Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Yura:Hi everyone, I’m Yura.
Natsuko:And I’m Natsuko!
Yura:And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Japanese Vocabulary, Lesson 1! In this lesson you'll learn 5 essential words related to Daily Life. These are five Japanese National Holidays. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at JapanesePod101.com
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Yura:A, what’s our first word?
Natsuko:建国記念の日
Yura:National Foundation Day
Natsuko:(slow) 建国記念の日 (regular) 建国記念の日
Yura:Listeners, please repeat:
Natsuko:建国記念の日
[pause - 5 sec.]
Yura:This day is the 11th of February and is considered to be Japan's National Foundation Day. It was officially established in 1966. -
Yura:Now, let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Natsuko:(normal) 建国記念の日は、旧暦では元旦です。
Yura:In the lunisolar calendar, Japan's National Foundation Day falls on New Year's Day.
Natsuko:(slow) 建国記念の日は、旧暦では元旦です。
Yura:Okay, what’s the next word?
Natsuko:成人の日
Yura:Coming of Age Day
Natsuko:(slow) 成人の日 (regular) 成人の日
Yura:Listeners, please repeat:
Natsuko:成人の日
[pause - 5 sec.]
Yura:Coming of Age Day is the second Monday of January. In Japan, 20 is considered the age of majority. -
Yura:Now, let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Natsuko:(normal) 成人の日には、20歳をむかえる多くの男女が着物や袴を着ます。
Yura:On Coming of Age Day, many men and women who are or will be twenty years old by the end of March that year, wear traditional Japanese clothes called "kimono" and "hakama".
Natsuko:(slow) 成人の日には、20歳をむかえる多くの男女が着物や袴を着ます。
Yura:Okay, what’s the next word?
Natsuko:敬老の日
Yura:Respect for the Aged Day
Natsuko:(slow) 敬老の日 (regular) 敬老の日
Yura:Listeners, please repeat:
Natsuko:敬老の日
[pause - 5 sec.]
Yura:Respect for the Aged Day is the third Monday of September. This day is for people to appreciate a lifetime of hard work from the elderly, and to show respect and love for them. -
Yura:Now, let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Natsuko:(normal) 敬老の日には、祖父母に感謝の気持ちを伝えます。
Yura:Japanese people show appreciation for their grandparents on Respect for the Aged Day.
Natsuko:(slow) 敬老の日には、祖父母に感謝の気持ちを伝えます。
Yura:Okay, what’s the next word?
Natsuko:勤労感謝の日
Yura:Labour Thanksgiving Day
Natsuko:(slow) 勤労感謝の日 (regular) 勤労感謝の日
Yura:Listeners, please repeat:
Natsuko:勤労感謝の日
[pause - 5 sec.]
Yura:
Labour Thanksgiving Day is the 23rd of November. Japanese people celebrate the year's hard work, human rights, workers' rights and the production, harvest, and success of the year, as well as showing appreciation for each other's hard work. -
Yura:Now, let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Natsuko:(normal) 勤労感謝の日は、日々の勤労をねぎらう日です。
Yura:Labour Thanksgiving Day is the day for rewarding daily hard work.
Natsuko:(slow) 勤労感謝の日は、日々の勤労をねぎらう日です。
Yura:Okay, what’s the last word?
Natsuko:こどもの日
Yura:Children's Day
Natsuko:(slow) こどもの日 (regular) こどもの日
Yura:Listeners, please repeat:
Natsuko:こどもの日
[pause - 5 sec.]
Yura:
Children's Day is the 5th of May. It's a day to celebrate children's individual personalities and to celebrate their happiness. It's also a day to show gratitude to mothers. -
Yura:Now, let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Natsuko:(normal) 昔は、毎年、こどもの日に身長を測り、成長をみる習慣がありました。
Yura:In the olden days, Japanese people measured the height of their children on Children's Day every year to see how much they had grown.
Natsuko:(slow) 昔は、毎年、こどもの日に身長を測り、成長をみる習慣がありました。
QUIZ
Yura:Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? A will give you the Japanese – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Natsuko:建国記念の日
[pause]Yura:National Foundation Day
Natsuko:成人の日
[pause]Yura:Coming of Age Day
Natsuko:敬老の日
[pause]Yura:Respect for the Aged Day
Natsuko:勤労感謝の日
[pause]Yura:Labour Thanksgiving Day
Natsuko:こどもの日
[pause]Yura:Children's Day

Outro

Yura:There you have it – five National Holidays in Japan! We have more vocab lists available at JapanesePod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Natsuko:またね!

25 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 14th, 2013 at 06:30 PM
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What is the most popular national holiday in your country?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 26th, 2018 at 01:56 PM
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Hi Anna nguyen,

Thank you for sharing your story!


I haven't heard of Tet before. It must be a good time to reunite family members👍 like Bon vacation in Japan.

And tangyuan sounds delicious! Do you cook the one at home?


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Anna nguyen
July 17th, 2018 at 12:55 PM
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In Vietnam, the most important holiday(and yet most well known) is Tet. It starts from the midst of Ferbuary, and ends in the beginning of march. It is the occassion for members of family to reunion to see each other after a year of hard working. And from my chinese parent, I found out that 冬(don't know how to translate this holiday but it basically means winter) it far more important than Tet(chinese have their own Tet too). In this holiday, we will eat tangyuan(汤圆). It is a cake looks like mochi but have skinless green peas in the inside. It is soaked with ginger syrup to have to sweettaste.

That is some of my holiday Igrew up with.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 23rd, 2017 at 04:45 PM
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Hi Savannah,

Thank you for your comment and sorry we didn't reply earlier.


That's interesting that many places close on Christmas in Canada as Christmas is one of the busiest period for restaurants in Japan.

Christmas in Canada might be like New Year's days in Japan.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Savannah
December 19th, 2016 at 03:30 PM
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In North America, by far the most popular holiday is Christmas. In Canada, it's one of five nationwide statutory holidays, so employers are required to either give the day off with regular pay, provide another day off in lieu of that, or pay a higher rate (such as time and a half) for working that day. Many places close, but not all. For example, most fast food places are open every day of the year (which sucks for the employees, and is part of why fast food jobs are considered degrading).

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 4th, 2014 at 06:47 PM
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Kale さん、


こんにちは。

That should be やくにたつごい (vocabulary) or やくにたつことば (word). :smile:


Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Kale
October 2nd, 2014 at 01:15 PM
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A random question, what would "useful vocabulary" be in Japanese? Is it 重要ボキャブラリー?

Thank you!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 20th, 2014 at 04:59 PM
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Marina-san,

konnichiwa:smile:

You can learn kanji at your own pace; no pressure! :wink:

Of course, you can use Lesson Note's script to learn some kanji from the lesson

dialogues too, but this is completely optional. It'd benefit you because you'll learn

kanji in context, so it's highly recommended. You just need to focus on what you can

remember, as you don't have to remember all the kanjis you see.

Good luck! :innocent:


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com

Marina Gorshkova
May 19th, 2014 at 11:29 PM
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Hello dear teachers!

I am absolutely beginner from Azerbaijan

I enjoyed Season 1 and Season 2, it was fun to do my daily things listening what happened to Tailor, to Masato san, and others! But I bumped into a problem. Kanji...I want to listen next course, I understand it, I can read and write hiragana and Katakana, and I learn Kanji too. But step by step. Now I studying Kanji level 1 for children... Should I learn writing the words that I met in your lessons in Kanji? Or I can go further in listening and learn Kanji with pace I can remember them...? My son told me that I should try to remember new word in Kanji writing, even maybe not to be able to write this Kanji but just be able to recognize it?

Sorry for my English,

And thank you for your wonderful course!

With respect Marina

Hoa
February 17th, 2014 at 01:55 PM
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Dear Natsuko san,

Thank you very much for your instruction:wink:

So, would you have suggest for me to find this dictionary for Children ( I think it is interesting and easy to learn) via website. If look for books in bookstore, it may be difficult to find out the exact I want.

Thank you very much in advance.:heart:

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 12th, 2014 at 01:01 AM
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Hoa-san,

"kenkoku kinen" is written as 建国記念 and, yes, 国 means country:smile::thumbsup:


We don't actually show the stroke order of kanji in this series, but we have some lessons and study

material for that (which I think you already know).

There are many more kanji out there, and if you can find a good kanji dictionary, it'd show the stroke orders too:wink:

For first 1,000-1,500 kanjis, maybe kanji dictionary for children would be helpful.

Good luck:wink:


Natsuko (奈津子),

Team JapanesePod101.com