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Beginner Series S4
Lesson #22
Naomi: 直美です。
Peter: Peter here. Beginner series, season 4, lesson 22. The Best Japanese is Here. Hi and welcome to japanesepod101.com, the fastest, easiest and most fun way to learn Japanese.
Naomi: 直美です。 thanks again for being here with us for this Beginner series, season 4 lesson.
Peter: Now Naomi Sensei, in the previous lesson, Miyu’s parents place was broken and Miyu’s mother was knocked down by a burglar right?
Naomi: 多分、はい。そうですね。
Peter: And Miyu’s boyfriend Haruya ran after the burglar and caught him at the station, Narita station?
Naomi: はい。
Peter: よくわかんない。 I really don’t understand the story but any way that’s the background for this lesson.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: The focus of this lesson is superlatives.
Naomi: 一番
Peter: Superlative sentences. This lesson takes place at
Naomi: 成田病院
Peter: Narita hospital. The conversation is between
Naomi: おじいさん、きり、それから美雨。
Peter: So the old man who is the criminal right?
Naomi: No he is not. He is Kiri’s father, Miyu’s grandpa.
Peter: I don’t understand. Okay an old man, Kiri, Miyu’s mother and Miyu and what kind of Japanese will they be speaking?
Naomi: Informal Japanese.
Peter: As they are all family members.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: Before we listen to the conversation, we want to ask a question. Naomi Sensei
Naomi: Do you read the lesson notes while you listen?
Peter: We got an email from a listener who does this and the listener said, it really helps them retain everything they hear in the lesson. So we are wondering if you have the PDFs open while you listen to the lessons. Okay with that said, on we go.
老人: あのぉ、すみません。天道きりの病室はどこですか。
看護士: 天道...きりさん?ああ、天道さんの病室は205号室です。そのエレベーターで二階に上がってください。205号室は一番奥です。
老人: 2階の一番奥、一番奥...。ここか...。(コンコン)きり?どうだ?体調は?
天道 きり: あ、お父さん。
天道 美雨: おじいちゃん。
老人: おお。美雨。いいボーイフレンドを持っているね。強い男はいい。わしはスポーツの中でボクシングが一番好きだ。はっはっは。
天道 美雨: でも、パパは。
老人: 愛が一番大事だよ、美雨。パパは関係ない。お金も関係ない。美雨の幸せが一番大切だ。ははは。
老人: あのぉ、すみません。天道きりの病室はどこですか。
看護士: 天道...きりさん?ああ、天道さんの病室は205号室です。そのエレベーターで二階に上がってください。205号室は一番奥です。
老人: 2階の一番奥、一番奥...。ここか...。きり?どうだ?体調は?
天道 きり: あ、お父さん。
天道 美雨: おじいちゃん。
老人: おお。美雨。いいボーイフレンドを持っているね。強い男はいい。わしはスポーツの中でボクシングが一番好きだ。はっはっは。
天道 美雨: でも、パパは。
老人: 愛が一番大事だよ、美雨。パパは関係ない。お金も関係ない。美雨の幸せが一番大切だ。ははは。
(Narita Hospital)
老人: あのぉ、すみません。天道きりの病室はどこですか。
OLD MAN: Excuse me, what room is Tendo Kiri in?
看護士: 天道...きりさん?ああ、天道さんの病室は205号室です。
NURSE: Mrs. Tendo Kiri? Her room is #205.
Take the elevator to the second floor. 205 is the last room.
老人: 2階の一番奥、一番奥...。ここか...。
OLD MAN: The last room on the second floor...Here.
(knock, knock) Kiri? How do you feel?
天道 きり: あ、お父さん。
TENDO KIRI: Oh, dad.
天道 美雨: おじいちゃん。
TENDO MIU: Grandpa.
老人: おお。美雨。いいボーイフレンドを持っているね。
OLD MAN: Oh, Miu. You have a good boyfriend, eh?
A strong man is good. Boxing is my favorite sport...ha..ha..ha.
天道 美雨: でも、パパは。
TENDO MIU: But, dad is...
老人: 愛が一番大事だよ、美雨。パパは関係ない。お金も関係ない。美雨の幸せが一番大切だ。ははは。
OLD MAN: Love is the most important thing Miu. Your dad doesn’t matter. Money doesn’t matter. Your happiness matters most. Hahaha.
Peter: Naomi Sensei このおじいさんは本当に美雨のおじいさんですか? So is this old man really Miyu’s grandfather?
Naomi: Yeah I think so because Miyu is referring to him as おじいちゃん and Kiri called him as お父さん. So 美雨のおじいさんです。で、きりのお父さんです。
Peter: So Kiri’s father and Miyu’s grandfather and it seems like the grandfather likes Haruya.
Naomi: そうですね。 He said 強い男が好きだ。
Peter: So he likes strong guys.
Naomi: そう。よかったですね。 Finally someone likes him.
Peter: Now what’s interesting here is the old man referred to himself as わし. Now is this a common expression or is this a common way for someone to refer to themselves?
Naomi: I don’t think it’s common. It’s only used by old men but in drama or cartoon, to emphasize the speaker is old, わし is often used.
Peter: So it’s a pronoun for elderly men.
Naomi: でもおばあさんも時々言いますね。 Sometimes old women use that expression. I heard that わし is from 私。わたし、わたし、わし、わし・・・
Peter: Yeah it’s much easier to say it. The whole syllable is dropped.
Naomi: そうね。
Peter: Okay on to the vocabulary.
Peter: What do we have first?
Naomi: 病室
Peter: Sickroom, hospital room.
Naomi: (slow)びょうしつ (natural speed) 病室
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 奥
Peter: Inner part.
Naomi: (slow)おく (natural speed) 奥
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 体調
Peter: Physical condition.
Naomi: (slow)たいちょう (natural speed) 体調
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 愛
Peter: Love.
Naomi: (slow)あい (natural speed) 愛
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 関係
Peter: Relation, connection.
Naomi: (slow)かんけい (natural speed) 関係
Peter: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Naomi Sensei, what do we have first?
Naomi: 体調
Peter: Now this means physical condition. In the previous lesson, a similar word 気分 was introduced. What’s the big difference?
Naomi: 体調 is small like a physical condition and 気分 is more related to emotion or feeling.
Peter: Ah…
Naomi: I think in the conversation, they used it interchangeably.
Peter: Got you. So how would you translate them into English. For example, 気分はどうですか. How would you translate that?
Naomi: How are you feeling or how do you feel?
Peter: And how about 体調はどうですか。
Naomi: How are you feeling or how do you feel. 同じですね。 You can’t really translate. Can you say like how is your condition, how is your health condition. Can you say that?
Peter: Yeah it’s kind of like how are you feeling but I think the key here is that the kanji characters and for 体調, they have the character for body in that compound. So it’s kind of clearly you are talking about the physical aspects usually.
Naomi: And in the casual situation, you can drop ですか and ask 体調はどう or 気分はどう?
Peter: And these are questions again asking about one’s physical condition to a person who is sick or has been sick. So if I saw you and I didn’t know you are sick and I said 体調はどうですか?
Naomi: It sounds very strange. Yeah nothing wrong with me, what are you talking about?
Peter: Sorry you didn’t know that you are sick.
Naomi: Ah…
Peter: Ah I want to use that now これから。
Naomi: そうなんだ。
Peter: And I guess mental one is the 気分。直美先生、気分はどうですか?ん?
Naomi: Sounds like I have been in a really bad mood or having mental problem.
Peter: And that’s my intention.
Naomi: Okay next phrase.
Peter: Next phrase is
Naomi: 関係ない。
Peter: Have nothing to do with something or none of one’s business. So 関係 means relation.
Naomi: And ない means doesn’t exist. So 関係がない or 関係ない means no relation.
Peter: Okay now in a formal situation, what would you say?
Naomi: ない becomes ないです or ありません So 関係ありません or 関係ないです。
Peter: And who is the guy recently? Is his 50 minutes of fame over?
Naomi: そうね。あの Yoshio Kojima?
Peter: I think so right?
Naomi: Yeah he is not popular any more. I am not sure he was popular.
Peter: Oh he was popular.
Naomi: Okay.
Peter: And for those of you who don’t know, he would appear on Japanese TV in Tight Speedos and repeat a phrase.
Naomi: 関係ない。
Peter: With そんなの in front of it and that’s primarily it but he was very, very popular.
Naomi: そうね。
Peter: On every station doing his like gimmick. Any way, we will put something in the comments. You could comment and see what we are talking about.
Naomi: はい。
Peter: We should warn you though. It could be a little traumatic to see him.
Naomi: あの、子供には見せないほうがいいと思いますね。
Peter: Okay on to today’s grammar point.
Peter: The focus of this lesson is superlative sentences which compare quantity or quality of three or more objects. Now Naomi Sensei, what do we have in the dialogue?
Naomi: スポーツの中で、ボクシングが一番好きです。
Peter: I like boxing the most of all the sports. Now if we take a look at this, we have in these types of sentences, the subject is marked with
Naomi: は
Peter: The topic marking particle but in the sentence we gave you, that’s actually omitted. So can we hear the sentence one more time like kind of the way you would find it in a textbook?
Naomi: 私はスポーツの中でボクシングが一番好きです。
Peter: Then we have the group. So whatever you are talking about. So in this case, it was sports followed by
Naomi: の
Peter: The particle の followed by.
Naomi: 中
Peter: Which is inside.
Naomi: で
Peter: So inside of sports if we work backwards 中 inside の here is of sports, inside of sports. This is marked with the particle
Naomi: で
Peter: Then you choose the one you like the most. That’s followed by
Naomi: が
Peter: And then we have
Naomi: 一番
Peter: First and then this is followed by
Naomi: Adjective 好き
Peter: Okay so let’s take a look at the whole sentence one more time.
Naomi: 私はスポーツの中でボクシングが一番好きです。
Peter: First part is
Naomi: 私は
Peter: I followed by
Naomi: スポーツの中で
Peter: Of sports.
Naomi: ボクシングが
Peter: Boxing.
Naomi: 一番好きです。
Peter: Number one like I of all sports boxing most like. I like boxing the best of all the sports. So this is almost like a set phrase. You have the subject first followed by the group. That’s followed by
Naomi: の中で
Peter: The thing you like followed by
Naomi: が一番好きです。
Peter: Okay so Naomi Sensei, how would you say what’s your favorite month?
Naomi: 一年の中で何月が一番好きですか?
Peter: And Naomi Sensei, how about your answer?
Naomi: うーん。一年の中でね。十月。十月が一番好きです。
Peter: え、なんでですか? Why?
Naomi: 食べ物が美味しいから。
Peter: Because the food is delicious. Let’s take a quick look at this の中で like group plus の中で. So how we say out of the year.
Naomi: 一年の中で
Peter: Out of these three.
Naomi: 三つの中で
Peter: Among three people.
Naomi: 三人の中で
Peter: Among buses, cars and trains.
Naomi: バスと車と電車の中で
Peter: So the three things are the group followed by の中で。
Naomi: ピーターさんは、日本の日本の食べ物の中で何が一番好きですか。
Peter: そうですね。日本の食べ物の中でカレーライスが一番好きです。
Naomi: そうですか。
Peter: Out of all the Japanese food, I like curry rice the best.
Naomi: でもさ Some listeners might say oh! Curry rice is not Japanese food.
Peter: But there is a special kind of curry rice that’s very different than the Indian.
Naomi: ま、違いますよね。 Japanese curry rice is very different from Indian curry.
Peter: Correct. So today we covered like the most. Inside the PDF, there is an explanation at how to form different superlatives because we kind of just focused on like the most but there is a way you can form many others with this pattern. So be sure to check out the PDF.
Naomi: 皆さんは、食べ物の中で何が一番好きですか?
Peter: So what is your favorite food?
Naomi: Please leave us a comment.
Peter: Okay that just about does it for today but before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically – drastically improve your pronunciation.
Naomi: The voice recording tool.
Peter: Yes the voice recording tool located in the premium learning center.
Naomi: You can record your own voice and check with the click of a button.
Peter: So it’s located in the bottom left part of the lesson specific – of each lesson specific learning center. If you click on that, you can record your voice any time. So rather than just passively listening and reading, you should be repeating and saying things aloud, listen back, compare it with the native’s voice. This is a way to really, really get good fast.
Naomi: 一番ですね。
Peter: 一番ですね。 All right. That’s going to do for today.
Naomi: じゃあまた。


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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
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Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Mina-san, what's the most important thing in your life? Jinsei de ichiban daiji na mono wa nandesuka?

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Louise Sand
August 17th, 2019 at 3:56 pm
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一年の中で二月が一番寒いです。Not the most important thing in my life ;-) But I was trying to answer the practice exercise...Okay, so here's the most important thing in my life:人世の中で日本語を勉強するのが一番大切です。

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July 27th, 2019 at 1:17 am
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Konnichiwa アンドレ

Thank you for writing us!

Very good job!



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July 1st, 2019 at 5:04 am
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In the Kanji section, the last word reading is written in kanji. Could you change it?

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June 16th, 2019 at 5:31 am
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June 14th, 2019 at 12:00 pm
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Hi Tobias,

Thank you very much for trying!

Great work!!

There's a few word to be corrected.

ゴウフ → ゴルフ

ラメン → ラーメン



Thank you for studying with us!



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April 14th, 2019 at 2:45 am
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April 14th, 2019 at 2:38 am
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March 22nd, 2019 at 5:12 am
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Practice 1



東京と大阪と京都の中で東京が一番大きい です

Practice 2





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December 27th, 2018 at 10:50 am
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December 6th, 2018 at 5:42 am
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