Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
これ、それ、あれ。 (Kore, sore, are.)
Kat: In this lesson, we are looking at こそあど (kosoado) words.
Naomi: So how do we explain what they are, then?
Kat: Well, こそあど (kosoado) words are words that indicate what you are talking about. In Japanese, there are three main categories, this, that and that over there, and one category for questions. So this is,
Naomi: これ (kore)
Kat: And that is,
Naomi: それ (sore) .
Kat: So when it comes to こそあど (kosoado) words, remember that words that start with こ (ko) indicate something or someone close by. これ (kore). This.
Kat: Words that start with そ (so) indicate something or someone a little further away. それ (sore). That.
Kat: There are some others though too, aren’t they?
Naomi: Yes, like あれ (are)
Kat: あれ (are) also means that, but it’s used to refer something far away from both the speaker and the listener. So it’s over there.
Naomi: Right. And どれ (dore)
Kat: Now こそあど (kosoado) words that start with ど (do) are always the question words. They are like wh words in English. So どれ (dore) means which or which one. Let’s go over those こそあど (kosoado) words again.
Naomi: これ (kore)
Kat: This one
Naomi: それ (sore)
Kat: That one near you.
Naomi: あれ (are)
Kat: That one over there.
Naomi: どれ (dore)
Kat: Which one.
Naomi:これ、それ、あれ (kore, sore, are)
Naomi:これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Naomi: これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: All right, let’s break that down. First word is?
Naomi: これ (kore)
Eric: This
Naomi: は (wa)
Eric: The topic marking particle.
Naomi: なん (nan)
Eric: What
Naomi: です (desu)
Eric: The copula.
Naomi: か (ka)
Eric: The question marking particle.
Naomi: これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: What is this?
Naomi: Right.
Eric: All right. We have this but what if I wanted to talk about that?
Naomi: You mean that one over there?
Eric: I mean that thing that’s right there within your reach.
Naomi: That will be それ (sore) for you.
Eric: それ (sore) means that close to the person you are speaking to. And how about that thing that’s way over there?
Naomi: あれ (are)
Eric: So you are not sure if what I am holding in my hand now is medicine. So you would ask me?
Naomi: それは薬ですか。 (Sore wa kusuri desu ka.)
Eric: Is that medicine?
And then I would say, “はい、これは薬です。 (Hai, kore wa kusuri desu.)” which means, yes, this is medicine.
So Naomi Sensei, what is this?
Naomi: これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: And what is that, the one right in front of you?
Naomi: それは何ですか。 (Sore wa nan desu ka.)
Eric: And what is that one over there?
Naomi: あれは何ですか。 (Are wa nan desu ka.)
これは何ですか。 (Kore wa nan desu ka.)
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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

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JapanesePod101.com
November 27th, 2018 at 10:57 am
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Hi Rei,


コメントをありがとうございます!

たくさんの文章が書けましたね。どれも正しく書けています!😄

よくできました!


Hi Christoff522,


Thanks for studying Japanese with us! I'm glad to hear our lesson made things clear to you!!

Keep up the good work, and if you have any questions, please let us know!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com


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Christoff522
October 31st, 2018 at 9:18 am
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I think I have finally figured "kore, sore, are" out!!

Its been something that's really confused me for a very long time, and no 'online' description has been useful to me until yours.

I dunno, it's just finally clicked.

Thank you Japanesepod101

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Rei
October 18th, 2018 at 3:10 am
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それはお酒ですか。いいえ、水です。

これは高いドレスですね。そうですね。

あれはコンビニですか。はい、そうです。

ロリーさんの靴はどれですか。

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JapanesePod101.com
August 16th, 2018 at 6:52 pm
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Hi Menna,

Thank you for the comment!


I feel a translation of 薬は何ですか? depends on a situation, and it could be "What is the medicine?", "What medicine do you take?" "(at a hospital:) What medicine is going to be prescribed for me?" and so on.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Menna
July 29th, 2018 at 6:53 am
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I grasped the concept of 何, thanks to you!

I have one simple question though....


When I ask:薬は何ですか?

It means as if I am asking "what is medicine, right?"

In Japanese, does that mean that I am asking about the meaning if medicine or about what medicine is it? I'd like to understand what is understood for my sentence above please! Thank you^^

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JapanesePod101.com
September 30th, 2017 at 12:09 pm
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Thank you for your comments, everyone!


>Hi Ronald,

Yes, that's right. And when you add "か" at the end, people know it is a question clearly. In conversation, however, we often omit "か" and just use a raising note.

As for "?", it was not used in Japanese originally. These days it's become popular and common in Japan, but hardly used in official documents.


>Hi Anna,

Well done!


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Anna
September 17th, 2017 at 7:57 am
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Kore wa nan desuka

Sore wa sofa desu.


Are wa nan desuka

Are wa terebi desu.


Sore wa nan desuka

Kore wa mizu desu.

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Ronald
August 4th, 2017 at 1:26 am
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So if どれ and 何 means which and what respectively , do you still have to type and say か at the end of a sentence to indicate the sentence is a question? Also in Japanese, do they use the ? mark or no?

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JapanesePod101.com
July 28th, 2017 at 10:16 am
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Zedさん、

Konnichiwa.

When you want to use ‘which’, you can use ‘どれ.’

For example, どれがすきですか which one would you like?

?

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Zed
July 26th, 2017 at 1:14 pm
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Thank you for the lesson but how would I use どれ in the sentence explained above.


P.S really loving it here