Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Safe & Secure. We respect your privacy
Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Safe & Secure. We respect your privacy
Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
トイレはどこですか。 (Toire wa doko desu ka.)
Eric:
So what’s our grammar point today?
Naomi:
今日は (kyo wa) asking the location.. 留学センターはどこですか。 (Ryūgakusentā wa doko desu ka.).
Eric:
Where is the study abroad office. Let’s break it down.
Naomi:
留学センター (ryūgakusentā)
Eric:
Study abroad office.
Naomi:
は(wa)
Eric:
Topic marking particle.
Naomi:
どこ (doko)
Eric:
Where.
Naomi:
です (desu)
Eric:
The copula.
Naomi:
か(ka).
Eric:
The question marking particle.
Naomi:
留学センターはどこですか。 (Ryūgakusentā wa doko desu ka.)
Eric:
Where is the study abroad office?
So Naomi Sensei, where is the bathroom?
Naomi:
Do you want me to say it in Japanese? Okay,
トイレはどこですか。 (Toire wa doko desu ka.)
Eric:
Where is the bathroom?
Naomi:
トイレ (toire) is bathroom.
Eric:
All right, that’s fine Naomi Sensei. But sometimes, it’s you are in the dark, right? You need to find how the lights are, or else you are going to stay in the dark.
Naomi:
Ah, lights in Japanese is 電気 (denki)
Eric:
電気 (denki). It also means electricity right? So Naomi Sensei, where are the lights?
Naomi:
電気はどこですか。 (Denki wa doko desu ka.)
Eric:
Where are the lights? But you know before we turn the lights on, we need to get into the room. I don’t have the key. Do you know where it is? Where is the key?
Naomi:
鍵 (kagi) is key.
Eric:
鍵 (kagi)
Naomi:
鍵はどこですか。 (Kagi wa doko desu ka.)
Eric:
Where is the key?
Naomi:
トイレはどこですか。 (Toire wa doko desu ka.)
Naomi:
わたしはここです。 (Watashi wa koko desu.)
Jessi:
In this lesson, we will be looking at こそあど (kosoado) words. こそあど (kosoado) words are words that indicate what you are talking about.
Naomi:
Words like this and that are some examples.
Jessi:
Now the reason we call them こそあど (kosoado) words is because they all start with either こ、そ、あ、 (ko, so, a,) or ど (do). This prefix tells us the location or the object’s distance relative to the speaker. The first one is?
Naomi:
こ (ko)
Jessi:
The prefix こ (ko) means near the speaker. The next one is?
Naomi:
そ (so)
Jessi:
The prefix そ (so) means close to the listener but a bit far from the speaker. The next one is?
Naomi:
あ (a)
Jessi:
The prefix あ (a) means at a distance from the speaker and the listener. And the last one is?
Naomi:
ど (do)
Jessi:
Now this one doesn’t refer to a location but instead, it is used for question words. Remember these prefixes and their meanings. Now let’s move onto the こそあど (kosoado) words that describe places. The word for here is?
Naomi:
ここ (koko)
Jessi:
There?
Naomi:
そこ (soko)
Jessi:
Over there? This word talks about a farther distance from both the speaker and the listener.
Naomi:
あそこ (asoko)
Jessi:
Where?
Naomi:
どこ (doko)
Jessi:
Good! Now let’s hear an example.
Naomi:
わたしはここです。 (Watashi wa koko desu.)
Jessi:
This means I am here.
わたしはここです。 (Watashi wa koko desu.)
Want more Japanese lessons like this one? Visit us at JapanesePod101.com to get your free lifetime account today. Join now at JapanesePod101.com

52 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions!😄

マシュー
September 10th, 2017 at 7:24 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

先生、すみません。
In the end what is the difference between ここ、そこ、あそこ and これ、それ and あれ?
ありがとうございます!

November 17th, 2016 at 12:33 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Aidan さん,
Konnichiwa.
Yokudekimashita. Well done.😄
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Aidan
October 28th, 2016 at 12:03 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Doko desu ka?私はここです。:sunglasses

September 13th, 2016 at 4:41 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Stavros スターブロ さん、
こんにちは。
Yes, that is right.😄
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Stavros
September 1st, 2016 at 1:05 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

こんいちわ。

If I wanted to ask someone “Where in Kyushu is this”, would the sentence structure be like this:
九州のどこですか。

ありがとうございます。😄

スターブロ 

June 14th, 2016 at 2:45 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ricardo san,
こんにちは。
Yes, your sentences are great!:thumbsup::thumbsup:
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Ricardo
June 1st, 2016 at 3:50 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

So an example would be:

P1: 犬はどこですか。
P2:犬はあそこです。

January 11th, 2016 at 3:42 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Martijn san,
Konnichiwa. 😄
Well…the direct translation is the sentence you mentioned.
However, ‘watashi wa doko ni imasu ka?’ is better.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Martijn
January 11th, 2016 at 8:24 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

So if you want to say “where am I”? should it be
Watashi wa doko desu ka?

October 20th, 2015 at 10:23 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

James san,
Konnichiwa.😄
As you know Japanese そこ has two meanings.
One is a place far from a speaker and close to a listener.
The other is a place far from both a speaker and a listener.
People can use ここ, そこ and あそこ subjectively because we don’t have rules for them.
If something is 1 meter away from both a speaker and a listener, do we have to use ここ? or そこ?
If something is 3 meters away from both of them, do we have to use そこ or あそこ?
It depends on people and situations so don’t worry about them too much.
If person A uses ここ, person B disagree with person A and person B says そこ.It happens in real lives.
However, it’s not a big problem.
Please don’t worry about them too much and I recommend you to try to them.
Then you can learn how others use them.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com