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Lesson Transcript

Hi everyone.
Welcome to the Japanese Kanji video series.
In this lesson, you'll learn the "eat" radical.
Take a look at these kanji characters. Can you guess what they mean?
By the end of this lesson, you'll be able to grasp the meaning behind these kanji characters.
食, 飢, 飯, 飲
First off, can you spot the radical in all of these kanji characters?
It's this part here.
食/飠
This particular radical is called...
しょく or しょくへん.
When it's used on the left side, it's called specifically しょくへん because へん means "left-position" radical.
The "eat" radical is used in some of the most common kanji characters. Let's take a look at it in more detail.
Meaning
As you can see, the "eat" radical is also a kanji character on its own.
The meaning behind this particular kanji is "to eat, food."
When this radical appears as a part of another kanji, like in these examples, the appearance changes slightly. When it's a component like this, it adds the meaning of "to eat, food" to the entire kanji character.
飢, 飯, 飲
From left to right, the first kanji means "hunger," the second means "food, meal, rice," and the third character means "to drink."
1. 飢
The first kanji has the "eat" radical, paired with this second character. 几
This second character looks like a long, empty table. You could think of this character in this way: if you imagine that it's a table with no food on it, then you might be able to guess the meaning of this kanji. Did you figure it out? It means "hunger."
2. 飯
The second kanji has the "eat" radical means "food, meal, rice."
3. 飲
The last kanji has the "eat" radical and the character 欠, which means "to lack."
This kanji means "to drink." You can remember it this way: something that should never be lacking at a meal is a drink.
For more ways to remember these characters and many more kanji examples that include the "eat" radical, go to JapanesePod101.com and check the Lesson Notes PDF. OK. Let's move on!
Common positions
The "eat” radical will usually sit in the left-position and connect with another radical next to it.
As seen in the original examples for "hunger," "food, meal, rice," "to drink."
When the "eat" radical is part of another kanji character, it's appearance is distorted a little.
Okay. Now let's learn how to write this radical.
Stroke Order
Now let's take a look at the stroke order of the "eat" radical. The "eat" radical looks complicated, but is actually pretty simple. There are nine strokes.
When the radical is on its own, it looks like this:
Start at the top and make a diagonal stroke from right to left, then another stroke from left to right.
For the third stroke, start in the middle under the strokes you've just written, and make a short vertical line down.
Make a L shape, starting from left to right, and then down. Underneath make two short horizontal lines.
Make a long vertical line on the open ends of the strokes you've just made, and then a short tick at the end.
For the eighth stroke, make a short diagonal line from right to left. Finally, make a longer, diagonal line from the middle of the box to the bottom.
When this radical is a part of another kanji, it usually takes on the left-position, and the appearance is squished vertically.
The major difference is that it's missing one of the final strokes at the bottom of the kanji.
And that's it! You're done!
Common Readings
When the "eat" radical is on its own, the kanji can be read as...
ショク、(ジキ)、く-う、く-らう、た-べる
In the case of the original examples, common readings are...
キ、う-える
for the kanji meaning "hunger."
ハン、めし
for the "food, meal" kanji. And...
イン、の-む
for the "to drink" kanji.
Lesson Review
In this lesson, you learned about the "eat" radical.
You also learned the kanji characters for "hunger," "food, meal" and "to drink" in which this radical appears.
It's most commonly found in the left-position, making it appear like this.
And it's written with 9 strokes.
Was this video series helpful? Let us know if you'd like to see more lessons like this by replying in the comments! If you have any questions, please leave a post at JapanesePod101.com.
Thanks for watching. Bye!
Bye~!

Kanji

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54 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 1st, 2017 at 06:30 PM
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Do you know any other kanji with the Eat Radical 食/飠?
Click here to download the FREE Kanji e-book
Click here to buy the Full Version Kanji e-book

christian
September 21st, 2021 at 01:01 AM
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Really usefull I wish there could be more lessons like this with more radicals in the future.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 6th, 2021 at 06:20 PM
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Hi Dave,


Thank you for your comment!

Yes, writing kanji must be difficult.

But we are glad that you know the fun of learning kanji😊


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Dave
August 30th, 2021 at 12:44 AM
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食はむずかしです。でも漢字はたのしいです。Arigatou Japanesepod101 for helping us learn the radicals.

Wishing for more lessons and tips on how we can remember more characters in the future.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 28th, 2021 at 08:43 AM
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こんにちは マルコ,


Thank you so much for your positive message! 😇❤️️

Feel free to contact us if you have any questions.

We wish you good luck with your language studies.


Kind regards,

レヴェンテ (Levente)

Team JapanesePod101.com

マルコ
July 19th, 2021 at 10:04 AM
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I loved this series, and I hope to see more episodes / seasons in the future!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 6th, 2021 at 05:46 PM
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Hi Miro,


Thank you for your questions!

Yes, basically we just remember each on/kun-readings for each kanji.

And when a word is combined with 2 kanji, then we remember the reading for it.

In the case of the word 学生, we should know it should be on-reading

and then 学 should be "gaku" and 生 should be "sei", not "shō."

You may think it's hard to remember one by one, but it has some rules.

So you will think it's not that difficult after you learn enough kanji😊


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us:)


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

Miro
May 14th, 2021 at 03:48 AM
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Hello. Question about readings. Do japanese people "just know" every on and kun reading of every kanji they know or rather they remember that the kanji is read a certain way when surrounded by specific kanji? Example: the word for student - when you see mana (school in kun reading) and sei/sho (raw/live in on reading) next to each other do you then decide that it has the meaning of student and because student is gakkusei the word is read gakkusei or do you digest the kanji's pronunciation one by one, i.e. these two kanji together mean student and kun reading of each are as follows gakku and sei so the word is read gakkusei. For example for a word you haven't seen before how would you approach to read it - would you say each kanji with the first (if multiple) kun reading that comes to mind?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 24th, 2021 at 02:17 PM
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Johannさん


Thank you so much for your feedback😄

I'll forward this to my team😉

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Johann
March 22nd, 2021 at 12:27 AM
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I hope one day they can continue this radical series. I'm almost finished the one with Hiroko as well. Learning these radicals are extremely helpful.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 26th, 2020 at 06:23 PM
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Courtneyさん

Thank you so much for your comment😄

You can do this kanji series😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/classic-japanese-pod-101-kanji-videos-with-hiroko/

And then this one!

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson-library/learn-jlpt-n5-kanji/


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com