Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Becky: Hi everyone, and welcome back to JapanesePod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 2, Lesson 18 - Have You Ever Been to a Japanese Wedding? I’m Becky.
Natsuko: こんにちは。 なつこです。
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask someone what he or she is going to do at a certain time, and how to answer this question. The conversation takes place during lunch time at an office.
Natsuko: It's between John and Mr. Tanaka..
Becky: The speakers are co-workers, so they’ll be using formal Japanese. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
たなか:ジョン、こんしゅうのしゅうまつは、何をしますか。また、ジムに行きますか。
ジョン:いえ、こんしゅうまつは、ジムには行きません。土よう日に、友だちのけっこんしきがあります。
たなか:あ、そうですか。
ジョン:それから、日よう日は、友だちとバーベキューをします。
たなか:いそがしいですね。
ジョン:はい、日本のけっこんしきは、初めてです。とても楽しみです。
Becky: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
たなか:ジョン、こんしゅうのしゅうまつは、何をしますか。また、ジムに行きますか。
ジョン:いえ、こんしゅうまつは、ジムには行きません。土よう日に、友だちのけっこんしきがあります。
たなか:あ、そうですか。
ジョン:それから、日よう日は、友だちとバーベキューをします。
たなか:いそがしいですね。
ジョン:はい、日本のけっこんしきは、初めてです。とても楽しみです。
Becky: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Tanaka: John, what are you going to do this weekend? Are you going to the gym again?
John: No, I’m not going to the gym this weekend. I’ll attend a wedding of a friend of mine on Saturday.
Tanaka: Oh I see.
John: Also I’m going to have a BBQ with my friends on Sunday.
Tanaka: You will be busy.
John: Oh yes. This is my first time attending a wedding in Japan. I’m looking forward to that.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Becky: Natsuko, I’ve heard that there are several types of weddings in Japan.
Natsuko: That’s right - There are four types of Japanese weddings - Shinto, Christian, Buddhist, and non-religious civil weddings. But Shinto-style and Christian-style weddings are the most common.
Becky: What is the main difference between them?
Natsuko: A Shinto-style wedding is a traditional Japanese ceremony that is performed by a Shinto priest and held in a shrine. Nowadays, this traditional wedding is becoming less popular and many couples are going for the Christian-style today.
Becky: And where do wedding ceremonies usually take place?
Natsuko: It's common to hold ceremonies at a hotel or ceremony hall. Many hotels and halls have Shinto or Christian chapel facilities.
Becky: Okay, let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Becky: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Natsuko: こんしゅう [natural native speed]
Becky: this week
Natsuko: こんしゅう[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: こんしゅう [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: しゅうまつ [natural native speed]
Becky: weekend
Natsuko: しゅうまつ[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: しゅうまつ [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: こんしゅうまつ [natural native speed]
Becky: this weekend
Natsuko: こんしゅうまつ[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: こんしゅうまつ [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: けっこんしき [natural native speed]
Becky: wedding
Natsuko: けっこんしき[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: けっこんしき [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: バーベキュー [natural native speed]
Becky: barbeque
Natsuko: バーベキュー[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: バーベキュー [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: たのしみ [natural native speed]
Becky: enjoyment, pleasure, looking forward to
Natsuko: たのしみ[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: たのしみ [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Natsuko: いそがしい [natural native speed]
Becky: busy
Natsuko: いそがしい[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: いそがしい [natural native speed]
Becky: And last..
Natsuko: はじめて [natural native speed]
Becky: for the first time
Natsuko: はじめて[slowly - broken down by syllable]
Natsuko: はじめて [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Becky: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Natsuko: はじめてです
Becky: meaning "It's my first time."
Natsuko: はじめて means "first time" and です is a copula.
Becky: You can use this phrase when you want to express that you’re doing something for the first time, if it's clear what you are talking about from the context. For example, if someone asked you..
Natsuko: 日本ははじめてですか。
Becky: “Is your first time visiting Japan?” You could say..
Natsuko: はい。はじめてです。
Becky: “Yes. It's my first time." if it’s your first visit to Japan. Okay, what's the next phrase?
Natsuko: たのしみです
Becky: meaning "I'm looking forward to it. " You can use this phrase to express that you are looking forward to something.
Natsuko: Right. たのしみ is a noun meaning "enjoyment" or "pleasure" and when it's followed by です, it makes a set phrase meaning "I'm looking forward to it."
Becky: For example, if you plan to go to Japan next week, you can say..
Natsuko: らいしゅう、にほんに行きます。
Becky: “I'm going to Japan next week.” Then you can simply add...
Natsuko: たのしみです。
Becky: to mean “I’m looking forward to.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask someone what he or she is going to do at a certain time, and how to answer this question.
Natsuko: First, let’s take a look at how to ask someone what he or she is going to do.
Becky: Let’s imagine you want to ask “what are you going to do this weekend?” First you say, “this weekend”,
Natsuko: 今週末
Becky: Then add a topic marking particle
Natsuko: は
Becky: and finally add “what are you going to do”
Natsuko: 何をしますか。
Becky: Altogether, “What are you doing this weekend?” is,
Natsuko: 今週末は何をしますか。
Becky: The pattern to ask “what are you going to do [at a certain time]?” is,
Natsuko: [certain time] + は、何をしますか。
Becky: Using this pattern, how do you ask “What are you going to do this Saturday?”
Natsuko: “This Saturday” is こんしゅうのどよう日. So you can say.. こんしゅうのどよう日 は、なにをしますか。
Becky: Now let’s make a more specific question."What are you going to do during summer vacation?"
Natsuko: It's simple. Just replace こんしゅうのどよう日, meaning “this Saturday” with “summer vacation”夏休み and say.. 夏休みは、何をしますか。
Becky: “What are you going to do during summer vacation?"
Natsuko: Unlike English, あなたは is dropped from this question sentence, as it's already understood that you are the one being asked. It sounds more natural if you don’t say あなた in a Japanese question.
Becky: I see. Okay. Now let's talk about how to answer the questions.
Natsuko: The formation is almost the same as the question.
Becky: For example, for "I'm going to have a party this Friday night," you can say,
Natsuko: こんしゅうの金よう日は、パーティをします。
Becky: ..The formation is,
Natsuko: The time for the event, in this case, this Friday ,今週の金曜日 plus the topic marking particle, は and then you describe what to do, such as, “I will have a party”, パーティをします.
Becky: So simply, time, topic marking particle, and what you do. Using all the patterns that we learned in this lesson, let’s make a short dialogue. “What are you going to do next Saturday?”
Natsuko: In Japanese, that’s こんどの土よう日は何をしますか。
Becky: A possible answer is "I'm going to play tennis next Saturday."
Natsuko: こんどの土よう日は、テニスをします。
Natsuko: So listeners, こんどの土よう日は何をしますか。 Leave us your answer in the comments!

Outro

Becky: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Natsuko: またねー

13 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 4th, 2015 at 06:30 PM
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Have you ever been invited to a Japanese wedding ceremony?

JapanesePod101.com Verified
May 27th, 2020 at 12:51 PM
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Ben さん

コメントありがとうございます!


*にほんごをたくさんべんきょうします。


Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Ben
May 6th, 2020 at 06:16 PM
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こんにちは, ベンです。

こんど の どようびはえいがをみて、 ほんをよんで、うんどうをして、 にほんごをたいへんべんきょうします。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 30th, 2017 at 01:44 PM
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こんにちは、chrisさん

コメントありがとうございます!


ハリファックスはどうでしたか?

わたしはこんしゅうまつはなごやに行きます?


Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

chris
September 20th, 2017 at 07:24 PM
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こんしゅまつはカナダのハリファックスに行きます. たのしみです.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
July 13th, 2017 at 05:47 PM
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Hi Ems,


Thank you for your comment! Your sentence makes sense. Please note that 今度の土曜日 means "this Saturday" and 来週の土曜日 would be used for "next Saturday".


We wish you the best of luck with your further studies.


Piers

Team JapanesePod101.com

Ems
June 20th, 2017 at 06:41 AM
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今度の土曜日は食料品を買いにスーパーに行きます。


Next Saturday, I will go to the supermarket and buy groceries.

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 3rd, 2016 at 08:18 PM
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Andyさん、

こんにちは。

またポストしてください。:smile:

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Andy
March 26th, 2016 at 08:57 PM
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はいわかりました!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 25th, 2016 at 04:49 PM
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Andy san,

こんにちは。:smile:

そうですか。いい経験でしたね。

Please note the corrections below.

キリスト教スタイル/キリスト教式の結婚式でした。

It was a Christian style wedding.

後で披露宴(ひろうえん)で祝いました。

Afterward we celebrated at the reception.

Yuki  由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Andy
March 18th, 2016 at 04:37 PM
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はい、行ったことあります。

Yes, I have been to a Japanese wedding ceremony.


去年僕は同僚の結婚式に行きました。

Last year I went to my coworker`s wedding.


池袋の近くのホテルでありました。

It was at a hotel near Ikebukuro.


クリスト級の結婚式でした。

It was a Christian style wedding.


後でレせっぷシンで祝いました。

Afterward we celebrated at the reception.