Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
会いません (aimasen)
Peter: Making a formal negative is very simple.
Naomi: Replace ます (masu) with ません (masen)
Peter: So
Naomi: 飲みます (nomi masu)
Peter: To drink becomes
Naomi: 飲みません (nomimasen)
Peter: Don’t drink, won’t drink.
Naomi: 行きます (iki masu)
Peter: To go
Naomi: Becomes 行きません (ikimasen)
Peter: Don’t go, won’t go.
Naomi: あいません (aimasen)
Naomi: あいました (aimashita)
Peter: To make the formal past tense of a verb, change ます (masu) to ました (mashita)
Naomi: To do is します (shi masu)
Peter: Drop masu
Naomi: し (shi)
Peter: And add ました (mashita)
Naomi: しました (shimashita)
Peter: Did
Naomi: So します (shimasu) becomes しました (shimashita)
Peter: Naomi-sensei, another example?
Naomi: 食べます (tabemasu)
Peter: To eat. To form the past tense, replace masu with ました (mashita) . So
Naomi: 食べました (tabemashita)
Peter: Ate.
Naomi: So
あいます (aimasu)
Peter: To meet
Naomi: Becomes
あいました (aimashita)
Peter: Met.
Naomi: 来ます (kimasu)
Peter: To come
Naomi: Becomes 来ました (kimashita)
Peter: Came.
Naomi: あいました (aimashita)
Naomi: あいませんでした (aimasen deshita)
Peter: Let’s take a look at the formal past negative form of a verb. Something like I did not eat or I did not do it. To form the past negative, change ます(masu) to ませんでした (masen deshita) . So to do in the masu-form is
Naomi: します (shimasu)
Peter: To get the past negative, drop masu
Naomi: し (shi)
Peter: Add ませんでした (masen deshita)
Naomi: しませんでした (shimasen deshita)
Peter: Didn’t do. Okay how about to eat in the masu form?
Naomi: 食べます (tabemasu)
Peter: Replace masu with ませんでした (masen deshita)
Naomi: 食べませんでした (tabemasen deshita)
Peter: Didn’t eat.
Naomi: So あいます (aimasu)
Peter: To meet
Naomi: Becomes あいませんでした (aimasen deshita)
Peter: Didn’t meet.
Naomi: 来ます (ki masu)
Peter: To come
Naomi: Becomes 来ませんでした (kimasen deshita)
Peter: Didn’t come.
Naomi: あいませんでした (aimasen deshita)
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29 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 13th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 29th, 2021 at 03:26 PM
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Irisさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Yes, we do!

Here are two for verbs.

https://s3.amazonaws.com/products.innovativelanguage.com/Pdf/Pathways/Japanese/Level1/Grammar_cheat_sheet_1.pdf

https://s3.amazonaws.com/products.innovativelanguage.com/Pdf/Pathways/Japanese/Level1/Grammar_cheat_sheet_2.pdf

And for adjectives, I can only find this,

https://cdn.innovativelanguage.com/sns/em/2019/landing%20pages/fgom/march%20-%20adjectives/adjectives_Japanese.pdf

but you can learn their conjugations here👍

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/learn-japanese-grammar-visual-grammar-bank/


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Iris
January 28th, 2021 at 03:06 PM
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These are great videos ❤️️! Is there a PDF/material that shows most common verbs and their conjugations? Even for adjectives etc.? 😁

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 11th, 2020 at 02:53 PM
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Musaabさん


Thank you so much for your feedback😄

It means a lot to us and I've forwarded this to my team😇

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Musaab
November 10th, 2020 at 02:56 PM
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I have suggestions for updating all innovativelanguage101.com sites.

1- Can you enable editing comments?

2- Can you give students the ability to arrange pathways in their dashboards according to categories?

3- Can you give students the ability to rearrange lessons in pathways into groups to fit there needs?

ありがとうございます in advance!

,
August 17th, 2020 at 02:58 AM
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Rachel さん

コメントありがとうございます😄

明日六時に、ドアの前で私達は会います。

朝食はオムライスとオレンジジュースとト一ストとべ一コンです。

、を減らした方が読みやすいです。

You can check how to use と in this lesson.

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/ultimate-japanese-particle-guide-8-%E3%81%A8-to-the-particle-meaning-and-or-with/?lp=307


Please let us know if you have any questions!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rachel
July 30th, 2020 at 08:49 PM
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朝食は午六時半から七時半まで。明日、六時に、ドアの前で、私達は会います。


朝食はオムライスで、オレンジジュスで、ト一ストで、べ一コンです。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 14th, 2020 at 09:32 AM
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K さん

コメントありがとうございます。


3つともただしいぶんしょうです👍


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

K
February 15th, 2020 at 07:51 PM
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わたしは ビールを のみません。

わたしは コーヒーを のみました。

わたしは あさごはんを たべませんでした。

JapanesePod101.com
April 27th, 2019 at 08:29 AM
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Jennさん、


コメントをありがとうございます。

えびアレルギーがあれば、えびは食べられませんね。😅

私は毎日お茶を飲みますよ。コーヒーよりもお茶のほうが好きです。


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Jenn
April 20th, 2019 at 05:14 AM
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私はえびアレルギーがあります。えびを食べません。

今日、お茶を飲みませんでした。お茶が欲しいです。