Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Becky: Hi everyone, and welcome back to JapanesePod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 2, Lesson 12 - Is Your Japanese Class Cancelled? I’m Becky.
Natsuko: こんにちは。 なつこです。
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use some sentence structures to express that there is or isn't a class at a certain time. The announcement takes place in a classroom.
Natsuko: The announcement is made by a teacher.
Becky: The speaker is making an announcement and using formal Japanese. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
先生:みなさん、あしたの午後は、じゅぎょうがありません。先生たちのかいぎがあります。
: 午前中のじゅぎょうのあと、すぐにかえってください。
: それから、あしたの1じかん目も、さんすうのじゅぎょうがありません。
: とくべつじゅぎょうがあります。みんなでえいがをみます。
: あしたの1じかん目は、ホールにあつまってください。
Becky: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
先生:みなさん、あしたの午後は、じゅぎょうがありません。先生たちのかいぎがあります。
: 午前中のじゅぎょうのあと、すぐにかえってください。
: それから、あしたの1じかん目も、さんすうのじゅぎょうがありません。
: とくべつじゅぎょうがあります。みんなでえいがをみます。
: あしたの1じかん目は、ホールにあつまってください。
Becky: Listen to the conversation with the English translation
Teacher: Everyone, there will be no class tomorrow afternoon. There will be a meeting for the teachers.
: So please go home right after classes in the morning.
: Also, you will not have mathematics in first period tomorrow.
: There will be a special class instead. We will watch a movie together.
: So, please come to the hall during first period tomorrow.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Natsuko: This announcement reminds me of when I had this kind of cancellation notice when I was in the 2nd year of high school.
Becky: The 2nd year of high school means.. 11th grade?
Natsuko: That’s right. As some of our listeners might already know, the Japanese educational system is a 6-3-3 system.
Becky: That’s six years of elementary school, three years of junior high school and three years of senior high school, right?
Natsuko: That’s right. So you might hear Japanese students say 高校2年生. This means that they are in their 2nd year of senior high school.
Becky: What about Junior high school? How do they say the 1st year of Junior high?
Natsuko: ちゅうがっこう is the word for “junior high school” so a first year student in Junior high would be ちゅうがっこう1年生。In the same way, you can say しょうがっこう3年生 to mean “the third year of elementary school.”
Becky: For reference, Japanese schools start their academic years in April. So, come April, many Japanese people get into the mood to learn or start something new, even if they graduated school many years ago. Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Becky: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Natsuko: じゅぎょう [natural native speed]
Becky: class
Natsuko: じゅぎょう[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: じゅぎょう [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: たち [natural native speed]
Becky: pluralizing suffix
Natsuko: たち[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: たち [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: すぐに [natural native speed]
Becky: instantly, immediately
Natsuko: すぐに[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: すぐに [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: かえる [natural native speed]
Becky: to go home
Natsuko: かえる[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: かえる [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: さんすう [natural native speed]
Becky: mathematics
Natsuko: さんすう[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: さんすう [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: とくべつ [natural native speed]
Becky: special
Natsuko: とくべつ[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: とくべつ [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: ホール [natural native speed]
Becky: hall
Natsuko: ホール[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: ホール [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: あつまる [natural native speed]
Becky: to gather
Natsuko: あつまる[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: あつまる [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: め [natural native speed]
Becky: ordinal number suffix
Natsuko: め [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: め [natural native speed]
Becky: And last..
Natsuko: あと [natural native speed]
Becky: after
Natsuko: あと[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: あと [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Becky: Let's take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word is..
Natsuko: 先生たち
Becky: meaning "teachers" in plural.
Natsuko: 先生(sensei) is a noun meaning "teacher" and it’s followed by the word たち。 たち is a suffix which is attached to personal pronouns or human proper nouns and makes the preceding noun plural.
Becky: So “teachers” in Japanese is..?
Natsuko: 先生たち。Just 先生 can definitely be used to mean “teachers” too, but you can use たち to specifically say that there is more than one teacher.
Becky: And what if we want to say "teachers" more politely to express your respect to teachers?
Natsuko: For a more polite way, you say 先生がた (sensei-gata) instead of 先生たち (tachi.)
Becky: Can you give us an example using this word?
Natsuko: Sure. For example, if someone asks 先生たちは、どこにいますか。
Becky: “Where are the teachers?”
Natsuko: You can reply by saying.. 先生たちは、かいぎをしています。
Becky: “They have a meeting." Okay, what's the next word?
Natsuko: 1じかん目
Becky: meaning "first period"
Natsuko: As we saw in the vocab list, 目 (me) is the suffix used to make ordinal numbers. じかん (jikan) basically means "period of time" and when it's used for a school time schedule, じかん means "class period." So, いちじかん目(ichi-jikan-me) means "the first period."
Becky: Okay. So basically this word refers to the first class of the day in a school timetable.
Natsuko: That’s right. In Japanese schools, there are six or seven classes a day. When you want to say the first class of the day, you can say 1じかん目
Becky: Can you give us an example using this word?
Natsuko: Sure... 一じかん目は、英語のじゅぎょうです。
Becky: "The first period is English class." Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn the sentence structure you can use to say that there is or isn't a class at a certain time.
Natsuko: First, let’s review two verbs that indicate existence. あります
Becky: This means “to have” or “there is.”
Natsuko: ありません
Becky: “not to have” or “there is not.”
Natsuko: You’ll often hear あります and ありません during an announcement such as the one in the dialogue.
Becky: So Natsuko, using these words, how can we say “There are no classes.”?
Natsuko: じゅぎょうがありません。 じゅぎょう is the word meaning “classes.”, が is the subject-marking particle, and it’s followed by ありません meaning “not to have.” じゅぎょうがありません。
Becky: And of course, these kinds of announcements usually need to mention the time period they are talking about, such as “there are no classes tomorrow.”
Natsuko: That’s right. So, to mean “there are no classes tomorrow”, you can add the time expression, in this case, あした、at the beginning, and say あしたは、じゅぎょうがありません。
Becky: Please note that the time expression is marked by the topic marking particle,
Natusko: は
Becky: So, the sentence structure to say “there is or isn’t a class at a certain time,” is,
Natsuko: [Time expression] は、じゅぎょうがあります。 or [Time expression] は、じゅぎょうがありません。
Becky: Okay. What about “next week?” 
Natsuko: “Next week” in Japanese is らいしゅう so you can start with らいしゅう followed by the topic marking particle, は. So it will be らいしゅうは、じゅぎょうがありません。
Becky: This sentence formation can be used with words other than “class”, such as “singing practice”
Natsuko: うたのれんしゅう
Becky: “Tomorrow, there will be singing practice.” would be,
Natsuko: あしたは、うたのれんしゅうがあります。
Becky: Okay. What about “next week?”
Natsuko: らいしゅうは、うたのれんしゅうがあります。
Becky: “Next week, there will be singing practice.” Alright, that seems clear, but listeners, if anything is unclear to you, you can always check out the lesson notes for more examples!

Outro

Becky: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Natsuko: またねー

18 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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What does the school system look like in your country?

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JapanesePod101.com
April 19th, 2018 at 5:05 am
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メリサさん、


そうですか~小学校は日本と同じ長さですが、中学と高校は違いますね。

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

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メリサ
March 25th, 2018 at 9:46 pm
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由紀さん、


こんにちは!


私はシンガポール人です。シンガポールの学校系は、小学校6年間、中学校4年間、高校2年間です。

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JapanesePod101.com
April 18th, 2016 at 12:02 pm
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Maruben さん,

こんにちは。:smile:

ポストをどうもありがとうございます。

Please note the corrections below.

フランスでがっこうは八時から五時までです.

In France, school is from 8 to 5 o’clock.

八時間 means ‘8 hours.’


アジアのことばはにんきです。

Asian languages are popular.

こくごmeans ‘national language’ so a national language is the French language isn’t it?

The difference between さかんand にんき is below.

盛ん : prosper, flourish, successful

人気 : popularity


静岡県ではお茶作りが盛んです。

Growing green tea leave is successful in Shizuoka prefecture.

その学校は演劇が盛んです。

That school is enthusiastic about play.


日本製品は世界中で人気があります。

Japanese products are popular all over the world.

人気のすし屋さんに食べに行きました。

I went to a popular sushi restaurant to eat.

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Maruben
April 13th, 2016 at 4:47 am
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フランスでがっこは八時間から五時間までです.

In France, school is from 8 to 5 o'clock.

アジアのこくごはさかんです。

Asian languages are popular.

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JapanesePod101.com
March 15th, 2016 at 7:21 am
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Andy さん、

こんにちは。:smile:

そうですか。わかりました。

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Andy
March 8th, 2016 at 9:15 pm
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アメリカで学校系は小学校6年間、中学校二年間、高校四年間です。

in America the school system is 6 years of elementary school, 2 years of middle school, and 4 years of high school.

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JapanesePod101.com
July 4th, 2015 at 3:21 pm
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アレシアさん、

こんにちは。

下手 is normally not used for school subjects for example, 国語、算数、社会 and 理科.

However, we can say both 計算が下手 and 計算が苦手.

下手 is like ‘general point of view.’

苦手 indicates ‘my point of view’, then it means (I judge myself and) I am not bad at calculation.

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

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アレシア
June 30th, 2015 at 10:41 pm
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こんにちは!

Thanks for the lesson.


I've been wondering, what's the difference between 下手 and 苦手?

In the PDF there is an example 算数が苦手です。 Does it differ in any way from 算数が下手です?

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JapanesePod101.com
April 8th, 2015 at 11:32 am
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Kaluin-san kon'nichiwa.

You're right! Thank you for your feedback!

Yes, definitely helpful for everyone. :) It's been fixed.

Thanks again,

Motoko

Team JapanesePod101.com

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JapanesePod101.com
April 7th, 2015 at 2:29 pm
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Hoboken san

On behalf of Laura, you are welcome.


Yuki 由紀

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