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なつこ: なつこです。
Peter: Peter here. Newbie Lesson #13. Natsuko-san, what are we talking about today?
なつこ: I don’t want to mention this.
Peter: All right umm...
なつこ: Talking about grades.
Peter: Yes.
なつこ: Oh oh.
Peter: Grades and of course, when we talk about grades, we talk about difficult and when we talk about difficult, we are talking about adjectives. So today we are going to be discussing I adjectives and the negative form of I adjectives. Now in Japanese, there are two types of adjectives often called na adjectives and I adjectives. Today we will be looking at I adjectives. So today’s conversation takes place between, Natsuko-san?
なつこ: Two students.
Peter: Now the politeness level here Natsuko-san.
なつこ: They are quite polite to each other.
Peter: Now is this kind of the case for classmates.
なつこ: I don’t think so.
Peter: Yeah we are kind of twisting it a bit here. So you will kind of can relate more to your textbook because you will come into contact with polite Japanese over and over. So just to make you feel a little bit at home, we kind of made it a little polite.
なつこ: Well it’s always to learn something polite first.
Peter: Yeah exactly. So here we go.
先生: スウェーデン語の勉強は楽しいですか。
生徒達: は〜い。楽しいです。
生徒1: でも、むずかしいです。
生徒2: えっ、むずかしくないよ。やさしいよ。
生徒1: えー?やさしくないよ〜。むずかしいよ。
生徒2: そ、そ、そんな....80点は悪くないよ。
生徒1: えー!それはよくないね。もっと頑張ってね。
先生: スウェーデン語の勉強は楽しいですか。
生徒達: は〜い。楽しいです。
生徒1: でも、むずかしいです。
生徒2: えっ、むずかしくないよ。やさしいよ。
生徒1: えー?やさしくないよ〜。むずかしいよ。
生徒2: そ、そ、そんな....80点は悪くないよ。
生徒1: えー!それはよくないね。もっと頑張ってね。
先生: スウェーデン語の勉強は楽しいですか。
TEACHER: Do you enjoy studying Swedish?
生徒達: は〜い。楽しいです。
STUDENTS: Yes, it's fun.
生徒1: でも、むずかしいです。
STUDENT 1: But it's difficult.
生徒2: えっ、むずかしくないよ。やさしいよ。
STUDENT 2: Huh? It's not difficult. It's easy.
生徒1: えー?やさしくないよ〜。むずかしいよ。
STUDENT 1: What? It's not easy; it's hard.
I always get 80s on the tests.
生徒2: そ、そ、そんな....80点は悪くないよ。
STUDENT 2: W, w, what? 80 isn't bad!
I usually get 60s.
生徒1: えー!それはよくないね。もっと頑張ってね。
STUDENT 1: Huh? That's not good. You should study more.
Peter: Natsuko-san what do you think of today’s conversation? Can you relate?
なつこ: Yes very much. I think score 60 is acceptable. Don’t you think so?
Peter: Umm…
なつこ: I am not sure but…
Peter: Yeah if it’s on a curve, it’s not too bad but otherwise…
なつこ: Oh…
Peter: In Japanese schools, is 60 okay?
なつこ: Oh it depends. I think it used to be you know the border.
Peter: Yeah.
なつこ: Below 60 would be you know, you have to take the test again.
Peter: Border I mean like the edge of the border like you get your fingers hang on to the border. Yeah it’s pretty close but today’s lesson serves a great point. Very rich in context, very rich in with the comparison between the affirmative and the negative in dealing with adjectives because in Japanese, adjectives can be conjugated.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: And this is a concept that we are going to ease you into. Actually we just pushed you from the back into the pool with this lesson but you’ll get it quick. So let’s do this. Let’s take a look at the vocab and then we will take a look at the conversation. Natsuko-san, first word.
なつこ: スエーデン語
Peter: Swedish.
なつこ:(slow) スエーデンご(natural speed)スエーデン語
Peter: We want to point out here is when talking about languages, it’s often the country name followed by
なつこ: 語
Peter: Which is the character for language. So in this case.
なつこ: スエーデン
Peter: Is Sweden. And then we attach 語 to get
なつこ: スエーデン語
Peter: What’s Japan?
なつこ: 日本
Peter: And then we attach
なつこ: 語
Peter: We get
なつこ: Nihongo
Peter: For Japanese. This doesn’t work in every case as some languages go across borders. For example with English, it’s
Peter: And the first character being
なつこ: Britain.
Peter: Yes and the second character being.
なつこ: Go.
Peter: Britain language which is English. So it doesn’t work for every case but there are many cases where it’s the country name followed by character for language.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: Check the PDF. We will have a write up about this. Okay we will give you the major ones. Next we have
なつこ: 勉強
Peter: Study.
なつこ: (slow) べんきょう (natural speed) 勉強
Peter: Next.
なつこ: 楽しい
あPeter: Fun, enjoyable.
なつこ: (slow) たのしい (natural speed)楽しい
Peter: Next.
なつこ: 悪くない
Peter: Not too bad.
なつこ: (slow)わるくない (natural speed)悪くない
Peter: Okay now this expression – This is actually close to expression because it’s actually the negative form of
なつこ: 悪い
Peter: Bad. Bad and then the negative is not bad.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: Which is actually today’s grammar point introduced a little early but it’s almost acceptable because it’s used so often. Next we have
なつこ: 点
Peter: Point, mark.
なつこ: (slow) てん(natural speed)点
Peter: Okay now that we covered that, let’s take a look at the conversation. Okay first the teacher starts off with
なつこ: スエーデン語の勉強は楽しいですか
Peter: Is studying Swedish fun? Okay notice how the topic precedes the wa and then it’s followed by the adjective and ですか. Okay Natsuko, how can I say we discussed English is studying English fun?
なつこ: 英語の勉強は楽しいですか?
Peter: Okay. The topic comes before wa 楽しいですか. Now looking in the front, we had 英語の. We need the possessive. We need the possessive marker in there.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: 英語の勉強 So English’s study or study of English is fun. The kid’s answer
なつこ: はーい、楽しいです。
Peter: Yes it’s fun.
なつこ: でも、難しいです。
Peter: でも but difficult it’s. The adjective comes first. Now in informal Japanese, you can even leave off the です.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: The polite form of the copula. So it’s just
なつこ: 難しい
Peter: That’s it and that means it’s difficult.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: This is followed by
なつこ: え、難しくないよ。
Peter: The negative form of the adjective 難しい. Now to form this, we drop the finalい and replace it with
なつこ: くない
Peter: We could also think of it, the final い becomes
なつこ: Ku.
Peter: And we attach.
なつこ: ない
Peter: Okay. So let’s just break it down here. First we have difficult.
なつこ: 難しい (slow) むずかしい (natural speed)難しい
Peter: Notice at the end the し and the い. Now let’s have the negative.
なつこ: 難しくない
Peter: Break it down.
なつこ: (slow) むずかしくない(natural speed)難しくない
Peter: So the い is replaced or you can also think of it. It becomes
なつこ: く
Peter: Followed by
なつこ: ない
Peter: Okay. So this is followed by another い adjective.
なつこ: やさしいよ
Peter: It’s easy followed by
なつこ: えー、やさしくないよ。
Peter: Hah! It’s not easy and you could tell this conversation, it is two war puppets speaking exactly what we want them to say because yeah, it’s this. No it’s not this. So obviously we talk to this to really get the grammar point drilled into your brain but it will keep going. Here we go.

Lesson focus

なつこ: 難しいよ
Peter: And again we have 難しい And then we find out why.
なつこ: テストはいつも80点です。
Peter: Test topic marked by wa, いつも. Now here is an adverb of frequency and what is いつも mean?
なつこ: Always.
Peter:Always.いつ is actually the interrogative for when. And here we have も. So when also.
なつこ: So it’s like whenever.
Peter: Exactly whenever followed by 80 points. This is followed by
なつこ: そ、そ、そんな。80点は悪くないよ。
Peter: Hah! Hah! That thing, 80 points. That’s not bad. Now let’s talk about this そんな. You come across people who have a habit of saying this and it’s not that uncommon like every time you say a joke or everything they hear something that is shocking and they are like, そんな
. Natsuko-san, help us out here. What do they mean by this?
なつこ: Maybe it’s the part of そんなことない or そんなことって
Peter: Yeah. That thing ah! So it’s kind of like a filler.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: But it’s also showing some emotion on their part or reaction to what you are talking about. そんな。 Next we have
なつこ: 私はいつも60点です。
Peter: I am always 60 points.
なつこ: えー、それはよくないね。
Peter: Hah! That’s not good and here we have the negative of good which is 良い but also いい, two Is in a row, II, I. Now the negative form of this is
なつこ: 良くない
Peter: Okay. So if you want to make the negative of 良い, it goes back to 良い.
なつこ: Yes.
Peter: And い gets dropped, replaced or changed to ku followed by ない 良くない. Okay and then finally
なつこ: もっと頑張ってね。


Peter: Try harder. Okay so as we said, today’s grammar point is the conjugation of I adjectives and you can think of it as dropping the final I and replacing it withくない or changing the I to ku, attaching たちない. Very straightforward. We will have a write up in today’s PDF. Stop by and pick that up. All right, I think that’s going to do it for today Natsuko-san, anything else to add?
なつこ: Not really.
Peter: All right. Stop by japanesepod101.com, pick up the PDF and check out the learning center. Talk to you later.
なつこ: じゃ、また明日ね。


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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 19th, 2007 at 06:30 PM
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Mina-san, how about Japanese? Muzukashii desu ka? Muzukashikunai desu ka?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 6th, 2020 at 01:52 AM
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Xavier さん



Please let us know if you have any questions.

Thank you for studying with us!



Team JapanesePod101.com

June 12th, 2020 at 12:31 PM
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JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 31st, 2019 at 06:25 PM
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Konnichiwa Michael,

Glad to hear that! Good luck for today then! 😉

Kind regards,


Team JapanesePod101.com

October 25th, 2019 at 09:58 PM
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Thank you for the link Levente! Very helpful I'll make use of this today.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
October 23rd, 2019 at 09:43 PM
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Hi Michael,

Thank you for your great question! In order to create a playlist of our dialogues, please have a look at this link: https://www.japanesepod101.com/learningcenter/account/myfeed. We are happy that you find our materials useful! Let us know if you have any other questions. :)

Kind regards,


Team JapanesePod101.com"

October 5th, 2019 at 11:02 PM
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Great lessons on here! Really helping me get my ears tuned. Have you ever thought about adding a feature to make playlists of the dialogue so they can be played back to back rather than having to load them from each lesson page? Just a thought as I think it would be beneficial to be able to review them in bulk.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 17th, 2019 at 11:52 AM
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Thank you very much for leaving a comment.

I'm glad to hear you enjoy studying Japanese.

Keep up the good work, and if you have any questions, please let us know in the comment.

We are here to help!


Miki H

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July 7th, 2019 at 06:25 PM
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nihon go no benkyo wa totemo tanoshi, demo chotto muzukashi desu.

May 30th, 2019 at 10:05 AM
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Thanks for leaving a comment! Great sentences!👍

Nihongo no benkyo, ganbatte kudasai! 😄


Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

May 22nd, 2019 at 05:58 AM
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nihon go no benkyo wa tanoshi desu , demo yasashikunai desu.