Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jessi: Hello, and welcome to Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 11 What is This Delicious Japanese Dish? Jessiです。Jessi here!
Naomi: こんにちは!なおみです!Hi everyone, Naomi here!
Jessi: Thanks for joining us in this Absolute Beginner series. In the last lesson, we learned how to that some something belongs to someone.
Naomi: Yes! For example, わたしのいえ
Jessi: “My house.”
Naomi: And in this lesson, you’ll learn to ask what something is.
Jessi: Yes. Basically, you’ll be able to ask “What’s this?” and “What’s that?” So when someone puts a Japanese dish in front of you that you’ve never seen before…
Naomi: You’ll be able to ask what it is.
Jessi: Exactly! Okay, so speaking of food, in this conversation, Taylor, Masato and Kaori are all sitting down to eat!
Naomi: Yes, Taylor has cooked them dinner.
Jessi: Mmm… sounds good. Let’s listen in to the conversation!

Lesson conversation

(timer goes off)
テイラー:はい、どうぞ!
かおり:うわ~ すごーい!
かおり&まさと:いただきます。
まさと:(munch munch munch)うーん。おいしい!
:テイラーさん、これは、なんですか?
Jessi: Let's listen to the conversation again slowly.
テイラー:はい、どうぞ!
かおり:うわ~ すごーい!
かおり&まさと:いただきます。
まさと:(munch munch munch)うーん。おいしい!
:テイラーさん、これは、なんですか?
Jessi: Now let’s listen to it with the translation.
テイラー:はい、どうぞ!
Jessi: Okay, here you go!
かおり:うわ~ すごーい!
Jessi: Oh, wow!
かおり&まさと:いただきます。
Jessi: Let's eat! (Literally, We are about to receive this meal.)
まさと: (munch munch munch)うーん。おいしい!
Jessi: (munch munch munch) Mmm. This is great!
テイラーさん、これは、なんですか?
Jessi: Taylor, what is this?
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Jessi: Well Naomi, we actually had a lot of new words and phrases in this conversation!
Naomi: We sure did.
Jessi: The first one was...?
Naomi: すごい!
Jessi: Can we hear one more time slowly?
Naomi: すごい。
Jessi: And again at natural speed?
Naomi: すごい
Jessi: すごい!Meaning "wow", "great", or "amazing". Basically, you can use this anytime you are impressed by something.
Naomi: When Taylor placed the food in front of them, Kaori said すごい!
Jessi: Like "Oh, wow!" She was really impressed by the food. It probably looked really really good!
Naomi: Yes, it also was something she wasn't used to.
Jessi: Okay. So now the food has been placed before them. Now on to our next phrase. What did Masato and Kaori say before they ate?
Naomi: いただきます!
Jessi: Can we hear one more time slowly?
Naomi: いただきます。
Jessi: いただきます! And this a phrase that you say before eating.
Naomi: Right. You are giving thanks for the meal you are about to have.
Jessi: It's a good phrase to use anytime you eat, but especially if someone has cooked something for you.
Naomi: Yes! Saying いただきます is a way to show appreciation.
Jessi: So in the dialogue, Masato and Kaori said いただきます! before eating the dinner that Taylor had made for them.
Naomi: If you visit someone's house and they make dinner for you, please try saying いただきます before you eat!
Jessi: Okay Naomi, and the last word is...?
Naomi: おいしい
Jessi: Can we hear one more time slowly?
Naomi: おいしい
Jessi: おいしい, meaning "good" or "delicious" when talking about food.
Naomi: Masato starts eating the food and says うーん、おいしい!
Jessi: "Mmm, this is great!" If someone makes food for you and you want to tell them that it's good, you can use this word. おいしい!

Lesson focus

Jessi: In this lesson, you'll learn how to ask what something is.
Naomi: Do you remember Lesson 9, where we learned how to make a question?
Jessi: We took our AはBです pattern, and added か at the end. AはBですか? Is A B?
Naomi: Right. We'll be using this structure to ask what something is.
Jessi: Okay, so let's get started. In the dialogue, Masato took a bite of his meal, said "Wow" This is great!" and then asked "What is this?"
Naomi: AFTER he ate it.
Jessi: Right, after he ate it. He just dug right in. So first, let's learn how to say "What is this?"
Naomi: As you may remember, "this" is これ。The word for "what" in this case is なん。
Jessi: So if we put those in place of A and B in our sentence structure we mentioned earlier, we get...
Naomi: これはなんですか?
Jessi: これはなんですか? One more time slowly?
Naomi: これは なんですか?
Jessi: And one more time normal speed.
Naomi: これはなんですか?
Jessi: And that means "What is this?" Listeners, repeat after Naomi.
Naomi: これはなんですか?
[Pause] - これはなんですか?
Jessi: Great! Now, remember that これ means "this", so when we ask this question, we're talking about something that we have, or something that is close to us.
Naomi: Exactly. If you want to talk about something that someone else has...
Jessi: Like "what's THAT?", then you would use それ in place of これ.
Naomi: As you may have guessed, それ means "that".
Jessi: So to sum it up, we have...
Naomi: これ
Jessi: This, and...
Naomi: それ
Jessi: That. So how would we say, "What's that?"
Naomi: それはなんですか。
Jessi: それはなんですか? One more time slowly?
Naomi: それは なんですか?
Jessi: And again at normal speed.
Naomi: それはなんですか?
Jessi: And that means, "What is that?" Listeners, repeat after Naomi.
Naomi: それはなんですか?
[Pause] - それはなんですか?
Jessi: Okay, great! Now you're equipped with two ways to ask what something is - what is this? and what is that?
Naomi: これはなんですか? and それはなんですか?
Jessi: Now, let's use them in a role play situation! Let's say that Naomi is an acquaintance of yours, and she is giving you a gift. Ask her "what is this?" Here's a hint, remember that "this" is これ。
Naomi: はい、どうぞ!おみやげです。
[Pause] - これはなんですか?
Jessi: Okay! If you said...
Naomi: これはなんですか?
Jessi: Then great job! How about one more? You see Naomi eating something, some kind of food you haven't seen before. Ask her "what is that?" Here's a hint, remember that the word for "that" is それ。
Naomi: (Eating) う~ん、おいしい!
[Pause] - それはなんですか?
Jessi: If you said...
Naomi: それはなんですか?
Jessi: Excellent job!! Naomi, what was it, by the way? That looks good!!
Naomi: ようかんです。
Jessi: All right, well that's going to wrap it up for this lesson. In the next lesson, you'll learn to ask if someone or something is okay.
Naomi: Thanks for listening, everyone! ありがとうございます!
Jessi: Thank you all! Make sure to leave us any questions you have on this lesson in the lesson comments. See you all next time!
Naomi: じゃまた!

288 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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After this lesson, you'll be able to ask what something is with NO problems! :mrgreen:

Mon
February 13th, 2019 at 4:29 pm
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Hello

I want to ask you is

In the other lesson making question don't use ´nan´ but in this lesson using "nan"

Why and can make a question without "nan"?

JapanesePod101.com
January 5th, 2019 at 3:20 am
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Hi Carlos,


Thanks for your positive feedback on our lesson!


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane (クリスチアネ)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Carlos
January 4th, 2019 at 10:14 pm
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Important and good lesson.

JapanesePod101.com
October 2nd, 2018 at 2:23 am
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Hi Bea Althea,

Thanks for leaving a comment, as always!


Hi ジエイミ - Jaime,

Thanks for the comment. I hope you were able to ask many questions and receive good answers from your brother and gave you insights about living in Japan.

By the way, the correct way to spell your name in Japanese is ジェイミー.


Sincerely,

Miki H

Team JapanesePod101.com

ジエイミ - Jaime
July 11th, 2018 at 10:03 pm
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おはよう! My older brother is coming home from Japan next week, and I'm going to be asking SO many "What's this?" and "What's that?" questions! 😆


I'm really enjoying these lessons. ありがとうございます!

Bea Althea
February 1st, 2018 at 2:08 am
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寿司はとてもおいしいです!?

JapanesePod101.com
September 30th, 2017 at 3:14 pm
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こんにちは、Jackさん

Thank you for your reply!


Romanization is new to Japanese compared to kanji and kana. A rule was established only to stand for pronunciation.

Actually the rule of romanization in Japan is not clear enough yet and some people spell "ha" for a particle "は". So you might say "ha" is not incorrect.

We, Japanese Pod 101, decided to use "wa" for a particle "は" in order to express an exact pronunciation? That might sometimes confuse you though.


Keep studying with JapanesePod101.com

Cheers,

Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Jack
September 27th, 2017 at 12:17 am
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Miki, thank you!


I use a normal "English/western" keyboard for hiragana to convert romaji. I discovered before posting other sentences that when I typed the letters w + a for wa/は, for example, これは, you must type h + a/ha to create the は. Instead I was making これわ :(


...I might have done this a few more times in other posts.

JapanesePod101.com
September 26th, 2017 at 6:24 pm
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ジャックさん

コメントありがとうございます!


それはあんずですか?おいしそうですね?

Please note that a particle "wa" is written ”は" instead of "わ".


Miki(美希)

Team JapanesePod101.com

Jack
September 15th, 2017 at 11:37 pm
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いただきます。うーん。おいしい。これわなんですか。

これはあんずです。