Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: 直美です。 (Naomidesu.)
Peter: Peter here.How Does Your Japanese Compare? Hello and welcome back to japanesepod101.com, the fastest, easiest and most fun way to learn Japanese. I am joined in the studio by
Naomi: Hello everyone. Naomi here.
Peter: In the previous lesson, an old man was asking how to get to Narita station at Tokyo station. In this lesson, you will learn how to
Naomi: Compare two things.
Peter: The conversation is between
Naomi: おじいさんと駅員さん。 (Ojīsan to ekiin-san.)
Peter: An old man and a station worker. The conversation takes place at
Naomi: 日暮里駅。 (Higuresatoeki.)
Peter: Nippori station. Now since they don’t know each other, they are going to speak…
Naomi: Formal Japanese.
Peter: Okay let’s have a listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
(日暮里駅) ((Nippori-eki))
老人 (Rōjin): あのぉ、すみません。これは 京成線ですか。 (Anō, sumimasen. Kore wa Keisei-sen desu ka.)
駅員 (Ekiin): はい、京成スカイライナーです。 (Hai, Keisei-Sukairainā desu.)
老人 (Rōjin): 京成スカイライナー?これは成田へ行きますか。 (Keisei-Sukairainā? Kore wa Narita e ikimasu ka.)
駅員 (Ekiin): ええ、行きますよ。 (Ē, ikimasu yo.)
老人 (Rōjin): 普通の京成線と 京成スカイライナーと どちらのほうが 安いですか。 (Futsū no Keisei-sen to Keisei-Sukairainā to dochira no hō ga yasui desu ka.)
駅員 (Ekiin): 京成線のほうが ずっと 安いですよ。京成線は 750円、京成スカイライナーは 1670円です。 (Keisei-sen no hō ga zutto yasui desu yo. Keisei-sen wa 750-en, Keisei-sukairainā wa 1670-en desu.)
老人 (Rōjin): どちらのほうが速いですか。 (Dochira no hō ga hayai desu ka?)
駅員 (Ekiin): もちろん、京成線より京成スカイライナーのほうが速いですよ。 (Mochiron, Keisei-sen yori Keisei-Sukairainā no hō ga hayai desu yo.)
(ベル) ((beru))
駅員 (Ekiin): 乗りますか。乗りませんか。 (Norimasu ka. Norimasen ka.)
老人 (Rōjin): あ、乗ります!乗ります! (A, norimasu! Norimasu!)
もう一度、お願いします。今度はゆっくり、お願いします。 (Mōichido, onegaishimasu. Kondo wa yukkuri, onegaishimasu.)
老人 (Rōjin): あのぉ、すみません。これは 京成線ですか。 (Anō, sumimasen. Kore wa Keisei-sen desu ka.)
駅員 (Ekiin): はい、京成スカイライナーです。 (Hai, Keisei-Sukairainā desu.)
老人 (Rōjin): 京成スカイライナー?これは成田へ行きますか。 (Keisei-Sukairainā? Kore wa Narita e ikimasu ka.)
駅員 (Ekiin): ええ、行きますよ。 (Ē, ikimasu yo.)
老人 (Rōjin): 普通の京成線と 京成スカイライナーと どちらのほうが 安いですか。 (Futsū no Keisei-sen to Keisei-Sukairainā to dochira no hō ga yasui desu ka.)
駅員 (Ekiin): 京成線のほうが ずっと 安いですよ。京成線は 750円、京成スカイライナーは 1670円です。 (Keisei-sen no hō ga zutto yasui desu yo. Keisei-sen wa 750-en, Keisei-sukairainā wa 1670-en desu.)
老人 (Rōjin): どちらのほうが速いですか。 (Dochira no hō ga hayai desu ka?)
駅員 (Ekiin): もちろん、京成線より京成スカイライナーのほうが速いですよ。 (Mochiron, Keisei-sen yori Keisei-Sukairainā no hō ga hayai desu yo.)
駅員 (Ekiin): 乗りますか。乗りませんか。 (Norimasu ka. Norimasen ka.)
老人 (Rōjin): あ、乗ります!乗ります! (A, norimasu! Norimasu!)
今度は、英語が入ります。 (Kondo wa, eigo ga hairimasu.)
(日暮里駅) ((Nippori-eki))
(NIPPORI STATION: platform)
老人 (Rōjin): あのぉ、すみません。これは 京成線ですか。 (Anō, sumimasen. Kore wa Keisei-sen desu ka.)
OLD MAN: Um, excuse me. Is this the Keisei line?
駅員 (Ekiin): はい、京成スカイライナーです。 (Hai, Keisei-Sukairainā desu.)
STATION ATTENDANT: Yes, this is the Keisei Skyliner.
老人 (Rōjin): 京成スカイライナー?これは成田へ行きますか。 (Keisei-Sukairainā? Kore wa Narita e ikimasu ka.)
OLD MAN: Keisei Skyliner? Does it go to Narita?
駅員 (Ekiin): ええ、行きますよ。 (Ē, ikimasu yo.)
STATION ATTENDANT: Yes, it does.
老人 (Rōjin): 普通の京成線と 京成スカイライナーと どちらのほうが 安いですか。 (Futsū no Keisei-sen to Keisei-Sukairainā to dochira no hō ga yasui desu ka.)
OLD MAN: Which is cheaper, the regular Keisei line or the Keisei Skyliner?
駅員 (Ekiin): 京成線のほうが ずっと 安いですよ。京成線は 750円、京成スカイライナーは 1670円です。 (Keisei-sen no hō ga zutto yasui desu yo. Keisei-sen wa 750-en, Keisei-sukairainā wa 1670-en desu.)
STATION ATTENDANT:The regular Keisei line is much cheaper. The Keisei line costs 750 yen. The Skyliner costs 1670 yen.
老人 (Rōjin): どちらのほうが速いですか。 (Dochira no hō ga hayai desu ka?)
OLD MAN: Which is faster?
駅員 (Ekiin): もちろん、京成線より京成スカイライナーのほうが速いですよ。 (Mochiron, Keisei-sen yori Keisei-Sukairainā no hō ga hayai desu yo.)
STATION ATTENDANT:Of course, the Skyliner is faster than the regular line.
(ベル) ((beru))
(train departure bell)
駅員 (Ekiin): 乗りますか。乗りませんか。 (Norimasu ka. Norimasen ka.)
STATION ATTENDANT:Are you getting on or not?
老人 (Rōjin): あ、乗ります!乗ります! (A, norimasu! Norimasu!)
OLD MAN: I'm getting on! I'm getting on!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Naomi: 日暮里から成田まで、大体一時間くらいです。 (Nippori kara Narita made, daitai ichi-jikan kuraidesu.)
Peter: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.) It takes about an hour to Narita from Nippori and that would be 電車で (Densha de) right?
Naomi: Yeah.
Peter: By train.
Naomi: Do you go to Narita airport by train?
Peter: Yes そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.)
Naomi: Not limousine bus?
Peter: ああ。たまにバスで行きますけど、普段電車で行きます。 (Ā. Tamani basu de ikimasukedo, fudan densha de ikimasu.) So sometimes I go by bus but I usually go by train. 成田エクスプレス。 (Narita ekusupuresu.)
Naomi: ああ、はいはいはいはい。 (Ā, hai hai hai hai.)
Peter: So I take that Narita express.
Naomi: That’s the line this old man is going to take right?
Peter: Well I think he is going to take the Keisei line.
Naomi: あれ?成田エクスプレスとスカイライナーは違うの? (Are? Narita ekusupuresu to sukairainā wa chigau no?)Are they different?
Peter: 違いますよ。 (Chigaimasu yo.)
Naomi: へぇ。知らなかった。 (He~e. Shiranakatta.) I didn’t know that.
Peter: Okay we have some studying to do. We will put a link up but yeah, I think they are two different things.
Naomi: へぇ~! (He~e ~!)
Peter: では (Dewa) Vocabulary
Naomi: え、あ、はい。びっくり。勉強になりました! (E, a, hai. Bikkuri. Benkyō ni narimashita!)
VOCAB LIST
Peter: Okay the first word is
Naomi: 普通 (futsū)
Peter: Normal, ordinary.
Naomi: (slow)ふつう (futsū) (natural speed) 普通 (futsū)
Peter: Next
Naomi: どちら (dochira)
Peter: Which.
Naomi: (slow)どちら (dochira) (natural speed) どちら (dochira)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 安い (yasui)
Peter: Cheap.
Naomi: (slow)やすい (yasui) (natural speed) 安い (yasui)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: ずっと (zutto)
Peter: By far, all along.
Naomi: (slow)ずっと (zutto) (natural speed) ずっと (zutto)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 速い (hayai)
Peter: Fast, quick.
Naomi: (slow)はやい (hayai) (natural speed) 速い (hayai)
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. Naomi Sensei, what do we have first?
Naomi: ずっと (Zutto)
Peter: By far. Now it’s an adverb of degree and it's often used in comparative sentences like in this dialogue, what do we have?
Naomi: ずっと安いですよ。 (Zutto yasuidesu yo.)
Peter: By far cheaper but ずっと (Zutto) has another meaning.
Naomi: そうです、そうです。例えば、今週私はずっと忙しい。(Sōdesu,-sōdesu. Tatoeba, konshū watashi wa zutto isogashī.)
Peter: I have been busy this whole week. In this case, it’s all along or the whole time, for an extended period of time. So if you want to say I am busier this week than last, what can we say?
Naomi: 先週より今週のほうがずっと忙しい。 (Senshū yori konshū no hō ga zutto isogashī.)
Peter: I am by far busier this week than last week.
Naomi: Yeah this grammar point will be covered in the grammar section.

Lesson focus

Peter: So the focus of this lesson is comparative sentences which compare two quantities or qualities. In the dialogue we had.
Naomi: 京成線と京成スカイライナーと、どちらのほうが安いですか? (Keisei-sen to Keisei sukairainā to, dochira no hō ga yasuidesu ka?)
Peter: Which is cheaper going by the Keisei line or the Keisei Skyliner. Now can you repeat the first part?
Naomi: 京成線と京成スカイライナーと (Keisei-sen to Keisei sukairainā to)
Peter: Now we have the Keisei line or the Keisei Skyliner. Literally though you have the Keisei Line, then the particle.
Naomi: と (To)
Peter: Which is and. Then we have the second.
Naomi: 京成スカイライナーと (Keisei sukairainā to)
Peter: Notice how both nouns are followed by
Naomi: と (To)
Peter: And this is specific to the どちら (Dochira) sentences or questions. So A と (To) B と (To) first noun or first thing being compared followed by と (To). Second thing being compared followed by と (To). After that, we have
Naomi: どちらのほうが (Dochira no hō ga)
Peter: Which means which one of the two. Which of A or B followed by
Naomi: 安いですか (Yasuidesu ka)
Peter: Is cheap. So when we put it altogether
Naomi: 京成線と京成スカイライナーとどちらのほうが安いですか? (Keisei-sen to Keisei sukairainā to dochira no hō ga yasuidesu ka?)
Peter: Which is cheaper? Going by the Keisei Line or the Skyliner? Notice only to English, there is only or but remember in Japanese, you need the と (To)、と (To). Let’s take a look at the latter part. どちらのほうが (Dochira no hō ga) Adjective so which is something, something.
Naomi: For example, どちらのほうが高いですか? (Dochira no hō ga takaidesu ka?)
Peter: Which is more expensive?
Naomi: どちらのほうが速いですか? (Dochira no hō ga hayaidesu ka?)
Peter: Which is faster? So in Japanese, basically you give the choices first.
Naomi: 水とガソリンとどちらのほうが安いですか? (Mizu to gasorin to dochira no hō ga yasuidesu ka?)
Peter: Which is cheaper? Water or gasoline but in Japanese, it’s reversed. 水 (Mizu) water followed by the particle と (To). Then we have
Naomi: ガソリン (Gasorin)
Peter: Gasoline followed by the particle.
Naomi: と (To)
Peter: A と (To) B と (To)。 And then we have the set phrase.
Naomi: どちらのほうが (Dochira no hō ga)
Peter: Adjective.
Naomi: 安いですか。 (Yasuidesu ka.)
Peter: Cheaper and in this case, the adjective is cheap.
Naomi: じゃあピーターさん。水とガソリンとどちらのほうが大切ですか?大切 (Jā pītā-san. Mizu to gasorin to dochira no hō ga taisetsudesu ka? Taisetsu) is important. It’s na-ending adjective.
Peter: So what’s more important? Water or gasoline.
Naomi: What do you think?
Peter: いい質問ですね。 (Ī shitsumondesu ne.)
Naomi: That’s quite obvious right?
Peter: This is 相槌でしょう. そうですね。(Aidzuchideshou. Sōdesu ne.) 相槌 (Aidzuchi) meaning I am repeating to buy myself some time. そうですね。うーん。 (Sōdesu ne.U ̄n.)
Naomi: Come on Peter. We are running out of time.
Peter: もう一度お願いします。 (Mōichido onegaishimasu.) It was a joke. It was buying more time. 水のほうが大切ですね。 (Mizu no hō ga taisetsudesu ne.) Water is more important. かな?どう…わかんないです。 (Ka na? Dō… wakan'naidesu.)
Naomi: え、水のほうが大切ですよ。 (E, mizu no hō ga taisetsudesu yo.) No one can live without water right? で、 (De,) Speaking of どちらのほうが (Dochira no hō ga). One of my friends was asked a question from his wife 私と仕事と、どちらのほうが大切? (Watashi to shigoto to, dochira no hō ga taisetsu?)
Peter: What’s more important, me or your work? その質問のほうが簡単です。(Sono shitsumon no hō ga kantandesu.)
Naomi: ふーん。その質問のほうが簡単です。 (Fu ̄n. Sono shitsumon no hō ga kantandesu.)
Peter: That question is easier. 同点です。 (Dōtendesu.) It’s a tie.
Naomi: ちょっとピーター。奥さんのほうが大切でしょう? (Chotto pītā. Okusan no hō ga taisetsudeshou?)
Peter: そうですね。同点です。 (Sōdesu ne. Dōtendesu.)
Naomi: I feel so sorry for your wife Peter.
Peter: I think we will wrap it up here. Naomi Sensei, I am just giving you an example もちろん奥さんのほうが大切です。 (Mochiron okusan no hō ga taisetsudesu.)
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.)
Peter: はい。そうですね。 (Hai. Sōdesu ne.)
Naomi: Good to hear that.

Outro

Peter: That’s going to do for today.
Naomi: じゃあ、また。 (Jā, mata.)

Grammar

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Kanji

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116 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
November 18th, 2008 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Mina san, try asking each other questions using "Dochira no hō ga"?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 8th, 2021 at 05:15 PM
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Simaさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

難しい質問ですね😮

でも、私はおすしの方が好きです👍


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

りょうま(Ryoma)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Sima
October 7th, 2021 at 05:27 AM
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おすしとラーメンとどちらの方が美味しいですか。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 12th, 2021 at 10:03 PM
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Mikeさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

It is only applicable to two options, for more options, you can have a look at this lesson😉

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/beginner-lesson-s4-22-the-best-japanese-is-here/?lp=110


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Mike
May 11th, 2021 at 03:09 AM
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Hi, is this pattern only applicable to two options being compared? Or could you extend it to 3 options as well for example?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 19th, 2021 at 05:19 PM
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タチアナさん

コメントありがとうございます😄

They look great😇👍

*寿司(すし)


Renatoさん

Thank you so much for your comment😄

You can say A は たぶん B より いいです。😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Renato
March 18th, 2021 at 04:44 AM
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How can I say "A is probably better than B"?

タチアナ
February 17th, 2021 at 08:04 PM
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Please practice saying the following questions aloud.


魚と肉と どちらのほうが すき ですか。

てんぷらと数詞と どちらのほうが すき ですか

電車とバスと どちらのほうが 便利 ですか

三月と十一月と どちらのほうが 寒い ですか

田中さんと鈴木さんと どちらのほうが 若い ですか

電車とタクシーと どちらのほうが 安い ですか


Please answer the following questions in Japanese.


In your country,


1月と8月とどちらのほうが暑いですか。

1月よく8月のほうが暑いです


In the city you live,

電車と車とどちらのほうが便利ですか。

電車より車のほうが便利です。(here, train doesn't transport people)


春と秋とどちらのほうが好きですか。

秋とり春のほうが好きです。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 11th, 2021 at 11:55 PM
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こんにちは Tomek


Thank you for your comment. Almost!

It should be ポーランド語とにほん語とどちらの方がむずかしいですか


But thank you for sharing your practice with us!


Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com

Tomek
January 11th, 2021 at 06:23 AM
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ポーランド語とにほん語とのほつがむずかしですか

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 3rd, 2020 at 12:15 AM
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こんにちは Rachel


Thank you for your comment. Your sentence is correct.

However we don't usually write うどん with Kanji although you used right kanji「饂飩」. Hiragana is fine. 😉


Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.

Sono

Team JapanesePod101.com