Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jessi:
Hi everyone! Welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 9 - Asking a Japanese Question. Jessiです。Jessi here.
Naomi:
こんにちは!なおみです。Naomi here!
Jessi:
Thanks for joining us again! Naomi, could you tell us what we learned in the last lesson?
Naomi:
Sure! In the last lesson, we reviewed our first sentence pattern, AはBです.
Jessi:
Which means "A is B".
Naomi:
And in this lesson...?
Jessi:
You'll learn how to ask questions. You'll be surprised at how easy it is! We'll be using the first sentence pattern we learned as well. Okay, so what's happening in the conversation in this lesson?
Naomi:
Well, Taylor, Masato, and Kaori are still at the airport.
Jessi:
If you remember last time, Kaori gave Taylor a gift they brought with them from Japan. おみやげ.
Naomi:
Right.
Jessi:
Now, he's asking her about it in this conversation. Let's listen in!

Lesson conversation

テイラー:
これは…おかしですか。
まさと:
はい、そうです。にほんのおかしです。
かおり:
そうです。ようかんです。
テイラー:
よ・う・か・ん?
English Host:
Let's listen to the conversation again slowly.
テイラー:
これは…おかしですか。
まさと:
はい、そうです。にほんのおかしです。
かおり:
そうです。ようかんです。
テイラー:
よ・う・か・ん?
English Host:
Now let’s to it with the translation.
テイラー:
これは…おかしですか。
Jessi:
Are these sweets?
まさと:
はい、そうです。にほんのおかしです。
Jessi:
Yes, that's right. They're Japanese sweets.
かおり:
そうです。ようかんです。
Jessi:
Right. They're "yokan."
テイラー:
よ・う・か・ん?
Jessi:
Yo-ka-n?
VOCAB LIST
Jessi:
So Taylor's gift from Masato and Kaori was some Japanese sweets!
Naomi:
Yes, sweets known as ようかん.
Jessi:
ようかん. How would you describe it?
Naomi:
Well, ようかん is sweet-jellied red bean paste.
Jessi:
It might be hard for the listeners to picture.
Naomi:
I think so! It's usually sold in block form.
Jessi:
Right. So it's often served and eaten in slices. It's very good! I like it personally. By the way, what's the word for sweets or snacks?
Naomi:
Good question. That's our first vocabulary word. おかし。
Jessi:
おかし。One more time slowly, and again at regular speed?
Naomi:
(Slowly) おかし (regular) おかし
Jessi:
And this is general word for sweets or snacks. And the next phrase is?
Naomi:
にほんの
Jessi:
にほんの.. and this means "Japanese."
Naomi:
You can actually learn two words in one.
Jessi:
Yes! Can you tell us the word for Japan?
Naomi:
にほん
Jessi:
にほん. and the word for Japanese is?
Naomi:
にほんの
Jessi:
This is just にほん with の at the end. にほんの。So if we combine this with the other word we just learned, we get...
Naomi:
にほんの おかし
Jessi:
Japanese sweets!
Naomi:
That's the phrase we saw in the dialogue.
Jessi:
So please remember that "Japan" is…
Naomi:
にほん
Jessi:
And "Japanese" as in "Japanese sweets" is…
Naomi:
にほんの
Jessi:
Great. And the last phrase we saw?
Naomi:
そうです
Jessi:
そうです! And this means...
Naomi:
"Yes" or "That's right" or "You're right."
Jessi:
So when Taylor asked, "Are these sweets?" Kaori said…
Naomi:
そうです。
Jessi:
Yes, that's right.
Naomi:
にほんのおかしです。
Jessi:
They're Japanese sweets.

Lesson focus

Jessi:
In this lesson, you'll learn how to make a question.
Naomi:
Which is very easy.
Jessi:
Yes. You'll be surprised! But before we move on, we need to go back to Lesson 7.
Naomi:
In Lesson 7, you learned how to make a [A is B] sentence. AはBです
Jessi:
That's right. For example?
Naomi:
これは みずです。
Jessi:
これ is this, and みず is water, so altogether this means "This is water."
Naomi:
これはみずです。
Jessi:
So this is just a regular statement. You're just stating a fact, right?
Naomi:
Right.
Jessi:
Now, what if we want to ask a question? Say you have a glass of clear liquid in front of you, and you want to know, "Is this water?" For all you now, it could be Seven-Up, or something else.
Naomi:
Well, to turn a statement into a question, add か to the end.
Jessi:
Just one sound - か. Let's try it. So the sentence…
Naomi:
これは みずです。
Jessi:
Becomes...?
Naomi:
これは みずですか。
Jessi:
これは みずですか。"Is this water?" Repeat after Naomi.
Naomi:
これは みずですか。
[pause]
Jessi:
Great! Now, just awhile ago we learned the word おかし.
Naomi:
Meaning "sweets."
Jessi:
Yes. So sitting in front of you is a plate of something that looks like cookies. If you know they are sweets, you can say...
Naomi:
これはおかしです。
Jessi:
But say for example, if you don't know what they are, and want to ask if they are sweets, you can say...?
Naomi:
これはおかしですか。
Jessi:
"Are these sweets?" Repeat after Naomi.
Naomi:
これはおかしですか。
[pause]
Naomi:
That's exactly what Taylor asked in the dialogue.
Jessi:
Oh, right ~ これはおかしですか?
Naomi:
Right. Okay, let's have the listeners try it now.
Jessi:
Okay! Sounds good. Here's the situation. Let's say your Japanese host puts a dish down in front of you. It looks like fish, but you're not quite sure, how could you ask?
Naomi:
Here are some hints for you, "fish" is さかな.
Jessi:
So?
Naomi:
"This is fish" would be これはさかなです。
Jessi:
Okay. So please ask, "Is this fish?"
[pause]
Jessi:
Okay. Naomi, in this situation, what should we say?
Naomi:
これはさかなですか?
Jessi:
Remember, all you need to do is add か to a statement to make it a question.
Naomi:
That's it!
Jessi:
Not so bad, was it?
Naomi:
Well, that's going to wrap it up for this lesson.
Jessi:
Make sure to join us next time. You'll learn how to say that something belongs to someone. Here's a question for you, listeners. Do you know the number one reason people don't study a second language?
Naomi:
Not enough time.
Jessi:
You're very busy. We know. And that's why we have one click lesson downloads on iTunes.
Naomi:
Subscribe on iTunes
Jessi:
All free materials will be downloaded automatically for each new lesson as they become available. So go to iTunes, search with the phrase JapanesePod101.com and click subscribe.
Naomi:
Thanks for listening, everyone!
Jessi:
See you all next time.
Naomi:
じゃまた。

391 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Everyone, have you ever tried Japanese sweets (like mochi, yatsuhashi, or youkan)? What did you think of them? ;)

Eerik
March 31st, 2017 at 5:10 am
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So far so good.
I have learned a bit at a time so far.
Why i started learning Japanese? Because i don’t have a valid reason for it. Perhaps i just wanted to add another language to my list ( Estonian (native), English, Finnish and Russian. ). Thus people cant say that they don’t have any time to learn new languages.😜 ( that’s what i found funny in the end of this lesson)

PS: I do work full time ( and the worst times ever Early morning shifts and day shifts )

So i’m rather grateful of this site.
ありがとございます。

March 9th, 2017 at 9:00 pm
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aymenさん、

@Markさん、
こんにちは。

Thank you for studying with us!

If you have any questions, please let us know. :wink:

Cristiane
Team Japanesepod101.com

aymen dl
February 23rd, 2017 at 6:38 am
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ありがとございます
i like Japanesepod101.com verry much , i’m sure that i will learn japanese language .
Also I wont to have a friend that i can practess with him japanese , if any one is interested this is my e-mail , contact me 😁😁
aymendl02@gmail.com

Mark Gerald Galindes
February 22nd, 2017 at 11:31 pm
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I want to learn more japanese language. Thank you ☺😇

Jessie
February 13th, 2017 at 6:29 am
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i was wondering how do you write “Please let me know what you think” when you asking for someone’s opinion

I would also like to know if there’s another way to write “I love this song” when you are a young woman talking to more then just one friend, if your talking to the public… would you still write it like this “私この曲大好き”?

and one more question :sweat_smile:

I would also like to know what does really mean “おやすみるくてぃー。 いい夢みるくてぃー。”, I’m not 100% sure but is it another way of saying goodnight but politer then おやすみなさい? because I see it a lot of times… I know “おやすみなさい” is goodnight but with “るくてぃー。 いい夢みるくてぃー。” I’m not so sure… :disappointed:

btw great lessons i’m learning a lot! :heart: i always wanted to learn this language

January 19th, 2017 at 1:16 pm
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Jacob san,
Konnichiwa.
Douitashimashite. You are welcome.
Thank you for your positive feedback.

Yakelin san,
Konnichiwa.
Thank you for your smile.
Yeah, let’s study Japanese with us.
:smile:
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

yakelin
January 12th, 2017 at 6:52 am
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this is helping me a lot I always wanted to learn Japanese :heart: :thumbsup:

yakelin
January 12th, 2017 at 6:51 am
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:smile:

December 20th, 2016 at 3:58 am
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i don’t know but for some reasons when i tired to download the pdfs lesson notes the website kinda took me to another thing called “my path” something like that :sweat_smile: please help :sob:

Jacob
December 16th, 2016 at 10:37 am
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This is so cool to learn and yall make it so easy

Arigato gozaimasu nihoun’no pod101 sensei!!