Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jessi:Jessi here! Absolute Beginner Season 1 , Lesson 21 - Do You Eat Sushi in Japan?
Jessi: Hi, everyone. Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 21 - Do You Eat Sushi in Japan? Jessiです。Jessi here!
Naomi: こんにちは!なおみです!Hi, everyone. Naomi here!
Jessi: Thanks for joining us for all Absolute Beginner series! In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about animate objects using います. And in this lesson, we're going to learn how to use verbs and make sentences that talk about actions!
Naomi:Jessi, what's going on in this conversation?
Jessi: Kaori, Masato, and Taylor are talking to and about Sarah.
Naomi: Okay. Let's listen to the conversation!

Lesson conversation

(Sarah cries)
かおり:あ、サラちゃん、おなかがすきましたか?
(Sarah cries)
かおり:あ、サラちゃん、おなかがすきましたか?
(1 time natural native speed)
テイラーさん、サラちゃんはバナナをたべますか。
テイラー:はい。たべます。サラはバナナがだいすきです。
かおり:そうですか。はい、サラちゃん。どうぞ。
(Sarah laughs)
(Dog whines)
まさと(far away):テイラーさん、マトリーはバナナをたべますか。
English Host: Let’s listen to the conversation again slowly.
テイラーさん、サラちゃんはバナナをたべますか。
テイラー:はい。たべます。サラはバナナがだいすきです。
かおり:そうですか。はい、サラちゃん。どうぞ。
まさと(far away):テイラーさん、マトリーはバナナをたべますか。
English Host: Now, let's listen to it with the translation.
かおり:あ、サラちゃん、おなかがすきましたか?
Jessi: Oh, Sarah, are you hungry?
テイラーさん、サラちゃんはバナナをたべますか。
Jessi: Taylor, does Sarah eat bananas?
テイラー:はい。たべます。サラはバナナがだいすきです。
Jessi: Yes, she does. Sarah loves bananas!
かおり:そうですか。はい、サラちゃん。どうぞ。
Jessi: Oh, really? Okay, Sarah. Here you go.
まさと(far away):テイラーさん、マトリーはバナナをたべますか。
Jessi: Taylor, does Muttley eat bananas?
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Jessi: Okay. So we just had to listen to the lesson, and Naomi, we heard a lot of things we learned in previous lessons!
Naomi: Yes, we did!
Jessi: Phrases like...
Naomi: お腹がすきました
Jessi: I'm hungry, and...?
Naomi: Aが大好きです
Jessi: I love [A]. Hopefully after listening to the previous lessons, you were able to catch those!
Naomi: This time, we also had something new, though...
Jessi: Yes, verbs, right?
Naomi: Right! This is the first time we had an action verb in the dialogue.
Jessi: And that action verb is actually our first vocabulary word. Naomi, can you tell us what it is?
Naomi: 食べます
Jessi: 食べます, the verb meaning "to eat"
Naomi: 食べます
Jessi: You'll notice it ends in ます... here's a little tip. All verbs end in ます in polite speech. For example, the polite verb for to go is...
Naomi: [*]
Jessi: The polite verb for to see is...
Naomi: [*]
Jessi: Notice how they all end in [*]. This is a good point to remember. So, can we hear the verb one more time?
Naomi: 食べます
Jessi: We'll go over this verb and how it's used more in the lesson focus. What's next?
Naomi: Next, we have a phrase. そうですか(↓)
Jessi: "Really?" or "Is that so?"
Naomi: Do you remember そうです, that we first learned in Lesson 9?
Jessi: そうです means "yes", or "that's right." In そうですか, we've just added a か at the end to make it a question.
Naomi: そうです・か?
Jessi: そうですか?Really? Is that so? So, when Taylor told Kaori that Sarah loves bananas, Kaori said...
Naomi: そうですか。
Jessi: Oh, really? This そうですか。is really useful in conversation.
Naomi: I agree. It's used a lot.
Jessi: If someone tells you something you didn't know or something of interest, you can respond with そうですか。Okay, let's move on to the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Jessi: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use verbs in a sentence.
Naomi: Yes! This is our first time using action verbs in this series.
Jessi: Once you learn some verbs and how to use them, you'll be able to say so many new things!
Naomi: Definitely. Verbs are essential in any language.
Jessi: Okay. So, just to refresh everyone's memory and make sure we're all on the same page, verbs are words that describe actions. Examples in English would be "run", "walk", "speak", "eat", "read", etc.
Naomi: So sentences like "I eat breakfast"
Jessi: "I went to school"
Naomi: "I'm going to study"
Jessi: ...all contain verbs. We're just going to practice with one verb in Japanese in this lesson. We went over it earlier.
Naomi: Yes, the verb 食べます, to eat.
Jessi: 食べます. Like we mentioned before, all verbs end in ます in polite speech.
Naomi: Yes. And also no matter who you're talking about, the verb form doesn't change!
Jessi: Good point. By that we mean this. In a lot of other languages, verbs change their form depending on who the subject is. Even in English, we would "I eat", but "he eats". It's a minor change, but it is there.
Naomi: But in Japanese, it doesn't matter who the subject is - I, you, he, she, we, they... the verb stays 食べます.
Jessi: Nice, isn't it? So Naomi, what is our pattern for making a sentence with a verb.
Naomi: It's this - [ person] wa [object] o [verb].
Jessi: And that's 3 parts! person + wa, object + o, and then the verb.
Naomi: That's right.
Jessi: Can we hear an example?
Naomi: Sure. わたしは肉を食べます。
Jessi: "I eat meat." Let's break it down.
Naomi: わたしは
Jessi: わたし、"I" + は
Naomi: 肉を
Jessi: にく "meat" + を
Naomi: 食べます
Jessi: The verb meaning eat. So the sentence order in Japanese is "I meat eat". The verb comes at the end. Can we hear the sentence one more time?
Naomi: わたしは肉を食べます。
Jessi: "I eat meat." Listeners, please repeat after Naomi. "I eat meat."
Naomi: わたしは肉を食べます。
Jessi: Great! How about another one using the same verb.
Naomi: Okay, how about... テイラーはすしを食べます。
Jessi: Taylor eats sushi. Let's break it down.
Naomi: テイラーは
Jessi: Taylor + は
Naomi: すしを
Jessi: sushi + を
Naomi: 食べます
Jessi: Eats. "Taylor eats sushi." So see how the verb doesn't change? It just stays the same no matter who we're talking about. 食べます。Listeners, please repeat after Naomi. "Taylor eats sushi."
Naomi: テイラーはすしを食べます。Okay, great! Let's have the listeners make a sentence on their own now.
Jessi: Sounds good. What sentence should we have them make?
Naomi: Hmm, how about "I eat pizza."
Jessi: Great. How about some hints. Our pattern once again, Naomi, is...
Naomi: [ person] wa [object] o [verb].
Jessi: The person in this case is I, わたし, pizza is ピザ, and eat is たべます。Listeners, can you put that all together?
Naomi: I'll get you started. わたしは。。。
Jessi: All right, if you said...
Naomi: わたしはピザを食べます
Jessi: Congratulations on putting that all together! One more time, please repeat.
Naomi: わたしはピザを食べます。
Jessi: Excellent. By the way, Naomi.
Naomi: はい?
Jessi: What do you eat if, say, there's a special occasion or something? Like a special meal like a birthday or something?
Naomi: 私は、ケーキを食べます。
Jessi: Ah, so you eat cake.
Naomi: Right.
Jessi: Ah, sounds good.
Naomi: How about you, Jessi?
Jessi: It depends on the occasion. For a birthday, it would be the same for me 私は、ケーキを食べます。But for, say, Thanksgiving though, I could say this. 私は、ターキーを食べます。
Naomi: Ah, that's nice.
Jessi: Okay listeners, in this lesson, we only used one verb, たべます, in our examples. Of course there are many more that can be used in this pattern. Where can they find more verbs, Naomi?
Naomi: In the lesson notes, as always~
Jessi: Yes. You'll find a nice chart with some basic everyday verbs, so check that out! You can add a lot of variety to your sentences.
Naomi: Right. We'll also introduce another new verb in the next lesson.
Jessi: So please join us then! Okay. Well, that's going to do it for today.
Naomi: Thanks for listening. Until next time!
Jessi: じゃまた。

303 Comments

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JapanesePod101.comVerified
October 17th, 2011 at 6:30 pm
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みなさんはすしを食べますか? Mina-san wa sushi o tabemasu ka? Do you eat sushi? If so, what kind do you like? If not, what kind of Japanese food do you eat? try telling us in Japanese below! ;)

Allen
October 25th, 2019 at 7:38 pm
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Hi sensei.


I would like to ask what are we going to change in our sentence if we will make it in past tense or future tense?


Eg. I ate banana. and I will eat banana.


Thank you.

JapanesePod101.comVerified
September 5th, 2019 at 11:36 pm
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Hi Dóra Babócs,


Thanks for asking the question.

"Suki desu" and "Suki da" both mean "I like ~" but using "desu" is more polite than "da."

If you are talking to someone older than you, it's better to use "suki desu."

Among peers, you can say "suki da."


I hope this helps.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Dóra Babócs
August 23rd, 2019 at 6:35 pm
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Sensei,


Shitsumon ga arimasu.


I would like to ask something from you. What is the difference between the "suki desu" and the "suki da"?


Sincerely,

Dora

JapanesePod101.comVerified
August 16th, 2019 at 6:05 am
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Hi Shinji,


Thanks for leaving a comment!

Watashi wa diasuki Ramen. Ramen o tabemasu.

>> Here's how to write correctly in Japanese.

私はラーメンが大好きです。

ラーメンを食べます。


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.comVerified
August 16th, 2019 at 6:02 am
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Hi Kyle Menow & Ana Liza,


Thank you so much for leaving a comment!

I love Chicken and Sushi, too!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Shinji
July 30th, 2019 at 12:32 pm
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Gomen Sensei


Watashi wa daisuki Ramen. Ramen o tabemasu...



Shinji
July 30th, 2019 at 12:29 pm
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( 先生)Sensei


私わぢあすきラーメン.ラーメンを食べます

Watashi wa diasuki Ramen. Ramen o tabemasu



わさびたろを食べます

Wasabi taro o tabemasu


ありがと

Ana Liza
June 24th, 2018 at 5:08 pm
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わたしはすしをたべます。すしがすきです。

Kyle Menow
March 22nd, 2018 at 12:25 pm
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Watashi wa toriniku o tabemasu.

JapanesePod101.comVerified
February 22nd, 2018 at 3:51 am
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Hi Hannah,


Thank you for the comment! You mean くだもの (fruits)? ?

やさいが入っているすしといえば、かっぱまき(Cucumber roll) がゆうめいですね。


Hi Rina Kuma,


Thank you for the comment!

このレッスンを聞くと、たしかにお腹がすきますね!


Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com