Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to learn Japanese grammar absolute beginner. In this video series, you learn basic Japanese grammar patterns and phrases through easy to follow audio and visual cues. Here is what we will cover in this lesson. Ready? Let’s get started.
何食べる? (Nani taberu?)
じゃ、トースト食べる。 (Ja, tōsuto taberu.)
Rebekah:
So Japanese verbs can be divided up into three different classes. Class 1 verbs, class 2 verbs and class 3 verbs. Or class 3 verbs are also called irregular verbs. Class 1 verbs are the most common.
Naomi:
そうですね (Sō desu ne.) I think there are more class 1 verbs than class 2.
Rebekah:
So class 1 verbs sound like なになに(naninani) -imasu
Naomi:
そうですね (Sō desu ne.) "I" sound plus ます(masu).
Rebekah:
Like 行きます (ikimasu) 話します (hanashimasu) 飲みます (nomimasu) 待ちます (machimasu) You can hear that います (imasu) sound.
Naomi:
And when you put them in their dictionary form, which is what we are looking at today?
Rebekah:
You drop this います (imasu) and you add う (u).
Naomi:
そうです (sō desu) So 会います (aimasu) becomes 会う (au).
Rebekah:
And what about 行きます (ikimasu)?
Naomi:
行きます (ikimasu) becomes 行く (iku).
Rebekah:
And 話します (hanashimasu)?
Naomi:
話します (hanashimasu), 話す (hanasu).
Rebekah:
Okay, so I think you can probably see the passion emerging there. Now class 2 verbs are also known as る (ru) verbs. And this is because when you drop the ます (masu) and add る (ru) and examples of some class 2 verbs are 食べます (tabemasu),
Naomi:
食べる (taberu).
Rebekah:
And 見ます (mimasu),
Naomi:
見る (miru).
Rebekah:
And 寝ます (nemasu),
Naomi:
寝る (neru).
Rebekah:
The last class is the class 3 verbs, the irregular verbs. Now there are not very many unlike English. So for now, what we have to do is remember します (shimasu) and きます (kimasu)
Naomi:
はい (hai)
Rebekah:
So if we are looking at the dictionary form which is the subject of today’s grammar point, します (shimasu) becomes
Naomi:
する (suru).
Rebekah:
And きます (kimasu) is
Naomi:
くる (kuru). You have to memorize them.
Rebekah:
Yeah but the thing is how there is really only two. Other verbs sometimes misbehave but for now just remember します (shimasu) and きます (kimasu) become する(suru) and くる(kuru).
Naomi:
はい (hai)
何食べる? (Nani taberu?)
じゃ、トースト食べる。 (Ja, tōsuto taberu.)
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38 Comments

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JapanesePod101.com
Friday at 6:30 pm
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Practice making your own sentences here, and let us know if you have any questions! :)

 

February 26th, 2017 at 1:32 pm
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> Savannha-san,
konnichiwha. :sunglasses:
Sorry for the very late reply. :disappointed:
Please do understand that there is a very good reason why we teach the polite form first and this is
not only on our site. This is what we need to do to make the learning easier and this is a well-established
theory as well. Also, once you corrupt your language, it is much more difficult to make it right.
Hope this helps.

> SARAH-san,
konnichiwa!
We basically classify verbs into 3 groups according to the conjugation and 1 of those three is
just ‘irregular’ group. You will learn more about it later as you learn.
Don’t worry! We’ll be there all the way through your study. :wink:

Natsuko (奈津子),
Team JapanesePod101.com

SARAH
February 1st, 2017 at 6:19 pm
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Konnichiwa!!

Why are there different classes of verbs?

Can you please explain the use and differences of each?

Thank you very much.
God bless your team!! :)

Savannah
December 8th, 2016 at 5:17 am
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Yet another learning tool doing things backwards. It makes no sense to start with the polite form and *then* teach the dictionary form based on that. That’s like teaching someone how to play a song on three different instruments and *then* trying to teach them the sheet music for what they just played. As Tae Kim points out, “The problem with conventional textbooks [or most Japanese learning tools for that matter] is that … they want readers to be able to use functional and polite Japanese as quickly as possible.” This is fine for someone who’s going to Japan on a six-week business trip and doesn’t have to know how Japanese actually *works*, but for someone who’s actually *learning* Japanese, and therefore not only wants but *needs* to know how the language *works*, starting with anything other than dictionary form is backwards and just makes things more difficult. “If you need to know |A| in order to understand |B|, don’t cover |B| first just because you want to teach a certain phrase.” It takes about five minutes to teach someone the dictionary form, and then you can go nuts with the polite form. Is that so hard? If you’re going to presume to teach us a language, at least do us the courtesy of not assuming we’re too stupid and inattentive to learn the polite form if it isn’t spoon-fed to us right from the first lesson.

November 20th, 2016 at 2:13 pm
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Aidan
こんにちは。 :smile:
はい、わかりました。
よくできました。Well done.
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Aidan
October 29th, 2016 at 1:17 am
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「何食べる?」「じゃ、トースト食べる。」 :sunglasses:

July 28th, 2016 at 1:53 pm
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ウィル san,
こんにちは。 :smile:
Class3のVerbは「する」と「くる」だけですからおぼえてください。
Please memorize them because they are only ‘suru’ and ‘kuru.’
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

ウィル
July 20th, 2016 at 7:52 am
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クラスの3VERBSはどこですか?みんな三のVERBSを覚えるですか?

December 1st, 2015 at 4:59 pm
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Taira さん、
こんにちは。
You don’t need to say sorry.
Please post again. :smile:
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

Taira
November 26th, 2015 at 3:17 am
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Yuki San* ごめんね~

Taira
November 26th, 2015 at 3:01 am
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Thanks yuki sorry for delayed response, have everything written down..if I have any other questions I will ask you :heart: :thumbsup: