Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
トイレはどこですか。 (Toire wa doko desu ka.)
Eric: So what’s our grammar point today?
Naomi: 今日は (kyo wa) asking the location.. 留学センターはどこですか。 (Ryūgakusentā wa doko desu ka.).
Eric: Where is the study abroad office. Let’s break it down.
Naomi: 留学センター (ryūgakusentā)
Eric: Study abroad office.
Naomi: は(wa)
Eric: Topic marking particle.
Naomi: どこ (doko)
Eric: Where.
Naomi: です (desu)
Eric: The copula.
Naomi: か(ka).
Eric: The question marking particle.
Naomi: 留学センターはどこですか。 (Ryūgakusentā wa doko desu ka.)
Eric: Where is the study abroad office?
So Naomi Sensei, where is the bathroom?
Naomi: Do you want me to say it in Japanese? Okay,
トイレはどこですか。 (Toire wa doko desu ka.)
Eric: Where is the bathroom?
Naomi: トイレ (toire) is bathroom.
Eric: All right, that’s fine Naomi Sensei. But sometimes, it’s you are in the dark, right? You need to find how the lights are, or else you are going to stay in the dark.
Naomi: Ah, lights in Japanese is 電気 (denki)
Eric: 電気 (denki). It also means electricity right? So Naomi Sensei, where are the lights?
Naomi: 電気はどこですか。 (Denki wa doko desu ka.)
Eric: Where are the lights? But you know before we turn the lights on, we need to get into the room. I don’t have the key. Do you know where it is? Where is the key?
Naomi: 鍵 (kagi) is key.
Eric: 鍵 (kagi)
Naomi: 鍵はどこですか。 (Kagi wa doko desu ka.)
Eric: Where is the key?
Naomi: トイレはどこですか。 (Toire wa doko desu ka.)
Naomi: わたしはここです。 (Watashi wa koko desu.)
Jessi: In this lesson, we will be looking at こそあど (kosoado) words. こそあど (kosoado) words are words that indicate what you are talking about.
Naomi: Words like this and that are some examples.
Jessi: Now the reason we call them こそあど (kosoado) words is because they all start with either こ、そ、あ、 (ko, so, a,) or ど (do). This prefix tells us the location or the object’s distance relative to the speaker. The first one is?
Naomi: こ (ko)
Jessi: The prefix こ (ko) means near the speaker. The next one is?
Naomi: そ (so)
Jessi: The prefix そ (so) means close to the listener but a bit far from the speaker. The next one is?
Naomi: あ (a)
Jessi: The prefix あ (a) means at a distance from the speaker and the listener. And the last one is?
Naomi: ど (do)
Jessi: Now this one doesn’t refer to a location but instead, it is used for question words. Remember these prefixes and their meanings. Now let’s move onto the こそあど (kosoado) words that describe places. The word for here is?
Naomi: ここ (koko)
Jessi: There?
Naomi: そこ (soko)
Jessi: Over there? This word talks about a farther distance from both the speaker and the listener.
Naomi: あそこ (asoko)
Jessi: Where?
Naomi: どこ (doko)
Jessi: Good! Now let’s hear an example.
Naomi: わたしはここです。 (Watashi wa koko desu.)
Jessi: This means I am here.
わたしはここです。 (Watashi wa koko desu.)
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66 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 3rd, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 1st, 2021 at 03:46 PM
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ジェイダさん

コメントありがとうございます😄

Your sentences look perfect👍


Rusaさん

Thank you so much for your comment😄

We don't really use personal pronouns, so you always use the person's name just like "Nino wa doko desku ka?"

I've heard this web dictionary called Jisho was good😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rusa
February 26th, 2021 at 05:15 PM
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Thank you! :)


so if I ask: Nino, where are you? Will it be correct to ask - Nino wa doko desku ka?

What about using only a personal pronoun in a question - Where are you?


Thank you! :)

Rusa
February 26th, 2021 at 04:04 PM
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Konnichiwa! :)


I have two questions:

My first question is - what will be the question pattern when you ask where someone/person is? e.g., Nino, where are you? will it be the same pattern as when you ask for a thing? e.g., Kagi wa doko desku ka?

And my second question is about the Dictionary, I love the one is here, but is there any other one that gives examples as well, such as Cambridge Dictionary?


THANK YOU! :)


Rusa

ジェイダ
February 20th, 2021 at 01:55 AM
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東京はどこですか?

傘はどこですか?

コンビニはあそこです。

映画はここです。

車はここです。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 10th, 2020 at 11:32 PM
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Kさん

Yes, I think トイレ is more commonly used among young people.


Rachel さん

Your sentence is correct😄


Please let us know if you have any questions!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rachel
July 24th, 2020 at 09:17 PM
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此処は何処ですか。

K
September 26th, 2019 at 10:06 AM
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すみません。トイレはどこですか。

May I know if it's more common to use "トイレ" instead of "おてあらい" in a conversation?

ありがとうございます!

JapanesePod101.com
April 1st, 2019 at 08:05 AM
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Hi イバン,


Thanks for the comment and the question!

ここはトイレですか。

いいえ、ちがいます。トイレはあそこです。

>> These sentences are correct.

A casual way to ask 「トイレはどこですか。」is

トイレ、どこ?or トイレはどこ?


Hope this helps.

Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com



JapanesePod101.com
February 1st, 2019 at 11:25 AM
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G-san konnichiwa,


Komento arigato gozaimasu. Thank you for your comment.

When you want to say "Are you in the bathroom?," you can simply say;

Toire desu ka.

You don't have to say "you" here because it's obvious that you talk to that person.


If you know the verb "imasu" meaning "to exist, to be," you can also say;

Toire ni imasu ka.


Stay tuned,

Motoko

Team JapanesePod101.com

イバン
January 28th, 2019 at 04:37 AM
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ここはトイレですか。

いいえ、ちがいます。トイレはあそこです。

Is it okay?