Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Rebecca: How many people are in your Japanese dinner party?
Naomi: なおみです。 (Naomi desu.)
Rebecca: Rebecca here. こんにちはお元気ですか。 (Kon'nichiwa o genki desu ka.)
Naomi: 元気です。よろしくお願いします、レベッカさん。 (Genki desu. yoroshiku onegaishimasu, Rebekka san.)
Rebecca: 今日もよろしくお願いします。 (Kyō mo yoroshiku onegaishimasu.)
Naomi: 今日のレッスンはすごく便利です。 (Kyō no ressun wa sugoku benri desu.)
Rebecca: That’s right. Today we are going to take a look at a lot of useful expressions that you can use in a shop or a restaurant. We are going to review counters and those こそあど (koso ado) words.
Naomi: これ、それ、あれ、どれ。 (Kore, sore, are, dore.)
Rebecca: From last lesson. So what’s happening in today’s dialogue, Naomi Sensei?
Naomi: 今日は、南さんと、ファブリツィオがラーメン屋に行きます。 (Kyō wa, Minami san to, Faburizio ga rāmen ya ni ikimasu.)
Rebecca: Okay so today 南 (Minami) and ファブリツィオ (Faburizio) are going to a Ramen restaurant.
Naomi: それから注文をします。 (Sorekara chūmon o shimasu.) They are going to order some food.
Rebecca: 今日の会話に誰がいますか。 (Kyō no kaiwa ni dare ga imasu ka.) So who is appearing in today’s conversation?
Naomi: 店員さんと南夏見さんとファブリツィオさんです。店員さんは、スタッフかな。 (Ten'in san to Minami Natsumi san to Faburizio sandesu. Ten'in san wa, sutaffu ka na.)
Rebecca: Yeah I think in Japanese, you use 店員さん (ten'in san) to refer to anyone who works at – a chef at restaurant.
Naomi: Yes.
Rebecca: Right. Well we tend to make a distinction in English. So we say waiter or…
Naomi: Okay.
Rebecca: Cook or something.
Naomi: Okay, so it could be cook or it could be waiter or waitress. ですね (desu ne) waiter, 夏見 (Natsumi) and ファブリツィォ (Faburitsu~i~o) are talking.
Rebecca: Right, and again we will be listening to them speak polite Japanese.
Naomi: そうです。 (Sō desu.)
Rebecca: Let’s listen to the dialogue.
DIALOGUE
店員: いらっしゃい!何人ですか。
Waiter: (Irasshai! Nan-nin desu ka.)
南 夏見: 二人です。
Minami: (Futaridesu.)
店員: こちらへ どうぞ。ご注文は?
Waiter: (Kochira e dōzo. Go-chūmon wa?)
南 夏見: あ、生ビールを 一つ 下さい。それから、ラーメン 一つと おにぎり
三つ お願いします。ファブリツィオは?
Minami: (A, sei bīru o hitotsu kudasai. Sorekara, rāmen hitotsu to onigiri mittsu onegaishimasu. Faburizio wa?)
ファブリツィオ: うーん。野菜ラーメンを 下さい。それから、フランスの ブルゴーニ
ュの 白ワインは ありますか。
Fabrizio: U ̄n. Yasai rāmen o kudasai. Sorekara, Furansu no burugōni ~yu no shiro wain wa arimasu ka.
店員: すみませんが、ワインは ちょっと。
Waiter: (Sumimasen ga, wain wa chotto.)
Naomi: もう一度おねがいします。今度はゆっくりお願いします。 (Mōichido onegai shimasu. Kondo wa yukkuri onegaishimasu.)
店員: いらっしゃい!何人ですか。
Waiter: (Irasshai! Nan-nin desu ka.)
南 夏見: 二人です。
Minami: (Futaridesu.)
店員: こちらへ どうぞ。ご注文は?
Waiter: (Kochira e dōzo. Go-chūmon wa?)
南 夏見: あ、生ビールを 一つ 下さい。それから、ラーメン 一つと おにぎり
三つ お願いします。ファブリツィオは?
Minami: (A, sei bīru o hitotsu kudasai. Sorekara, rāmen hitotsu to onigiri mittsu onegaishimasu. Faburizio wa?)
ファブリツィオ: うーん。野菜ラーメンを 下さい。それから、フランスの ブルゴーニ
ュの 白ワインは ありますか。
Fabrizio: U ̄n. Yasai rāmen o kudasai. Sorekara, Furansu no burugōni ~yu no shiro wain wa arimasu ka.
店員: すみませんが、ワインは ちょっと。
Waiter: (Sumimasen ga, wain wa chotto.)
Naomi: 今度は英語が入ります。 (Kondo wa eigo ga hairimasu.)
店員: いらっしゃい!何人ですか。
Waiter: Irasshai! Nan-nin desu ka.
WAITER: Welcome, how many people?
南 夏見: 二人です。
Minami: Futaridesu.
MINAMI: 2 people.
店員: こちらへ どうぞ。ご注文は?
Waiter: Kochira e dōzo. Go-chūmon wa?
WAITER: Right this way, please. Are you ready to order?
南 夏見: あ、生ビールを 一つ 下さい。それから、ラーメン 一つと おにぎり
三つ お願いします。ファブリツィオは?
Minami:
MINAMI: A draft beer, please. And after that 1 ramen and 3 onigiri, please.
Fabrizio, how about you?
ファブリツィオ: うーん。野菜ラーメンを 下さい。それから、フランスの ブルゴーニ
ュの 白ワインは ありますか。
Fabrizio: A, sei bīru o hitotsu kudasai. Sorekara, rāmen hitotsu to onigiri mittsu onegaishimasu. Faburizio wa?
FABRIZIO: Uhmm, vegetable ramen, please. And after that, do you have a
white wine from Burgundy?
店員: すみませんが、ワインは ちょっと。
Waiter: Sumimasen ga, wain wa chotto.
WAITER: I'm sorry, but… wine is...
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Naomi: レベッカさん、ラーメン屋は英語で何ですか。(Rebekka san, rāmen ya wa eigo de nan desu ka.) How would you translate ラーメン屋 (rāmen ya) in English?
Rebecca: I guess we would say a Ramen restaurant but Ramen is really casual, isn’t it? And a restaurant, to me that sounds quite formal but Ramen, it’s not really McDonald’s. Isn’t it but it is fast food – fast casual cheap place. So Ramen restaurant.
Naomi: Ramen place, Ramen shop.
Rebecca: Ramen place yeah.
Naomi: なるほど。レベッカさんは、ラーメン屋へ行きますか。 (Naruhodo. Rebekka san wa, rāmen ya e ikimasu ka.) Do you often go to Ramen shop?
Rebecca: Well I like Ramen but I don’t often go. It’s very salty.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.)
Rebecca: ちょっとヘルシーじゃないですね。(Chotto herushī janai desu ne.) It’s not very healthy.
Naomi: ヘルシーじゃないです。全然ヘルシーじゃないですね。 (Herushī janai desu. Zenzen herushī janai desu ne.)
Rebecca: Actually what I really love about Ramen. I mean I like Ramen but I really love the side dish that you get with it, sometimes Jiaozi.
Naomi: Jiaozi 餃子ね (gyōza ne). Chinese Dumplings?
Rebecca: Pot stickers. Yeah I know that they are from China. So technically maybe they are not Japanese food but I think they are my favorite food to eat in Japan.
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.) Ramen is Chinese food but I think our Ramen and Chinese Ramen are a bit different.
Rebecca:Yeah like the Japanese take on Ramen.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.)
Rebecca: それから、普通、ラーメン屋にワインはありますか。 (Sorekara, futsū, rāmen ya ni wain wa arimasu ka.) They don’t usually serve wine at Ramen places right?
Naomi: そうですね。ないですね。 (Sō desu ne. Nai desu ne.)
Rebecca: So what would they serve?
Naomi: 生ビール。 (Nama bīru.)
Rebecca: 生ビール (Nama bīru) I think the way the waiter said no is very Japanese.
Naomi: あーすみませんが、ワインはちょっと。 (Ā sumimasen ga, wain wa chotto.) Yeah I agree. I think that’s a typical Japanese way.
Rebecca: Yeah literally what he is saying is sorry, wine is a bit umm…
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.) This is the way we say no without actually saying no.
Rebecca: Right. I am sure most of our listeners know what Ramen is, it’s noodles right.
Naomi: はい、そうです。 (Hai, sō desu.)
Rebecca: So you know, like Instant Ramen, instant noodles, wonderful Japanese invention.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.)
Rebecca: But of course the noodles that you get at Ramen shops are not instant but instant noodles came from Ramen.
VOCAB LIST
Rebecca: Hi, let's look at today’s vocab. First word. 何人 (nan-nin). How many people?
Naomi: (slow)なんにん (nan ni n) (natural speed)何人 (nan-nin)
Rebecca: Starting high falling on the second syllable, staying low.
Naomi: 何人 (nan-nin)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 二人 (futari)
Rebecca: Two people who..
Naomi: (slow)ふたり (futari) (natural speed)二人 (futari)
Rebecca: Starting low, rising on the second syllable ta, staying high.
Naomi: 二人 (futari)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: こちら (kochira)
Rebecca: This way here.
Naomi:(slow)こちら (kochira) (natural speed) こちら (kochira)
Rebecca: Starting low, rising on the second syllable chi.
Naomi: こちら (kochira)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: どうぞ (dōzo)
Rebecca: Please, kindly by all means.
Naomi:(slow)どうぞ (dōzo) (natural speed)どうぞ (dōzo)
Rebecca: Starting high, falling on the second to last syllable U.
Naomi: どうぞ (dōzo)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 注文 (chūmon)
Rebecca: Order, request.
Naomi: (slow)ちゅうもん (chi ~yuumon) (natural speed)注文 (chūmon)
Rebecca:Starting low, rising on the second syllable U, staying high.
Naomi: 注文 (chūmon)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: 生ビール (nama bīru)
Rebecca: Draft beer.
Naomi: (slow) なまビール (na ma bīru) (natural speed) 生ビール (nama bīru)
Rebecca: Starting low, rising on the second syllable Ma, falling on the second last syllable E.
Naomi: 生ビール (nama bīru)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: ラーメン (rāmen)
Rebecca: Chinese style noodles Ramen.
Naomi: (slow) ラーメン (rāmen) (natural speed) ラーメン (rāmen)
Rebecca: Starting high, falling on the second syllable A.
Naomi: ラーメン (rāmen)
Rebecca:Next.
Naomi: おにぎり (onigiri)
Rebecca: Rice bowl.
Naomi: (slow) おにぎり (onigiri) (natural speed) おにぎり (onigiri)
Rebecca: Starting low, rising on the second syllable ni, falling on the second last syllable ge. Next.
Naomi: 白ワイン (shiro wain)
Rebecca:White wine.
Naomi: (slow) しろワイン (shiro wain) (natural speed) 白ワイン (shiro wain)
Rebecca: Starting low, rising on the second syllable do, falling on the second last syllable E.
Naomi: 白ワイン (shiro wain)
Rebecca: Next.
Naomi: それから (sore kara)
Rebecca: And , and then, after that, in addition.
Naomi: (slow) それから (sore kara) (natural speed) それから (sore kara)
Rebecca: Starting low, going high on the second syllable で (de), staying high.
Naomi: それから (sore kara)
Rebecca: In today’s dialogue, there are some expressions which would come in handy at a shop or a restaurant. Let’s have a closer look at them.
Naomi: こちらへどうぞ (kochira e dōzo)
Rebecca: This way please.
Naomi: こちら (kochira)
Rebecca: This way.
Naomi: へ (e)
Rebecca: Direction particle. Have a look at the Nihongo Dojo lesson #23.
Naomi: どうぞ (dōzo)
Rebecca: Please and for more on the use of Dojo, please look at Nihongo Dojo lesson 10. こちら (Kochira) is one of those こそあど (koso ado) words.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.) これ (Kore) is desk and こちら (Kochira) means this way. そうですね (Sō desu ne) or this person or here in a plight situation.
Rebecca: So when you hear the way to say こちらへどうぞ (Kochira e dōzo) imagine him or her sort of holding out their hand and saying, this way please.
Naomi: そうでうね。 (Sōdeu ne.) And that way please. Please go over there, あちらへどうぞ。 (Achira e dōzo.)
Rebecca: Let’s look at another sentence from today’s dialogue.

Lesson focus

Naomi: ワインはありますか。 (Wain wa arimasu ka.)
Rebecca: Do you have wine?
Naomi: すみませんが、ワインはちょっと。 (Sumimasen ga, wain wa chotto.)
Rebecca: I am sorry, we don’t have any. In a previous lesson, lesson #58, we looked at the grammar structure. Something があります (ga arimasu) or something がいます (ga imasu). The particle ga can be replaced with the particle wa in a negative or a yes/no question like we see here wine はありますか (wa arimasu ka). So the original sentence Naomi Sensei was wine.
Naomi: ワインがあります。 (Wain ga arimasu.)
Rebecca: And then we make that into a question and it becomes ワインはありますか (Wain wa arimasu ka) and we are kind of emphasizing the wine.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.)
Rebecca:And the second sentence is すみませんが、ワインはちょっと (sumimasen ga, wain wa chotto). We covered this before. The literal translation means I am sorry but wine is a little そうでうsん (sōdeu s n) and it’s the way. It is polite way of saying, no we don’t have any wine.
Naomi: So if I am a customer and you are a shop clerk, 餃子はありますか (gyōza wa arimasu ka), what would you say?
Rebecca: If we didn’t have 餃子 (gyōza), well I tilt my head to one side, look very apologetic and say 餃子はちょっと (gyōza wa chotto). So it’s a very useful phrase. If you want to say no but you don’t want to be rude, you say すみません (sumimasen). Sorry それはちょっと (sore wa chotto). So let’s look at today’s grammar.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Rebecca:Today’s grammar focuses on counters and this is really, really important. It’s in the review track. There is a lot of great stuff in this. So be sure to check it out and instead what we are going to do in the grammar section today is look at a function. How to order in a restaurant. This is also going to be really useful because dining out in Tokyo is very cheap. It’s not like compared to where I come from. So if you come here, you are going to be doing it a lot and it will be very useful. So Naomi Sensei, can you show us how?
Naomi: 生ビールをひとつください。 (Nama bīru o hitotsu kudasai.) I would like to introduce counters for dinner object up to three.
Rebecca: Okay. So how would you say one?
Naomi: 一つ (hitotsu)
Rebecca: Two
Naomi: 二つ (futatsu)
Rebecca: Three
Naomi: 三つ (mittsu)
Rebecca: 一つ、二つ、三つ (Hitotsu, futatsu, mittsu) right. So how would you use this in a sentence?
Naomi: If you want some beer, ビールをください (bīru o kudasai) right.
Rebecca: Give me some beer. Please may I have some beer?
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.) If you want to have one beer, you would say ビールを一つください (bīru o hitotsu kudasai). Put number before ください (kudasai).
Rebecca: I see. So if I wanted to order two beers, that would be…
Naomi: ビールを二つください (Bīru o futatsu kudasai)
Rebecca: And three beers?
Naomi: ビールを三つください (Bīru o mittsu kudasai)
Rebecca: I see. Now there is another way to say this. Isn’t there? Not using をください (O kudasai) we use another word.
Naomi: You mean お願いします (onegaishimasu).
Rebecca: Yeah, yeah that’s right.
Naomi: そうですね。(Sō desu ne.) It works in the same way.ビールを一つお願いします。 (Bīru o hitotsu onegaishimasu.)
Rebecca: Please give me one beer.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.) One beer please. ビールを二つお願いします。 (Bīru o futatsu onegaishimasu.)
Rebecca:Two beers please.
Naomi: 三つお願いします。 (Mittsu onegaishimasu.)
Rebecca: Three beers please.
Naomi: はい。(Hai.) I think をください (o kudasai) and をお願いします (o onegaishimasu) are same kind of nuance. Both are plight expressions.
Rebecca: So we could use either of them?
Naomi: はい。 (Hai.)
Rebecca: Whichever one is easiest to remember. Well Naomi Sensei, what happens if I don’t want to drink beer? How do I order water?
Naomi: そうですよね。 (Sō desu yo ne.) If you are a minor, you can’t drink beer.
Rebecca:That’s right and if you are under 20 in Japan, you are a minor.
Naomi: そうですね。水をください。 (Sō desu ne. Mizu o kudasai.)
Rebecca: Please may I have some water.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.) 水 (Mizu) is water.
Rebecca: Okay.
Naomi: Or 水をお願いします (mizu o onegaishimasu) or 水を一つお願いします (Mizu o hitotsu onegaishimasu).
Rebecca: May I have one water.
Naomi: はい。ラーメンを一つお願いします。 (Hai. Rāmen o hitotsu onegaishimasu.)
Rebecca: One bowl of Ramen please.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sō desu ne.)
Rebecca: What about おにぎりを三つください (onigiri o mittsu kudasai)?
Naomi: すごい。(Sugoi.) Are you that hungry?
Rebecca: Three rice bowls.
Naomi: すごい。 (Sugoi.)

Outro

Rebecca: I think that’s all the time we have got today.
Naomi: じゃあまた。 (Jā mata.)
Rebecca: See you next time.
DIALOGUE
店員: いらっしゃい!何人ですか。
Waiter: (Irasshai! Nan-nin desu ka.)
南 夏見: 二人です。
Minami: (Futaridesu.)
店員: こちらへ どうぞ。ご注文は?
Waiter: (Kochira e dōzo. Go-chūmon wa?)
南 夏見: あ、生ビールを 一つ 下さい。それから、ラーメン 一つと おにぎり
三つ お願いします。ファブリツィオは?
Minami: (A, sei bīru o hitotsu kudasai. Sorekara, rāmen hitotsu to onigiri mittsu onegaishimasu. Faburizio wa?)
ファブリツィオ: うーん。野菜ラーメンを 下さい。それから、フランスの ブルゴーニ
ュの 白ワインは ありますか。
Fabrizio: U ̄n. Yasai rāmen o kudasai. Sorekara, Furansu no burugōni ~yu no shiro wain wa arimasu ka.
店員: すみませんが、ワインは ちょっと。
Waiter: (Sumimasen ga, wain wa chotto.)

Kanji

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Counters

93 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 4th, 2008 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, after you eat a bowl of ramen, do you have enough room for THREE ONIGIRI? Wow. Minami-san must have worked hard today and built up quite an appetite. (笑)

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 7th, 2021 at 04:00 PM
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Danielさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

No, counters don't precede any particles. You don't need any particles for a counter😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Daniel
September 4th, 2021 at 04:19 AM
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質問があります。😄


The counter always precede to particle or can be taken another position?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 19th, 2021 at 08:19 PM
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Wishnyaさん


質問(しつもん)ありがとうございます😄

Yes, you can use a question mark as well😉


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Wishnya
June 6th, 2021 at 02:24 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Is it okay to put a question mark at the end of a sentence that ends with か? (for example 何人ですか?) In dialogues in lessons I always see sentences without question marks so I was really confused about this.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 12th, 2021 at 07:23 PM
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Hi Savannah,


Thank you for your comment!

Yes, "ga" CAN be replaced with "wa" in a negative or a yes/no question sentence.

So you can also say "wain ga arimasu ka" or "wain ga arimasen."

However, in a negative or a yes/no question sentence, actually the particle "wa" is usually used.


Hope you enjoy learning Japanese with us😊


Sincerely,

Miho

Team JapanesePod101.com

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 1st, 2021 at 07:03 AM
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Dvさん

コメントありがとうございます😄

You’re right!

"kana" is a sentence ending particle used in informal speech to express a high degree of uncertainty or to pose a question to oneself or to someone which the speaker has a close relationship.


Please let us know if you have any questions!

Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Savannah
February 23rd, 2021 at 06:40 AM
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"In a previous lesson, lesson #58, we looked at the grammar structure. Something があります or something がいます. The particle ga can be replaced with the particle wa in a negative or a yes/no question like we see here wine はありますか."


So you CAN use は, but you don't HAVE to use it, right? You can still use が, right? Another learning resource I'm using has never said anything about using は in yes/no questions, and still prompts with が. So I just want to confirm whether that's also acceptable.

Dv
January 19th, 2021 at 12:29 AM
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Hello, I was wondering why sensei noami said "kana" at the end of your sentence like she was unsure and what does the word kana mean.


店員さんと南夏見さんとファブリツィオさんです。店員さんは、スタッフかな


Thank you, Dv

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 16th, 2020 at 02:10 PM
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Kureyaさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

They're in the review track located right above this comment section😉

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Kureya
October 13th, 2020 at 11:14 AM
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What do you mean that counters are in the Review lesson? Where can I find that? Thank you.