Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jessi:
Jessi here! Absolute Beginner Season 1 , Lesson 20 - A Trip to the Japanese Zoo
Jessi:
Hi, everyone. Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 20 - A Trip to the Japanese Zoo. Jessiです。Jessi here!
Naomi:
こんにちは!なおみです!Hi, everyone. Naomi here.
Jessi:
Thank you for joining us for our Absolute Beginner series! In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about inanimate objects, and also how to say you have something. For example?
Naomi:
スーパーがあります。
Jessi:
There's a supermarket.
Naomi:
アレルギーがあります。
Jessi:
I have allergies
Jessi:
In this lesson, we're going to focus on talking about animate objects, like people and animals.
Naomi:
You'll be able to say things like "Taylor is here", and "I have a brother".
Jessi:
That's right.
Naomi:
So, Jessi, what's happening in the conversation?
Jessi:
Taylor, Masato, Kaori, and Taylor's daughter Sarah are at the zoo, walking around and looking at the animals. Okay. So let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

(At the zoo)
まさと:
どうぶつ…いますか?
テイラー:
…あ、あそこ!ライオンがいます。
まさと:
あー!ライオンのあかちゃんもいますね。
かおり:
かわいい!
テイラー:
あ、ゴリラがいます。
かおり:
え?どこ?
テイラー:
ここです。
まさと:
え?ぼく? [laughs]
English Host:
Let’s listen to the conversation again slowly.
まさと:
どうぶつ…いますか?
テイラー:
…あ、あそこ!ライオンがいます。
まさと:
あー!ライオンのあかちゃんもいますね。
かおり:
かわいい!
テイラー:
あ、ゴリラがいます。
かおり:
え?どこ?
テイラー:
ここです。
まさと:
え?ぼく? [laughs]
English Host:
Now, let’s listen to it with the translation.
まさと:
どうぶつ…いますか?
Jessi:
Are there any animals...?
テイラー:
…あ、あそこ!ライオンがいます。
Jessi:
...Oh, over there! There's a lion!
まさと:
あー!ライオンのあかちゃんもいますね。
Jessi:
Ah! There's also a baby lion, isn't there?
かおり:
かわいい!
Jessi:
It's so cute!
テイラー:
あ、ゴリラがいます。
Jessi:
Oh, there's a gorilla.
かおり:
え?どこ?
Jessi:
Huh? Where?
テイラー:
ここです。
Jessi:
Here.
まさと:
え?ぼく? [laughs]
Jessi:
Huh? Me? [laughs].
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Jessi:
So, it sounds like they're having a nice, fun outing at the zoo!
Naomi:
Yes. But at first they couldn't see where the animals were...
Jessi:
Yeah, they were having trouble finding them at first, but then they were able to spot a few.
Naomi:
They saw a ライオン and a ゴリラ..
Jessi:
Which, as you may have been able to guess is... a lion and a gorilla!
Naomi:
Yes, these names are taken from English.
Jessi:
Is this common?
Naomi:
Hmm, well, there are quite a few animal names that come from English actually. Mostly exotic animals.
Jessi:
Ahhh, that makes sense! I mean, I imagine there weren't originally many lions and gorillas running around in Japan long ago.
Naomi:
Right.
Jessi:
Speaking of animals, that's our first vocab word, isn't it!
Naomi:
Yes! Animal is 動物。
Jessi:
動物. Ah! So, if you use the structure we learned in Lesson 18, and say... 動物が好きです. Listeners, do you remember what that means!
Naomi:
Ah, good example sentence! That would be "I like animals". 動物が好きです。
Jessi:
Okay. And what other new word that we have?
Naomi:
赤ちゃん
Jessi:
Which is baby. In this case, they were talking about baby animals, but of course it's also used for human babies. Actually, I'd say it's primarily used for human babies.
Naomi:
Right! 赤ちゃん。

Lesson focus

Jessi:
In this lesson, you'll learn how to talk about the existence of animate objects - that is, people and animals. With this structure, you'll also be able to talk about family members.
Naomi:
Yes. This structure is very similar to the one we learned in the last lesson.
Jessi:
Yes. If you remember, we learned [object]があります to talk about the existence of an inanimate object, and also to talk about having something. This time, what's our structure?
Naomi:
person or animal plus がいます
Jessi:
がいます
Naomi:
Remember that this can only be used with living things - people or animals.
Jessi:
Right.
Naomi:
So Jessi, can you tell us when we would use this structure?
Jessi:
Well, first, you can use it to talk about someone being physically present.
Naomi:
Yes, as in... "Taylor is here", or the "teacher is here".
Jessi:
Right. And that would be covered by [person]plusがいます。
Naomi:
Right. And how else?
Jessi:
You can also use it to talk about having family members, as in "I have a brother", "I have a sister", et cetera.
Naomi:
Yes. [family member]plusがいます。
Jessi:
Let's see how it was used in the dialogue. They're at the zoo, talking about the different animals that are there. Taylor says
Naomi:
ライオンがいます。
Jessi:
ライオンがいます。"There's a lion."
Naomi:
ライオン plus がいます。
Jessi:
And then after that, Taylor said
Naomi:
ゴリラがいます。
Jessi:
ゴリラがいます。"There's a gorilla."
Naomi:
ゴリラ plus がいます。
Jessi:
I think for our listeners, though, the other usage might be the one they use more.
Naomi:
Oh, talking about family members?
Jessi:
Yes. It's really common to get asked questions about one's family.
Naomi:
That's true! So, let's practice talking about members of your family.
Jessi:
Such as siblings! What's the word for siblings, Naomi?
Naomi:
兄弟
Jessi:
兄弟. brothers and sisters. So, when someone asks you if you have brothers or sisters, they will ask...? Naomi?
Naomi:
兄弟がいますか?
Jessi:
兄弟がいますか? Do you have any brothers or sisters? Remember that the か at the end makes it a question.
Naomi:
Yes, that's right!
Jessi:
Now, one thing to remember about Japanese is that there aren't separate words that mean just "brother" and "sister".
Naomi:
Great point. You have to specify younger or older.
Jessi:
So it's either younger sister or older sister, and younger brother or older brother. Okay, so listeners, if you remember, we learned the word for "little sister" in Lesson 16. Naomi, can you remind us what the word was?
Naomi:
"Little sister" is 妹
Jessi:
妹。So, the sentence "I have a little sister" would be?
Naomi:
妹がいます。
Jessi:
妹がいます。Listeners, repeat after Naomi. "I have a little sister"
Naomi:
妹がいます。
Jessi:
And how about younger brother?
Naomi:
Younger brother is 弟.
Jessi:
So I have a younger brother would be...
Naomi:
弟がいます。
Jessi:
弟がいます。Listeners, repeat after Naomi. "I have a little brother".
Naomi:
弟がいます。
Jessi:
This is true for you, right, Naomi? You have a little brother?
Naomi:
Ah, yes! I have a younger brother. 弟がいます。You too, right, Jessi?
Jessi:
Ah, yes! I actually have a younger sister and a younger brother, so I can say both 妹がいます and 弟がいます。
Naomi:
I see.
Jessi:
Naomi, why don't be briefly touch on the words for older brother and sister as well.
Naomi:
Sure! Older sister is 姉. Older brother is 兄.
Jessi:
So, "I have an older sister" is?
Naomi:
姉がいます。
Jessi:
And "I have an older brother" is?
Naomi:
兄がいます。
Jessi:
Great! Okay, I know that was a lot of information, a lot of new words! So listeners, please check out the PDF, where we have all of this information and more.
Naomi:
You'll also learn what to say if you don't have any siblings.
Jessi:
Leave us a comment letting us know about your family in Japanese! Okay. Well, that's going to do it for this lesson.
Naomi:
Thanks for listening!
Jessi:
As always, be sure to let us know if you have any questions, and we'll see you next time!
Naomi:
じゃまた!

367 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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みなさん、きょうだいがいますか? Mina-san, kyōdai ga imasu ka? Do you have any brothers and sisters? :)

Jeet
May 26th, 2017 at 12:33 am
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kyudai ga imasen :(

April 27th, 2017 at 12:20 pm
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Swarangi san,
Konnichiwa.
Gorira is gorilla.
Ga is a subjet marker whichi shows gorilla is a subject.
Janguru is jungle.
No is a particle is put between nouns.
Naka is inside.
O is a particle which is necessary for aruku (aruite).
Aruiteiru is the progress tense of aruku which means walk.

Allard アラド san,
Konnichiwa.
Wakarimashita. I see.
「姉がいます」ですね。

Eugenio Contreras san,
Konnichiwa.
Yes, your sentences are perfect.

Robert san,
Konnichiwa.
Yes, you can put ‘watashi wa’ before it.
😄
Team JapanesePod101.com
Yuki

Swarangi
April 18th, 2017 at 5:32 pm
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Gorira ga janguru no naka o aruite iru.
I saw this in lesson notes…The translation is given….But i did not understand which word means what

Allard アラド
April 8th, 2017 at 5:02 am
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Konnichiwa.

姉がいまし。
I have a older sister.

Eugenio Contreras
April 4th, 2017 at 9:27 am
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猫がいません🐱
犬がいます🐶
Is it ok guys?

Robert
February 28th, 2017 at 4:19 pm
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Konnichiwa! Robert Desu.
Ane ga imasu.
I have an older sister.

Would it be correct if I put Watashi wa before Ane ga Imasu?

Arigato Gozaimasu :)

November 29th, 2016 at 3:36 pm
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Jon desu san,
Konnichiwa.
いもうとがひとりとあにがふたり
‘Imouto ga hitori to ani ga futari’ is clearer. :wink:
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Jon desu
November 25th, 2016 at 11:15 pm
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watashi wa, imoto to ani ga futari imasu
i have one younger sister and two older brother, how off am i

November 12th, 2016 at 3:47 pm
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> Michał-san,
konnichiwa! :smile:
The words ここ / そこ / どこ basically mean ‘here’, ‘there’ and ‘where’ whilst
こっち / そっち / どっち mean ‘this way/direction’, ‘that way/direction’
and ‘which way/direction’ in a casual way.
Hope this helps!

> Hugo-san,
konnichiwa! :smile:
It’s correct! Well done! :smile: :thumbsup:
But in more natural way, we’d also say:
Koko ni, dōbutsu wa imasen.
It depends on the context and what exactly you want to
say as a focus in that specific conversation.

> Akima-san,
konnichiwa! :innocent:
You need to add number and the proper counter.
For instance ‘I have two cats’ is:
Neko ga 2hiki (nihiki) imasu.

> Sarah-san,
konnichiwa! :innocent:
It’d be:
(Watashi wa) ani ga san-nin to ane ga futari imasu.

Natsuko (奈津子),
Team JapanesePod101.com

Sarah
October 29th, 2016 at 8:10 am
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Konnichiwa!

How would you say “I have 3 older brothers and 2 older sister.” in Japanese?