Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
Naomi:
スーパーがあります。 (Sūpā ga arimasu.)
Jessi:
In this lesson, you will learn how to say that something exists as in, there is a blank. And also how to say that you have something.
Naomi:
The same pattern is used for both of these meanings.
Jessi:
Yes, and that pattern is?
Naomi:
A があります。 (A ga arimasu.)
Jessi:
A があります。 (A ga arimasu.) So let’s take a look at the first meaning talking about something existing. When we say it this way, it sounds really deep but what are we really trying to say?
Naomi:
Well it’s like saying, there is a dah-dah-dah in English, like there is a supermarket, or there is a convenient store, there is a party, things like that.
Jessi:
How about there is a person?
Naomi:
Nope. This pattern is used for inanimate objects only.
Jessi:
Got it. So objects, things, places, anything that’s not alive basically?
Naomi:
Right.
Jessi:
So again, the pattern is
Naomi:
A があります。 (A ga arimasu.)
Jessi:
Let’s hear some examples. How about the ones that we just gave in English?
Naomi:
Okay supermarket is スーパー (sūpā) in Japanese. So to say there is a supermarket, we say スーパーがあります。 (Sūpā ga arimasu.)
Jessi:
スーパー (sūpā) plus があります(ga arimasu). スーパーがあります。 (Sūpā ga arimasu.)
Naomi:
Right. Convenience store is コンビニ (konbini) So to say, there is a convenience store, we say コンビニがあります。 (Konbini ga arimasu.)
Jessi:
コンビニ (konbini) plus があります。 (ga arimasu.) コンビニがあります。 (Konbini ga arimasu.)
Naomi:
That’s it.
Jessi:
Okay. So like we said earlier, this があります (ga arimasu) has another meaning.
Naomi:
Yes. And that’s the meaning of to have
Jessi:
As in, I have, you have, he has, et cetera. So to say that you have something, the structure is, item plus があります (ga arimasu), just like before.
Naomi:
Okay. How about saying you have time? Time is 時間 (jikan) . So to say I have time, you’d say 時間があります。 (Jikan ga arimasu.)
Jessi:
時間 (jikan) plus があります。 (ga arimasu.) 時間があります。 (Jikan ga arimasu.). Now you know how to use があります (ga arimasu) to talk about the existence of inanimate objects and having something.
Naomi:
スーパーがあります。 (Sūpā ga arimasu.)
Naomi:
兄弟がいますか。 (Kyōdai ga imasu ka.)
Jessi:
In this lesson, you will learn how to talk about the existence of animate objects, that is people and animals. If you remember, we learned object があります (ga arimasu) to talk about the existence of an inanimate object and also to talk about having something. This time what’s our structure?
Naomi:
Person or animal plus がいます。 (ga imasu.) .
Jessi:
がいます (ga imasu) .
Naomi:
Remember that this can only be used with living things people or animals.
Jessi:
Right.
Naomi:
So Jessi, can you tell us when we’d use this structure?
Jessi:
Well first, you can use it to talk about someone being physically present.
Naomi:
Yes, as in, Tailor is here, or, the teacher is here.
Jessi:
Right. And that would be covered by person plus がいます (ga imasu.)
Naomi:
Right. And how else?
Jessi:
You can also use it to talk about having family members as in, I have a brother, I have a sister, et cetera.
Naomi:
Yes. Family member plus がいます (ga imasu) .
Jessi:
Let’s hear some examples. What’s the word for siblings Naomi?
Naomi:
兄弟 (kyōdai)
Jessi:
兄弟 (kyōdai) Brothers and sisters. So when someone asks you if you have brothers or sisters, they will ask, Naomi?
Naomi:
兄弟がいますか。 (Kyōdai ga imasu ka.)
Jessi:
兄弟がいますか。 (kyōdai ga imasu ka.) Do you have any brothers or sisters? Remember that the か (ka) at the end makes it a question.
兄弟がいますか。 (kyōdai ga imasu ka.)
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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions!😄

 

Ru
October 10th, 2017 at 3:56 am
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What about plants? They are alive but do not move, so do I use arimasu or imasu?

Anna
September 20th, 2017 at 6:11 am
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inu ga imasu
terebi ga arimasu

imoto ga imasu
kimono ga arimasu

neko ga imasen
ipad ga arimasen

September 14th, 2017 at 6:45 pm
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Konnichiwa, Shiela-san
Thank you for your comment!

Sō desu ka.
Hoka no o-niku wa taberaremasu ka? (Do you eat any meats except chicken?)

Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com
Cheers,
Miki(美希)
Team JapanesePod101.com

Shiela
September 7th, 2017 at 3:59 pm
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Watashiwa chikin arerugi ga arimasu😞

August 20th, 2017 at 1:09 pm
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Hi Natasja,

Thank you for your comment! 猫は可愛いですよね。Neko wa kawaii desuyone.

We wish you the best of luck with your further studies. これからも日本語の勉強を頑張って下さい。

Piers
Team JapanesePod.com

Natasja
August 16th, 2017 at 12:44 am
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Neko ga imasu ❤️️

August 4th, 2017 at 1:32 pm
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Hi Bob,

Thank you for your comment! ピコ太郎産のモノマネですか😅。面白いですね!

これからも日本語の勉強を頑張って下さい。We wish you the best of luck with your further studies.
Piers
Team JapanesePod101.com

Bob
August 3rd, 2017 at 10:43 am
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ペンがあります。
りんごがあります。
おお。
アップルペンです。

June 19th, 2017 at 10:29 am
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Polly Nguyen san,
Konnichiwa.
Thank you for your question.
We are sorry about the late reply.
Regarding ”I don’t have (thing)”, you can say “nani mo arimasen” or “nani mo motteimasen.”
” I don’t have sister” is “shimai wa imasen.”

Mar san,
Konnichiwa.
We are sorry about the late reply.
“the man has a wife” is “sono otokono hito ni wa okusan ga imasu.”
“friend(s?) (and?) wife etc is here” means “tomodachi ya okusan ga koko ni imasu.”
When you want to say “do you have something?” in Japanese, you can use “something wa arimasu ka.”
😄
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Mar
May 31st, 2017 at 9:20 pm
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Hey guys, so I had already sent this question but it kind of got lost in the other ones,if you could please still send me an answer that would be perfect, Thank you.
JANUARY 31ST, 2017 AT 1:27 AM
こんにちは。 😄
when i whant to say the man has a wife can i say “otoko wa tsuma ga imasu?” Or is it ” Otoko ga tsuma imasu?”
and when i whant to tell someone there friend wife etc is here, do i say “anata no imoto (little sister) ga imasu”?

When i was in japan i asked if they have chokolate or postcards etc by asking per example “onigiri ga arimasu ka” was that wright? 😅
thank you