Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
これはみずですか。 (Kore wa mizu desu ka)
Jessi: In this lesson, you will learn how to make a question.
Naomi: Which is very easy.
Jessi: Yes you will be surprised.
Naomi: You learned how to make an A is B sentence. AはBです。 (A wa B desu.)
Jessi: That’s right. For example?
Naomi: これは水です。 (Kore wa mizu desu.)
Jessi: これ (kore) is this and 水 (mizu) is water. So altogether this means, this is water.
Naomi: これは水です。 (Kore wa mizu desu.)
Jessi: So this is just a regular statement. You are just stating a fact, right?
Naomi: Right.
Jessi: Now what if we want to ask a question? Say, you have a glass of clear liquid in front of you and you want to know, is this water? For all you know it could be 7 Up or something else.
Naomi: Well, to turn a statement into a question, add か(ka) to the end.
Jessi: Just one sound か(ka). Let’s try it. So the sentence?
Naomi: これは水です。 (Kore wa mizu desu.)
Jessi: Becomes?
Naomi: これは水ですか。 (Kore wa mizu desu ka)
Jessi: これは水ですか。 (Kore wa mizu des ka.) Is this water? So sitting in front of you is a plate of something that looks like cookies. If you know they are sweets, you can say?
Naomi: これはおかしです。 (Kore wa okashi desu.)
Jessi: But say for the example, if you don't know what they are, and want to ask if they are sweets, you can say?
Naomi: これはおかしですか。 (Kore wa okashi desu ka.)
Jessi: Are these sweets? Remember, all you need to do is add か (ka) to a statement to make it a question.
Naomi: That’s it.
Naomi: これはみずですか。 (Kore wa mizu desu.)
Naomi: はい、そうです。 (Hai, sō desu.)
Naomi: はい、そうです。 (Hai, sō desu.)
Eric: What’s the first word?
Naomi: はい=Yes. (hai=Yes.)
Eric: And?
Naomi: そうです (sō desu)
Eric: Which literally means?
Naomi: It is so. That’s right.
Eric: Hey, that’s an easy word to remember. It is sō, sō=this, that’s one word that’s probably the word you use the most.
Naomi: はい、そうです。 (Hai, sō desu.)
Naomi: はい、そうです。 (Hai, sō desu.)
Naomi: いいえ、ちがいます。 (Iie, chigaimasu.)
Naomi: いいえ、ちがいます。 (Iie, chigaimasu.)
Eric: いいえ (iie) means?
Naomi: No.
Eric: And ちがいます (chigaimasu) means?
Naomi: That’s wrong.
Eric: Right. ちがいます (chigaimasu) also means no if you were to translate it into English. But really, literally it means that is different.
Naomi: Oh yeah.
Eric: Or that is wrong, it’s different. That’s not the case. So basically it’s like saying no, someone is wrong about something or like a proposed option or something is incorrect and it’s the opposite. Let’s give an example.
Naomi Sensei,
Naomi: はい。 (Hai.)
Eric: それはダイヤモンドですか? (Sore wa daiyamondo desu ka?)
Naomi: これ?いいえ、ちがいます。 (Kore? Iie, chigaimasu.)
Eric: Naomi Sensei, is that a diamond?
Naomi: No it’s not.
Eric: You see, it’s really no but it’s basically that’s different. It’s different, it’s not a diamond. It’s something else, something different.
Naomi: いいえ、ちがいます。 (Iie, chigaimasu.)
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62 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 13th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 19th, 2021 at 02:11 PM
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ジェイダさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

完璧ですね👍

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

ジェイダ
February 18th, 2021 at 02:40 AM
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これはお菓子です?

はいそうです。

いいえ違います。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 20th, 2020 at 07:28 PM
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Konnichiwa ペギ


コメントをありがとうございます。Very good!

Only one correction: It's いいえ、ちがいます。


Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

ペギ
October 5th, 2020 at 04:57 AM
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すみません、これはお茶ですか?

いいえ、ちかいます。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 6th, 2020 at 01:50 AM
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ダリアさん

コメントありがとうございます!

Your sentences are correct😄


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

ダリア
June 12th, 2020 at 05:56 AM
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これは椅子ですか。

はい、そうです。

いいえ、ちがいます。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 4th, 2020 at 02:56 AM
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Hi 风吟紫宸,

Thank you for the question!


No, ですか is always pronounced as ですか.

When you don't have the same sounds in your native language, it can take some time to get use to it.

(For Japanese people, it's hard to distinguish the sound of r and l.)


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

风吟紫宸
May 15th, 2020 at 09:41 AM
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Should we pronounce ですか as ですが when we are speaking. I am a little confuse.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 13th, 2019 at 02:09 AM
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Konnichiwa 仁香,


Thank you for posting!よくできました!!

これからもがんばってください!;)


Feel free to ask us any questions.

Cheers!


Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com


仁香
February 9th, 2019 at 09:18 AM
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A: それは薬ですか。

B: いいえ、違います。

B: これはお菓子です。