Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson.
Ready?
Let’s get started.
Naomi:
新しくない (atarashikunai)
Kat:
In this lesson, you will learn how to make the negative form of i-adjectives. That means you will be able to say phrases like not good, not bad, not big, not small et cetera. First, let’s look at the different i-adjectives we saw in the lesson.
Naomi:
大きい (ookii)
Kat:
Big.
Naomi:
新しい (atarashii)
Kat:
New.
Naomi:
古い (furui)
Kat:
Old.
Notice how they all end in "i". That’s why they are called i-adjectives. Now, how do we make all of these negative as in not big, not new, not old. Let’s go through the steps using the word 古い (furui) old. First step, take off the final "i".
Naomi:
古 (furu)
Kat:
Then add くない (kunai) to the end of it.
Naomi:
古くない (furukunai)
Kat:
That’s it. This means not old.
Naomi:
古くない (furukunai) Not old.
Kat:
Let’s try it now with the word 新しい (atarashii) meaning new. First take off the final "i". Notice that there are two "i"s in this word, so be careful.
Naomi:
新し (atarashi)
Kat:
Then add くない (kunai)
Naomi:
新しくない (atarashikunai)
Kat:
This means not new.
Naomi:
新しくない (atarashikunai) Not new.
Kat:
Okay have you got that? Not so bad, right?
Naomi:
新しくない (atarashikunai)
Naomi:
元気じゃない (genki ja nai)
Kat:
In this lesson, you will learn how to create the negative form of na-adjectives and nouns.
Naomi:
ハンサム  (hansamu)
Kat:
Handsome
Naomi:
And
ふつう (futsuu)
Kat:
Ordinary, normal.
Naomi:
Let’s look at ハンサム (hansamu) first. To make this negative, all you have to do is add the phrase じゃない (ja nai) to the end of it.
ハンサムじゃない (hansamu ja nai)
Kat:
Not handsome
And how that ふつう (futsū)
Naomi:
ふつう (futsū) plus じゃない (ja nai) so that would be ふつうじゃない (futsū ja nai)
Kat:
Not normal, not ordinary, maybe.
Naomi:
はい (hai)
Kat:
Let’s introduce some other na-adjectives.
Naomi:
元気 (genki) is fine as in I am fine. So, 元気じゃない (genki ja nai), would be
Kat:
Not fine, not feeling very good.
Naomi:
簡単 (kantan) means simple. So 簡単じゃない (kantan ja nai), would be
Kat:
Not simple, not easy.
Naomi:
Have you got the hang of that?
Kat:
Now let’s move on to nouns.
Naomi:
This is going to be really easy because you do the same thing for nouns.
Kat:
Yes that’s right to make them negative, you just add じゃない (ja nai) after them.
Naomi:
体育館 (tai'ikukan) Gymnasium.
Kat:
Let’s pretend I see a big building on the school campus. I could ask
あれ、体育館? (Are, taiikukan?) Is that a gym?
Naomi:
ううん、体育館じゃない。 (Uun, taiikukan ja nai.) No it’s not a gym.
Kat:
Not too bad right?
Naomi:
元気じゃない (genki ja nai)
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59 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions!😄

 

July 14th, 2017 at 8:21 am
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Badrさん こんにちは。

Thank you for your feedback!
To follow up Natsuko’s comment, the vocabulary list has been fixed. We are sorry that two na-adjectives were listed in different ways in this lesson, and we updated it to use a dictionary form for both. (きれい and ハンサム)

Na-adjective is an adjective which ends with -na when it comes before a noun. When きれい comes before a noun, it becomes きれいな as in きれい な しゃしん( beautiful photo). Therefore, きれい is a na-adjective, and it’s a dictionary form.

Again, い as in きれい is not a part of i-adjective, but it’s a part of a word which cannot be changed into a different form. It is because きれ い is originally written in two kanji, 綺麗 (ki-rei).

Hope this helps,
Motoko
Team JapanesePod101.com

July 8th, 2017 at 3:11 pm
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> Polly Nguyen さん、
こんにちは。I’m very sorry for this late reply!!!
Those are both correct! Well done. 😉

> Badr-san,
konnichiwa! Sorry for the confusion. It is indeed very confusing and often for us Japanese
(when we learn the grammar at school) it’s tricky.
きれい is not actually proper; it’s きれいな and so this is na-adjective.
Considering that ハンサム(な)shows clearly it’s na-adjective with (な), きれいな also should be
shown as きれい(な) to be consistent. This is our mistake and I’m very sorry!!
I’ll speak to my team and fix this as soon as possible.

> Luke さん、
こんにちは。
Do you mean:
もし「じゃ」=「では」なのでしたら、「僕は特別ではありません」とも言えますか。
(= If ‘ja’ is equal to ‘dewa’, can you say ‘boku wa tokubetsu dewa arimasen’ as well?)
はい、そうです。「僕は特別ではありません」とも言えますよ。😄

Natsuko (奈津子),
Team JapanesePod101.com

Luke
July 7th, 2017 at 1:56 pm
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僕は特別じゃない….
もし”じゃ”=”では”したら 僕は特別ではありませんと言いますか?

Badr
June 27th, 2017 at 3:53 am
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Hello,
In the video it’s mentioned that the i-adjectives end with い, but in the Lesson Notes above i noticed (きれい) while it ends with い it’s a na-adjective!
Can i get some explanation about this? because it got me confused.

Polly Nguyen
June 2nd, 2017 at 4:24 pm
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Hello team,
Could you please help me to give correct answer to the below question?
ここからえきはちかいですか。(Is the train station close from here?)

If I say yes, I say: はい、ここからえきはちかいです。Is it right?
If I say no, I say: いいえ、ここからえきはちかくないです。Is it right?

Thank you so much😄

May 16th, 2017 at 6:24 pm
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Ishani san,
Konnichiwa.
I see.😄
That is a good idea.
I think you would understand the lessons easier than you listened to them before.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Ishani
May 7th, 2017 at 10:47 pm
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I like to review old lessons that I’ve probably watched earlier.

It’s good for learning
I love flashcards too😄)

November 21st, 2016 at 4:46 pm
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Aidan さん、
こんにちは。😄
Thank you for your post.
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Aidan
November 7th, 2016 at 11:03 pm
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でここまで😆

August 29th, 2016 at 12:34 pm
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Maymoonaさん、
Konnichiwa. 😄
Please see the correction below.
あまりとおくないです。 ( not really far)
あまりとおくありません。 ( not really far)
The second one is politer.
Yuki 由紀
JapanesePod101.com