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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
Naomi:
買って (katte)
Peter:
In this lesson, we will introduce how to make the te-form of class 1 verbs. Now Naomi Sensei, first we should explain what the te-form is.
Naomi:
Right そうですね (sō desu ne)
Peter:
The te-form is a form of the verb that ends in te. The te-form is used in many intermediate and advanced grammatical constructions.
Naomi:
In this lesson, you will learn how to create the te-form from the dictionary form.
Peter:
The conjugation rules for class 1 verbs very depending on the final syllable. For verbs that end in う (u) つ (tsu) or る (ru) , those endings become
Naomi:
って (tte)
Peter:
Small つ (tsu) and the て syllable.
Naomi:
そうですね (sō desu ne) To buy is 買う (kau)
Peter:
So we drop the う (u) ending and we have
Naomi:
Ka
Peter:
Now attach って to form the te form.
Naomi:
買って  (katte)
Peter:
Notice that there is a stop before te. One more time Naomi Sensei
Naomi:
買って (katte)
Peter:
So it’s not
Naomi:
買て (kate)
Peter:
It’s
Naomi:
買って (katte)
Peter:
Okay. Can we have a verb that ends in つ (tsu)
Naomi:
To stand is 立つ (tatsu)
Peter:
So we drop つ (tsu) and replace it with
Naomi:
って (tte)
Peter:
So
Naomi:
立って (tatte)
Peter:
How about class 1 verbs that end in る (ru)
Naomi:
To turn is 曲がる (magaru)
Peter:
Drop る (ru) and replace it with
Naomi:
って (tte)
Peter:
So
Naomi:
曲がって (magatte)
Peter

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

February 1st, 2017 at 11:02 am
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Brian M-san konnichiwa,

Thank you for your comment!
Class2 verbs usually end with -eて or -iて, but Class 1 verbs end with a various endings, -
って、ーんで、ーいて、ーいで、and ーして.
If you would like to learn more about te-form formation rules, watch the later lessons or jump to
Beginner Season 4 Lesson 9 - 12
https://www.japanesepod101.com/2008/09/02/beginner-lesson-9-s4-taking-orders/
If you like to review the plain form of verbs, class 1, 2 and 3, Newbie series Season 3 Lesson 19~ covers it.
https://www.japanesepod101.com/2008/05/19/newbie-lesson-s3-19-nihongo-dojo-what-great-things-is-your-japanese-cooking-up/

Hope this helps,
Motoko
Team JapanesePod101.com

Brian M
January 26th, 2017 at 11:01 am
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I’m trying to remember how to tell the difference between Class 1 and Class 2 verbs for the て ending. I think it was in Gengo level of Japanesepod101, but I absolutely can’t remember. I think …. was it the trick about if the word ends in kana it’s a class 2 verb? Could you remind me which lesson will answer this question so I can review? Thank you!

September 4th, 2016 at 11:38 pm
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Jon san,
Konnichiwa. :smile:
Thank you for your positive feedback.
Please refer to the page below.
https://www.japanesepod101.com/index.php?cat=Absolute%20Beginner%20Videos
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Jon
August 24th, 2016 at 10:46 am
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These grammar videos are VERY effective for my learning style! Are there any beginner or intermediate grammar videos?

January 17th, 2016 at 1:05 am
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Charlie san,
Konnichiwa. :smile:
Te form is used when you make a request, for example, mite kudasai (please look at) and kite kudasai (please come) and for other sentence structures
Please refer to the page below.
https://www.japanesepod101.com/2008/01/19/premium-lesson-7-ss3-train-ticket/
https://www.japanesepod101.com/2008/05/10/premium-lesson-23-ss19-meeting-up-with-my-friend/
Regarding your question 2, please refer to the page below.
https://www.japanesepod101.com/japanese-verb/conjugation/
Team JapanesePod101.com
Yuki 由紀

Charlie
January 13th, 2016 at 11:20 am
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To clarify more in terms of my question . How come some characters such as gu and mu don’t conjugate to a te form ? Like u and ru conjugate into te ?

Charlie
January 13th, 2016 at 11:15 am
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Hello , I’m confused what is the purpose of the te form verbs ?

February 3rd, 2015 at 4:18 pm
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ドリューsan,
今日は。 :smile:
ください is actually omitted after 机を買って.
As you know te-form+kudasai means request.
If a person doesn’t say kudasai, it’s a strong request.
We have command form 買えwhich is much stronger than 買って.

Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

ドリュー
February 2nd, 2015 at 12:12 pm
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Hello. こんばんは。

Is one of the uses of て form giving peopel commands? For example is 机を買って。 telling someone to buy the desk?

Thanks in advance.よろしくお願いします。 Later. じゃ、また後で。

August 3rd, 2014 at 3:11 pm
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Maymoona san,

That would be にほんごをまなぶ。
まなびます is polite form.

Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com