Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
John:
Welcome to 3-Minute Japanese Season 1, Lesson 9 - Using Adjectives. In this lesson, you'll learn how to use adjectives in simple sentences in Japanese.
Body
John:
Here's a formal way to say "I'm happy" in Japanese.
Risa:
[Normal]嬉しいです。(Ureshii desu.)
John:
First is the word meaning "happy."
Risa:
[Normal] 嬉しい [Slow] 嬉しい(ureshii)
John:
Last is the word meaning "am."
Risa:
[Normal] です [Slow] です(desu)
John:
Note that the i sound is a long ii. Listen again to the formal phrase meaning "I'm happy."
Risa:
[Slow]嬉しいです。 [Normal]嬉しいです。
John:
Okay, now let's see the formal way to say "I'm not lonely."
Risa:
[Normal] 寂しくないです。(Sabishiku nai desu.)
John:
First is a word meaning "not lonely."
Risa:
[Normal] 寂しくない [Slow] さびしくない (sabishiku nai )
John:
Last is the word meaning "am."
Risa:
[Normal] です [Slow] です(desu)
John:
Listen again to the formal phrase meaning "I'm not lonely."
Risa:
[Slow] 寂しくないです。 [Normal] 寂しくないです。
John:
The following is the way to say "I’m fine."
Risa:
[Normal] 元気です。(Genki desu.)
John:
First is a word meaning "fine, energetic."
Risa:
[Normal] 元気 [Slow] げんき(genki)
John:
Last is the word meaning "am."
Risa:
[Normal] です [Slow] です(desu)
John:
Listen again to the phrase meaning "I’m fine."
Risa:
[Slow] 元気です。 [Normal] 元気です。
John:
Finally, imagine that you’re talking to a friend. Here is a way to say "Peter, you’re handsome."
Risa:
[Normal] ピーターさんはかっこいいです。。(Pītā-san wa kakkoii desu.. )
John:
First is a word meaning "Peter" with a polite name suffix, "-san."
Risa:
[Normal] ピーターさん [Slow] ピーターさん(Pītā-san)
John:
Next is the topic particle.
Risa:
[Normal] は [Slow] は(wa)
John:
Next is the word meaning "handsome."
Risa:
[Normal] かっこいい [Slow] かっこいい(kakkoii)
John:
Last is the word meaning "are, is"
Risa:
[Normal] です [Slow] です(desu)
John:
Listen again to the phrase meaning "Peter, you’re handsome."
Risa:
[Slow] ピーターさんはかっこいいです。 [Normal] ピーターさんはかっこいいです。
Cultural Insight
John:
Now, it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Risa:
In Japanese, anata is not used the same way as "you" is used in English. It's more common and polite to say the name of the person, followed by san. For example, when you’re talking to someone named Suzuki, you can say Suzuki-san wa kawaii desu. meaning "You (Ms. Suzuki) are pretty."

Outro

John:
And that's all for this lesson. Don't forget to check out the lesson notes, and we'll see you in the next lesson!
Risa:
またね!(mata ne!)

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JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi Listeners! Let’s practice these adjectives in the comments!

September 12th, 2017 at 9:13 pm
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Hi Mau,

Thank you for posting.

Let us know if you have any questions.:)

Sincerely,
Cristiane (クリスチアネ)
Team Japanesepod101.com

Mau
September 12th, 2017 at 9:08 pm
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Doumo arigatou gozaimasu!!