Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Naomi: 直美です。 (Naomidesu.)
Peter: Peter here. Japanese that’s Easy to Do. In this lesson, you will learn how to say something is easy to do or something is hard to do.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.) That’s right わかりやすい (Wakari yasui).
Peter: Easy to understand.
Naomi: わかりにくい (Wakari nikui)
Peter: Hard to understand. This conversation takes place at
Naomi: デパート (Depāto)
Peter: A department store. The conversation is mainly between a clerk and a male customer.
Naomi: そうですね。店員さんと雷三さんが話しています。 (Sōdesu ne. Ten'in-san to raizō-san ga hanashite imasu.)
Peter: The male customer is using informal Japanese and the clerk of course is using
Naomi: Formal Japanese.
Peter: Let’s listen to today’s conversation.
DIALOGUE
天道 きり (Tendō kiri): ねぇ、あなた。あなたのくつも 買いましょうか。 (Nē, anata. Anata no kutsu mo kaimashō ka.) 結婚式用のくつ。 (Kekkonshiki yō no kutsu.)
店員 (Ten'in): では、このくつは いかがですか。 (Dewa, kono kutsu wa ikaga desu ka.) このくつは 軽くて、はきやすいですよ。 (Kono kutsu wa karuku te, haki yasui desuyo.) 一番人気があります。 (Ichiban ninki ga arimasu.)
天道 雷三: ふん。...結婚式には 出ない。 (Fun.... Kekkonshiki niwa denai.)
店員 (Ten'in): あららららら。どうしてですか。それは 悲しい。悲しすぎます。 (Ararararara. Dōshite desu ka. Sore wa kanashii. Kanashi sugimasu.)
天道 雷三: 君は、うるさすぎるよ。 (Kimi wa urusa sugiru yo) ...わかった、わかった。買うよ。そのはきやすいくつを 買うよ。 (.... Wakatta, wakatta. Kau yo. Sono haki yasui kutsu o kau yo.) はい、カード。 (Hai, kādo.)
店員 (Ten'in): ありがとうございます!お客様。 (Arigatō gozaimasu! O-kyaku-sama.) では、こちらにサインをお願いします。 (dewa, kochira ni sain o o-negai shimasu.)
天道 雷三: ん?このペン...書きにくい...。 (N? Kono pen... kaki nikui....)
店員 (Ten'in): お客様、大変 失礼しました。 (O-kyaku-sama, taihen shitsurei shimashita.) では、私の書きやすいペンを 使ってください。 (Dewa, watakushi no kaki yasui pen o tsukatte kudasai.) はい、どうぞ。 (Hai, dōzo.)
もう一度、お願いします。今度は、ゆっくりお願いします。 (Mōichido, onegaishimasu. Kondo wa, yukkuri onegaishimasu.)
天道 きり (Tendō kiri): ねぇ、あなた。あなたのくつも 買いましょうか。 (Nē, anata. Anata no kutsu mo kaimashō ka.) 結婚式用のくつ。(Kekkonshiki yō no kutsu.)
店員 (Ten'in): では、このくつは いかがですか。 (Dewa, kono kutsu wa ikaga desu ka.) このくつは 軽くて、はきやすいですよ。 (Kono kutsu wa karuku te, haki yasui desuyo.) 一番人気があります。 (Ichiban ninki ga arimasu.)
天道 雷三: ふん。...結婚式には 出ない。 (Fun.... Kekkonshiki niwa denai.)
店員 (Ten'in): あららららら。どうしてですか。それは 悲しい。悲しすぎます。 (Ararararara. Dōshite desu ka. Sore wa kanashii. Kanashi sugimasu.)
天道 雷三: 君は、うるさすぎるよ。 (Kimi wa urusa sugiru yo) ...わかった、わかった。買うよ。そのはきやすいくつを 買うよ。 (.... Wakatta, wakatta. Kau yo. Sono haki yasui kutsu o kau yo.) はい、カード。 (Hai, kādo.)
店員 (Ten'in): ありがとうございます!お客様。 (Arigatō gozaimasu! O-kyaku-sama.) では、こちらにサインをお願いします。 (dewa, kochira ni sain o o-negai shimasu.)
天道 雷三: ん?このペン...書きにくい...。 (N? Kono pen... kaki nikui....)
店員 (Ten'in): お客様、大変 失礼しました。 (O-kyaku-sama, taihen shitsurei shimashita.) では、私の書きやすいペンを 使ってください。 (Dewa, watakushi no kaki yasui pen o tsukatte kudasai.) はい、どうぞ。 (Hai, dōzo.)
今度は、英語が入ります。 (Kondo wa, eigo ga hairimasu.)
天道 きり (Tendō kiri): ねぇ、あなた。あなたのくつも 買いましょうか。 (Nē, anata. Anata no kutsu mo kaimashō ka.)
TENDO KIRI: Why don’t we get a new pair of shoes for you too, honey?
結婚式用のくつ。(Kekkonshiki yō no kutsu.)
A new pair of shoes for the wedding.
店員 (Ten'in): では、このくつは いかがですか。 (Dewa, kono kutsu wa ikaga desu ka.) このくつは 軽くて、はきやすいですよ。 (Kono kutsu wa karuku te, haki yasui desuyo.)
CLERK: How about these shoes? They’re light and easy to put on.
一番人気があります。 (Ichiban ninki ga arimasu.)
They're the most popular ones we have.
天道 雷三: ふん。...結婚式には 出ない。 (Fun.... Kekkonshiki niwa denai.)
TENDO RAIZOU: Hmph...I’m not going to the ceremony.
店員 (Ten'in): あららららら。どうしてですか。それは 悲しい。悲しすぎます。 (Ararararara. Dōshite desu ka. Sore wa kanashii. Kanashi sugimasu.)
CLERK: Oh, no. And why not? That’s sad...so sad (starts crying)
天道 雷三: 君は、うるさすぎるよ。 (Kimi wa urusa sugiru yo)
TENDO RAIZOU: You’re getting on my nerves.
...わかった、わかった。買うよ。 (.... Wakatta, wakatta. Kau yo.)
Fine, fine...I’ll get them.
そのはきやすいくつを 買うよ。 (Sono haki yasui kutsu o kau yo.) はい、カード。 (Hai, kādo.)
Those, the ones that are easy to put on. Here’s my credit card.
店員 (Ten'in): ありがとうございます!お客様。 (Arigatō gozaimasu! O-kyaku-sama.) では、こちらにサインをお願いします。 (dewa, kochira ni sain o o-negai shimasu.)
CLERK: Thank you very much! Please sign here.
天道 雷三: ん?このペン...書きにくい...。 (N? Kono pen... kaki nikui....)
TENDO RAIZOU: Huh? This pen is hard to write with.
店員 (Ten'in): お客様、大変 失礼しました。 (O-kyaku-sama, taihen shitsurei shimashita.)
CLERK: Sorry about that, sir.
では、私の書きやすいペンを 使ってください。 (Dewa, watakushi no kaki yasui pen o tsukatte kudasai.) はい、どうぞ。 (Hai, dōzo.)
Use my pen. It’s a breeze to write with. Here.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Naomi: うるさい店員さんですね。 (Urusai ten'in-sandesu ne.) What a noisy and nosy clerk. I don’t like the shopping clerk who speaks too much.
Peter: Ah this is interesting. うるさい。 (Urusai.) It can be translated in so many different ways. In this one, we kind of translate it as a noisy and nosy clerk but probably better than noisy, it would be annoying.
Naomi: You know what, the kanji for うるさい (Urusai) is flies in May.
Peter: Which are bothersome, annoying.
Naomi: そう。面白いですね。 (Sō. Omoshiroidesu ne.)
Peter: うん。非常に。 (Un. Hijō ni.) Like really interesting because you hear this word quite a bit.
Naomi: うるさい。ピーター、うるさい! (Urusai. Pītā, urusai!)
Peter: I hear it all the time. Okay jumping back to the conversation, what I found interesting though is Kiri calls Raizo あなた (Anata). Now in this case, あなた (Anata) doesn’t mean you. It means something like honey or darling.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.) When you use あなた (Anata) to your friends, it’s too direct but when you use it to your steady boyfriend, that would be okay.
Peter: So if you are watching Japanese TV and a drama comes on and you see an older couple
Naomi: はい。 (Hai.)
Peter: You will hear I think the wife say it a lot.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.)
Peter: あなた (Anata)
Naomi: うん。 (Un.) でも (Demo) Again I never say あなた (Anata) to my friends.
Peter: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Peter: First word
Naomi: 軽い (Karui)
Peter: Light.
Naomi: (slow)かるい (Karui) (natural speed) 軽い (Karui)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 履く (Haku)
Peter: To wear using a pulling motion.
Naomi: (slow)はく (Haku) (natural speed) 履く (Haku)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: 出る (deru)
Peter: To appear, to leave, to exit.
Naomi: (slow)でる (Deru) (natural speed) 出る (deru)
Peter: Next
Naomi: 悲しい (kanashii)
Peter: Sad.
Naomi: (slow)かなしい (Kanashī) (natural speed) 悲しい (kanashii)
Peter: Next.
Naomi: サイン (sain)
Peter: Autograph, signature.
Naomi: (slow)サイン (Sain) (natural speed) サイン (sain)
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Peter: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word we will look at is.
Naomi: 履く (Haku)
Peter: To wear, to put on.
Naomi: Pay attention to the pitch accent. The pitch goes up like はく (Haku)
Peter: はく (Haku)
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesune) It goes down like はく (Haku). It means to puke or vomit.
Peter: Puke. Yes to be sick or to vomit.
Naomi: そうですね。 (Sōdesu ne.)
Peter: To throw up. Interesting, now Naomi Sensei, 着る (Kiru) also means to wear or to put on. Generally speaking
Naomi: 着る (Kiru)
Peter: Is used for items put on the upper body such as shirts or jackets, things like that right?
Naomi: はい、そうです。 (Hai,-sōdesu.)
Peter: Whereas 履く (Haku) covers items worn on the lower body such as pants or shoes right?
Naomi: はい、そうです。 (Hai,-sōdesu.)
Peter: So for Jeans
Naomi: 履く。ジーンズを履く。 (Haku. Jīnzu o haku.)
Peter: To wear Jeans. How about for a coat?
Naomi: 着る。コートを着る。 (Kiru. Kōto o kiru.)
Peter: How about for sneakers?
Naomi: 履く。スニーカーを履く。 (Haku. Sunīkā o haku.)
Peter: Next we have
Naomi: 失礼しました。 (Shitsureishimashita.)
Peter: Now 失礼 (Shitsurei) means rudeness or discourtesy. しました (Shimashita) is the formal past form of the verb
Naomi: する (Suru). So 失礼しました。 (Shitsureishimashita.)
Peter: The phrase literally means I did or committed discourtesy. Of course this can mean excuse me or I am sorry and in this case, the clerk did something wrong. So we are using it as I am sorry.
Naomi: そうですね。(Sōdesu ne.) 失礼します (Shitsureishimasu) is used before your action and 失礼しました (Shitsureishimashita) is used after your action.
Peter: Think about a room and you are sitting in a room and someone enters the room. They are kind of disturbing you and in the Japanese way, it’s discourteous to enter the room where someone is doing something. So that’s when when someone enters the room, they say
Naomi: 失礼します。 (Shitsureishimasu.)
Peter: Excuse me and when they leave
Naomi: 失礼しました。 (Shitsureishimashita.)
Peter: On to the grammar point.

Lesson focus

Peter: The usage of the adjective forming suffixes やすい (Yasui) and にくい (Nikui) is the target grammar point. Now to form this construction, you take the masu-stem of a verb plus
Naomi: やすい (Yasui)
Peter: Which means easy to do and on the other side of the spectrum, we have the masu-stem of the verb plus
Naomi: にくい (Nikui)
Peter: Which means hard to do.
Naomi: I think we should review what the masu-stem is.
Peter: Okay the masu-stem refers to a form of the verb when you drop the ます (Masu) from the masu form.
Naomi: For example, わかる (Wakaru) is to understand わかります (Wakarimasu) is the corresponding masu form. So drop ます (Masu) and わかり (Wakari) is the masu stem.
Peter: So if you are already familiar with the masu-stem of verbs, this lesson’s grammar point is not so bad. If not, check the lesson notes.
Naomi: そうですね。(Sōdesu ne.)
Peter: There is a review there
Naomi: 簡単です。わかりやすいです。 (Kantandesu. Wakari yasuidesu.)
Peter: It’s easy and easy to understand. So わかる (Wakaru) is to understand. The corresponding masu form is
Naomi: わかります (Wakarimasu)
Peter: Drop ます (Masu) to get the masu-stem.
Naomi: わかり (Wakari)
Peter: Now we are going to add one of the suffixes we refer it to.
Naomi: やすい。わかりやすい。 (Yasui. Wakari yasui.)
Peter: Easy to understand. By attaching やすい (Yasui) it takes on the meaning of easy to and in this case understand. Now on the opposite end of the spectrum, we have.
Naomi: にくい (Nikui)
Peter: So again we take the masu-stem and we add.
Naomi: にくい (Nikui)
Peter: And get.
Naomi: わかりにくい。 (Wakari nikui.)
Peter: Hard or difficult to understand. Let’s take one more example. Naomi Sensei, what’s the verb to live?
Naomi: You mean to live as in I live in Tokyo?
Peter: Yeah.
Naomi: 住む (Sumu)
Peter: Now that’s the dictionary form. The corresponding masu form is
Naomi: 住みます (Sumimasu)
Peter: Remember for the masu-stem, we take a verb in the masu form and we drop the ます (Masu).
Naomi: 住み (Sumi)
Peter: So easy to live is
Naomi: 住みやすい (Sumi yasui)
Peter: Hard to live is
Naomi: 住みにくい。 (Sumi nikui.)

Outro

Naomi: ピーターさんには東京は住みやすいですか?それとも住みにくいですか。 (Pītā-san ni wa Tōkyō wa sumi yasuidesu ka? Soretomo sumi nikuidesu ka.)
Peter: そうですね。今、子供がいませんので住みやすいですね。 (Sōdesu ne. Ima, kodomo ga imasen'node sumi yasuidesu ne.) So as I don’t have any children, it’s easy to live.
Naomi: If you do.
Peter: うーん。住みにくいですね。 (U ̄n. Sumi nikuidesu ne.)
Naomi: 多分ね。 (Tabun ne.)
Peter: I think it’s a little difficult to live. The train, how do you take a baby on the train?
Naomi: Get a car. 皆さんの町は住みにくいですか?住みやすいですか?教えてください。 (Minasan no machi wa sumi nikuidesu ka? Sumi yasuidesu ka? Oshietekudasai.)

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Kanji

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103 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 10th, 2009 at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Kon'nichi wa Mina-san, What do you find easy to do? Hard to do? How about writing a sentence for each in Japanese. Then we can check each other's sentences!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
August 13th, 2021 at 02:52 PM
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Gaynorさん


コメントありがとうございます😄

かんじ は おもしろいですね😁


Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

Gaynor
July 27th, 2021 at 08:28 PM
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かんじはよみにくいですが

ひらがなとかたかなはよみやすいです

JapanesePod101.com Verified
April 5th, 2021 at 08:15 AM
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Savannahさん

コメントありがとうございます😄

We're glad to hear that you enjoyed his character😁


Please let us know if you have any questions!

Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Savannah
March 16th, 2021 at 12:25 PM
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I love 店員さん, he's so comically over-the-top!

JapanesePod101.com Verified
March 15th, 2021 at 08:15 AM
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Rachelさん

コメントありがとうございます😄

そうですね。会話はちょっとわかりにくいですね。


Please let us know if you have any questions!

Thank you for studying with us!


Sincerely,

Erica

Team JapanesePod101.com

Rachel
February 6th, 2021 at 01:10 PM
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アニメの日本語の談話は分かりにくい。其れから、漫画の日本語の談話も分かりにくい。あんフラワ一はしにくい。でもステ一キは使いやすい。

JapanesePod101.com Verified
February 4th, 2021 at 02:04 PM
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zawarudoさん


Thank you so much for your comment😄

*Tokyo wa totemo sumiyasui desu yo

Tokyo wa ii desu ne😇

Please let us know if you have any questions :)


Sincerely

Ryoma

Team JapanesePod101.com

zawarudo
February 2nd, 2021 at 08:40 PM
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Tokyo ni wa Zuuuuto Sumi yasui da yo! ;) arigato gozaimasu

JapanesePod101.com Verified
September 3rd, 2020 at 11:11 PM
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Konnichiwa フサイン フサイン


Thank you for your comment. Your sentences are very good!

One thing: 安い means 'Cheap' so I changed this Kaji part to 易い.(Same pronunciation,Yasui.)

スニーカーは、はき易いです

この道は広くて、運転し易いです


Keep up the good work and Feel free to ask us any questions.

Sono 

Team JapanesePod101.com

フサイン フサイン
August 22nd, 2020 at 12:22 AM
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この字は小さくて, 読みにくいです

スニーカーは、はき安いです

この道は広くて、運転し安いです