Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jessi:
Jessi here! Absolute Beginner Season 1 , Lesson 21 - Do You Eat Sushi in Japan?
Jessi:
Hi, everyone. Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 21 - Do You Eat Sushi in Japan? Jessiです。Jessi here!
Naomi:
こんにちは!なおみです!Hi, everyone. Naomi here!
Jessi:
Thanks for joining us for all Absolute Beginner series! In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about animate objects using います. And in this lesson, we're going to learn how to use verbs and make sentences that talk about actions!
Naomi:
Jessi, what's going on in this conversation?
Jessi:
Kaori, Masato, and Taylor are talking to and about Sarah.
Naomi:
Okay. Let's listen to the conversation!

Lesson conversation

(Sarah cries)
かおり:
あ、サラちゃん、おなかがすきましたか?
(Sarah cries)
かおり:
あ、サラちゃん、おなかがすきましたか?
(1 time natural native speed)
テイラーさん、サラちゃんはバナナをたべますか。
テイラー:
はい。たべます。サラはバナナがだいすきです。
かおり:
そうですか。はい、サラちゃん。どうぞ。
(Sarah laughs)
(Dog whines)
まさと(far away):
テイラーさん、マトリーはバナナをたべますか。
English Host:
Let’s listen to the conversation again slowly.
テイラーさん、サラちゃんはバナナをたべますか。
テイラー:
はい。たべます。サラはバナナがだいすきです。
かおり:
そうですか。はい、サラちゃん。どうぞ。
まさと(far away):
テイラーさん、マトリーはバナナをたべますか。
English Host:
Now, let's listen to it with the translation.
かおり:
あ、サラちゃん、おなかがすきましたか?
Jessi:
Oh, Sarah, are you hungry?
テイラーさん、サラちゃんはバナナをたべますか。
Jessi:
Taylor, does Sarah eat bananas?
テイラー:
はい。たべます。サラはバナナがだいすきです。
Jessi:
Yes, she does. Sarah loves bananas!
かおり:
そうですか。はい、サラちゃん。どうぞ。
Jessi:
Oh, really? Okay, Sarah. Here you go.
まさと(far away):
テイラーさん、マトリーはバナナをたべますか。
Jessi:
Taylor, does Muttley eat bananas?
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Jessi:
Okay. So we just had to listen to the lesson, and Naomi, we heard a lot of things we learned in previous lessons!
Naomi:
Yes, we did!
Jessi:
Phrases like...
Naomi:
お腹がすきました
Jessi:
I'm hungry, and...?
Naomi:
Aが大好きです
Jessi:
I love [A]. Hopefully after listening to the previous lessons, you were able to catch those!
Naomi:
This time, we also had something new, though...
Jessi:
Yes, verbs, right?
Naomi:
Right! This is the first time we had an action verb in the dialogue.
Jessi:
And that action verb is actually our first vocabulary word. Naomi, can you tell us what it is?
Naomi:
食べます
Jessi:
食べます, the verb meaning "to eat"
Naomi:
食べます
Jessi:
You'll notice it ends in ます... here's a little tip. All verbs end in ます in polite speech. For example, the polite verb for to go is...
Naomi:
[*]
Jessi:
The polite verb for to see is...
Naomi:
[*]
Jessi:
Notice how they all end in [*]. This is a good point to remember. So, can we hear the verb one more time?
Naomi:
食べます
Jessi:
We'll go over this verb and how it's used more in the lesson focus. What's next?
Naomi:
Next, we have a phrase. そうですか(↓)
Jessi:
"Really?" or "Is that so?"
Naomi:
Do you remember そうです, that we first learned in Lesson 9?
Jessi:
そうです means "yes", or "that's right." In そうですか, we've just added a か at the end to make it a question.
Naomi:
そうです・か?
Jessi:
そうですか?Really? Is that so? So, when Taylor told Kaori that Sarah loves bananas, Kaori said...
Naomi:
そうですか。
Jessi:
Oh, really? This そうですか。is really useful in conversation.
Naomi:
I agree. It's used a lot.
Jessi:
If someone tells you something you didn't know or something of interest, you can respond with そうですか。Okay, let's move on to the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Jessi:
In this lesson, you'll learn how to use verbs in a sentence.
Naomi:
Yes! This is our first time using action verbs in this series.
Jessi:
Once you learn some verbs and how to use them, you'll be able to say so many new things!
Naomi:
Definitely. Verbs are essential in any language.
Jessi:
Okay. So, just to refresh everyone's memory and make sure we're all on the same page, verbs are words that describe actions. Examples in English would be "run", "walk", "speak", "eat", "read", etc.
Naomi:
So sentences like "I eat breakfast"
Jessi:
"I went to school"
Naomi:
"I'm going to study"
Jessi:
...all contain verbs. We're just going to practice with one verb in Japanese in this lesson. We went over it earlier.
Naomi:
Yes, the verb 食べます, to eat.
Jessi:
食べます. Like we mentioned before, all verbs end in ます in polite speech.
Naomi:
Yes. And also no matter who you're talking about, the verb form doesn't change!
Jessi:
Good point. By that we mean this. In a lot of other languages, verbs change their form depending on who the subject is. Even in English, we would "I eat", but "he eats". It's a minor change, but it is there.
Naomi:
But in Japanese, it doesn't matter who the subject is - I, you, he, she, we, they... the verb stays 食べます.
Jessi:
Nice, isn't it? So Naomi, what is our pattern for making a sentence with a verb.
Naomi:
It's this - [ person] wa [object] o [verb].
Jessi:
And that's 3 parts! person + wa, object + o, and then the verb.
Naomi:
That's right.
Jessi:
Can we hear an example?
Naomi:
Sure. わたしは肉を食べます。
Jessi:
"I eat meat." Let's break it down.
Naomi:
わたしは
Jessi:
わたし、"I" + は
Naomi:
肉を
Jessi:
にく "meat" + を
Naomi:
食べます
Jessi:
The verb meaning eat. So the sentence order in Japanese is "I meat eat". The verb comes at the end. Can we hear the sentence one more time?
Naomi:
わたしは肉を食べます。
Jessi:
"I eat meat." Listeners, please repeat after Naomi. "I eat meat."
Naomi:
わたしは肉を食べます。
Jessi:
Great! How about another one using the same verb.
Naomi:
Okay, how about... テイラーはすしを食べます。
Jessi:
Taylor eats sushi. Let's break it down.
Naomi:
テイラーは
Jessi:
Taylor + は
Naomi:
すしを
Jessi:
sushi + を
Naomi:
食べます
Jessi:
Eats. "Taylor eats sushi." So see how the verb doesn't change? It just stays the same no matter who we're talking about. 食べます。Listeners, please repeat after Naomi. "Taylor eats sushi."
Naomi:
テイラーはすしを食べます。Okay, great! Let's have the listeners make a sentence on their own now.
Jessi:
Sounds good. What sentence should we have them make?
Naomi:
Hmm, how about "I eat pizza."
Jessi:
Great. How about some hints. Our pattern once again, Naomi, is...
Naomi:
[ person] wa [object] o [verb].
Jessi:
The person in this case is I, わたし, pizza is ピザ, and eat is たべます。Listeners, can you put that all together?
Naomi:
I'll get you started. わたしは。。。
Jessi:
All right, if you said...
Naomi:
わたしはピザを食べます
Jessi:
Congratulations on putting that all together! One more time, please repeat.
Naomi:
わたしはピザを食べます。
Jessi:
Excellent. By the way, Naomi.
Naomi:
はい?
Jessi:
What do you eat if, say, there's a special occasion or something? Like a special meal like a birthday or something?
Naomi:
私は、ケーキを食べます。
Jessi:
Ah, so you eat cake.
Naomi:
Right.
Jessi:
Ah, sounds good.
Naomi:
How about you, Jessi?
Jessi:
It depends on the occasion. For a birthday, it would be the same for me 私は、ケーキを食べます。But for, say, Thanksgiving though, I could say this. 私は、ターキーを食べます。
Naomi:
Ah, that's nice.
Jessi:
Okay listeners, in this lesson, we only used one verb, たべます, in our examples. Of course there are many more that can be used in this pattern. Where can they find more verbs, Naomi?
Naomi:
In the lesson notes, as always~
Jessi:
Yes. You'll find a nice chart with some basic everyday verbs, so check that out! You can add a lot of variety to your sentences.
Naomi:
Right. We'll also introduce another new verb in the next lesson.
Jessi:
So please join us then! Okay. Well, that's going to do it for today.
Naomi:
Thanks for listening. Until next time!
Jessi:
じゃまた。

283 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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みなさんはすしを食べますか? Mina-san wa sushi o tabemasu ka? Do you eat sushi? If so, what kind do you like? If not, what kind of Japanese food do you eat? try telling us in Japanese below!😉

チャーリー
July 25th, 2017 at 2:02 pm
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こんにちは!

ぼくはにぎりずしすきです。
ぼくはにぎりすきです。
(I like nigiri.)

ぼくはお好み焼きと刺身が大好きです。
ぼくはおこのみやきとさしみがだいすきです。
(I really like okonomiyaki and sashimi.)

ぼくはお好み焼きと刺身をたべまして。
ぼくはおこのみやきとさしみをたべまして。
(I ate okonomiyaki and sashimi.)

July 23rd, 2017 at 3:32 pm
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Hi クリスさん,

Thank you for your comment! お寿司は美味しいですよね。(おすしはおいしいですよね。)

We wish you the best of luck with your further studies.

Piers
Team JapanesePod101.com

クリス
July 6th, 2017 at 8:55 am
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わたしはすしをたべます。

May 11th, 2017 at 10:35 am
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Bob san,
Konnichiwa.
はい、まぐろはおいしいですね。
I am not sure whether you have learnt how to use particles.
However, the o after maguro must beを because it is an object marker in this sentence.
On more thing, おいしい is an i-adjective so you don’t need to put だ at the end.
😄
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Bob
April 28th, 2017 at 12:45 pm
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ぼくはまぐろおたべます!おいしいだ!

March 26th, 2017 at 8:31 pm
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Meera-san,
I’m very sorry for the late reply!!
I think you can say:
野菜(やさい)が入っているおにぎりが好きです。
Or more simply:
野菜のおにぎりが好きです。
What origiri with vegetable in do you like? 😇

Natsuko (奈津子),
Team JapanesePod101.com

March 22nd, 2017 at 9:23 pm
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Ahmad さん、
こんにちは。

Thank you for posting.

Almost right:
Watashi wa tempura ga suki desu. わたしはテンプラ がすきです。

The correct word is tempura (テンプラ).
For checking the word pronunciation, writing and meaning, please access our Japanese dictionary:
https://www.japanesepod101.com/japanese-dictionary/

If you have any questions, please let us know.

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)
Team Japanesepod101.com

Ahmad
March 22nd, 2017 at 6:23 pm
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Watashi wa tumpera ga suki desu.
Did I get right?

Meera
March 8th, 2017 at 9:43 am
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お握りを食べます

I eat onigiri (rice balls).

How would I say - ‘I like rice balls with vegetable fillings’?

ありごとうございます 

February 3rd, 2017 at 3:50 pm
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Tyler さん、
こんにちは。
すしがすきですか。わたしもすしがすきですよ。
「すし「を」たべます」がいいですね。

Kalyee01 san,
Konnichiwa.
Unfortunately, すき is a na-adjective therefore, を can not be taken.

Heitor Camargo san,
Konnichiwa.
I think you can see many “?”s however, it must not be used in Japanese formal sentences.

Meisha さん、
こんにちは。
ラーメンがすきですか。
おいしいですね。

Juan san,
Konnichiwa.
It means “onaga ga suiteimasen.”
😄
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com