Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Intro

Jessi: Hi everyone, ジェシーです。Jessi here!
Tomoyuki: こんにちは、Tomoyukiです。
Jessi: Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 2, Lesson 4 - Talking About the Japanese Weather.
Thanks again for joining us for this lesson! Tomoyuki, could you remind us what we learned in the last lesson, Lesson 3?
Tomoyuki: Sure! In the last lesson, we learned how to say your occupation and nationality. For example, 私は会社員です (Jessi - I'm an office worker) and アメリカ人です (I'm American).
Jessi: And in this lesson, you'll learn how to talk about the weather, and show that you agree with someone.
Tomoyuki: Yes, you'll be able to say things like "It's cold, isn't it?" and "yes, that's right". Jessi, what's happening in this conversation?
Jessi: In the conversation, Taylor is making small talk in the elevator with his teacher.
Tomoyuki: They'll be talking about the weather.
Jessi: Yes. Okay! let's listen to the conversation.
Dialogue
(In the elevator)
テイラー:(Sneeze)うー。さむい! きょう は さむい です ね。
せんせい:そうですね。 ほんとうに さむいですね。
テイラー:せんせい、さようなら。
せんせい:さようなら。
English Host: Let’s listen to the conversation again slowly.
テイラー:(Sneeze)うー。さむい! きょう は さむい です ね。
せんせい:そうですね。 ほんとうに さむいですね。
(Ding!)
テイラー:せんせい、さようなら。
せんせい:さようなら。
English Host: Now let’s listen to it with the translation.
テイラー:(Sneeze)うー。さむい!
JessiTaylor:(Sneeze) Ugh...it's cold!
テイラー: きょう は さむい です ね。
Jessi: It's cold today, isn't it?
せんせい:そうですね。ほんとうに さむいですね。
Jessi: Yes, it is. It’s really cold, isn’t it.
テイラー:せんせい、さようなら。
Jessi: Good-bye, teacher.
せんせい:さようなら。
Jessi: Good-bye.
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Jessi: OK, so in this conversation, they're making small talk!
Tomoyuki: Yes, chatting about the weather.
Jessi: Which is common in a lot of countries, I think, but... I think it's especially common in Japan.
Tomoyuki: Oh, you think so?
Jessi: Yes. Think about how often you hear 寒いですね, it's cold isn't it, or 暑いですね, it's hot, isn't it.
Tomoyuki: Ahh, we do say that a lot! All the time.
Jessi: So, listeners, if you memorize any one conversation, make it this one! You really will hear conversations like this all the time!
Tomoyuki: Yes. We'll go over it more in the lesson focus.
Jessi: Sure, but for now, let's take a look at some of the vocab words from the dialogue. What's the first one?
Tomoyuki: さようなら
Jessi: さようなら. This means "Goodbye".
Tomoyuki: さようなら
Jessi: Now, I'm sure everyone knows this word, even people who don't speak any Japanese know this word.
Tomoyuki: Yes, さようなら is really well known!
Jessi: But I think getting the pronunciation right can be tricky! You have to make sure to hold the よー sound. さようなら。
Tomoyuki: And the whole tone of the word stays flat. さようなら。
Jessi: Right. Listeners, try it out! Repeat after Tomoyuki.
Tomoyuki: さようなら。
[pause]
Jessi: Now, we said that this means "Goodbye", but it's reserved mostly for formal situations, right?
Tomoyuki: Yes. In this case, Taylor used it with his teacher.
Jessi: You wouldn't, for example, use it with your close friends or something, especially if you're going to see them again soon.
Tomoyuki: Right, in that case, you could use じゃあ,また. Like we say at the end of the lessons.
Jessi: Alright, and the next word is?
Tomoyuki: 先生
Jessi: 先生. teacher, master, doctor. I think we most often hear it used to mean "teacher".
Tomoyuki: 先生 is a noun, as well as a suffix.
Jessi: Yes, so that means you can add it to someone's name. For example, Tomoyuki is teaching you all Japanese, so he could be called Tomoyuki先生!
Tomoyuki: Well, when talking directly to your teacher, it's okay to just say 先生 too.
Jessi: Yup, that's what Taylor did when he said 先生、さようなら。 Goodbye, teacher. Okay listeners, repeat after Tomoyuki.
Tomoyuki: 先生。
[pause]
Jessi: Great! Let's move on to the lesson focus.
Grammar Point
Jessi: In this lesson, you'll learn how to talk about the weather, and show that you agree with someone.
Tomoyuki: Let's start with the weather. In the dialogue, Taylor said 今日は寒いですね。
Jessi: "It's cold today, isn't it?"
Tomoyuki: This also uses our A is B structure. AはBです。
Jessi: It sure does! Let's break it down.
Tomoyuki: 今日 (Jessi - today) は 寒い (Jessi - cold) ですね (Jessi- です plus ね)
Jessi: If you remember, this ね acts like a tag question, like isn't it? or don't you think so too? Without it, you have -
Tomoyuki: 今日は寒いです。
Jessi: [slowly]今日は、寒いです。This simply means “It’s cold today”. But, by adding ね to the end, you’re asking for agreement from the listener. Let’s hear the sentence one more time.
Tomoyuki: 今日は寒いですね。
Jessi: "It's cold today, isn't it?"
Tomoyuki: Where we have 寒い, we can use different words describing the weather.
Jessi: Right, so the pattern would be 今日は[blank]ですね, which would mean, "it's [blank] today, isn't it"? It's a great pattern for starting small talk.
Tomoyuki: Definitely.
Jessi: Let's go over some other words describing the weather.
Tomoyuki: How about this one. 暑い.
Jessi: 暑い. "Hot". You may remember this from Season 1! Let's put it into our pattern.
Tomoyuki: 今日は暑いですね。
Jessi: [slowly] 今日は暑いですね。 "It's hot today, isn't it?" Listeners, please repeat after Tomoyuki.
Tomoyuki: 今日は暑いですね。
[pause]
Jessi: Great! So for winter, you have 寒い, and for summer, 暑い。Are you ready for a short quiz?
Tomoyuki: Let's try it!
Jessi: Listeners, how do you say, "It's cold today, isn't it?"
[pause]
Tomoyuki: Here's a hint. It's starts with 今日は。。。
[pause]
Jessi: And the answer is?
Tomoyuki: 今日は寒いですね。
Jessi: [slowly] 今日は寒いですね。 "It's cold today, isn't it?" Don't forget the ね at the end! How about one more. How do you say, "It's hot today, isn't it?"
[pause]
Jessi: And the answer is?
Tomoyuki: 今日は暑いですね。
Jessi: [slowly] 今日は暑いですね。 "It's hot today, isn't it?"
Jessi: Alright, sounding good! So, Tomoyuki.
Tomoyuki: Yes?
Jessi: If someone says, 今日は寒いですね, or 今日は暑いですね to us, what can we say in return if we agree?
Tomoyuki: Ah! This phrase is very important. It's そうですね。
Jessi: そうですね。 This means something like "That's right", or "You're right." It's a great way to respond someone if you feel that same way that they do and want to show agreement.
Tomoyuki: Let's practice it. Listeners, repeat after me. そうですね。
[pause]
Jessi: So let's look at what we had in the conversation again.
Tomoyuki: Taylor said 今日は寒いですね.
Jessi: "It's cold today, isn't it?"
Jessi: And the teacher responded
Tomoyuki: そうですね。ほんとうに寒いですね。
Jessi: "Yes, it is. It really is cold, isn't it?" ほんとうに is a review from Season 1 - it means "really" and can be added for emphasis.
Tomoyuki: Yes, so you could say ほんとうに寒いですね.
Jessi: "It really is cold, isn't it."
Tomoyuki: Or ほんとうに暑いですね。
Jessi: "It really is hot, isn't it?" Okay! Now, we just covered the words for "hot" and "cold" in this lesson, but of course there are other words, like "cool", "warm", and so on. Tomoyuki, where can the listeners find out how to say those?
Tomoyuki: In the Lesson Notes!
Jessi: はい。 Please check out the Lesson Notes PDF for different words you can use in addition to these. Alright, well I think that's going to do it for this lesson!
Tomoyuki: Let us know if you have any questions.
Jessi: See you all in the next lesson.
Tomoyuki: じゃあまた。

Grammar

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197 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.

JapanesePod101.comVerified
February 13th, 2012 at 6:30 pm
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Mina-san, what's the weather like where you are? Try telling us in Japanese below! Feel free to ask us for any words you're not sure of. :)

JapanesePod101.comVerified
October 17th, 2019 at 8:01 am
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Hi Lisa Ramirez,


Thank you for the comments!

"こょうはすずしいです。"

>> I think you are trying to say きょうは すずしいです。(It's cool today.)


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Lisa Ramirez
September 18th, 2019 at 3:18 am
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こょうはすずしいです。 I forgot to add は.

Lisa Ramirez
September 18th, 2019 at 3:15 am
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こょうすずしいです。

JapanesePod101.com
April 10th, 2019 at 6:43 pm
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Hi Akia,


Thank you for posting.


Please check out these lessons that also explain about the use of さようなら:

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/quick-easy-japanese-review-for-beginners-7-three-ways-to-say-bye-in-japanese/

https://www.japanesepod101.com/lesson/video-507-basic-japanese-7-3-mistakes-you-can-easily-avoid/


Hope this helps! Feel free to let us know if you have any questions.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Akia
April 10th, 2019 at 11:44 am
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Hello, JapanesePod101,


How does one correctly use "さようなら". It is spoken only when people will not be seeing or meeting one another for a long time? Or does one utter it as a general 'goodbye'?

JapanesePod101.comVerified
March 12th, 2019 at 10:27 am
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Hi Nazim,


Thanks for leaving a comment!

I hope the weather is turning a little warmer by now in your city!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Nazim
January 23rd, 2019 at 12:56 am
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Kyo wa honto ni samui desu.

JapanesePod101.comVerified
October 18th, 2018 at 12:13 pm
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Thank you for your comments, everyone!


>Hi Bree,

Please check the correction below;

ここ数週間、よく暑い日があります。でも最近、涼しかったです。


Usually present tense is used for "it has been~" like this example, but ~てきました or ~てきています could be used in some cases. Please note that ここ itself means "here" and if you want to mention an ongoing period, it will be "ここ~(time period)" like ここ数週間.


>こんにちは、Anaさん

よくできました!Well done!


>こんにちは、Reiさん

todayはひらがなで「きょう」と書きますよ👍 Please note that "today" is written as "きょう(kyō)" in hiragana.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rei
October 13th, 2018 at 2:38 am
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きょは涼しいですね。

いい天気ですね。

Ana Liza
June 25th, 2018 at 9:32 pm
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きょうはあついです。ほんとうにあついです。