Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Peter: Stop by our website japanesepod101.com for all of the latest and greatest features, line by line audio, iPod on the go plus much more. Stop by and see what’s going on at japanesepod101.com.
Sakura: おはよう東京。さくらです。
Peter: Good morning Tokyo. Peter here, and we are back again. As always, we are brought to you by Erklaren for all your translations need. They are specialists in translation and interpretation. Okay what we are going to do today is we are going to have survival phrases 2 and these are phrases that will get you through Japan.
Sakura: Right.
Peter: Now before that, we had a big week, a very, very big week. So we are going to have a bit of a wrap up today. This was our first week and we had episodes every day. We hope that you enjoy them and we hope that it was very, very good material for you to get better. Now today is the day before.
Sakura: Day before Christmas.
Peter: Yes.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Christmas Eve as we say.
Sakura: All right.
CULTURAL INSIGHTS
Peter: And yesterday, the 23rd was also a holiday in Japan. Could you just tell us a little about that holiday?
Sakura: Well it’s Emperor’s birthday.
Peter: Yes.
Sakura: And well, literally it’s Birthday of the Emperor and it’s usually – it’s a national Holiday. So we usually have our day off.
Peter: Yes but we were here recording.
Sakura: Right.
Peter: For everybody out there. So how about giving us the Japanese name of that holiday?
Sakura: 天皇誕生日
Peter: Okay and break it down.
Sakura: (slow)てんのうたんじょうび
Peter: Okay now I noticed there is two words in here.
Sakura: Right.
Peter: Okay can you give us those words.
Sakura: Okay first one is 天皇
Peter: Okay one more time nice and slow.
Sakura: (slow)てんのう
Peter: And what does this mean?
Sakura: This is the emperor.
Peter: And one more time please.
Sakura: 天皇
Peter: Okay emperor and how about the second word.
Sakura: 誕生日
Peter:m What does this mean?
Sakura: This is birthday.
Peter: Yes okay one more time please nice and slow.
Sakura: (slow)たんじょうび
Peter: Yes birthday. So yesterday literally it was the emperor’s birthday.
Sakura: Right.
Peter: Okay so we had a nice day off yesterday. Well most of Japan had a nice day off yesterday. I am sure many people enjoyed themselves. Now tomorrow is another holiday correct?
Sakura: Right.
Peter: Can you tell us about Christmas in Japan? It’s a bit different than Western Christmas correct?
Sakura: Yes well it’s not so much a religious event in Japan because people are Buddhist or Shinto. You know they have different religions but we usually celebrate Christmas as a sort of just a celebration. We all love Santa and presents, decorations and its – you know, we do Christmas shopping and buy presents for family members.
Peter: Yes. For everybody out there in Japan listening, I heard that 表参道 has a very nice Christmas light display.
Sakura: Hah yes. A few years back they were doing it.
Peter: Yeah.
Sakura: Yes they have – they are big trees along the side of the street and they are all lit up. It’s very beautiful.
Peter: Yeah okay so everyone out there, if you are in Japan, please check the net and make sure that it’s still going on. How is a typical Christmas spent in Japan? Obviously it’s not a National Holiday. So people go to work.
Sakura: Right yes.
Peter: So if it’s on a weekday, there is no day off.
Sakura: That’s right.
Peter: And what is this – I hear about a Christmas cake.
Sakura: Christmas cake.
Peter: Yes Japanese seem to really like Christmas cake.
Sakura: Yes we buy Christmas cakes. They are usually…
Peter: Strawberry short cakes.
Sakura: Strawberry short cakes. Yes so bakers are very busy.
Peter: Yes.
Sakura: In this season and strawberries, the price goes up very much and we usually eat Christmas cake. It maybe roasted chicken or fried chicken and leave a present at the bedside of you know, the children.
Peter: Really ah! I didn’t know that.
Sakura: Yes they sometimes have socks. They sometimes don’t but usually you know Santa comes at night and they leave a present.
Peter: Okay.
Sakura: And when the child wakes up, he or she finds the present and opens it up. And we don’t usually lay presents around the Christmas tree. We do decorate Christmas trees sometimes but we don’t place presents there.
Peter: Oh really! Well I didn’t – that’s news for me and I’ve been here a while. Now one last thing. Who do you usually spend Christmas with?
Sakura: Umm let’s see. If you are teenagers or if you are in the 20s or low 30s, if you are single that is, you usually spend the day with your boyfriend or girlfriend.
Peter: Ah…
Sakura: If you have any. Yes and like if you are you know a mother or father and usually with your family.
Peter: Ah I see yes. I remember last year I tried to book a hotel around Christmas.
Sakura: Ah that’s very difficult.
Peter: Yes.
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: So it’s a very interesting interpretation Japan has of Christmas. So for all of you out there, we would like to say merry Christmas.
Sakura: merry Christmas.
Peter: Okay so how would we say merry Christmas in Japanese?
Sakura: Okay メリークリスマス。
Peter: Now this is a common greeting correct?
Sakura: Yes, yes.
Peter: Okay let’s have that a few more times and break it down nice and slowly.
Sakura: (slow)めりーくりすます
Peter: merry Christmas. One more time please.
Sakura: (slow)めりーくりすます
Peter: Okay and how about Santa Claus. How do you say Santa in Japanese?
Sakura: サンタクロース
Peter: Very nice. One more time please break it down nice and slow.
Sakura: (slow)さんたくろーす
Peter: Okay this might be a little difficult. How about a nice, just the first name of mr. Claus.
Sakura: サンタ
Peter: Yes very nice. One more time please.
Sakura: サンタ
Peter: Okay.
Sakura: We sometimes put mr. like サンタさん. It is very popular.
Peter: Really?
Sakura: Yes. サンタさん is coming tonight. We say that.
Peter: Okay now for giving presents, are there any stipulations in the US you know in the west. Usually the kid has to be good to get a present.
Sakura: Umm yes.
Peter: Same here.
Sakura: Same here.
Peter: Okay. Okay I had originally planned to do some kind of survival phrases today but since we’ve run a little short on time, we are going to end this week with just a merry Christmas and we are going to get to survival phrases on monday after Christmas. There will be no show tomorrow, sorry no Christmas show because we are going to spend – I am going to spend Christmas with my wife and you will be spending Christmas.
Sakura: With my family.
Peter: Yes. And yes, for my wife, Santa san, oh did he bring a nice present and I will be paying for it until march.
Sakura: Oh!
Peter: How about you? Is サンタさん coming to your house?
Sakura: Umm maybe. サンタさん is coming to my daughter who is just a little over 1 year old.
Peter: Oh how sweet! What’s her name?
Sakura: もみじ
Peter: Oh wow! What a cool name. Can you give us nice and slow?
Sakura: (slow)もみじ
Peter: もみじ?
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: What does this mean? You know I noticed, oh I can’t believe, I didn’t do this.
Sakura: Aahahaha!
Peter: In Japanese, all Japanese names have very specific meanings.
Sakura: Often yes.
Peter: Yeah how about your name?
Sakura: my name is Sakura.
Peter: Yes.
Sakura: And it means cherry.
Peter: Cherry blossom.
Sakura: Cherry blossom but pronunciation for the blossom is さくら. It’s kind of flat but for name, it goes down like さくら.
Peter: Oh really?
Sakura: Yes.
Peter: Okay I am sorry listeners. As you can see, the co-host today has just surpassed my knowledge. So I am going to be quiet and let Sakura explain about everything.
Sakura: Yes and Sakura was one of the most popular – I think it was the most popular name given to a baby girl couple of years ago.
Peter: Oh wow! It is a nice name.
Sakura: It’s a very popular name, さくら and もみじ
Peter: What a cute name.
Sakura: Is – it means colored leaves or maple leave.
Peter: Oh wow!
Sakura: Yes so it’s like autumn word, yes. So it’s さくら and もみじ
Peter: Very…
Sakura: Very Japanese.
Peter: Very, very nice. Very cool names. Okay so that’s going to be it for everybody here. We would like to say, I would like to wish you a merry Christmas.
Sakura: メリークリスマス
Peter: Yes and we hope that サンタさん stops by your house.
Sakura: Okay.
Peter: See you on monday.
Sakura: またね。
OUTRO
Peter: Be sure to stop by japanesepod101.com and check out the premium learning center. Inside we have material to bring everything you learned in the lesson together. Flashcards, quizzes, really consolidate what you learned in today’s lesson. Stop by, say hi and be sure to leave us a post.

Kanji

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JapanesePod101.com
Saturday at 6:30 pm
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Merry Christmas, everyone!

Elanory
February 16th, 2018 at 5:32 am
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When I try to download the Kanji Close-up PDF it opens a website to upgrade my account although I still have 6 days left of Premium access. Are downloads limited to a certain amount per week/month even on premium access? :(

Cesar
February 12th, 2018 at 11:08 am
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hiiii i watch your vids every day

Evan
February 11th, 2018 at 9:32 am
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hey i speak english and am wanting to learn Japanese how does learning english help me ?

OtakuJordan
February 5th, 2018 at 3:06 am
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Sakura.

Japanesepod101.com
February 4th, 2018 at 4:45 pm
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Hi Mia,


Thank you for posting.


It seems the audio is working fine with this lesson.


Could you check if you have a free lifetime account? Those who have the free lifetime account can access only up to lesson 3 for free. If you have a basic or premium membership, please let us know which error message you see on the screen. It’d be great if you could send us an email at contactus@JapanesePod101.com so that we can take a look at the issue closely.


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Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com

Mia
February 4th, 2018 at 2:21 am
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hey it wont let me listen to the lesson audio what can i do?

Japanesepod101.com
January 29th, 2018 at 10:02 pm
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Hi Ava,


Great to know that you're motivated to study Japanese! Keep it up and soon you'll get great results :)


Should you have any questions, please let us know.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com

Ava
January 29th, 2018 at 3:37 pm
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AWESOME! Im a student in Australia (Grade 7) And I am just turning 13, I have always been very interested in Japan and its culture for a while but was not a great learner so just assumed I wouldn't been good at it, but on my last Japanese test I got a 10/10 which gave me enough confidence to try and learn Japanese and I am now learning fast. Now im going to Japan when I am 16... So excited!

Japanesepod101.com
January 28th, 2018 at 4:50 pm
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Hi Cece,


Thank you for posting.


As you advance in your Japanese studies you'll surely be able to understand anime without English subtitles.


Ganbatte ne.


By the way, have you already checked out our lesson How to Learn Japanese with Anime?

https://www.japanesepod101.com/anime/


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com

cece
January 26th, 2018 at 10:38 am
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I want to learn Japanese to understand anime without the description I think it would be really cool if I could fully understand Japanese without the words in English???