Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi: 私は肉を食べます。 (Watashi wa niku o tabemasu.)
Jessi: In this lesson, you will learn how to use verbs in a sentence.
Naomi: Yes, this is the first time using action verbs.
Jessi: We are just going to practice with one verb in Japanese in this lesson. The verb,
Naomi: 食べます (tabemasu) To eat.
Jessi: 食べます (tabemasu) All verbs end in ます(masu) in polite speech.
Naomi: Yes. And also no matter who you are talking about, the verb form doesn’t change.
Jessi: Good point. By that, we mean this, in a lot of other languages, verbs change their form depending on who the subject is, even in English. We would say I eat but he eats. It’s a minor change but it is there.
Naomi: But in Japanese, it doesn’t matter who the subject is. I, you, he, she, we, they the verb stays 食べます (tabemasu)
Jessi: Hm, nice, isn’t it? So Naomi, what is our pattern for making a sentence with a verb?
Naomi: It’s this, person, は (wa), object, を (o), verb.
Jessi: And that’s three parts. Person plus は (wa), object plus を (o), and then the verb.
Naomi: That’s right.
Jessi: Can we hear an example?
Naomi: Sure. 私は肉を食べます。 (Watashi wa niku o tabemasu.)
Jessi: I eat meat.
Let’s break it down.
Naomi: 私は (watashi wa)
Jessi: 私 (watashi) I plus は (wa)
Naomi: 肉を (niku o)
Jessi: 肉 (niku) meat plus を (o)
Naomi: 食べます (tabemasu)
Jessi: The verb meaning eat.
So the sentence order in Japanese is I meat eat. The verb comes at the end. Can we hear the sentence one more time?
Naomi: 私は肉を食べます。 (Watashi wa niku o tabemasu.)
Jessi: I eat meat.
Naomi: Okay how about テイラーはすしを食べます。 (Teirā wa sushi o tabemasu.)
Jessi: Tyler eats sushi.
Let’s break it down.
Naomi: テイラーは (Teirā wa)
Jessi: Tyler plus は (wa)
Naomi: すしを (sushi o)
Jessi: Sushi plus を (o)
Naomi: 食べます (tabemasu)
Jessi: Eats
Tyler eats sushi. So see how the verb doesn’t change. It just stays the same no matter who we are talking about 食べます (tabemasu). How about I eat pizza? The person in this case is I, 私 (watashi), pizza is ピザ (piza), and eat is 食べます (tabemasu).
Naomi: 私はピザを食べます。 (Watashi wa piza o tabemasu.)
Naomi: 私は肉を食べます。 (Watashi wa niku o tabemasu.)
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 30th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

 

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 9th, 2021 at 02:58 PM
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Pablo Ignacio Scalettaさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

良いですね!


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

りょうま(Ryoma)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Pablo Ignacio Scaletta
October 29th, 2021 at 01:50 AM
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私は鶏肉を食べます。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 20th, 2021 at 01:48 PM
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Vu Tranさん


Thank you so much for your kind comment😄

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Vu Tran
January 17th, 2021 at 04:08 AM
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This lesson is easy to understand. I like it!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 8th, 2020 at 03:19 AM
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ビリーさん

Thank you for your comment!

Your sentence is correct👍


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 29th, 2020 at 06:54 AM
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Hi Cris,


Thank you for your comment!😄

The second one. "私は日本語をはなします。" is correct.👍

Although, if you want to use "できます," you could say "私は日本語ができます。"

Please let us know if you have any other questions!


Best regards,

Izumi

Team JapanesePod101.com

Cris
May 26th, 2020 at 12:26 AM
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Hi!


To say "I speak Japanese" what sounds more natural:

私は日本語をできます。

私は日本語をはなします。


Thank you!

ビリー
May 12th, 2020 at 01:38 PM
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日本語:私はステーキを食べます。

English: I eat steak.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 14th, 2020 at 09:57 AM
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K さん

Thank you for your comment!


Your sentence is correct👍


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

K
February 15th, 2020 at 07:04 PM
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わたしは コーヒーを のみます。