Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi:
行かないでください。 (Ikanaide kudasai.)
Peter:
In this section, you will learn how to tell someone not do something. To tell someone not to do something, we put the verb into the informal negative form and then add で (de). If you want to make a polite request, add でください (de kudasai) to the informal negative form.
Naomi:
The informal negative form of a verb is often called the nai-form.
Peter:
The explanation we just gave you may have sounded a little complicated but I think once we illustrate with some examples, it will become very clear. Naomi-sensei, can you give us a verb?
Naomi:
Sure. 行く (iku) to go.
Peter:
What’s the corresponding informal negative form or the nai-form?
Naomi:
行かない (ikanai)
Peter:
Won’t go. Change the く (ku) to か (ka) and add ない (nai) . So 行く (iku) becomes 行かない (ikanai) , won’t go. To say don’t go, you add で (de)
Naomi:
行かないで (ikanaide)
Peter:
This is the shortened form of please don’t go. If you want to say please don’t go, add ください (kudasai)
Naomi:
行かないでください。 (Ikanaide kudasai.)
Peter:
Please don’t go. Let’s do one more example. Can you give us another verb?
Naomi:
する (suru)
Peter:
To do. The nai-form is?
Naomi:
しない (shinai)
Peter:
Won’t do. To say don’t do, add で (de)
Naomi:
しないで (shinaide)
Peter:
And how do we say please don’t do as in please don’t do that or please don’t do this?
Naomi:
しないでください(Shinaide kudasai). So 遠慮する (enryo suru) is
Peter:
To hesitate, to hold back.
Naomi:
So 遠慮しないでください (Enryo shinai de kudasai) is
Peter:
Please don’t hold back or please don’t hesitate.
Naomi:
心配する (shinpai suru) is
Peter:
To worry.
Naomi:
So 心配しないでください。 (Shinpai shinaide kudasai.) means
Peter:
Please don’t worry.
Naomi:
行かないでください。 (Ikanaide kudasai.)
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37 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

 

チャーリー, Charlie
April 8th, 2017 at 9:46 pm
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こんにちは

Can you say
いきませんください ‘please don’t go’ by adding please
or is this more for the singular as in ‘I won’t go’ いきません

ありがとうございます。

チャーリー

February 3rd, 2017 at 6:29 pm
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Beverley san,
@Nadom san,
こんにちは。

Thank you for your positive feedback!

We’re glad you’re enjoying the lessons!

In case you have any doubts, please contact us :wink:

Cristiane
Team Japanesepod101.com

Beverley
January 26th, 2017 at 10:47 pm
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Thank you for this series! It’s been very helpful!

Nadom
December 15th, 2016 at 11:48 pm
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I like this lesson so much
it’s easy to understand and made me clear a lot
Arigatougozaimashita.

November 17th, 2016 at 6:35 pm
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Aidan san,
こんにちは。
わかりました。 :smile:
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Aidan
November 1st, 2016 at 9:21 pm
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行かないでください。心配しないでください

September 15th, 2016 at 9:46 pm
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Hana san,
Konnichiwa. :smile:
I see. Thank you for your post.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Hana
September 15th, 2016 at 7:51 am
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This series helped alot :smile:
thanks for for the hard work :thumbsup:

May 30th, 2016 at 7:24 am
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Lisaさん、
こんにちは。
はじめまして。
よろしくおねがいします。
リサさんはにほんごがたくさんわかりますか。
:smile:
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Lisa
May 23rd, 2016 at 3:46 pm
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こんにちはわたしはりさです,ありがとございます わたしは日本語をわかり a lot :D