Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
Naomi: 新しくない (atarashikunai)
Kat: In this lesson, you will learn how to make the negative form of i-adjectives. That means you will be able to say phrases like not good, not bad, not big, not small et cetera. First, let’s look at the different i-adjectives we saw in the lesson.
Naomi: 大きい (ookii)
Kat: Big.
Naomi: 新しい (atarashii)
Kat: New.
Naomi: 古い (furui)
Kat: Old.
Notice how they all end in "i". That’s why they are called i-adjectives. Now, how do we make all of these negative as in not big, not new, not old. Let’s go through the steps using the word 古い (furui) old. First step, take off the final "i".
Naomi: 古 (furu)
Kat: Then add くない (kunai) to the end of it.
Naomi: 古くない (furukunai)
Kat: That’s it. This means not old.
Naomi: 古くない (furukunai) Not old.
Kat: Let’s try it now with the word 新しい (atarashii) meaning new. First take off the final "i". Notice that there are two "i"s in this word, so be careful.
Naomi: 新し (atarashi)
Kat: Then add くない (kunai)
Naomi: 新しくない (atarashikunai)
Kat: This means not new.
Naomi: 新しくない (atarashikunai) Not new.
Kat: Okay have you got that? Not so bad, right?
Naomi: 新しくない (atarashikunai)
Naomi: 元気じゃない (genki ja nai)
Kat: In this lesson, you will learn how to create the negative form of na-adjectives and nouns.
Naomi: ハンサム  (hansamu)
Kat: Handsome
Naomi: And
ふつう (futsuu)
Kat: Ordinary, normal.
Naomi: Let’s look at ハンサム (hansamu) first. To make this negative, all you have to do is add the phrase じゃない (ja nai) to the end of it.
ハンサムじゃない (hansamu ja nai)
Kat: Not handsome
And how that ふつう (futsū)
Naomi: ふつう (futsū) plus じゃない (ja nai) so that would be ふつうじゃない (futsū ja nai)
Kat: Not normal, not ordinary, maybe.
Naomi: はい (hai)
Kat: Let’s introduce some other na-adjectives.
Naomi: 元気 (genki) is fine as in I am fine. So, 元気じゃない (genki ja nai), would be
Kat: Not fine, not feeling very good.
Naomi: 簡単 (kantan) means simple. So 簡単じゃない (kantan ja nai), would be
Kat: Not simple, not easy.
Naomi: Have you got the hang of that?
Kat: Now let’s move on to nouns.
Naomi: This is going to be really easy because you do the same thing for nouns.
Kat: Yes that’s right to make them negative, you just add じゃない (ja nai) after them.
Naomi: 体育館 (tai'ikukan) Gymnasium.
Kat: Let’s pretend I see a big building on the school campus. I could ask
あれ、体育館? (Are, taiikukan?) Is that a gym?
Naomi: ううん、体育館じゃない。 (Uun, taiikukan ja nai.) No it’s not a gym.
Kat: Not too bad right?
Naomi: 元気じゃない (genki ja nai)
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101 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 16th, 2012 at 06:30 PM
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

 

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 27th, 2021 at 11:05 AM
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トニーさん、こんにちは!


コメントありがとうございます😊

Thank you for trying a sentence.


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

トニー
July 28th, 2021 at 09:48 AM
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腫瘍じゃない。

しゅようじゃない。

Shuyou janai.

It’s not a tumour.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 27th, 2020 at 08:03 PM
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Theresaさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

Janai desu is casual but still formal. Dewa arimasen is more formal.

The basic form is with ga; for example, Ame ga suki janai desu.

When you're talking about 2 things (one you like and the other you don't), we tend to use wa for the second one to show the contrast more clearly; for example, Choko ga suki desu. Ame wa suki janai desu.


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Theresa
July 24th, 2020 at 11:02 PM
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I have a question😅. "I don't like candy" is "Ame wa suki janai desu" or "Ame ga suki janai desu" or "Ame ga sukide wa arimasen" or "Ame wa sukide wa arimasen". I don't know which one is correct >.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 22nd, 2020 at 06:58 AM
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Martin さん

Thank you for the question!

Yes, you can. We say it often😄


Richard-san

Thank you for the question😄

No, not all the time.

To create the negative form of na adjectives and nouns, we simply add the negative copula janai (じゃない) after it.

To make an i-adjective negative, remove the last -i (い) and replace it with -kunai (くない).


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Richard
June 15th, 2020 at 10:33 AM
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Hello, I have a question, is it possible to use じゃない all the time?

Martin Meszaros
May 7th, 2020 at 09:08 PM
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Can you say おいしくない? It sounds really weird.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 26th, 2020 at 05:09 AM
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John Tampourisさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

The first one "watashi wa futsuu ja nai hito des" is correct.

Please let us know if you have any question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

John Tampouris
January 11th, 2020 at 08:41 AM
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Which one is correct?

watashi wa futsuu ja nai hito des

watashi wa futsuu hito ja nai des

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 8th, 2020 at 07:57 AM
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Kさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

Kさんの文は合っていますよ (Your sentence is correct)👍

Please let us know if you have any question :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com