Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Chigusa: おはよう、メイヨット。ちぐさです。(Ohayō, Meiyotto. Chigusa desu.)
Peter: Peter here. Today joining us for the opening and just the opening is the one and only Chigusa-san. Chigusa-san, how are you?
Chigusa: Good. こんにちは。(Kon’nichiwa.)
Peter: こんにちは。(Kon’nichiwa.) Now you will be with us briefly.
Chigusa: Yes.
Peter: Yes, yesterday we had our first anniversary and to celebrate that, we had
Chigusa: Happy Birthday.
Peter: Keep going.
Chigusa: To japanesepod101.com! Happy birthday to us.
Peter: I like it. Can we get a bonus track?
Chigusa Sure.
Peter: All right. Well I can’t promise anything. Stop by, maybe there is a bonus track of Chigusa’s happy birthday song. Maybe, maybe not. Got to stop by to find out. Today we are talking about probability. Today’s word,
Chigusa: かもしれません (kamo shiremasen)
Peter: Is used quite often because Japanese tend to be very vague about things rather than being very direct like some Americans in the studio. Japanese are very indirect. So there is a lot of probability in things they say. Maybe it’s this, maybe it’s that. So today we are going to start to learn about this. So we’ve been talking enough. Without further adieu, let’s get into today’s lesson. Today’s conversation takes place at a restaurant between a customer and the waitress. All right, here we go.
DIALOGUE
客 (kyaku) : すみません。注文お願いします。(Sumimasen. Chūmon onegai shimasu.)
ウェイター (weitā) : はい、かしこまりました。(Hai, kashikomarimashita.)
客 (kyaku) : マーボー豆腐お願いします。(Mābōdōfu onegai shimasu.)
ウェイター (weitā) : 辛さはどうしますか。(Karasa wa dō shimasu ka.)
客 (kyaku) : そうですね。激辛お願いします。(Sō desu ne. Gekikara onegai shimasu.)
ウェイター (weitā) : 激辛ですか。かなり辛いですよ。辛いものは大丈夫ですか。(Gekikara desu ka. Kanari karai desu yo. Karai mono wa daijōbu desu ka.)
客 (kyaku) : 辛いものには、ちょっと弱いですが。(Karai mono ni wa, chotto yowai desu ga.)
ウェイター (weitā) : 普通の辛さがいいと思います。激辛はお客さんには辛すぎるかもしれません。(Futsū no karasa ga ii to omoimasu. Gekikara wa o-kyaku-san ni wa karasugiru kamo shiremasen.)
客 (kyaku) : はい、普通でお願いします。(Hai, futsū de onegai shimasu.)
Natsuko: もう一度お願いします。ゆっくりお願いします。(Mō ichi-do onegai shimasu. Yukkuri onegai shimasu.)
客 (kyaku) : すみません。注文お願いします。(Sumimasen. Chūmon onegai shimasu.)
ウェイター (weitā) : はい、かしこまりました。(Hai, kashikomarimashita.)
客 (kyaku) : マーボー豆腐お願いします。(Mābōdōfu onegai shimasu.)
ウェイター (weitā) : 辛さはどうしますか。(Karasa wa dō shimasu ka.)
客 (kyaku) : そうですね。激辛お願いします。(Sō desu ne. Gekikara onegai shimasu.)
ウェイター (weitā) : 激辛ですか。かなり辛いですよ。辛いものは大丈夫ですか。(Gekikara desu ka. Kanari karai desu yo. Karai mono wa daijōbu desu ka.)
客 (kyaku) : 辛いものには、ちょっと弱いですが。(Karai mono ni wa, chotto yowai desu ga.)
ウェイター (weitā) : 普通の辛さがいいと思います。激辛はお客さんには辛すぎるかもしれません。(Futsū no karasa ga ii to omoimasu. Gekikara wa o-kyaku-san ni wa karasugiru kamo shiremasen.)
客 (kyaku) : はい、普通でお願いします。(Hai, futsū de onegai shimasu.)
次は、ピーターさんの英語が入ります。(Tsugi wa, Pītā-san no Eigo ga hairimasu.)
客 (kyaku) : すみません。注文お願いします。(Sumimasen. Chūmon onegai shimasu.)
CUSTOMER: Excuse me. I'd like to order please.
ウェイター (weitā) : はい、かしこまりました。(Hai, kashikomarimashita.)
WAITER: Yes, understood.
客 (kyaku) : マーボー豆腐お願いします。(Mābōdōfu onegai shimasu.)
CUSTOMER: Tofu in a spicy meat sauce, please.
ウェイター (weitā) : 辛さはどうしますか。(Karasa wa dō shimasu ka.)
WAITER: How about the hotness level?
客 (kyaku) : そうですね。激辛お願いします。(Sō desu ne. Gekikara onegai shimasu.)
CUSTOMER: Hmmm, let me see, super-hot please.
ウェイター (weitā) : 激辛ですか。かなり辛いですよ。辛いものは大丈夫ですか。(Gekikara desu ka. Kanari karai desu yo. Karai mono wa daijōbu desu ka.)
WAITER: Super-hot? It's quite spicy. Are you alright with spicy food?
客 (kyaku) : 辛いものには、ちょっと弱いですが。(Karai mono ni wa, chotto yowai desu ga.)
CUSTOMER: Well, actually, my tolerance level for spicy food is quite low.
ウェイター (weitā) : 普通の辛さがいいと思います。激辛はお客さんには辛すぎるかもしれません。(Futsū no karasa ga ii to omoimasu. Gekikara wa o-kyaku-san ni wa karasugiru kamo shiremasen.)
WAITER: Then I think the regular hotness level is better for you. Super-hot may be too hot for you.
客 (kyaku) : はい、普通でお願いします。(Hai, futsū de onegai shimasu.)
CUSTOMER: OK, regular please.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: ナツコさん、今日の会話はどうですか。(Natsuko-san, kyō no kaiwa wa dō desu ka.)
Natsuko: 私は辛いもの好きですけどね。(Watashi wa karai mono suki desu kedo ne.)
Peter: You like hot things?
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: How about Yoshi-san?
Yoshi: 私も大好きです。(Watashi mo daisuki desu.)
Peter: You love them, too?
Yoshi: はい。でも、この前マーボー豆腐を食べに行った時は、ものすごく辛かったですね。(Hai. Demo, kono mae mābōdōfu o tabe ni itta toki wa, monosugoku karakatta desu ne.)
Peter: But the other time when we went to eat マーボー豆腐 (mābōdōfu), it was really hot. I know what you are talking about but Yoshi-san, you kind of asked for it. You are like, “Make it really hot.”
Yoshi: Yep.
Peter: The max was 5 and you are like, let me get in 8 or something.
Yoshi: Then I got it really hot but it was good.
Peter: Yeah, and you have a high tolerance. So it must have been really, really hot.
Natsuko: ピーターさんは?(Pītā-san wa?)
Peter: I like hot things too but not too hot.
Natsuko: Not level 8.
Peter: No. My max at CoCo ICHIBANYA is about 3 or 4.
Natsuko: That’s pretty hot.
Peter: It goes to 10, Natsuko-san. Yeah, but I actually prefer my wife’s カレー (karē). She makes it really, really good. That’s why I am always so happy.
Natsuko: はいはい。(Hai hai.)
Peter: Okay, okay that's okay, enough of that? All right, let’s move on. Yoshi-san, first word.
VOCAB LIST
Yoshi: 注文 (chūmon)
Peter: Order, request.
Yoshi: (slow) ちゅうもん (chūmon) (natural speed) 注文 (chūmon)
Peter: Now you can use this as it can be seen in the dialogue where you are trying to get the attention of the waiter. Yoshi-san, what was that?
Yoshi: 注文お願いします。(Chūmon onegai shimasu.)
Peter: Order please. So if you are in the restaurant, and this is a very, very polite way of calling the waitress or waiter and letting them know you are ready to order. Okay, sometimes on the internet, you will see, Natsuko-san.
Natsuko: 注文フォーム (chūmon fōmu)
Peter: Order form, order request and you fill this out and then there should be the goods. Next we have
Natsuko: 激辛 (gekikara)
Peter: Extremely hot.
Natsuko: (slow) げきから (gekikara) (natural speed) 激辛 (gekikara)
Peter: Now this is extremely hot in the sense of spicy.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Yoshi-san, can you give us an example?
Yoshi: このソースは超激辛ソースです。(Kono sōsu wa chō gekikara sōsu desu.)
Peter: This sauce is an extremely hot sauce. Now in the US, we have a brand, Blair's Death Sauce. The maker is Blair and he has a Death Sauce and it is really, really hot. What’s that sauce made of?
Yoshi: ハバネロ (habanero)
Peter: Yeah, Habanera and this is really, really hot. Now in Japan, a lot of people put sauce, Tabasco sauce and spicy sauce on. Yoshi-san, help me out here. We don’t do it in the US.
Yoshi: On Pizza.
Peter: That’s right. Whenever you go to a pizza place in Japan, there is some kind of hot sauce whether it be Tabasco or another brand and when you get the pizza, you put it on the pizza. Now when I first came here, you know in the US we put on the spices.
Natsuko: Oh really?
Peter: Yeah, we have the pepper like the sliced pepper slices. So they are dried up and you shake them onto the pizza but here in Japan, they use Tabasco sauce.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: So I like them both but I just have to remember not to mix up the customs because when I go back to the US and I get a piece of pizza and I am like, where is the Tabasco sauce and I try to put it on, everybody looks at me.
Natsuko: Really?
Peter: What are you doing?
Natsuko: Oh I didn’t know it was so unusual.
Peter: Some people like it too but I’d say the majority, they hand me the dried peppers and they say, please use these.
Natsuko: へー、知りませんでした。(Hē, shirimasen deshita.)
Peter: Yoshi-san, have you had any experiences like this?
Yoshi: It must be a New York thing.
Peter: Yeah.
Yoshi: I don’t know and also my friend in California used both Tabasco or the pepper. Depends on what they have in the restaurant.
Peter: Maybe it is a New York thing because they are pretty, pretty protective of their pizza.
Natsuko: I am pretty sure people, those in Italy, wouldn’t sprinkle anything on it.
Peter: Really?
Natsuko: No.
Peter: Not even the hot oil.
Natsuko: No. Maybe some hot olive oil.
Peter: Carlos-san, お願いします (onegai shimasu), we need to know what’s going on in Italy. Let us know and anybody else out there, please let us know what’s going on in your country. Now 激辛 (gekikara), really hot. Next we have
Yoshi: かなり (kanari)
Peter: Pretty, quite.
Yoshi: (slow) かなり (kanari) (natural speed) かなり (kanari)
Peter: And we would use this as an adverb to modify an adjective. For example, かなり辛い (kanari karai), pretty hot or quite hot, very hot. Next we have
Natsuko: 弱い (yowai)
Peter: Weak.
Natsuko: (slow) よわい (yowai) (natural speed) 弱い (yowai)
Peter: And what we want to point out here is that in Japanese, when you say you are weak at something, it means that you don’t have a high tolerance for it. In this case, you are not good at it. We can use it to describe how we are at something or how high our tolerance is for it. For example, in this dialogue, we had
Natsuko: 辛いものには、ちょっと弱い。(Karai mono ni wa, chotto yowai.)
Peter: I don’t really have a high tolerance for hot things. Next we have
Yoshi: 普通 (futsū)
Peter: Ordinary.
Yoshi: (slow) ふつう (futsū) (natural speed) 普通 (futsū)
Peter: And finally
Natsuko: お客さん (o-kyaku-san)
Peter: Customer.
Natsuko: (slow) おきゃくさん (o-kyaku-san) (natural speed) お客さん (o-kyaku-san)
Peter: And here we had お客さん (o-kyaku-san), a kind of less formal suffix. Now, maybe this place is kind of a bit more casual. You know again in Japan, just because we tell you, just because you heard that there are all these levels of politeness doesn’t always mean that you are going to get the most polite form of Japanese. If you walk into a very casual mom n’ pop shop, you may get a less formal greeting or be called in a less formal way. Now here we had お客さん (o-kyaku-san). Natsuko-san, what’s the step above this?
Natsuko: お客様 (o-kyaku-sama)
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Excellent. All right, today’s grammar point is
Yoshi: さ (sa)
Peter: As in
Yoshi: 辛さ (karasa)
Peter: Now さ (sa) is a suffix that makes a noun out of an adjective by attaching to the stem of an adjective and in this case, it’s usually an i-adjective. So for example, the word for hot as in spicy is, Yoshi-san.
Yoshi: 辛い (karai)
Peter: But to make this into a noun, we drop the い (i), we add さ (sa) and we get
Yoshi: 辛さ (karasa)
Peter: So in the dialogue, we had how about the hotness level, which was
Yoshi: 辛さは (kara sa wa)
Peter: Now inside the PDF, we have a detailed write up about this. So you don’t want to miss this. This is a very important topic in Japanese as this pattern is used quite extensively. Now it’s not used as much for na-adjectives but in some instances, you will find it. Now with the na-adjective, the さ (sa) is attached directly to the adjective. Nothing is substituted, nothing is inserted. The さ (sa) is added directly to the na-adjective. Again inside the PDF, you will find out more about this. Finally we have the word
Yoshi: 弱い (yowai)
Peter: Weak. Now in Japanese, this word is used not only as an adjective, meaning weak but also as a phrase to express that someone is not good at something or not used to something. In today’s dialogue, we had
Yoshi: 辛いものには、ちょっと弱いですが。(Karai mono ni wa, chotto yowai desu ga.)
Peter: Literally hot things too, I am a little weak. That’s the literal translation but Yoshi-san, the actual meaning is quite different than the literal translation, correct?
Yoshi: Right.
Peter: Now we translated it as well, my tolerance level for spicy food is quite low. So again, you have to interpret because using 弱い (yowai) means that you are not good at something, you are not used to something and here that person is not used to or doesn’t have a high tolerance for spicy food. For example, this is quite often used in sports or one’s ability to do something. Now Yoshi-san, your English is very, very good but how is your Chinese?
Yoshi: 中国語は全くわかりません。(Chūgoku-go wa mattaku wakarimasen.)
Peter: So he has no idea about Chinese. Now Yoshi-san, is there a language that you are pretty good at speaking at? You are pretty good at Japanese. Not great, but you are pretty good.
Yoshi: 日本語には、ちょっと弱いですね。(Nihon-go ni wa, chotto yowai desu ne.)
Peter: You are not too good at Japanese. I don’t believe that but what a lot of Japanese people do say about English. Yoshi-san, this is an expression you hear quite often.
Yoshi: 英語に弱い (Eigo ni yowai)
Peter: I am not that good at English. Yoshi-san, what do you think, not good or is it even stronger than that?
Yoshi: I think it should be okay.
Peter: So you can use this for all types of things. If you are just learning Japanese… and someone says something you don’t understand, and you can say すみません、日本語にちょっと弱いんですが、もう一度お願いします。(Sumimasen, Nihon-go ni chotto yowai n desu ga, mō ichi-do onegai shimasu.) I’m not that good at Japanese, could you say that again, please? That works out, Yoshi-san?
Yoshi: Aha.

Outro

Peter: Okay, and for more about this, check out the PDF. All right, that’s going to do it for today.
Yoshi: またね。(Mata ne.)

Grammar

Japanese Grammar Made Easy - Unlock This Lesson’s Grammar Guide

Easily master this lesson’s grammar points with in-depth explanations and examples. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Kanji

Review & Remember All Kanji from this Lesson

Get complete breakdowns, review with quizzes and download printable practice sheets! Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

28 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 19th, 2006 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Mina-san, Today's location is メイヨット・Meiyotto - hello to all of our listeners on the island of Mayotte! Yoroshiku onegai shimasu!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
December 21st, 2020 at 06:48 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

aliさん

Thank you for the question!😄

かもしれません means "may be".


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

ali
November 29th, 2020 at 10:22 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

thank you for the great lesson 👍


i like tabasco on pizza and i thought i had a weird taste until i found out that a hole country do the same.

by the way what does かもしれません means in the dialog ?

Japanesepod101.com Verified
November 12th, 2017 at 07:48 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Alex,

Thank you for leaving the comment!


Looking forward to seeing you often here. :)


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team Japanesepod101.com

Alex
November 12th, 2017 at 12:11 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi everybody!

Many types of pizza in Italy. Basically devided in the white type or red type ( involves tomatoes) Traditionally no hot oil is added on pizza...? just virgin olive oil before baking. ????

JapanesePod101.com Verified
January 9th, 2016 at 04:27 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Chang san,

こんにちは。:smile:

The ‘wa’ at the end must beは because it is a particle.:smile:

As the English translation says it means ‘Super-hot meat sauce may be too hot for you.’

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Chang
January 3rd, 2016 at 12:52 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんにちわ!

Could you please explain a little more on this sentence in the dialogue:

激辛はお客さんには辛すぎるかもしれません

I'm a little confused. Thank you!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
June 10th, 2015 at 07:01 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Lin さん、

こんにちは。

That sentence is perfect!

“on every rainy day” is 雨の日は毎回 (maikai).

:smile:

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Lin
June 8th, 2015 at 06:36 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

雨の日には私がなぜかかなり疲れている。


Is my sentence grammatically correct?

Can I replace "なぜか" with "何とか"?

And how can I say "on every rainy day"?


Thanks in advance. :smile:

Motoko
April 25th, 2012 at 04:15 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

トーマスさん こんにちは。

毎週10~15個もハバネロを食べていますか:shock:すごいですね。

丸いハバネロは一つ、二つか、一個、二個、細長いハバネロは一本、二本と数えます。

激辛好きのトーマスさんには中国の四川料理がおすすめです。

とっても辛くておいしいですよ。

トーマス
April 22nd, 2012 at 04:43 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

僕は辛いものには強い。超激辛ものが大好き!毎週10-15個新鮮なハバネロを食べている。その上、特別な超激辛ソースを使う。:twisted::cool:


僕の日本語を直してくれませんか。特にハバネロの数え方は?どんな助数詞を使ったほうがいいですか。