Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Natsuko: ナツコです。(Natsuko desu.)
Peter: Peter here. Newbie Lesson #13. Natsuko-san, what are we talking about today?
Natsuko: I don’t want to mention this.
Peter: All right, umm...
Natsuko: Talking about grades.
Peter: Yes.
Natsuko: Oh oh.
Peter: Grades and of course, when we talk about grades, we talk about difficult and when we talk about difficult, we are talking about adjectives. So today we are going to be discussing i-adjectives and the negative form of i-adjectives. Now in Japanese, there are two types of adjectives often called na-adjectives and i-adjectives. Today we will be looking at i-adjectives. So today’s conversation takes place between, Natsuko-san?
Natsuko: Two students.
Peter: Now the politeness level here, Natsuko-san?
Natsuko: They are quite polite to each other.
Peter: Now is this kind of the case for classmates?
Natsuko: I don’t think so.
Peter: Yeah, we are kind of twisting it a bit here. So you will kind of can relate more to your textbook because you will come into contact with polite Japanese over and over. So just to make you feel a little bit at home, we kind of made it a little polite.
Natsuko: Well it’s always to learn something polite first.
Peter: Yeah, exactly. So here we go.
DIALOGUE
先生 (sensei) : スウェーデン語の勉強は楽しいですか。(Suwēden-go no benkyō wa tanoshii desu ka.)
生徒たち (seito-tachi) : は〜い。楽しいです。(Hāi. Tanoshii desu.)
生徒1 (seito 1) : でも、むずかしいです。(Demo, muzukashii desu.)
生徒2 (seito 2) : えっ、むずかしくないよ。やさしいよ。(E, muzukashikunai yo. Yasashii yo.)
生徒1 (seito 1) : えー?やさしくないよ〜。むずかしいよ。(Ē? Yasashikunai yō. Muzukashii yo.)
テストはいつも80点です。(Tesuto wa itsumo hachi-jutten desu.)
生徒2 (seito 2) : そ、そ、そんな...80点は悪くないよ。(So, so, sonna... Hachi-jutten wa warukunai yo.)
私はいつも60点です。(Watashi wa itsumo roku-jutten desu.)
生徒1 (seito 1) : えー!それはよくないね。もっと頑張ってね。(Ē! Sore wa yokunai ne. Motto ganbatte ne.)
もう一度お願いします。今度はゆっくりお願いします。(Mō ichi-do onegai shimasu. Kondo wa yukkuri onegai shimasu.)
先生 (sensei) : スウェーデン語の勉強は楽しいですか。(Suwēden-go no benkyō wa tanoshii desu ka.)
生徒たち (seito-tachi) : は〜い。楽しいです。(Hāi. Tanoshii desu.)
生徒1 (seito 1) : でも、むずかしいです。(Demo, muzukashii desu.)
生徒2 (seito 2) : えっ、むずかしくないよ。やさしいよ。(E, muzukashikunai yo. Yasashii yo.)
生徒1 (seito 1) : えー?やさしくないよ〜。むずかしいよ。(Ē? Yasashikunai yō. Muzukashii yo.)
テストはいつも80点です。(Tesuto wa itsumo hachi-jutten desu.)
生徒2 (seito 2) : そ、そ、そんな...80点は悪くないよ。(So, so, sonna... Hachi-jutten wa warukunai yo.)
私はいつも60点です。(Watashi wa itsumo roku-jutten desu.)
生徒1 (seito 1) : えー!それはよくないね。もっと頑張ってね。(Ē! Sore wa yokunai ne. Motto ganbatte ne.)
次は英語が入ります。(Tsugi wa Eigo ga hairimasu.)
先生 (sensei) : スウェーデン語の勉強は楽しいですか。(Suwēden-go no benkyō wa tanoshii desu ka.)
TEACHER: Do you enjoy studying Swedish?
生徒たち (seito-tachi) : は〜い。楽しいです。(Hāi. Tanoshii desu.)
STUDENTS: Yes, it's fun.
生徒1 (seito 1) : でも、むずかしいです。(Demo, muzukashii desu.)
STUDENT 1: But it's difficult.
生徒2 (seito 2) : えっ、むずかしくないよ。やさしいよ。(E, muzukashikunai yo. Yasashii yo.)
STUDENT 2: Huh? It's not difficult. It's easy.
生徒1 (seito 1) : えー?やさしくないよ〜。むずかしいよ。(Ē? Yasashikunai yō. Muzukashii yo.)
STUDENT 1: What? It's not easy; it's hard.
生徒1 (seito 1) : テストはいつも80点です。(Tesuto wa itsumo hachi-jutten desu.)
STUDENT 1: I always get 80s on the tests.
生徒2 (seito 2) : そ、そ、そんな... (So, so, sonna…)
STUDENT 2: W, w, what?
生徒2 (seito 2) : 80点は悪くないよ。(Hachi-jutten wa warukunai yo.)
STUDENT 2: W, w, what? 80 isn't bad!
生徒2 (seito 2) : 私はいつも60点です。(Watashi wa itsumo roku-jutten desu.)
STUDENT 2: I usually get 60s.
生徒1 (seito 1) : えー!それはよくないね。(Ē! Sore wa yokunai ne.)
STUDENT 1: Huh? That's not good.
生徒1 (seito 1) : もっと頑張ってね。(Motto ganbatte ne.)
STUDENT 1: Huh? That's not good. You should study more.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Peter: Natsuko-san, what do you think of today’s conversation? Can you relate?
Natsuko: Yes, very much. I think score 60 is acceptable. Don’t you think so?
Peter: Umm…
Natsuko: I am not sure but…
Peter: Yeah, if it’s on a curve, it’s not too bad but otherwise…
Natsuko: Oh…
Peter: In Japanese schools, is 60 okay?
Natsuko: Oh, it depends. I think it used to be, you know the border.
Peter: Yeah.
Natsuko: Below 60 would be you know, you have to take the test again.
Peter: Border I mean like the edge of the border like you get your fingers hang on to the border. Yeah, it’s pretty close but today’s lesson serves a great point. Very rich in context, very rich in with the comparison between the affirmative and the negative in dealing with adjectives because in Japanese, adjectives can be conjugated.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: And this is a concept that we are going to ease you into. Actually we just pushed you from the back into the pool with this lesson but you’ll get it quick. So let’s do this. Let’s take a look at the vocab and then we will take a look at the conversation. Natsuko-san, first word.
VOCAB LIST
Natsuko: スウェーデン語 (Suwēden-go)
Peter: Swedish.
Natsuko: (slow) すうぇーでんご (Suwēden-go) (natural speed) スウェーデン語 (Suwēden-go)
Peter: We want to point out here is when talking about languages, it’s often the country name followed by
Natsuko: 語 (go)
Peter: Which is the character for language. So in this case,
Natsuko: スウェーデン(Suwēden)
Peter: Is Sweden. And then we attach 語 (go) to get
Natsuko: スウェーデン語 (Suwēden-go)
Peter: What’s Japan?
Natsuko: 日本 (Nihon)
Peter: And then we attach
Natsuko: 語 (go)
Peter: We get
Natsuko: 日本語 (Nihon-go)
Peter: For Japanese. This doesn’t work in every case as some languages go across borders. For example with English, it’s
Natsuko: 英語 (Eigo)
Peter: And the first character being
Natsuko: Britain.
Peter: Yes, and the second character being.
Natsuko: 語 (go)
Peter: Britain language which is English. So it doesn’t work for every case but there are many cases where it’s the country name followed by character for language.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Check the PDF. We will have a write up about this. Okay, we will give you the major ones. Next we have
Natsuko: 勉強 (benkyō)
Peter: Study.
Natsuko: (slow) べんきょう (benkyō) (natural speed) 勉強 (benkyō)
Peter: Next.
Natsuko: 楽しい (tanoshii)
Peter: Fun, enjoyable.
Natsuko: (slow) たのしい (tanoshii) (natural speed) 楽しい (tanoshii)
Peter: Next.
Natsuko: 悪くない (warukunai)
Peter: Not too bad.
Natsuko: (slow) わるくない (warukunai) (natural speed) 悪くない (warukunai)
Peter: Okay, now this expression – This is actually close to expression because it’s actually the negative form of
Natsuko: 悪い (warui)
Peter: Bad. Bad and then the negative is not bad.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: Which is actually today’s grammar point introduced a little early but it’s almost acceptable because it’s used so often. Next we have
Natsuko: 点 (ten)
Peter: Point, mark.
Natsuko: (slow) てん (ten) (natural speed) 点 (ten)
Peter: Okay, now that we covered that, let’s take a look at the conversation. Okay, first the teacher starts off with
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Natsuko: スウェーデン語の勉強は楽しいですか。(Suwēden-go no benkyō wa tanoshii desu ka.)
Peter: Is studying Swedish fun? Okay, notice how the topic precedes the は (wa) and then it’s followed by the adjective and ですか (desu ka). Okay Natsuko, how can I say we discussed English, is studying English fun?
Natsuko: 英語の勉強は楽しいですか。(Eigo no benkyō wa tanoshii desu ka.)
Peter: Okay. The topic comes before は楽しいですか (wa tanoshii desu ka). Now looking in the front, we had 英語の (Eigo no). We need the possessive. We need the possessive marker in there.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: 英語の勉強 (Eigo no benkyō), so English’s study or study of English is fun. The kid’s answer
Natsuko: はーい、楽しいです。(Hāi, tanoshii desu.)
Peter: Yes, it’s fun.
Natsuko: でも、むずかしいです。(Demo, muzukashii desu.)
Peter: でも (demo), but difficult it’s. The adjective comes first. Now in informal Japanese, you can even leave off the です (desu).
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: The polite form of the copula. So it’s just
Natsuko: むずかしい。(Muzukashii.)
Peter: That’s it and that means it’s difficult.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: This is followed by
Natsuko: え、むずかしくないよ。(E, muzukashikunai yo.)
Peter: The negative form of the adjective むずかしい (muzukashii). Now to form this, we drop the final い (i) and replace it with
Natsuko: くない (kunai)
Peter: We could also think of it, the final い (i) becomes
Natsuko: く (ku)
Peter: And we attach
Natsuko: ない (nai)
Peter: Okay. So let’s just break it down here. First we have difficult.
Natsuko: むずかしい (muzukashii) 
(slow) むずかしい (muzukashii) (natural speed) むずかしい (muzukashii)
Peter: Notice at the end the し (shi) and the い (i). Now let’s have the negative.
Natsuko: むずかしくない (muzukashikunai)
Peter: Break it down.
Natsuko: (slow) むずかしくない (muzukashikunai) (natural speed) むずかしくない (muzukashikunai)
Peter: So the い (i) is replaced or you can also think of it. It becomes
Natsuko: く (ku)
Peter: Followed by
Natsuko: ない (nai)
Peter: Okay. So this is followed by another i-adjective.
Natsuko: やさしいよ (yasashii yo)
Peter: It’s easy, followed by
Natsuko: えー?やさしくないよ〜。 (Ē? Yasashikunai yō.)
Peter: Hah! It’s not easy and you could tell this conversation, it is two war puppets speaking exactly what we want them to say because yeah, it’s this. No it’s not this. So obviously we talk to this to really get the grammar point drilled into your brain but it will keep going. Here we go.

Lesson focus

Natsuko: むずかしいよ (muzukashii yo)
Peter: And again we have むずかしい (muzukashii). And then we find out why.
Natsuko: テストはいつも80点です。(Tesuto wa itsumo hachi-jutten desu.)
Peter: Test topic marked by は (wa), いつも (itsumo). Now here is an adverb of frequency and what is いつも (itsumo) mean?
Natsuko: Always.
Peter: Always.いつ (itsu) is actually the interrogative for when. And here we have も (mo). So when also.
Natsuko: So it’s like whenever.
Peter: Exactly whenever, followed by 80 points. This is followed by
Natsuko: そ、そ、そんな... 80点は悪くないよ。(So, so, sonna… Hachi-jutten wa warukunai yo.)
Peter: Hah! Hah! That thing, 80 points. That’s not bad. Now let’s talk about this そんな (sonna). You come across people who have a habit of saying this and it’s not that uncommon like every time you say a joke or everything they hear something that is shocking and they are like, そんな (sonna). Natsuko-san, help us out here. What do they mean by this?
Natsuko: Maybe it’s the part of そんなことない (sonna koto nai) or そんなことって (sonna koto tte).
Peter: Yeah. That thing ah! So it’s kind of like a filler.
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: But it’s also showing some emotion on their part or reaction to what you are talking about, そんな (sonna). Next we have
Natsuko: 私はいつも60点です。(Watashi wa itsumo roku-jutten desu.)
Peter: I am always 60 points.
Natsuko: えー!それはよくないね。(Ē! Sore wa yokunai ne.)
Peter: Hah! That’s not good and here we have the negative of good, which is 良い (yoi) but also いい (ii), two い (i) is in a row, いい (ii), いい (ii). Now the negative form of this is
Natsuko: よくない (yokunai)
Peter: Okay. So if you want to make the negative of いい (ii), it goes back to 良い (yoi).
Natsuko: Yes.
Peter: And い (i) gets dropped, replaced or changed to く (ku) followed by ない (nai), よくない (yokunai). Okay, and then finally
Natsuko: もっと頑張ってね。(Motto ganbatte ne.)

Outro

Peter: Try harder. Okay, so as we said, today’s grammar point is the conjugation of i-adjectives and you can think of it as dropping the final い (i) and replacing it with くない (kunai) or changing the い (i) to く (ku), attaching ない (nai). Very straightforward. We will have a write up in today’s PDF. Stop by and pick that up. All right, I think that’s going to do it for today Natsuko-san, anything else to add?
Natsuko: Not really.
Peter: All right. Stop by japanesepod101.com, pick up the PDF and check out the learning center. Talk to you later.
Natsuko: じゃ、また明日ね。(Ja, mata ashita ne.)

Kanji

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140 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 19th, 2007 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, how about Japanese? Muzukashii desu ka? Muzukashikunai desu ka?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 6th, 2020 at 01:52 AM
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Xavier さん

コメントありがとうございます!

楽しく勉強できるのは、いいですね👍

Please let us know if you have any questions.


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Xavier
June 12th, 2020 at 12:31 PM
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日本語の勉強は難しいです。

でも、楽しいです

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 31st, 2019 at 06:25 PM
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Konnichiwa Michael,


Glad to hear that! Good luck for today then! 😉


Kind regards,

Levente

Team JapanesePod101.com

Michael
October 25th, 2019 at 09:58 PM
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Thank you for the link Levente! Very helpful I'll make use of this today.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 23rd, 2019 at 09:43 PM
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Hi Michael,


Thank you for your great question! In order to create a playlist of our dialogues, please have a look at this link: https://www.japanesepod101.com/learningcenter/account/myfeed. We are happy that you find our materials useful! Let us know if you have any other questions. :)


Kind regards,

Levente

Team JapanesePod101.com"

Michael
October 5th, 2019 at 11:02 PM
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Hello!


Great lessons on here! Really helping me get my ears tuned. Have you ever thought about adding a feature to make playlists of the dialogue so they can be played back to back rather than having to load them from each lesson page? Just a thought as I think it would be beneficial to be able to review them in bulk.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 17th, 2019 at 11:52 AM
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Rob-san,


Thank you very much for leaving a comment.

I'm glad to hear you enjoy studying Japanese.

Keep up the good work, and if you have any questions, please let us know in the comment.

We are here to help!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rob
July 7th, 2019 at 06:25 PM
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nihon go no benkyo wa totemo tanoshi, demo chotto muzukashi desu.



JapanesePod101.com
May 30th, 2019 at 10:05 AM
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dew-san,


Thanks for leaving a comment! Great sentences!👍

Nihongo no benkyo, ganbatte kudasai! 😄


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

dew
May 22nd, 2019 at 05:58 AM
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nihon go no benkyo wa tanoshi desu , demo yasashikunai desu.