Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Risa: Hi everybody, welcome to weekly words. Today’s theme is ドゥン。(Dun.) The solar system. Solar system. The first word is...
国際宇宙ステーション(Kokusai uchū sutēshon) International space station.
国際宇宙ステーションはどこにありますか。(kokusai uchū sutēshon wa doko ni arimasu ka.) 宇宙です。(Uchū desu.) The next one ...
土星(Dosei) Saturn.
土星には輪っかが付いている。(Dosei ni wa wakka ga tsuite iru.) きれいですよね。(Kirei desu yo ne.)
地球(Chikyū) Earth.
私は地球に住んでいます。(Watashi wa Chikyū ni sunde imasu.)
みなさん、地球に住んでいますか(Minasan, Chikyū ni sunde imasu ka.)
水星(Suisei) Mercury.
みなさん、セーラームーンは知ってますか。(Mina-san, Sērāmūn wa shitte masu ka.)
セーラームーンの水星は誰役でしたでしょう?(Sērāmūn no suisei wa dare yaku deshita deshō?)
火星(Kasei)Mars.
火星人。。。火星人はいますか。(kaseiji….kaseijin wa imasu ka.)
That’s it for today. Thank you for watching and today’s theme was the solar system. See you again next week. Bye bye.

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JapanesePod101.com
October 26th, 2014 at 6:30 pm
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Which word do you like the most?

JapanesePod101.comVerified
February 10th, 2018 at 4:19 pm
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こんにちは、ポールさん

コメントありがとうございます!


リサ先生は面白いですね?他のビデオも見てくださいね。


Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

ポール
January 24th, 2018 at 10:25 am
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「国際宇宙ステーションはどこにありますか」「…宇宙です。」?

「私は地球に住んでいます。みなさん、地球に住んでいますか」???


リサさん、いつも僕を笑わせるんですよ!?

ありがとうございます!

JapanesePod101.comVerified
March 8th, 2017 at 11:42 am
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Hi Aaron,

Thank you for the comment!


You believe Martians! That's interesting:smile:


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Aaron
February 26th, 2017 at 3:24 pm
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In response to the post below:


火星

kasei


and the question at 1:18 in the video (not so sure about the last sentence...):


火星人はいますか?はい。宇宙船ください。旗お植えつけます!


------------------------------------

| | 赤色 | 緑色 | ブルー |

| | | | |

| | red | green | blue |

| |---------------------------------

| |

| |

| |

--


Do Martians exist? Yes. Please give me a spaceship. I will plant the flag! :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

JapanesePod101.comVerified
March 9th, 2015 at 12:19 pm
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Johnさん こんにちは。

You know well about the languages!

Yes, the name of the day came from the planets and Japanese adopted that system.

You can see the comparison between multiple languages in the chart here;

National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (in Japanese) http://eco.mtk.nao.ac.jp/koyomi/wiki/CDD7C1C72F1BDB5B4D6A4C8A4CFA1A92FCDCBC6FCA4CECCBEC1B0.html

Stay tuned!

Motoko

Team JapanesePod101.com

John
March 5th, 2015 at 10:14 am
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About the comment of February, the meaning of the kanjis isn't always respected in all the wods. There are some exceptions. However, sometimes the problem is that the meaning of the kanji isn't explicit in the word.


Have you noticed that some solar system words are the same than days but changing the 曜日 for 星?


Well, something similar happens in English and Spanish too. Look at this:


1) Lunes / Monday / 月曜日:

*Spanish: the word is based in the name of the astro Luna (Moon / 月)

*English: the word is based in the name of the astro Moon (月).

*Japanese: the word is based in the astro 月 (Moon / Luna).


2) Martes / Tuesday / 火曜日:

*Spanish: the word is based in the name of the planet Marte (Mars / 火星)

*English: the word is based in the name of the nordic god of war Tiw (also called Tyr).

*Japanese: the word is based in the second element of the Five Elements Chinese system, 火 (fire) .


3) Miércoles / Wednesday / 水曜日:

*Spanish: the word is based in the name of the planet Mercurio (Mercury / 水星)

*English: the word is based in the name of the main nordic god Woden (also called Odín) .

*Japanese: the word is based in the fifth element of the Five Elements Chinese system, 水 (water) .


4) Jueves / Thuesday / 木曜日:

*Spanish: the word is based in the name of the planet Júpiter (Jupiter / 木星)

*English: the word is based in the name of the nordic god Thor.

*Japanese: the word is based in the first element of the Five Elements Chinese system, 木 (wood) .


5) Viernes / Friday / 金曜日:

*Spanish: the word is based in the name of the planet Venus (Venus / 金星)

*English: the word is based in the name of the nordic goddess of fertility Freya.

*Japanese: the word is based in the fourth element of the Five Elements Chinese system, 金 (gold) .


6) Sábado / Saturday / 土曜日:

*Spanish: the word is based in the hebrew word "shabbat" which means "rest-day". Also can be linked to the planet Saturno (土星).

*English: the word is based in the name of the planet Saturn (土星)

*Japanese: the word is based in the third element of the Five Elements Chinese system, 土 (earth) .


7) Domingo / Sunday / 日曜日:

*Spanish: the word is based in the latin word "Domínica" which means "day of the Lord".

*English: the word is based in the name of the astro Sun (日)

*Japanese: the word is based in the astro 日 (Sun / Sol).


Remember than kanjis and many Japanese words (and festivals too!) comes from ancient Chinese. In old times, Chinese people used the five elements ( 火, 水, 木, 金, 土) as a system to explain the universe. Every element was linked to a day, a season, a planet, a color, a direction and many other things.


1) Wood (木) was equated to east, green, spring, dawn and the planet Jupiter.

2) Fire (火) was equated to south, red, summer, midday and the planet Mars.

3) Earth (土), was equated to the centre, yellow, 18 days at the end of each season and the planet Saturn.

4) Gold or Metal (金) was equated to west, white, autumn, dusk and the planet Venus.

5) Water (水) was equated to north, black, winter, midnight and the planet Mercury.


*The planets mentioned above are the closest to the Earth.

JapanesePod101.comVerified
March 1st, 2015 at 3:57 pm
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Farebury san,

Konnichiwa.

Yes, 水 means “water” however, 水星 means Mercury.

I know you are keen about studying kanji. Unfortunately 水 sometimes doesn’t mean “water”.

Yuki 由紀

Team JapanesePod101.com

Farebury
February 27th, 2015 at 10:34 am
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i thought 水 meant water? so its water planet? 水星?