Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi: 食べて (tabete)
Peter: In this lesson, we will show you how to make the te-form from the dictionary form.
Naomi: Let’s start with class 2 verbs.
Peter: For class 2 verbs, all you need to do is change the final る (ru) to て (te). Let’s illustrate with some examples. Naomi-sensei, can we have a class 2 verb?
Naomi: Sure 食べる (taberu). To eat.
Peter: Drop the final る (ru) syllable.
Naomi: 食べ (tabe)
Peter: Attach て(te) to it.
Naomi: 食べて(tabete)
Peter: And that’s it.
Naomi: Right.
Peter: Can we have another example?
Naomi: Sure. To get up is 起きる (okiru)
Peter: Drop the final る (ru) , replace it with て (te) and we get
Naomi: 起きて (okite)
Peter: Fortunately class 2 verbs are really simple to conjugate. Just replace the final る (ru) with て (te).
Naomi: Right
食べる (taberu)
Peter: To eat.
Naomi: Becomes 食べて(tabete)
起きる (okiru)
Peter: To get up
Naomi: Becomes 起きて (okite)
見る (miru)
Peter: To see
Naomi: Becomes 見て (mite)
寝る (neru)
Peter: To sleep
Naomi: Becomes 寝て (nete)
Peter: Okay on to class 3 verbs, class 3 verbs are irregular. So the te-forms must be memorized. Remember though that there are only two class 3 verbs. They are,
Naomi: する (suru)
Peter: To do, and
Naomi: くる (kuru)
Peter: To come.
Naomi: する (suru) becomes して (shite), and くる (kuru) becomes きて (kite).
Peter: Can we hear them again? What’s the te form of the verb する (suru)?
Naomi: して (shite)
Peter: How about くる (kuru) to come?
Naomi: きて (kite)
Peter: Okay let’s recap with the quiz. The quiz will be multiple choice. We will give you question and three possible answers. Your job is to guess the answer. First question. Which of the following is the te-form of the verb くる (kuru), to come? Listen closely.
Peter: A
Naomi: きいて (kiite)
Peter: B
Naomi: きて (kite)
Peter: C
Naomi: きって (kitte)
Peter: The answer is
Naomi: B, きて (kite)
Peter: The verb kuru, to come becomes きて (kite) in the te-form. Two syllables きて (kite) . How about choice A?
Naomi: きいて (kiite). きいて (kiite) is the te-form of 聞く (kiku) , to listen.
Peter: And it’s actually three syllables.
Naomi: Right.
Peter: 聞、い、て (ki, i, te) So it’s long. 聞いて (kiite) How about choice C?
Naomi: きって (kitte). きって (kitte) is the te-form of 切る (kiru), to cut.
Peter: And it has a short pause in there. 切って (kitte)
Naomi: Right. 切って (kitte)
Peter: That concludes this lesson.
Naomi: 食べて (tabete)
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28 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

 

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JapanesePod101.com
April 1st, 2019 at 8:07 am
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Hi ニコラス,


Thanks for leaving a comment!

A good sentence with te-form words!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

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G
April 1st, 2019 at 6:16 am
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I'm with Ramone.

The video will say something is to whatever but then when it gives the te form it doesn't translate to what it means in English.

For example, is it the -ed equivalent or the -ing equivalent?

It never says.

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ニコラス
January 28th, 2019 at 6:10 am
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プレゼントを見て!開けて。見せて。すごい!

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JapanesePod101.com
January 26th, 2019 at 6:38 pm
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Hi Ramone,


Thank you for posting.


For more details on a grammar point, please check out our Japanese Grammar Bank:

https://www.japanesepod101.com/japanese-grammar/


In case of any questions, please don't hesitate to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Ramone
January 23rd, 2019 at 5:58 am
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What is the te form exactly. Why do we change the verb to the te form?

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JapanesePod101.com
January 1st, 2019 at 6:23 am
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Hi Max,


Thanks for the comment. Nicely written Japanese sentences!

Good job!


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Max
December 9th, 2018 at 11:26 pm
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窓を開けて下さい。

宿題を見せて下さい。

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JapanesePod101.com
October 21st, 2017 at 9:31 pm
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Hi Alessandra Scotto Pagliara,

Thank you for your comment!


Add "nai" to a verb and make it negative, so that you'll find if it is a class 1 or 2.

If a character right before "nai" is "a", it is a class 1 verb. If a character right before "nai" is "i" or "e", it is a class 2 verb.

Please note that there are some exceptions like a verb "する".


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

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Alessandra Scotto Pagliara
October 12th, 2017 at 6:15 am
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こんいちわ!

I saw in the previous video that some class 1 verbs, in their dictionary form, end in る.

How can I know from the dictionary form if a verb ending in る is a class 1 verb or a class 2 one?


どうもありがとうございます。

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JapanesePod101.com
September 30th, 2017 at 2:46 pm
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Hi Anna,

Thank you for your comment!


You can say "yoru-gohan o tabete" or "yoru-gohan o tabenasai". The second one sounds like a command.

"yoru-gohan", a casual word meaning "dinner" would suit for dog's dinner rather than "yūshoku". Or "esa"(feed) is also used.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com