Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Rebecca:
Nihongo Dojo. The Japanese ever taste this good.
Naomi:
なおみです。
Rebecca:
Rebecca here.
Naomi:
24
Rebecca:
もうそろそろですね。 Not many to go.
Naomi:
So there is now only two including this lesson.
Rebecca:
はい、頑張りましょう。Okay so today what are we going to be looking at Naomi Sensei?
Naomi:
今日は美味しかったです、小さかったです、大きかったですPolite Past tense of Adjectives.
Rebecca:
Okay so we are going to be looking at I ending adjectives and Na ending adjectives in their past tense.
Naomi:
そうです。
Rebecca:
And today’s conversation, who we will be listening to?
Naomi:
ファブリツィオと冬果のお父さんとクルミさんです。
Rebecca:
So Fuyuka’s father and Fabrizio and クルミ the famous singer.
Naomi:
はい、そうです。
Rebecca:
He doesn’t actually exist but the real life singer that Kurumi is based – she caused the storm in Japan just recently by saying that we went over the age of 35 maybe that their amniotic fluid goes off, they are very charming. So she wants her manager to have babies as soon as possible or something like that and…
Naomi:
そうそうそう、そうですね。
Rebecca:
She got in trouble. Have people forgotten about that now do you think Naomi Sensei?
Naomi:
Madam, people are still angry.
Rebecca:
Well any way. Yes so if you are interested, you can look that up. Okay that’s enough but let’s have a listen to today’s conversation.
DIALOGUE
ファブリツィオ:
でも、うどんは本当に 美味しかったです。驚きました。
お父さん:
それは、よかったです。
ファブリツィオ:
お父さんはこのお店によく来ますか。
お父さん:
ええ、先週も来ました。たぶん、来週も 来ます。この店は小さい
ですが、人気がありますよ。クルミさんは、このお店、すぐに わ
かりましたか?
クルミ:
いえいえ、全然 わかりませんでした。道、暗くて 細くて...怖かっ
たです。
お父さん:
そうですか。大変でしたね。じゃ、次のうどん屋に 行きましょう。
Naomi:
もう一度おねがいします。今度はゆっくりお願いします。
ファブリツィオ:
でも、うどんは本当に 美味しかったです。驚きました。
お父さん:
それは、よかったです。
ファブリツィオ:
お父さんはこのお店によく来ますか。
お父さん:
ええ、先週も来ました。たぶん、来週も 来ます。この店は小さい
ですが、人気がありますよ。クルミさんは、このお店、すぐに わ
かりましたか?
クルミ:
いえいえ、全然 わかりませんでした。道、暗くて 細くて...怖かっ
たです。
お父さん:
そうですか。大変でしたね。じゃ、次のうどん屋に 行きましょう。
Naomi:
 今度は英語が入ります。
ファブリツィオ:
でも、うどんは本当に 美味しかったです。驚きました。
FABRIZIO:
But the udon was really delicious. I'm surprised.
お父さん:
それは、よかったです。
FATHER:
Oh, that's good.
ファブリツィオ:
お父さんはこのお店によく来ますか。
FABRIZIO:
Do you often come to this shop?
お父さん:
ええ、先週も来ました。たぶん、来週も 来ます。この店は小さい
ですが、人気がありますよ。クルミさんは、このお店、すぐに わ
かりましたか?
FATHER:
Yeah, last week I came. Maybe I'll come next week too. This shop is
small but popular. Kurumi-san, did you find this shop easily?
クルミ:
いえいえ、全然 わかりませんでした。道、暗くて 細くて...怖かっ
たです。
KURUMI:
No, unfortunately I didn't know the way. The streets were dark and
narrow and scary.
お父さん:
そうですか。大変でしたね。じゃ、次のうどん屋に 行きましょう。
FATHER:
Oh, really. You had a hard time, didn't you? Well then, let's go to the
next udon shop.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Rebecca:
Naomi Sensei what did you think of today’s conversation.
Naomi:
冬果のお父さんは、よく食べますね。 Fuyuka’s father is a lord.
Rebecca:
He does. Doesn’t he. In Japanese, we have a word for someone who eats a lot. What’s that?
Naomi:
そうですね。大食い。O is big. 食い is from 食います which means eat but very informal way.
Rebecca:
Very informal way of saying it. Yeah right not eating informally but informal language.
Naomi:
そうですね、なので大食い is the person who eats a lot.
Rebecca:
There are some famous 大食いタレント famous people who – what are they called, professional eaters or something in English?
Naomi:
Competitive eaters.
Rebecca:
Competitive eating, that’s right. Yeah I always forget.
Naomi:
You mean ギャル曽根
Rebecca:
Yeah well she is one of them. Isn’t she. She is a bit strange because.
Naomi:
そうね。 She is very skinny.
Rebecca:
Yeah. She is tiny. I mean I think you looked up some information wrongly on her. And she is only – she is tiny like she is 162 cms tall and she weighs 45 kilos and apparently when she eats like she hasn’t got a very big stomach or an unusually large stomach. Well this is according to Wikipedia anyway, fond of wisdom. They took an X-Ray of her stomach and it turns out that her intestines are not different to an ordinary person her size but when she eats, they can expand but I didn’t know. I think they train, don’t they. These 大食い選手 like sometimes I say we are just like professional athletes you know. They eat a little bit and then they stretch the stomach and then the next day they eat a bit more and like they are training for a marathon or something.
Naomi:
なるほどね。
Rebecca:
Yeah so her stomach can stretch quite a bit and they took another X-Ray of her stomach when it was very full and apparently it pushes her other internal organs get pushed, squished to the back of her body and uhh..It’s really growth.
Naomi:
Some people think she is cute.
Rebecca:
Okay she is kind of cute. She is ギャル曽根のギャル
Naomi:
ギャルは girl.
Rebecca:
Yeah it’s a type like a style tribe you could call it. In Tokyo, you know, I suppose everyone knows the – do you guys know ガングロ are listeners. They are the people with the very dark faces, the girls with very tanned faces and the blonde hair and stuff. With Gado, it would be like that right.
Naomi:
そうですね。
Rebecca:
And I think tell me if I am wrong but they wear really bright accessories and kind of like and white makeup sometimes and their eyes and they have dyed hair and they have a tan not as much as ガングロwho are like really dark but they have quite a dark tan and that’s my image of Gado any way.
Naomi:
そうですね。My image of Gado is like young and like wearing lot of ジュエリー and wearing mini skirt, short skirts.
Rebecca:
Lots of ギャル in 渋谷.
Naomi:
そうですね、 not in 赤坂
Rebecca:
Right yeah. Any way ギャル曽根 is like 曽根 is like 中曽根. So she is kind of cute you know like she is tiny and she has got this tan and she wears pretty makeup and lots of accessories and she has got blonde hair and…
Naomi:
The person who is going out with her must be rich.
Rebecca:
Why is that to afford to pay for all the food?
Naomi:
Yeah.
Rebecca:
Must be. Any way let’s have a look at today’s vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Rebecca:
First item.
Naomi:
驚く
Rebecca:
To be surprised, to be astonished. This is a class 1 verb.
Naomi:
(slow) おどろく (natural speed) 驚く
Rebecca:
Next item.
Naomi:
先週
Rebecca:
Last week, the week before.
Naomi:
(slow) せんしゅう (natural speed)先週
Rebecca:
Next.
Naomi:
人気
Rebecca:
Popularity.
Naomi:
(slow)にんき (natural speed)人気
Rebecca:
Next.
Naomi:
すぐに
Rebecca:
Instantly, immediately.
Naomi:
(slow) すぐに (natural speed)すぐに
Rebecca:
Next.
Naomi:
分かる
Rebecca:
To understand, to grasp the meaning of, to know. This is a class 1 verb.
Naomi:
(slow) わかる (natural speed)分かる
Rebecca:
Next.
Naomi:
大変
Rebecca:
Dreadful, terrible, immense, difficult. This is a Na-Adjective.
Naomi:
(slow)たいへん (natural speed)大変
Rebecca:
Next.
Naomi:
全然
Rebecca:
Not at all is used with a negative adjective or verb.
Naomi:
(slow) ぜんぜん (natural speed) 全然
Rebecca:
Next.
Naomi:
Rebecca:
Road or a street or way.
Naomi:
(slow)みち (natural speed)道
Rebecca:
Next.
Naomi:
暗い
Rebecca:
Dark, gloomy. This is an E- Adjective
Naomi:
(slow) くらい (natural speed)暗い
Rebecca:
And lastly.
Naomi:
怖い
Rebecca:
Scary, frightening. This is an E adjective.
Naomi:
(slow) こわい (natural speed)怖い
Rebecca:
Okay. So let’s look at a useful expression from today’s dialogue. Can you say that for us please now, Naomi Sensei.
Naomi:
人気があります
Rebecca:
It’s popular or literally it has popularity.
Naomi:
そうですね。あります has the meaning of have.
Rebecca:
So let’s breakdown the elements of the sentence.
Naomi:
人気
Rebecca:
Popularity.
Naomi:
Rebecca:
Subject marker
Naomi:
あります
Rebecca:
ます form of the verb ある to exist or in this case to have. In a conversation, the subject marker Ga is often dropped and people just say.
Naomi:
人気あります
Rebecca:
Or
Naomi:
人気ある
Rebecca:
Depending on how formal they are going to be.
Naomi:
そうですね。ギャル曽根は人気があります。
Rebecca:
ギャル曽根 is popular I guess. She is at the moment anyway. She is on lots of TV programs.
Naomi:
そうですね。
Rebecca:
And in the dialogue, it was the restaurant that was popular.
Naomi:
そうですね。この店は人気があります。
Rebecca:
This restaurant is popular.
Naomi:
そうですね。 What is 人気があります in Australia now?
Rebecca:
What’s popular?
Naomi:
Huh.
Rebecca:
Gosh well it’s so long since I’ve lived there actually. I don’t know. I think maybe we will have to ask the listeners that one. What is popular in Australia geez I don’t know. I have to go home and get in touch with my country again.
Naomi:
Yeah みなさん please let Rebecca know.
Rebecca:
是非教えてくださいAnd another word we heard in the dialogue which is actually used very often in Japanese is 全然. What 全然 mean?
Naomi:
Not at all.
Rebecca:
Not at all. Okay. It’s an adverb. Is that right?
Naomi:
そうです。
Rebecca:
And it usually proceeds verbs or adjectives in a negative form or adjectives with a negative connotation.
Naomi:
Such as だめ 全然ダメ
Rebecca:
It’s not good at all.
Naomi:
そうですね。
Rebecca:
Yes so 全然 means not at all or absolutely not. So for example, we could say.
Naomi:
私は肉を全然食べません。
Rebecca:
I don’t eat meat at all or
Naomi:
私は野菜が全然好きじゃありません。
Rebecca:
I don’t like vegetables at all.
Naomi:
そうですね。
Rebecca:
And the at all bit is the 全然 I don’t know. Have you noticed that people often nowadays seem to be saying 全然 with a positive word.
Naomi:
そうですね。全然大丈夫
Rebecca:
Yeah it’s totally okay.
Naomi:
そうそうそう、言いますね。 Some older people don’t like it but people still use it.
Rebecca:
Yeah. So you might hear people say that. You might hear people use 全然 with a positive verb or adjective that’s not got a negative connotation like Naomi Sensei’s example of 大丈夫. 全然大丈夫It’s totally okay.
Naomi:
そうですね。
Rebecca:
But in reality, it’s actually grammatically incorrect and you probably shouldn’t use it in a formal situation. Would that be fair to say if you’ve got sort of be on your best behavior and speak very nice Japanese.
Naomi:
I don’t recommend you to use in a speech.
Rebecca:
Even like a 発表
Naomi:
そうですね。
Rebecca:
So it’s our presentation or a formal speech.
Naomi:
そうですね。でも、 If you are talking with your coworkers or if you are talking with your boss, it’s probably okay.
Rebecca:
Okay right. Well anyway so just remember that technically it’s got to be used with a negative on the end but people often don’t.
LESSON FOCUS
Rebecca:
Well let’s look at today’s grammar point. We are going to be looking at the past tense of adjectives. That’s right. Okay so the first sentence is
Naomi:
うどんは美味しかったです。
Rebecca:
The Udon was tasty and we know the adjective.
Naomi:
美味しい
Rebecca:
Means delicious and here we are saying was delicious. So how do we make delicious into was delicious. Well you take the final い and you replace it with かった and then you add です to make it polite. So 美味しい becomes 美味しかったです. Is that right?
Naomi:
そうですね。 Change い です to かったです
Rebecca:
Yeah it’s pretty easy. So what’s another い adjective?
Naomi:
小さい
Rebecca:
Okay so what does that become?
Naomi:
小さかったです
Rebecca:
It was small. Now what about negatives? What do we do for that?
Naomi:
暗かったです
Rebecca:
Okay so いです becomes くなかったです.
Naomi:
そうですね。
Rebecca:
And what’s happening here is that we know that the negative nonpast form is くない. So 美味しくない 小さくないand we covered that in Welcome to Style You 14. So to put 美味しくない or 小さくない in the past tense, we just treat ない like an I Adjective. So we do just what we were doing with 美味しい and 小さい as in you add かったです. So 美味しくないbecomes
Naomi:
美味しくなかったです
Rebecca:
And 小さくない becomes
Naomi:
小さくなかったです
Rebecca:
Right okay. So not too bad I think that’s..
Naomi:
There is one exception right?
Rebecca:
Of course there is but luckily there is just one. So the one exception is the adjective good which is pronounced
Naomi:
いい
Rebecca:
And sometimes you can also say
Naomi:
よい
Rebecca:
よい yeah. So when you are conjugating this adjective, you have to treat it like it’s よい. So it becomes よかったです.
Naomi:
はい。
Rebecca:
Or よくなかったです
Naomi:
そうですね。
Rebecca:
You can’t say
Naomi:
いくなかったです
Rebecca:
Yeah no. It’s not said.
Naomi:
いかったです
Rebecca:
Yeah. Nobody ever says that. So just remember that the one exception to these rules we have been talking about is the adjective.
Naomi:
いい
Rebecca:
Which is also pronounced…
Naomi:
よい
Rebecca:
Yeah and it means good. So let’s have a look at some example sentences using these い adjectives in their past tense form.
Naomi:
オードリーへップバーンは、細かったです。
Rebecca:
Audrey Hepburn was thin. The adjective which is in the past tense now is 細い and in this sentence, we say
Naomi:
細かったです
Rebecca:
Was thin okay and can we have one more example?
Naomi:
テストは難しくなかったです。
Rebecca:
The test wasn’t difficult.
Naomi:
難しい is difficult. 難しくなかった wasn’t difficult.
Rebecca:
There is one more way to say it wasn’t difficult.
Naomi:
そうですね。テストは、難しくありませんでした。
Rebecca:
Which means the same thing as
Naomi:
テストは、難しくなかったです。
Rebecca:
This is just a slightly more formal way to use the structure that we’ve been looking at with くなかったです. Is that right?
Naomi:
そうですね。難しくありませんでした  is longer. So it sounds formal to me.
Rebecca:
Yeah and the ありません is the ない in くない. 美味しくない 美味しくありません 美味しくなかったです 美味しくありませんでした Anyway this is in the PDF so please check it out and you would see how that structure is created. Now let’s have a look at what we do with Na-Adjectives when we put them in the past tense. The example sentence is
Naomi:
うどんは大丈夫でしたか。
Rebecca:
Was the Udon okay. 大丈夫でしたか So what you do is you drop the final Na of the Na-Adjective. In this case, it was 大丈夫な. You take of な and you add でした.
Naomi:
そうです。大丈夫でした  If it’s 大変な 大変でした
Rebecca:
So the test was really awful would be
Naomi:
テストは大変でした
Rebecca:
Yeah. So Na-Adjectives are pretty easy. You just put でした on the end of them.
Naomi:
Yeah bit similar to noun sentences.
Rebecca:
So some more sample sentences but this time using Na-Adjectives.
Naomi:
オードリーヘップバーンは、綺麗でした。
Rebecca:
Audrey Hepburn was pretty and one more.
Naomi:
テストは簡単でした。
Rebecca:
The test was easy. We hope you can say that one day if you are talking about tests and there is some more details on how to use the past tense of adjectives and also a bit more detail on when you are saying negative rather than positive. So and also a bit more detail on past negative forms.
Naomi:
そうですね。テストは簡単じゃなかったです。
OUTRO
Rebecca:
The test wasn’t easy. So do check it out and we will see you next week.
Naomi:
そうですね。
Rebecca:
For the last lesson.じゃあまたね。
Naomi:
じゃあまた。

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54 Comments

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Please to leave a comment.
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JapanesePod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Mina-san, do you like small restaurants or big restaurants?

December 12th, 2015 at 9:07 pm
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ローレンスさん、
こんにちは。
どういたしましまして。 :smile:
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

ローレンス
December 7th, 2015 at 2:06 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

由紀先生、こんばんは。

I will certainly consider this. 情報はありがとうございました。

ローレンス

December 5th, 2015 at 6:48 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

ローレンスさん、
こんにちは。 :smile:
そうですか。
忙しいのですね。
If you want to practice conversations, we can give you skype lessons.
Please let us know if you are interested in that.
Yuki  由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

ローレンス
December 3rd, 2015 at 5:55 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

奈津子先生、こんばんは。

お返事をどうもありがとうございます。

そうそうそう。ごめんなさい。どうしてか was meant to be どうしてですか。

近頃、僕は忙しいですよ。
I am pleased that I am getting better with my conversational Japanese, at least the written side of the language. Speaking it is not so fluent, yet!

November 21st, 2015 at 1:23 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

ローレンスさん、
こんにちは。
このレッスンは情報量が多いですか。すみません。 :sweat_smile:

Good dialogues and it’s almost perfect. Well done! :sunglasses: :thumbsup:
Just one thing: please note that the casual version of どうしてですか is either
just どうして or なんで. In general, the question marking particle か is NOT added to
plain/casual words (including dictionary form of verbs).
I’m not sure if this was just a mistake, but the conversation is in formal way, so
actually this part ‘why’ should also remain どうしてですか to be consistent.

Natsuko (奈津子),
Team JapanesePod101.com

ローレンス
November 15th, 2015 at 4:06 am
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先生、こんばんは。

今日、レッソンはあまり難しくないです。楽しくて面白くて情報量の多い「じょうほうりょうのおおい」です。

今日は寒かった天気ですよ。昨日も寒かった天気ですよ。でも、僕の家は暑いですよ。 :sweat_smile:

対談の練習:

クレイグ: ジェームズ。あの大きい家は古いです。「ジェームズ。あの大きい家はふるいです。」
ジェームズ:ええ、古くて暗くて怖くてよくないですよ。「ええ、ふるくて くらくて こわくて よくないですよ。」
クぇーグ:いいえ、あまり怖くないです。「いいえ、あまりこわくないです。」
ジェームズ:うーん….えと….ちょっと。

レオン:クリス。クリスの晩御飯は大丈夫でしたか。「クリスのばんごはんはだいじょうぶでしたか。」
クリス:全然好きではありませんでした。「ぜんぜんすきではありませんでした。」
レオン:どうしてか。
クリス:冷たかったです。「つめたかったです。」

ローレンス

August 4th, 2015 at 3:23 pm
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ニクさん
こんにちは。
I can see your effort however, please note some corrections below.

大きくてにぎやかなレストランより、小さいレストランのほうが好きです。
This is easier to understand you.

昨日の晩のおんがくはきれいでした。Correct! :thumbsup:

Japanese むずかしい is basically used for problems or test questions so :disappointed: unfortunately 今日の朝はむずかしくなかったです doesn’t make sense.
I think you wanted to say ‘今日の朝はきもちよくおきられました.’
Yuki 由紀
Team JapanesePod101.com

ニク
July 30th, 2015 at 1:18 am
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今日は

小さいレソツランのほうが好きですが、大きくてにぎやかレソツラン好きじゃありません。
I like small restaurants the most,but i don’t like restaurants that are busy and big.

昨日の晩のおんがくはきれいでした。
Last nights music was beautiful.

今日の朝はむずかしくなかったです。
This morning was not difficult.

April 21st, 2015 at 7:30 pm
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Nory-san,
konnichiwa!
You can always ask questions about anything! :smile: :thumbsup:

Both 人気です and 人気があります are fine to say ‘[something] is popular’. :sunglasses: :thumbsup:
It can’t be na-adjective but it’s only a noun. So, we don’t say 人気な, though. :wink:

Natsuko (奈津子),
Team JapanesePod101.com

Nory
April 20th, 2015 at 2:07 am
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Hello! I know there is a similar question to this but I still didn’t get it . すみません!if I say 人気です、it means that it’s popular? (even 人気 means popularity)
and when I say 人気があります。、it means that is has popularity or that is popular. Would It we wrong to say 人気です meaning that is popular? Is 人気 also a -na adjective meaning popular?Can I say 人気な人 meaning popular people?