Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
だいじょうぶ。 (Daijōbu.)
Naomi:
だいじょうぶ。 (Daijōbu.)
Kat:
Okay, all right, no problem.
Naomi:
だ、い、じょ、う、ぶ。 (da, i, jo, u, bu.) だいじょうぶ。 (Daijōbu.)
Kat:
I can tell you that this would be one of the words you use most in Japanese.
Naomi:
It’s very true. We use this word all the time. You can use it as a question, だいじょうぶ? (Daijōbu?) You have to use a rising intonation to make it a question.
Kat:
To answer in affirmative though, make sure the intonation doesn’t go up. だいじょうぶ。 (Daijōbu.) Just like that.
Naomi:
So, let’s say that I say Kat having trouble with something, using informal Japanese, I could say, キャット、だいじょうぶ? (Kyatto Daijōbu?) Are you okay Kat?
Kat:
うん、だいじょうぶ。 (Un, Daijōbu.) Yeah I am fine. So as you can see, nothing changes but the intonation here.
Naomi:
Also I should point out that what we are asking about depends upon context.
Kat:
Ah good point. Just asking だいじょうぶ? (Daijōbu?) is like a general, are you okay? But depending on the situation, it might mean is it okay, or is this okay, et cetera.
Naomi:
Or, is this good?
Kat:
Exactly, yeah. うん (Un).
Naomi:
だいじょうぶ。 (Daijōbu.)
Naomi:
まどかはサッカーをしない。
Kat:
In this lesson, you will learn how to make the negative form of class 3 verbs. Class 3 verbs are the irregular verbs in Japanese and the good news is for those of you who have studied European languages is that there are only two of them.
Naomi:
はい、そうです。 (Hai, sō desu.). する (suru)
Kat:
To do
Naomi:
And くる (kuru)
Kat:
To come.
Naomi:
Okay. First let’s look at する (suru)
Kat:
This means to do. Now usually this word comes after a noun and makes it a verb, right?
Naomi:
That’s right. 電話 (denwa) which is phone or a phone call.
Kat:
Ah! So, 電話する (denwa suru) would be to make a call.
Naomi:
はい 。(Hai.) あいさつ, a greeting like こんにちは (konnichiwa) or おはよう (ohayō)
Kat:
So あいさつする (aisatsu suru) would be to greet someone.
Naomi:
So now that we know a lot of verbs, let’s make the negative. In the negative, する (suru) becomes しない (shinai).
Kat:
Class 3 verbs don’t follow any rules, they just have irregular forms that you have to remember.
Naomi:
そうです。 (Sō desu.) So now let’s make some sentences.
Kat:
Let’s talk about sports first.
Naomi:
Okay. まどかはサッカーをしない。 (Madoka wa sakkā o shinai.)
Kat:
Madoka doesn’t play soccer.
Naomi:
今日、ケントはサッカーをしない。 (Kyō, Kento wa sakkā o shinai.)
Kat:
Kent is not going to play soccer today.
Naomi:
So that’s not so bad, is it? Just change する (suru) to しない (shinai)
Kat:
OK, and there is one more class 3 verb.
Naomi:
くる (kuru).
Kat:
To come.
What’s the negative form of this one?
Naomi:
こない (konai)
Kat:
So again, just an irregular form that you have to memorize. Can we hear some sample sentences?
Naomi:
Sure. 明日学校に来ない。 (Ashita gakkō ni konai.)
Kat:
I am not coming to school tomorrow.
Naomi:
So, くる (kuru) just becomes こない (konai)
Kat:
Right exactly.
Naomi:
まどかはサッカーをしない。 (Madoka wa sakkā o shinai.)
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11 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

November 21st, 2016 at 5:54 pm
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Aidanさん、
こんにちは。
Unfortunately the function of‘あなた’is not the same as the function of ‘you.’
Japanese native speakers hardly use ‘anata.’
In this case, you can say ’先生は大丈夫ですか?’ :wink:
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Aidan
November 10th, 2016 at 10:57 pm
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先生、あなたは大丈夫ですか? :thumbsup:

September 24th, 2015 at 9:41 pm
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Khawla さん、
こんにちは。 :smile:
1.私はコンピューターを使わないが、インターネットの為に携帯電話を使っています is better.
2.使いませんが is more polite.

Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Khawla
September 23rd, 2015 at 9:04 pm
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皆さん、こんにちは!

I have two questions:

1. 「私はコンピューターを使わないが、オンラインになる為に携帯電話を使っています。」
^ Is the sentence grammatically correct to say that ‘I do not use a computer, but I use a mobile phone to go online’?

2. And can we say 「コンピューターを使わないです。」 to make the sentence more polite?

Thanks :grin:

August 10th, 2014 at 3:02 pm
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Maymoona-san,
パーフェクトですね :smile: :thumbsup:
Very well done!
You can also say
日本語のレッスンの時間です。 :wink:

Natsuko (奈津子),
Team JapanesePod101.com

Maymoona
August 7th, 2014 at 3:53 pm
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Konnichiwa Yuki sensei ,
and thank you very much.
oh , yes it would sound much better if it has conjunctions like because , in order , until … etc.
but you know as an absolute beginner student I can’t make such perfect sentences yet.
so thank you for making it for me, this helps me to learn faster and better :heart: :thumbsup:

Aha, I sort of get it.
and to make sure .. if I want to refer to lessons like these in japanese pod website.
I would say :
日本語のレッスンタイムです
ですよね?

August 3rd, 2014 at 3:09 pm
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Maymoona san,

konnichiwa. :smile:
I don’t use Galaxy cell phone. means ギャラクシーをつかわない
I don’t know if “する” would mean the same meaning as in English? → it depends.
my head is hurting, I can’t come to the party! → don’t you need a conjunction for example because?
Isn’t it “because my head is hurting, I can’t come to the party!’?
If so the Japanese sentence is あたまがいたいからパーティーにいかない.
Regarding じゅぎょう and レッスン,
じゅぎょう is usually used for school class.
レッスン is for small class or lesson like piano lesson, English conversation lesson and so on.

Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Maymoona
July 31st, 2014 at 10:03 am
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Galaxyをしない -> I don’t use Galaxy cell phone.
I don’t know if “する” would mean the same meaning as in English?

頭がいたい、パーティにこない -> my head is hurting, I can’t come to the party!

By the way, what’s the difference between じゅぎょう and レッスン?

May 19th, 2012 at 3:58 pm
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Causewaypond-san,
we’re very sorry. I’ll talk to the relevant department, and find out & fix the problem as soon as possible. Thank you for patience, in advance.

CAUSEWAYPOND
May 18th, 2012 at 10:47 pm
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Hi,

I am not about to access to the audio and video lessons for the past few days?

I have experienced this problem before. Can someone pls help me?