Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
会いません (aimasen)
Peter:
Making a formal negative is very simple.
Naomi:
Replace ます (masu) with ません (masen)
Peter:
So
Naomi:
飲みます (nomi masu)
Peter:
To drink becomes
Naomi:
飲みません (nomimasen)
Peter:
Don’t drink, won’t drink.
Naomi:
行きます (iki masu)
Peter:
To go
Naomi:
Becomes 行きません (ikimasen)
Peter:
Don’t go, won’t go.
Naomi:
あいません (aimasen)
Naomi:
あいました (aimashita)
Peter:
To make the formal past tense of a verb, change ます (masu) to ました (mashita)
Naomi:
To do is します (shi masu)
Peter:
Drop masu
Naomi:
し (shi)
Peter:
And add ました (mashita)
Naomi:
しました (shimashita)
Peter:
Did
Naomi:
So します (shimasu) becomes しました (shimashita)
Peter:
Naomi-sensei, another example?
Naomi:
食べます (tabemasu)
Peter:
To eat. To form the past tense, replace masu with ました (mashita) . So
Naomi:
食べました (tabemashita)
Peter:
Ate.
Naomi:
So
あいます (aimasu)
Peter:
To meet
Naomi:
Becomes
あいました (aimashita)
Peter:
Met.
Naomi:
来ます (kimasu)
Peter:
To come
Naomi:
Becomes 来ました (kimashita)
Peter:
Came.
Naomi:
あいました (aimashita)
Naomi:
あいませんでした (aimasen deshita)
Peter:
Let’s take a look at the formal past negative form of a verb. Something like I did not eat or I did not do it. To form the past negative, change ます(masu) to ませんでした (masen deshita) . So to do in the masu-form is
Naomi:
します (shimasu)
Peter:
To get the past negative, drop masu
Naomi:
し (shi)
Peter:
Add ませんでした (masen deshita)
Naomi:
しませんでした (shimasen deshita)
Peter:
Didn’t do. Okay how about to eat in the masu form?
Naomi:
食べます (tabemasu)
Peter:
Replace masu with ませんでした (masen deshita)
Naomi:
食べませんでした (tabemasen deshita)
Peter:
Didn’t eat.
Naomi:
So あいます (aimasu)
Peter:
To meet
Naomi:
Becomes あいませんでした (aimasen deshita)
Peter:
Didn’t meet.
Naomi:
来ます (ki masu)
Peter:
To come
Naomi:
Becomes 来ませんでした (kimasen deshita)
Peter:
Didn’t come.
Naomi:
あいませんでした (aimasen deshita)
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18 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions!😄

Anna
September 24th, 2017 at 1:31 am
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nomimasen deshita

November 21st, 2016 at 4:55 pm
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Aidanさん、
Konnichiwa.😄
Soudesuka.
Wakarimashita.
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Aidan
November 8th, 2016 at 11:05 pm
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arimasen deshita😎

April 9th, 2015 at 5:17 pm
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Bianca さん、
Konnichiwa.
That is まちます.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Bianca
April 9th, 2015 at 1:49 pm
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Hello. I am using a Japanese language book called Genki and it teaches us the dictionary form first. Does まつ turn into まします?and いる becomes います?

ありがりがとうございます!:)

February 11th, 2015 at 7:32 pm
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Farebury さん、
Konnichiwa.
“Don’t drink alcohol”means “さけをのまないでください”.
“I won’t drink alcohol”means “さけをのみません”.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Farebury
February 10th, 2015 at 9:47 am
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if i was going to say dont drink alchol or i wont drink alchol would it be “わたしさけのいますん”?

October 22nd, 2013 at 10:41 am
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Guido-san

Glad you think so😄
Thank you!!

Nanatsu(菜々津)
TeamJapanesePod101.com

Guido
October 17th, 2013 at 4:00 am
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こんばんは菜々津さん。

Thanks for satisfying my curiosity!😄😄😄

Sometimes I am a bit afraid that making slightly off-topic questions could be “not proper” and “not fair” and sometimes I am worried about some questions being a little bit too “daring” for my current proficiency of Japanese (and this question was one of those…), but submitting comments for me is a way to “keep focus” on my quest and so sometimes I have some curiosity that strikes me suddenly while I am studying this or that topic…

…however…sure…if I have more questions, I’ll ask them, thanks! Really!😄😄😄

どもありがとぅございます。

グイド

October 16th, 2013 at 3:01 pm
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こんにちはグイドさん。

A lot of people believe “desu” came from “de gozaimasu” and is an informal version of “de gozaimasu”. However, “desu” is just a formal version of “da”. Not related with “~de gozaimasu”.

In meaning wise, “de gozaimasu” is truly more polite than “desu” , but words that come before are different. You can’t combine with the same conjugated form for example,
You can say たかいです Takai desu.
But you can’t say たかいでございます Takai de gozaimasu.
because ”de gozaimasu” has to come after continuetive form. So you have to change it to たかくございます。or たこうございます。(たかく and たこう is a continuetive form of たかい)

Sorry for my poor explanation. Could you let me know if you have more questions?

Thank you.
Nanatsu (菜々津)
TeamJapanesePod101.com