indicating that there's a possibility of something.
Risa: かもしれません (kamo shiremasen).
John: Altogether we have...
Risa: 私は明日休むかもしれません。 (Watashi wa ashita yasumu kamo shiremasen.) [slow] 私は明日休むかもしれません。 (Watashi wa ashita yasumu kamo shiremasen.) [normal] 私は明日休むかもしれません。 (Watashi wa ashita yasumu kamo shiremasen.)
John: "I may take tomorrow off."
[pause]
Risa: 私は明日休むかもしれません。 (Watashi wa ashita yasumu kamo shiremasen.)
John: How do you say, "I may have caught a cold." To give you a hint, "to catch a cold" is...
Risa: かぜをひく(kaze o hiku) [slow] かぜをひく(kaze o hiku)
John: Notice that “have caught a cold” is in the past tense, so it should be
Risa: かぜをひいた (kaze o hiita). [slow] かぜをひいた (kaze o hiita)
John: "I may have caught a cold."
[pause]
Risa: かぜをひいたかもしれません。 (Kaze o hiita kamo shiremasen.)
[slow] かぜをひいたかもしれません。 (Kaze o hiita kamo shiremasen.) [normal] かぜをひいたかもしれません。 (Kaze o hiita kamo shiremasen.)
[pause]
Risa: かぜをひいたかもしれません。 (Kaze o hiita kamo shiremasen.)
REVIEW
John: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will give you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Japanese. Here we go.
John: "It may snow."
[pause]
Risa: 雪が降るかもしれません。 (Yuki ga furu kamo shiremasen.)
[pause]
Risa: 雪が降るかもしれません。 (Yuki ga furu kamo shiremasen.)
John: "I may take tomorrow off."
[pause]
Risa: 私は明日休むかもしれません。 (Watashi wa ashita yasumu kamo shiremasen.)
[pause]
Risa: 私は明日休むかもしれません。 (Watashi wa ashita yasumu kamo shiremasen.)
John: "I may have caught a cold."
[pause]
Risa: かぜをひいたかもしれません。 (Kaze o hiita kamo shiremasen.)
[pause]
Risa: かぜをひいたかもしれません。 (Kaze o hiita kamo shiremasen.)

Outro

John: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for expressing possibility, as in...
Risa: 雪が降るかもしれません。 (Yuki ga furu kamo shiremasen.)
John: meaning "It may snow."
John: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on JapanesePod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Risa: またね!(Mata ne!).

4 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.comVerified
March 5th, 2018 at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Try formulating a sentence using this pattern!

JapanesePod101.comVerified
August 4th, 2019 at 12:00 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Tinaさん、こんにちは。

コメントありがとうございます!


いつか日本の友達に会えるかもしれません。

という言い方のほうが、より一般的です。

最初の2つの文は完璧です。


レッスンを楽しんでもらえてよかったです。😄


エリカ

Team JapanesePod101.com

Tina
June 12th, 2019 at 4:15 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

将来日本語をもっと勉強するかもしれません。

将来日本へショッピングに行くかもしれません。

いつか日本の友達に会うかもしれません。

どうですか?楽しいレッスンです。

Raul
March 8th, 2018 at 2:27 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

?

Hola desde España!

Nice lesson! Arigatou!


私はもう少し日本語を勉強するかもしれません